200

5423.4 546.13 54:6.16 552
s聖ec磯o聖取o重ome蟹量c豆》e鵠暫雌鰍題髄⑪聡o蛋c盆且⑪雌甑e我鰹量
E恥且⑪r畳聡e量墾慮聡e S重⑳聡認箆r《量s量且量c認te Roc監s
Shigeru TERAsHIMA*
Abstract
The chlorine and fluorine contents in eightstandard silicate samples havebeen determin−
ed by spectrophotometric method,
The sample was fused with sodium c乱rbonate and zinc oxide,and the melt was dissolved
in hot water,and after filtration the solution was neutralized with nitric acid.Then chlorine and
auorine were determined by the absorption measurement utilizing the stable colored iron(III)
thiocyanateandzirconium.一eriochromecyanineRcomplex,
This method gives higher sensitivity,simpler chemical treatment,and the relative stand−
ard deviation in the determination of60−300ppm chlorine was5−16%,and that of3004,000
ppm fluorine2−5%.
且。 亙聡重蜜⑬認耳且c苞童⑪聡
Although a lot ofd。ata have been reported,on the contents ofchlorinle and.fluorine in standard
silicate rocksamples(ANDo et乱1.,19711FLANAGAN,19691HuANG et aL,1967),the agreement is very
poor fbr several samples(Table1).Consequently,a higher degree ofaccuracy should.be required
to determine the standard values fbr chlorine and nuorine in the samples。
Recently,HuANG andJoHNs(1967)described.a method fbr determining chlorine and Huorine
in silicate rocks,and the method has been applied to the determination offluorine in phosphates,
micasシandstonymeteorites bySen GupTA(1968)。AKAIwA andAIzAwA(1973)modifiedthis method
and used it fbr fluorine determination ofsedimentary rocks.The fヒatures ofthe method are that the
determination can be higher sensitivity,the simpler chemical treatment,and that chlorine and.
Huorine can be determined f士om the single sample d,issolution。
In this study,chlorine and fluorine in standard rocks were detemined after a mod.迅cation of
Table l Published data fbr chlorine and fluorine in some standard silicate rocks.
Samples
JG−1
F,ppm
CI,ppm
57* 200
Re£
500 510 800
1)
360
1)
(Granodiorite)
J:B−1
190*
(Basalt)
100
150
300
311*
400
600
(Andesite)
53*
{
192
{200
342
115*
{319
BCR−1
{ll*
100
G−2
(Granite)
GSP−1
(Granodiorite)
AGV−1
150
200
400
600
(Basalt)
500
{
1205
1900
{
1940
400
{
435
500
{
485
Ref=1)Ando et aL,(1971)。2)Flanagan(1969),3)Huang and Johns(1967).
*Neutronactivationanalysis
*Geochemistry and Technical Service Department,
29一(175)
1300
2000
2)
3)
3700
生000
2)
3)
5σ0
2)
3)
500
2)
3)
地質調査所月報(第25巻第4号)
the method ofEuANG andJoRNs(1967),and sen GuPTA(1968)・
2。 A囎蝿y韻¢a旦M:¢曲o魂
2.夏 A麗鵬餓膿【s箆臨西鷲age鵬s
A Eirama rika Type.6spectrophotometer with flow type LO cm glass cell was usedfbr measur−
ing the absorbance ofcomplex solution.
Witt’s Hlte血g bottle and Sibata lG−491ass且1ter were usedfb浦ltration.
Ferric ammoniumsu1魚te solution(reagent A fbr C1),Dissolve48。2g ofFeNE4(SO4)2.12}{20
in400mJof9Mnitricacid.
Mercury(II)thiocyanate solution(reagent B fbr C1).Dissolve1。O g ofH:g(SCN)2in400mJ
ofmethano1.
Eriochrome cyanine R solution(reagent A fbr F).Dissolve1。80g in1,000mJρfwater.
Zirconyl chloride solution(reagent B fbr F).Dissolve O。265g ofZrOCl2。8H20in about10mJ
ofwater and,dilute w五th concen亡rated hydrochloric乱cid,to1,000ml.
Aluminum solution(1mg Al/ml)』Dissolve6.95g ofA1(NO3)3。9H20in500mZ ofwater。
Stand.ardchlo血esolution(20μg Cl/ml)。DryreagentNaCIfbr2h at110。C and.cool in a desic−
cator.Dissolve O.8242g in500mJ ofwater,take a10m♂aliquot and dilute to500ml。
standard Huorine solution(10μg F/mJ)」)ry reagent NaF fbr2h at llooc and cool in a desic−
cator.Dissolve O.5525g in1,000mJ ofwater,take a10ml aliquot and dilute to250mJ.
