10 - gerunds

Teaching is interesting.
Vocabulary - Ex. 1a - 1b
(a) car salesman - 自動車販売員
(a) tough job - 難しい仕事
at least - 少なくとも
waiting tables -
selling ~ - ~を販売すること
食事の給仕をすること
acting - 演じること
(be) tiring - 疲れる
starring in a movie -
(to) stand all day - 一日中立つ
映画に出演すること
(be) good with (something) (何か)が得意である
(be) good at (doing something) (何かをすること)が得意である
using computers コンピューターを使うこと
(a) police officer / (a) cop - 警察官
fixing (cars) -(車)を修理すること
(a) rock band - ロックバンド
(be) cool - かっこいい
(to) paint - 絵を描く
(to) learn a lot from (someone) ~ (誰か)から多くのことを学ぶ
(be) rewarding - ためになる
working at home 在宅で仕事をすること
(be) comfortable - 心地よい
Notes:_______________________________________________
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073
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Lesson 10
1a.
左側 1-10 と、右側 A-J を組み合わせましょう。次にペアになって、1 & B の
ように、組み合わせた文を読みながら答えを確認しましょう。斜字体の文字
(例:sell → selling)を参考にするとよいでしょう。
1. Bob is a car salesman.
He has to sell at least
three cars a week.
A. Working at home
is really nice (for her).
2. Diana loves to act
in movies.
B. Selling cars is
challenging.
3. Jamie is not good
with computers.
C. Being a cop is not
an easy job.
4. Charlie is a police
officer. His job is
very dangerous.
D. Painting is relaxing.
5. Joy fixes cars. She
always comes home tired.
E. Starring in a movie
is exciting.
6. Betty is a waitress.
She has to stand all day.
F. Using computers is
really difficult
(for him).
7. John plays rock and
roll guitar. His band
is very popular.
G. Being in a rock
band is cool.
8. Kate loves to paint.
It’s fun.
H. Teaching is
rewarding.
9. Amanda is a great teacher.
Her students always learn
a lot from her.
I. Fixing cars
is tiring.
10.Mary works at home.
It’s very comfortable.
J. Waiting tables
is a tough job.
動名詞 - 主語 - 目的語 /
gerunds - subjects - objects
10
動
名
詞
主
語
│
074
1b. Working from pictures:
下の写真に適切な説明にあたる文を、前ページ
の A-J から選び、写真1. のように書き込みましょう。次に、ペアになって答えを
確認しましょう。
_____________
1. Working
at home
is
really nice.
_____________
4. __________________
__________________
__________________
2. ___________________
___________________
3. ___________
___________
5. ______________
______________
______________
6. _____________________
_____________________
_____________________
7. _________
_________
_________
_________
_________
075
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Lesson 10
8. __________
__________
__________
__________
9. _________
_________
_________
_________
10. ___________________
___________________
___________________
Ex. 2
Ex. 3
owning a business -
What is going to happen to ~ ? ~に何が起こるだろうか?
会社を経営すること
(be) stressful - ストレスが多い
(be) noisy - 騒がしい
(be) better paid - もっと給料が良い
(be) paid well - 給料がよい
(a) gas station - ガソリンスタンド
bad news - 悪いニュース
(to) go out of business - 倒産する
that’s terrible - それはひどい
(to) have to look for (something) -
10
(何か)を探さなければならない
that would be difficult for me それは私には難しいだろう
too ~ - ~過ぎる
(it’s) challenging - やりがいのある
let’s see... - ええっと...
(to) hire - 雇う
working with the elderly -
動
名
詞
主
語
高齢者の介護をすること
Notes:_______________________________________________
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動名詞 - 主語 - 目的語 /
gerunds - subjects - objects
│
076
2.
Painting is fun.
絵を描くのは楽
くのは楽しい。
しい。
Owning a business is stressful.
会社を
会社を経営するのは
経営するのはストレス
するのはストレスが
ストレスが多い。
Using computers is difficult.
コンピュータを
コンピュータを使うのは難
うのは難しい。
しい。
A-J を使って、1-10 の文を完成させましょう。
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
working at home
selling cars
being a cop
painting
starring in a movie
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.
using computers
being in a rock band
teaching
fixing cars
waiting tables
1. ______________________ is less noisy than _____________________
2. _____________________ is better paid than _____________________
3. ____________________ is more stressful than ___________________
4. ___________________ is more rewarding than ___________________
5. __________________ is more challenging than __________________
-----------------------------------------------------6. _________________________________ would be too difficult for me.
7. _____________________________________________ isn’t paid well.
8. _______________________________________________ is too noisy.
9. _______________________________________________ is too tiring.
10. ________________________________ wouldn’t be interesting for me.
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Lesson 10
3. Conversation questions A:
1. What is going to happen to EJ’s Gas Station?
It’s _________________________________
2. What doesn’t pay well?
____________________________________
10
3. How about __________________________
動
名
詞
主
語
4. Is Joy looking for a challenging job? Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t.
Why do you think so?
Because she says, “_________________________________________”
EJ’s Gas Station
5
10
Joy - Bad news. EJ’s Gas Station is going out of business next month.
Dan - Really? That’s terrible.
Joy - Yeah. Now I have to look for a new job.
Is there anything in the newspaper?
Dan - Let’s see… A restaurant is hiring.
Joy - No, waiting tables doesn’t pay well.
Dan - O.K., then how about working with the elderly?
That pays better and it’s more rewarding.
Joy - Working with the elderly?
No, that would be too difficult for me.
