Short history of CALL (Computer Assisted Language

Short history of CALL
(Computer Assisted Language
The 60´s and 70´s
• Bulky computers. Access through terminals in the campus
• Big projects; huge funding; teams of experts; universities
and research centres
– PLATO (University of Illinois)
– TICCIT (Brigham Young University)
– Stony Brook (State University of New York)
• Influenced by Programmed Instruction
– Drills
– Linear development
– Whole language courses, substitute for the class
The 80´s and 90´s
• Popularization of PC´s
• Teachers designed their own CALL programs (BASIC,
• Independent activities, supplement to the classroom
• More communicative activities, simulations
– Camile (UK, France, Spain, Netherlands)
• Communicative activities demand linguistic competence
– Knowledge representation
– Grammar
The XXI century
• Increasing cooperation between CALL and
Computational Linguistics  ICALL
• Cooperation still incipient
• Restricted mainly to parsers