2。2晒e脚臨量⑪訟⑪飴a識P且e題聡認醜a醜s・且瞳量⑪醜
WeighoutthepowderedO.500gofsampleintoa30mJplatinumcrucible,add3.5gofNa2CO3
(Merck)and O.6g ofZnO(Wako)and mix thoroughly with a glass rod.Cover the cmcible with
the lid and fhse in an electric fhmace at9500C fbr10min.Raise the telhperature to10000C and
heat fbr an additiona120min.
Cool the crucible to room tempera婁ure in a desiccator,and add10ml ofwater and4−5drops
・f95%ethan・1・Placethecrucible・nah・tplate・b・i1勉3−4min・andtrans琵rthec・ntentsint・a
100mJ polyethylene beaker.Cover the beaker and place fbr O。5−1。O h on a hot water bath,and
.crush the contents until the solid lump was completely broken with a flat−ended glass rod and stir
the solution.
Filter the hot solution through a glass旦1ter into a100ml polyethylene beaker by means of
vacuum丘1trater.Washt虹e且1terandresiduewithhotwater(totalvolumeshouldnotexceed40mJ)。
Cover the beaker,add cautiously4.2ml of concentrated nitric acid and stir the solution to expel
most ofthe CO2.Washthe cover glass and the inside ofthe beaker with water,and trans歓the
solution into a50mmask and出ake up to the volume(sample solution)。
Prepare a blank solution by taking3。5g ofNa2CO3and O。6g ofZnO,and treating as described
above.But final volume ofthe blank solution is made up exactly to25ml。
2。3 c畳岨o暫量踊ε《遥e苞e宜職丑鴎題愈量o聰
After sti血g,pipette a20ml ofsample solution into a25mJ Hask。Add2.O ml each ofreagents
A and B fbr C1.Mix the solution,dilute to volume with water and mix again.Allow the color to
d.evelop fbr30min,and measure the absorbance ofthe sample against water at460nm。
30一(176)
Spectrophotometric Determination of Ch.10rine and Fluorine in the Standard Silicate Rocks(S。TERAsHIMA)
Prepare.a series of stand&rd、solutions by t乱king O,20,50,100,150and200μg CI in25mJ
Hasks.To each standard solutions add10mJ ofthe blank solution。Add the reagents,color develop−
ment and,absorbance measurement are as outlined above.
2。岨 葺彊題⑪響量遡e die重⑧蜜曲認,宣董⑪鼠
Pipette5.O ml each ofreagents A and B fbr F into a50mJ且ask,add25−30mJ water and mix
welL
ARerstiring,pipettean aliquotofthesamplesolution containingless than70μgF,andmakeup
to volume with water and mix again。
Prepare aseries ofstandard solutions bytaking5.O mJ each ofreagents A and B fbr F,1ml of
aluminum solution and.2.5ml ofthe blank solution in six50ml flasks,and dilute to30−35mJ with
water.AfteraddingO,20,40,60,70and100μgF,makeup thestandardsolutions tothevolumewith
water and mix.
Allow the solution to standfbr2.5−3・O h fbr elimination ofaluminum inte晩rence(Sen GupTA,
1968).Set zero absorbance at532nm,using the standard containing100μg F,and measure the
absorbance of each sample and other standard solutions。It is necessary that the standard curve is
checked by O,40,and,100μg F fbr each batch offluorine deteminations。
3。 Res蝿重s窺聡d,雇》直sc賜ss鼠o聡
The standard,curves fbr chlorine and fluorine which were obtained.by the way d.escribed.above
are shown in Figs.1and2,These standard¢urves were af琵cted by concentration of all reagents.
The analytical results of chlorine and Huo血e in eight standard silicate samples are given in
Table2.Each丘gure shows the Hve measurements,aver我ges,’standard deviations and relative
standard deviations.The relative standard deviations in the d.etermination of60−300ppm chlorine
are5−16%.The main cause fbr the error in the determination of chlorine is contamination肋m
O。60
O.40
O.30
9 0.40
賃
霞
目
N〔
oo寸
“
o
い
曹
o
O.20
Φ
①
o
o
属
q
ご
邸
ρ
ρ
臼
臼
ω
沼
O O◎20
o
ρ
司
く
0.10
0.00
0 20 50 100 150 0。00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60
200
E・ノ㎎/50皿
Cl・解ノ25岨
Figure.2 Standard curve R》r旦uorine.
