RELI 425 - Victoria University of Wellington

RELI 425 Advanced Studies in Asian Religions PART I Religious Studies Programme Te Tari Matai Whakapono SCHOOL OF ART HISTORY, CLASSICS & RELIGIOUS STUDIES VICTORIA UNIVERSITY OF WELLINGTON Trimester one, 2009
Reli 425 Advanced Studies in Asian Religions Course co­ordinators: T1: Dr Michael Radich HU 216 Tel: 463 9477 [email protected] T2: Dr Rick Weiss HU 215 Tel: 463 6726 [email protected] Course dates Commencement, Part I: March 2nd 2009 Mid trimester break: April 13 th – 26 th 2009 End of teaching, Part I: June 5 th 2009 Submission of essay 1: 26 th June 2009 University Examination Period: June 8 th – July 1 st 2009 Mid year break: July 2 nd – 12 th 2009 Commencement, Part II: 13 July 2009 End of teaching, Part II: October 2 nd Submission of Essay 2: 9 th October 2009 Final submission date for course: 23 rd October 2009 Meeting time and location TBA Religious Studies is in the Hunter building. The Programme Administrator, Aliki Kalliabetsos, is in Hunter 318 (463 5299). Notices regarding the course or any information on changes will be posted on the department notice board outside her office. Office Hours: The main office is open Monday ­ Thursday, 9.30am ­ 12:00 noon and 2:00 – 3:30pm. Course outline 1 The course has the following learning objectives: § Students should become aware, by the end of the course, of key methodologies, problems, sources, and current questions in the study of Asian religions. § Students should become able to competently analyse primary and secondary sources, and communicate the content of their analysis (both orally and in writing) at a level appropriate to the academic study of religion at an entry graduate level.
2 2 Required Readings: Readings will be distributed by the religious Studies programme 3 This course is delivered through regular seminars.: 4 Mandatory course requirements: one essay of 5000 words. 5 Assessment Requirements. The course is internally assessed by means of the following assignment: § one essay of 5000 words due Friday June 19 2009. The final submission day for all Honours work is due Friday October 23 2008. 6 Work­load (Recommendation of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences): For 400­level 30 points two trimester course, 12 hours per week are recommended. An average student should spend 10 hours per week for preparation, reading and writing in addition to attendance at seminars. 400 – level 2 trimester 30 points 12 hours per week 7 Aegrotat regulations apply to internally assessed courses. Students who cannot submit or complete the course requirements due to illness or some other impairment should visit the Faculty's Student Administration Office, or go to Student Health or Student Counseling who also have the application form and information about aegrotats. To be eligible for an aegrotat the affected items of assessment must be required to be submitted not earlier than three weeks before the day on which lectures cease for the last trimester of the course. Please see Aegrotat policy at­administration/aegrotats.aspx 8 General University Statutes and Policies Students should familiarise themselves with the University’s policies and statutes, particularly the Assessment Statute, the Personal Courses of Study Statute, the Statute on Student Conduct and any statutes relating to the particular qualifications being studied; see the Victoria University Calendar or go to the Academic Policy and Student Policy sections on: This website also provides information for students in a number of areas including Academic Grievances, Student and Staff conduct, Meeting the needs of students with impairments, and student support/VUWSA student advocates. 9 Academic integrity and plagiarism Academic integrity means that university staff and students, in their teaching and learning are expected to treat others honestly, fairly and with respect at all times. It is not acceptable to mistreat academic, intellectual or creative work that has been done by other people by representing it as your own original work. Academic integrity is important because it is the core value on which the University’s learning, teaching and research activities are based. Victoria University’s reputation for academic integrity adds value to your qualification.