動名詞 - 主語 - 目的語 /
gerunds - subjects - objects
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078
Ex. 4a - 5
It would be fun ~ -
working as a ~ - ~として働くこと
~多分楽しいだろう (a) hair stylist - 美容師
(I) wouldn’t like ~ (an) interpreter - 通訳者
(私は)~したくないだろう speaking foreign languages (I) would be interested in ~ 外国語を話すこと
(私は)~に興味があるだろう
(I) would hate ~ (私は)~が嫌いだろう
(a) marathon - マラソン
cleaning public toilets 公衆トイレを掃除すること
(I) wouldn’t mind ~ -
writing novels - 小説を書く事
(私は)~を構わないだろう What do you think about ~ ? (be) handicapped - 障害がある
~についてどう思いますか?
taking care of (children) (to) make more money (子供)の世話をすること
もっとお金を稼ぐ
Notes:_______________________________________________
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079
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Lesson 10
4a.
I would be interested in teaching.
左側と右側の文を比べてみましょう。ペアになって、ひとりは左側の1-5をラン
ダムに読み、パートナーは右側の文を読みながら、文法の違いをつかんでいきま
しょう。役割を交代して繰り返しましょう。
1. Starring in a movie sounds fun. → It would be fun
starring in a movie.
2. Waiting tables is tiring.
10
→ I wouldn’t like
waiting tables.
3. Teaching is interesting.
→ I would be interested in
teaching.
4. Selling cars is a difficult job.
→ I would hate
selling cars.
動
名
詞
目
的
語
5. Working at home sounds O.K. → I wouldn’t mind
working at home.
4b.
下に記したフレーズを使って、次ページ1 のような文を作ってみましょう。上の5
つのパターン (It would be fun...) をそれぞれ2回ずつ使って書きましょう。
taking care of children
working with handicapped kids
working with the elderly
working as a hair stylist
being an interpreter
running in a marathon
working at an English school
owning a business
cleaning public toilets
writing novels
動名詞 - 主語 - 目的語 /
gerunds - subjects - objects
│
080
4b. 1. I would be interested in owning a business.
business
2. __________________________________________________________
3. __________________________________________________________
4. __________________________________________________________
5. __________________________________________________________
6. __________________________________________________________
7. __________________________________________________________
8. __________________________________________________________
9. __________________________________________________________
10. __________________________________________________________
4c.
ペアになりましょう。前ページ4bのフレーズを使って、下の例文のような質問と
答えの練習をしてみましょう。
A: What do you think about (being an interpreter)?
B: I would be interested in being an interpreter.
5.
はじめに、下の英文を聞いて正しい順番に並べ替え、1~5の番号を書きましょ
う。次にその英文を次ページ上の Dan と Joy の会話文の空欄に書きます。書き終
えたらペア a, b になって、a は Dan を、b は Joyを読みながら答えを確認します。
お互い同じ順番になりましたか?最後に次ページの4つの文の空欄を埋めましょ
う。
__
I wouldn’t mind working as an interpreter.
It would be fun meeting people from other countries.
__
I’m not sure. I’m good at speaking foreign languages.
I can speak Italian, Spanish, and a little French.
__
And you could make more money being an interpreter
than working at a gas station.
__
Hey, maybe you could be an interpreter.
__
So what kind of job are you interested in doing, Joy?
081
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Lesson 10
- _______________________________________________________
5. Dan
Joy - _______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
Dan - _______________________________________________________
Joy - _______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
Dan - _______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
10
1. Joy is good at ______________________________________________
動
名
詞
目
的
語
2. She wouldn’t mind __________________________________________
3. It would be fun _____________________________________________
4. She could make more money __________________________________
than ______________________________________________________
Ex. 6 - 7
Which do you prefer? - どっちがいいですか?
waking up early - 早起きすること
staying up late - 夜更かしすること
sleeping in - 遅くまで寝ること
getting home late - 夜遅くに帰宅すること
Notes:_______________________________________________
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動名詞 - 主語 - 目的語 /
gerunds - subjects - objects
│
082
6. Getting to know your teacher and classmates:
先生やクラスメイトに聞いてみましょう。動名詞(~ing)を使って、例文を参考にしな
がらあなた自身の答えを書いてみましょう。次にペアになって、アイコンタクトしな
がら質問し、お互いの答えを聞いてみましょう。何か同じ答えはありましたか?
1. What are you good at?
I’m good at (playing the piano). How about you?
__________________________________________________________
2. What are you bad at?
I’m bad at (cooking). How about you?
__________________________________________________________
3. What is stressful for you?
For me, (taking tests) is stressful. How about you?
__________________________________________________________
4. Which do you prefer, waking up early in the morning
or staying up late at night?
I prefer (staying up late at night). How about you?
__________________________________________________________
5. What do you like doing on Sundays?
On Sundays, I like (waking up late). How about you?
__________________________________________________________
7.
下の文を参考にしながら、あなたが日曜日にすることで
好きなことと嫌いなことを書いてみましょう。下線部分
の語句は、スムーズな文を作るのに役立つはずです。で
きるだけ動名詞の文で構成しましょう。作文が終わった
らグループになってお互いの作文をシェアしましょう。
あなたと類似点がある人はいましたか?グループの代表
は、ひとりの作文を選んでクラスで発表します。クラス
のみんなはそれが誰のものかを予想しながら、あなたと
の類似点があるかどうかを注意して聞きましょう。
Composition
and Speech
On Sundays, I like sleeping in. I usually get up around 11:00 a.m.
After taking a shower, I like having some milk and cookies while watching
TV or reading a magazine. In the afternoon, I like going shopping with
my friends. Sometimes, we see a movie or just go to the park. I don’t like
getting home too late because I have school the next day.
083
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Lesson 10