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Zootaxa 3936 (3): 435–445 /zootaxa /
Copyright © 2015 Magnolia Press
ISSN 1175-5326 (print edition)
ISSN 1175-5334 (online edition)
Ctenophores from the Oaxaca coast, including a checklist of species from the
Pacific coast of Mexico
Laboratorio de Sistemática de Invertebrados Marinos (LABSIM), Universidad del Mar, campus Puerto Ángel, Oaxaca, 70902, México. E-mails: [email protected], [email protected]
Centro de Ciências Naturais e Humanas, Universidade Federal do ABC, Rua Acturus, 03, Jd. Antares, 09606–070, São Bernardo do
Campo, SP, Brazil. E-mail: [email protected]
Ctenophores are poorly known in the tropical eastern Pacific, including the southern coast of Mexico. Previous records of
ctenophores along the Pacific coast have been provided mainly from northern waters. For the coast of Oaxaca state, their
occurrence has only been mentioned before at phylum level. In this paper, we provide the first three records of ctenophores
for the Oaxacan coast, which represent new records of Beroe forskalii and Bolinopsis vitrea as well as the first record of
Ocyropsis maculata in the tropical eastern Pacific. Descriptions of these three species, as well as a checklist of the ctenophores from the west coast of Mexico are provided.
Key words: Beroe, Bolinopsis, Ocyropsis, Ctenophora, gelatinous zooplankton, tropical eastern Pacific
Los ctenóforos son un phylum poco estudiado en el Pacífico oriental tropical, incluyendo el Pacífico sur de México. Los
estudios donde se han registrado ctenóforos en el Pacífico mexicano se concentran en el golfo de California, mientras que
en el estado de Oaxaca su presencia sólo se ha mencionado a nivel de phylum. Con éste trabajo se proporcionan los tres
primeros registros de ctenóforos para Oaxaca, que representan para el Pacífico oriental tropical nuevos registros de Beroe
forskalii y Bolinopsis vitrea, y el primer registro de Ocyropsis maculata. Se proporciona un listado faunístico de los ctenóforos registrados en el Pacífico mexicano hasta éste trabajo.
Ctenophora is one of the lesser-known invertebrate phyla in Mexico (Martínez-Meyer et al. 2014). The only
previous survey of ctenophores in the tropical eastern Pacific was conducted by Bigelow (1912), in which the first
records from localities along the Mexican Pacific were included, from the Gulf of California in the north to
Acapulco in the south, as well as an oceanic record from Mexican territorial waters. A few specific studies on
ctenophores have been made since then (Signoret de Brailovsky 1975; Gómez-Aguirre 1976; Stretch 1982), and
although studies of other taxa have included ctenophores (Álvarez-León 1980; Álvarez-León & Wedler 1982;
Gómez-Aguirre 1991; Gasca & Haddock 2004), the ctenophore diversity of the Mexican Pacific is still poorly
known. Faunistic checklists from the Mexican Pacific have recognized five species, four from the Gulf of
California (Hendrickx et al. 2005; Brusca et al. 2005; Brusca & Hendrickx 2008), and a single species from
Guadalupe Island,in the northeastern Pacific (SEMARNAT 2013). This is a low number of species when compared
with the ctenophore diversity of the Pacific coast of the United States (Mills & Haddock 2007). For the coast of
Oaxaca state, their occurrence has been previously mentioned only at the level of phylum (Pantaleón-López et al.
2005), without any specific records (Bastida-Zavala et al. 2013). The purpose of this work is to summarize the state
of knowledge of ctenophore diversity on the coast of Oaxaca state as well as along the entire Pacific coast of
Accepted by D. Gordon: 24 Feb. 2015; published: 20 Mar. 2015
TABLE 3. Morphometry of Beroe forskalii, based on the specimen shown in Fig. 4A.
Total length of the body
50.2 mm
Maximum width of the body
22.2 mm
Length of the subtentacular ctene rows
37.1 mm
Length of the substomodeal ctene rows
38.2 mm
Maximum width between substomodeal and subtentacular ctene rows
up to 5.2 mm
Maximum width between subtentacular ctene rows
up to 7.6 mm
Width of the mouth
17.5 mm
Number of ctene plates in subtentacular ctene rows
Number of ctene plates in substomodeal ctene rows
Length of the polar field
2785 µm
Length of the papillae
up to 823 µm
Diameter of the meridional canals
up to 950 µm
Diameter of the diverticulae
up to 253 µm
Diameter of the paragastric canals
up to 654 µm
Diameter of the adradial canal
up to 591 µm
Diameter of the radial canal
up to 443 µm
Width of the ctene plates
190–1160 µm
Distance between ctene plates
169–401 µm
Diameter of the statocyst
189 µm
The authors are grateful to: Jesús Spíndola (Puerto Ángel) for help with the boat, María Luisa Rodríguez-Medellín
and Armando Ramos (UMAR, Puerto Ángel) for providing some specimens for study, Rolando Bastida-Zavala
(LABSIM-UMAR, Puerto Ángel) for important suggestions and revisions of early versions of the manuscript,
Claudia Mills (UW-USA) for manuscript revision and Mercedes Cordero-Ruiz (ICMyL-UNAM) and Michel
Hendrickx (ICMyL-UNAM) for providing literature.
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