1 HPC Middleware on GRID … as a material for discussion of WG5 GeoFEM/RIST August 2nd, 2001, ACES/GEM at MHPCC Kihei, Maui, Hawaii Background 2 • Various Types of HPC Platforms – – – – MPP, VPP PC Clusters, Distributed Parallel MPPs, SMP Clusters 8-Way SMP, 16-Way SMP, 256-Way SMP Power, HP-RISC, Alpha/Itanium, Pentium, Vector PE • Parallel/Single PE Optimization is Important Issue for Efficiency – Everyone knows that ... but it's a big task especially for application experts such as geophysics people in ACES community. – Machine dependent optimization/tuning required. • Simulation Methods such as FEM/FDM/BEM/LSM/DEM etc. have Typical Processes for Computation. • How about "Hiding" these Processes from Users ? – code development : efficient, reliable, portable, maintenance-free • line number of the source codes will be reduced – accelerates advancement of the applications (= physics) Background (cont.) • 3 Current GeoFEM provides this environment – limited to FEM – not necessarily perfect • GRID as next generation HPC infrastructure – Currently, middlewares and protocols are being developed to enable unified interface to treat various OS, computers, ultra-speed network and database. – What are expected to GRID ? • • • • • Meta-computing : simultaneous use of supercomputers in the world Volunteer-computing : efficient use of idling computers Access Grid : research collaboration environment Data Intensive Computing : computation with large-scale data Grid ASP : application services on WEB 4 Similar Research Groups • ALICE（ANL） • CCAforum（Common Component Architecture,DOE） • DOE/ASCI/Distributed Computing Research Team – ESI(Equation Solver Interface Standards) – FEI(The Finite Element/Equation Solver Interface Specification) • ADR（Active Data Repository）（NPACI） Are they successful ? It seems NO • Very limited targets, processes – Mainly for Optimization of Linear Solvers • Where are Interfaces between Applications and Libraries ? – Approach from Computer/Computational Science People – Not Really Easy to Use by Application People Computer/ Computational Science -Linear solvers -Numerical Algorithms -Parallel Programming -Optimization Applications -FEM -FDM -Spectral Methods -MD, MC -BEM 5 6 Example of HPC Middleware (1) Simulation Methods include Some Typical Processes O(N) Ab Initio MD Sparse Mat. Mult. Nonlinear Procedure FFT Eward Terms Example of HPC Middleware (2) Individual Process could be optimized for Various Types of MPP Architectures O(N) Ab Initio MD MPP-A Sparse Mat. Mult. Nonlinear Proc. FFT MPP-B Eward Terms MPP-C 7 Example of HPC Middleware (3) Use Optimized Libraries O (N) ab initio M D Sparse Matrix Mult. Sparse Matrix Mult. Sparse Matrix Mult. Nonlinear Proc. Nonlinear Nonlinear Proc. Alg. Nonlinear Proc. FFT FFT FFT Eward Terms Eward Terms Eward Terms 8 Example of HPC Middleware (4) - Optimized code is generated by special language/ compiler based on analysis data and H/W information. - Optimum algorithm can be adopted MPP-A MPP-B Data for Analysis Model Parameters of H/W O (N) ab initio M D MPP-C Sparse Matrix Mult. Nonlinear Proc. Special Compiler FFT Eward Terms 9 Example of HPC Middleware (5) - On network-connected H/W's (meta-computing) - Optimized for individual architecture - Optimum load-balancing O (N) analysis model space ab initio M D 10 11 Example of HPC Middleware (6) Multi Module Coupling through Platform Ab-Initio MD Ab-Initio MD Classical MD Classical MD FEM FEM HPC Platform/Middleware Modeling Data Assimilation Load Balancing HPC Platform/Middleware Visualization Optimization Resource Management 12 PETAFLOPS on GRID from GeoFEM's Point of View • Why? When? – Datasets (mesh, observation, result) could be distributed. – Problem size could be too large for single MPP system. • according to G.C.Fox, S(TOP500) is MPP-A MPP-C about 100 TFLOPS now ... • Legion – Prof.Grimshaw (U.Virginia) – Grid OS, Global OS – Can handle MPP's connected through network as one huge MPP (= Super MPP) MPP-B – Optimization on Individual Architecture (H/W) – Load balancing according to machine performance and resource availability 13 PETAFLOPS on GRID (cont.) • GRID + (OS) + HPC MW/PF • Environment for "Electronic Collaboration 14 15 "Parallel" FEM Procedure Pre-Processing Main Post-Processing Initial Mesh Data Data Input/Output Post Proc. Partitioning Matrix Assemble Visualization Linear Solvers Domain Specific Algorithms/Models

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