3 The University defines plagiarism as presenting someone else’s work as if it were your own, whether you mean to or not. “someone else’s work’ means anything that is not your own idea. Even if it is presented in your own style, you must acknowledge your sources fully and appropriately. This includes: § Material from books, journals or staff § The work of other students or staff § Information from the Internet § Software programs and other electronic material § Designs and ideas § The organization or structuring of any such material Find out more about plagiarism, and how to avoid it, on the University’s website: Telephone 463 6983 or 463 6984, Email: [email protected] 10 Use of Turnitin: Student work provided for assessment in this course may be checked for academic integrity by the electronic search engine <>. Turnitin is an online plagiarism prevention tool which identifies material that may have been copied from other sources including the Internet, books, journals, periodicals or the work of other students. Turnitin is used to assist academic staff in detecting misreferencing, misquotation, and the inclusion of unattributed material, which may be forms of cheating or plagiarism. At the discretion of the School, handwritten work may be copy typed by the School and subject to checking by Turnitin. You are strongly advised to check with your tutor or the course coordinator if you are uncertain about how to use and cite material from other sources. Turnitin will retain a copy of submitted materials on behalf of the University for detection of future plagiarism, but access to the full text of submissions will not be made available to any other party. 11 Student Learning: Support Services: A range of workshops, drop­ins and other assistance is provided by SLSS, covering such things as study techniques, essay writing, exam preparation and note taking skills. They are at Level 0 Kirk Wing, Hunter Courtyard. 12 Manaaki Pihipihinga Maori and Pacific Mentoring programme (Faculties of Humanities and Social sciences and Commerce and Administration). Academic Mentoring for Maori and Pacific students studying at all levels in the above schools. Weekly sessions for an hour with a mentor to go over assignments & any questions from tutorials or lectures. Registered students can use the facilities study rooms & computer suite, at any time, at Kelburn & Pipitea. Mature student and Post grad network If you would like to register as a mentor or mentee please contact or pop in & see the coordinator, Melissa Dunlop, Programme Coordinator, 109 D, 463 6015, Email: Maori­Pacific­[email protected], 14 KP: back courtyard Student Services In addition, the Student Services Group (email: student­[email protected]) is available to provide a variety of support and services. Find out more at: VUWSA employs Education Coordinators who deal with academic problems and provide support, advice and advocacy services, as well as organising class
4 representatives and faculty delegates. The Education Office (tel. 463­6983 or 463­ 6984, email at [email protected]) is located on the ground floor, Student Union Building. 13 Taping of lectures: All students in the School of Art History, Classics and Religious Studies are welcome to use audio­tapes to record lectures. If you want to do this, please see your lecturer, tutor or the relevant programme administrator and complete a disclaimer form which advises of copyright and other relevant issues. 14 Class representatives: Class representatives are elected in the first week or two of term. They are supported by the VUW Students' Association, and have a variety of roles, including assistance with grievances and student feedback to staff and VUWSA. Contact details for your class rep will be listed on the Religious Studies notice board. 15 Supplementary Materials: A website of materials related to RELI 425 is being maintained in Blackboard. However, most of the materials handed out in class will not be on blackboard. You can find it by visiting http:[email protected] Your user name is the one issued to you by Student Computing Services. Your password is your Student ID Number. If in doubt, please contact the Student Computing Services Help Desk, 463­6666 (extension 6666 from VUW phones) or by email scs­ [email protected] 16 Evaluation: This course will be assessed by UTDC
5 SEMINAR SCHEDULE RELI 425, "Advanced Studies in Asian Religions" TRIMESTER ONE "The Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvā a sūtra in 5th­6th Century China" Instructor: Michael Radich ph (463)9477 [email protected] HU 216 The aim of this half of the course is to examine a major Mahyna Buddhist stra (scripture) entitled the Mahparinirv a stra, and aspects of its reception in China in the fifth and sixth centuries of the Common Era, when interpretation of and commentary on this text was one of the central foci of the developing Chinese Buddhist tradition. Students will be provided with a copy of the only existing English translation of this major primary text, and several seminar sessions will focus on the close reading of portions of it, which will be selected by consultation between the lecturer and students. In the course of our study, we will also read relevant studies in the relevant scholarly literature. The first few weeks of the course will be more lecture­style, to bring students up to speed with background knowledge necessary to coming to grips with the topic of the course. In later weeks, the format will shift more to discussion or seminar style. The course will be assessed on one essay of 5000 words. Like all Honours work, this essay is finally due on Friday October 23 2008. However, Michael Radich's portion of the course is run in T1 only, and there will therefore be a deadline for T1 essays on Friday June 19 2009. While work submitted after this date will still be graded, the lecturer cannot guarantee it will be given the extensive feedback usual for Honours work submitted in a timely fashion, nor that students will have the usual opportunities for rewriting. At Honours level, your research work is guided, and our intention is that you will take advantage of the detailed feedback we provide on essays when first submitted, to substantially rework and improve them where possible. I will therefore require that you discuss with me a research topic and provide a draft bibliography before the beginning of Week 7 (by Friday April 24). I will also require that you give me your best attempt at a finished version of the essay, for possible reworking where I think it admits of further improvement thereafter, by Week 11 (i.e. by Friday May 29). The deadline structure is thus: Friday April 24 Research topic and draft bibliography Friday May 29 Your best polished draft of the essay Friday June 19 Final deadline for revisions based on feedback Friday October 23 Final deadline for all Honours work programme­wide Failure to meet any of these deadlines will be reported to the Honours Coordinator. Attendance Attendance at all seminar sessions is an integral part of the course. Please make sure you attend every week, or, in cases where absence is truly unavoidable, that you contact the lecturer in advance.