Figure。1 Standard curve fbr chlorine.
31一(177)
70
地質調査所月報(第25巻第4号)
Table2
Samples
JG−1
(Gr&nodiorite)
JB−1
(Basalt)
G−2
(Granite)
GSP−1
(Granodiorite)
AGV−1
(Andesite)
PCC−1
(Peridot圭te)
DTS−1
Foundα,ppm
{
{
{
{
{
{
,{
(Dunite)
BCR−1
(Basalt)
X:Average
Determination ofchlorine and Huorine in standard silicate rocks.
{
S:
天 S C
60
63
75
55
80
150
175
180
170
162
75
70
88
60
65
300
310
325
310
343
318 16.8
135
142
137
120
117
130 U.0
67
60
79
66
55
13
17
10
l l
25
75
65
53
60
70
520
500
480
491 19.5
4.0
365
360
350
380
370
365 11,2
3.1
1320
1260
1230
1270
121σ
1258 42.1
3.3
5.3
3800
3900
3750
3700
3800
3790 74.2
2.0
8.5
370
365
350
390
380
30
20
12
20
20
6,5 32.5
20
24
18
18
5.2 28.9
16
10
470
485
490
460
7.1
72 10.7 14.9
65
15
65
c
文 S
470
485
67 10.5 15.7
167 11.8
Found Fっppm
9.0 13.8
6,1 40。7
8.6 13.2
371 15.2
4.1
18
450
471 16.7
3.5
Standard deviation C:R、elativ£standard dev拾tion
the apparatus,experi血entalist and,laboratory。The contamination is d,ecreased.by washing the all
apparatus with d.iluted nitric acid.,and.putting on gloves d,uring the analytical proced』ure.
Among the methods fbr the detemination ofchlorine,the neutron activation analysis is better
than other methods,because oflittle contamination and checking ofthe yield with chemical proce−
dure,In this study,the results on chlo血e in standard samples approximated to results fンom the
neutron activation analysis(Table1,Table2).
The relative stand.ard、deviations of30d−4,000ppm且uo血e measurements are2−5%.If
precipitation appears in the sample solution,generally a portion of fluorine is co−precipitated、。
However,the precipitation is dissolved by transfもr to acidic reagents solution.
The time required fbr the determination ofchlorine and fluorine in te阜samples is about8h,
Ac盈皿⑭w亘e《量ge]搬el魏
The author wishes to express his thanks to Dr.A.ANDo fbr his helpfhl suggestions and.encour−
agement・
R¢郵㊤寳e鵬ce
AKAlwA,H。andAlzAwA,S。(1973):Behavior offluorineduringsedimentaryprocesses−Fluorine
contents of sedimentary rocks f士om Tomioka,southem Gunma PrefもctureラJap&n一.
0606h6規.」「.,voL7,P。1−9.
ANDo,A.,KuRAsAwA,E.,ORMoRI,T。and TAKEDA,E.(1971):1971compilation of d.ata on
rock standardsJG−1andJB−1issued.f士om the Geological survey ofJapan.σ606h67π・
」。,vo1。5,P.151−164.
FLANAGAN,F。」。(1969):U.S.Geological Surveystandards−II。First compilation ofdatafbr the
new U.S。G。S.rocks.(穿θ06h伽。σ05椛06h伽.∠46臨,voL33,p.81−120。
HuANG,W.R.a唄JoHNs,W』D.(1967)=SimultaneousdeterminationofHuorineandchlorine
in silicate rocks by a rapid spectrophotometric method.温ηα乙(洗伽.温6如,vol.37,p。
32一(178)
Spectrophotometric Determination of Chlorine and Fluorine in the Standard Silicate Rocks(S,TERAsHIMA)
508−515.
sen GuPTA,J.G.(1968)=Determination ofHuorine in silicate and phosphate rocks,micas,and
stony meteorites.オηα乙Ch伽.オ磁,voL42,p。119−125.
吸光光度法による標準岩石中の塩素およびふっ素の定量
寺 島 滋
要 旨
吸光光度法により,各種けい酸塩標準試料中の塩素およびふっ素を定量した.
試料を炭酸ナトリウムと酸化亜鉛で融解し,抽出,浜過したのち,塩素はチオシァン酸鉄塩,ふっ素はエ
リオクロムシァニンR一ジルコニウム塩溶液の吸光度を測定する方法で定量した.本法によれば,各種岩石
中の30ppm以上の塩素およびふっ素が簡単かつ迅速に定量でき,精度も良好である.
33一(179)