Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to

Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal
transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial
Hiroki Okada
Asida Lab. Osaka Univ.
Outline
1. Control material by intense electric field
2. Insulator-to-metal transition in 2
3. Field induced Insulator-to-Metal
transition
①THz pulse
②Metamaterial
4. Experimental result
5. Summary
6. Future Plan
Abstract
The material properties can be controlled by intense external
electric field above MV/cm, which is comparable to the intrinsic
internal field in the materials. As the target material for its
demonstration, I focus on the Vanadium dioxide ( ). It
shows the insulator-to-metal transition (IMT) around room
temperature, and the expected timescale of IMT is very fast
(~hundreds ps). Therefore, field-induced IMT in 2 , which is
different from the thermal transition, have been investigated
extensively. Here I introduce field-induced IMT in 2 with the
periodically structured metals (metamaterial) using intense
few-cycle THz pulses. This technique is powerful to reveal the
hidden material properties.
Control material by intense
electric field
internal field in H atom
2
=
= 
2
40 
1 = 5.13 MV/cm
We can control material properties
by external field above MV/cm,
which is comparable to the internal
field in condensed matters.
E
Here, I focus on vanadium dioxide as the target material.
(Strongly-correlated electron system)
Changes of electrical response in 2 by
temperature
Low temperature High temperature
Insulator
Metal
2 shows Insulator-toMetal transition at
critical temperature of
~350 K
Field induced Insulator-to-Metal
transition
Ultrafast spectroscopy shows that IM transition
in VO2 appears in fs timescale.
However, we cannot clearly identify which the
triggers of IM transition is electric field or
15THz
25THz
thermal heating
Two approaches
Ku¨ bler, C. et al. Coherent structural dynamics and electronics
correlations duringan ultrafast insulator-to-metal phase transition in
VO2. Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 116401(2007)
E=0
Insulator
• Monocycle THz Pulse
• Metamaterial
E≠0
Metal?
Monocycle THz pulse
Avoiding from thermal
heating, we use MV/cm
electric field pulse in ps time
scale.
picosecond = 1/(THz)
Hirori, H., Doi, A., Blanchard, F. & Tanaka, K. Single-cycle terahertz pulses
with
amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3.
Appl.
Phys. Lett. 98, 091106 (2011).
Metamaterial
periodic metal structure gives rise to new electric
responses
LC resonator
Condenser
Coil
Temperature-dependent THz transmission
spectra
of SRRs on 2
LC resonance of metamaterial is
apparent at low temperature
C
S
d
Enhancement of the Electric Field in
Metamaterial
Spatial distribution of electric field
(simulation)
Incident electric field is drastically
enhanced at the gap position
Incident field dependence of
2 metamaterial
At low field incidence, LC resonance is clearly apparent.
At high field incidence, LC resonance disappears.
R
IM transition is induced
by intense electric field
Summary
The material properties can be controlled by intense external electric
field above MV/cm, which is comparable to the internal field in the
materials.
The Vanadium dioxide (2 ) is good target material, because it shows
the insulator-to-metal transition (IMT) around room temperature, and
the expected timescale of IMT is very fast (~hundreds ps).
Here I introduce field-induced IMT in 2 with the periodically
structured metals (metamaterial) using intense few-cycle THz pulses.
This technique is powerful to reveal the hidden material properties.
Future’s Plan
If doped Semiconductor with periodic structure changed from insulator to metal,
Its response is changed more drastically than the previous work
Photonic crystal : Crystals structures
having different refractive index periodically
Metamaterial : Metallic filter
having apertures structure periodically
Future’s Plan
試料提供 信州大学
宮丸文章准教授
Calculated result of transmission
1.0
Transmissivity
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0
0.2
Si
Au
0.4
0.6
Frequency(Hz)
0.8
12
1.0x10
TA0.4Si
TA0.4Au
silicon