6 READINGS At the outset of the course, readings will only be set for the first four to five weeks. Readings for subsequent weeks will be decided in part on the basis of student interest, as it emerges in our discussions. UNIT ONE: Background Week One (Monday March 2) General Honours meeting; first meeting for 425, Monday March 2; distribution of readings for Week 2; introductory comments. Week Two (week of March 9): Relevant basic Buddhist doctrines Week Three (week of March 16): Buddhism in China in the fifth and sixth centuries Week Four (week of March 23): The Mahāparinirvā a sūtra UNIT TWO: The Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvā a sūtra Week Five (week of March 30) Week Six (week of March 30) Friday April 24 Research topic and draft bibliography due Weeks Seven (week of April 27) and following: Readings to be decided on the basis of student interest and the progress of the course. Readings will include: Friday May 29 Your best polished draft of essay due Week Twelve (May 28): Face to face meetings to discuss feedback on essays towards any possible rewrite. Email feedback will have been provided before this meeting. Friday June 19 Final deadline for revisions to essay based on feedback
7 Preliminary Bibliography An Yang Gyu, "Buddhaghosa's view of the Buddha's parinirvā a", Indogaku bukkyōgaku kenkyū 51, no. 1 (2002): 61­63. Allon, Mark, and Richard Salomon. "Kharo hi fragments of a Gāndhārī version of the Mahāparinirvā asūtra". In Manuscripts in the Schoyen Collection, ed. Jans Braarvig, 244­273. Oslo, 2000. Bareau, André. "La composition et les étapes de la formation progressive du Mahāparinivā asūtra ancien", Bulletin de l'École Française d'Extrême­Orient 66 (1979), 45­103. Barbieri­Kontier, Christine. "Le Mahāparinirvā a­sūtra dans le tradition bouddhiques chinois de Ve et VIe siécles." In L'Herme: Nirvā a, 301­320. Paris 1993. Bongard­Levin, G. M. "New Buddhist Sanskrit Texts from Central Asia: An Unknown Fragment of the Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvā asūtra." JIABS 4, no. 2 (1981): 7­16. Bongard­Levin, G. New Sanskrit Fragments of the Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvā asūtra. Tokyo, 1986. Chen, Kenneth K. S. Buddhism in China: A Historical Survey. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1964. Demiéville, Paul. "Philosophy and Religion From Han to Sui." In The Cambridge History of China, Vol. I: The Ch'in and Han Empire, 221 B.C.­A.D. 220, ed. Dennis Twitchett and Michael Loewe, 808­872. DS735 C178 Eidmann, Phillip Karl, trans. The Sutra of the Teachings Left by the Buddha. Osaka: Koyata Yamamoto, 1900s (sic). An English translation of Kumārajīva's Yi jiao jing, which is supposed to be an alternate version of portions of the MPNS. Hubert Durt, "Long and Short Nirvā a­Sūtras." Transactions of the International Conference of Orientalists in Japan 37 (1992): 193­194; (2001): 1­ 47. Finot, L. "Mahāparinirvā asutta and Cullavagga", Indian Historical Quarterly 8 (1932): 241­246. Fujiwara, Kōshō 藤原幸章. "Zendō to Nehan gyō 善導と『涅槃経』." Ōtani gakuhō 大谷学報 53, no. 4 (1974), 1­13. Fuse Kōgaku. Nehanshū kenkyū. 2 vols. Tokyo: Sōbun, 1942. Guanding 灌頂 (561­632). 大般涅槃經玄義. T1765. Hamata Atsuzabur[?] 濵田篤三郎. Dai hannehan gy shkai, (Ry Shaku) Hry (hoka) sh
大般涅槃經集解 / (梁釋)寳亮[ほか]集. Kawamura, Kōshō 河村孝照. "Daijō Nehan gyō ni okeru bostasu dō 大乗涅槃経における菩薩道." In Daijō bostastu dō no kenkyū, ed. Nishi Yoshio西義雄. Kyoto: Heirakuji shoten, 1968. Kawamura, Kōshō 河村孝照. "Daijō Nehan gyō ni okeru Daihatsunikō kyō to Daihatsukōhan kyō to no hikaku kenkyū 大乗洹槃経における大般泥洹経と大般洹槃経との比較研究." Tōyōgaku kenkyū 4 (1970): 55­81. Kawamura, Kōshō 河村孝照. "Daijō Nehan gyō ni okeru hōshin shisō no ichi kōsatsu 大乗捏槃経における法身思想の一考察." Tōyōgaku kenkyū 3 (1969): 15­39. Kawamura, Kōshō 河村孝照. "Daijō Nehan gyō ni okeru setsuwa no sozai ni tsuite no ichi kōsatsu 大乗涅槃経における説話の素材についての一考察." IBK 44 (1974): 386­389.
8 Kawamura, Kōshō 河村孝照. "Daijō Nehan gyō shoin no kyōten ni tsuite 大乗涅槃経所引の経典について." IBK 31 (1972): 54­59. Kawamura, Kōshō 河村孝照. "Daijō Nehan gyō to Kegon kyō 大乗捏槃経と華厳経." Tōyōgaku kenkyū 5 (1971): 49­66. Kawamura, Kōshō 河村孝照. "Daijō Nehan gyō to Shamonka kyō 大乗捏槃経と沙門果経." Tōyōgaku kenkyū 東洋学研究 11 (1977): 51­62. Kawamura, Kōshō 河村孝照. "Daijō Nehan gyō to Shuryōgon kyō 大乗涅槃経と首楞厳経." IBK 34 (1969): 223­230. Kawamura, Kōshō 河村孝照. "Kanchō sen Nehan gyō gen gi ni okeru 'Aru hito' to wa dare wo sasu ka 潅頂撰『涅槃経玄義』における「有る人」とは誰を指すか." IBK 67 (1985): 218­. Kawamura, Kōshō 河村孝照. "Kanchō sen Daihatsunehan gyō gen gi ni tsuite 潅頂撰『大般涅槃経玄義』について." Tendai gakuhō 17 (1975): 117­121. Kawamura, Kōshō 河村孝照. "Nehan gyō Hon'ukonmu ge ni tsuite 涅槃経本有今無偈論について." IBK 31 (1970): 860­? Kawamura, Kōshō 河村孝照. "Nehan gyō ni oite jōjū hōshin wo eru jōken 涅槃経において常住法身を得る条件." IBK 76 (1990): 292­298. Lai, Whalen. "Chou Yung vs. Chang Jung (on Śūnyatā): The Ben­mo Yu­wu Controversy in 5th Century China." Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 1, no. 1 (1978): 23­ 46. BQ2 J86 Lai, Whalen. "The Mahāparinirvā a­sūtra and its Earliest Interpreters in China: Two Prefaces by Tao­lang and Tao­sheng." Journal of the American Oriental Society 102 no. 1 (1982): 99­105. Liebenthal, Walter. "Chinese Buddhism During the 4th and 5th Centuries." Monumenta Nipponica 11, no. 1 (1955): 44­83. Liu, Ming­Wood. "The Doctrine of the Buddha­Nature in the Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvā asūtra", JIABS 5, no. 2 (1982): 63­94. Liu, Ming­Wood. "The Problem of the Icchāntika in the Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvā asūtra", JIABS 7, no. 1 (1984): 57­82. Mather, Richard B. "The Impact of the Nirvā a Sutra in China." In Literature of Belief, Sacred Scripture and Religious Experience, edited by Neal E. Lambert, 155­173. Salt Lake City, Ut: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1981. Matsumura, Hisashi. The Mahāsudarśanāvadāna and the Mahāsudarśanasūtra. Bibliotheca Indo­ Buddhica, 47. Delhi 1988. Mochizuki, Ryōkō 望月良晃. "Daijō Nehan gyō ni tokareta Ajase ō setsuwa no imi suru mono 大乗涅槃経に説かれた阿闍世王説話の意味するもの." In Nakamura Zuiryū hakushi koki kinen ronbunshū: Bukkyōgaku ronshū 中村瑞隆博士古稀記念論集:仏教学論集, ed. Nakamura Zuiryū hakushi koki kinenkai 中村瑞隆博士古稀記念会, 267­282. Tokyo: Shunjusha, 1985. Mochizuki Ryk, 望月良晃 ed. Daij nehangy no kenky: kydanteki ksatsu 大乗涅槃経の研究 : 教団史的考察. Tokyo: Shunjusha, 1988.
9 Mukuno, Sakuma 向野策馬. "Jōdo sankyō oyobi honden to Nehan gyō to no kankei 浄土三経及び本典と涅槃経との関係." Shūgakuin ronki宗学院論輯 14 (1976): 127­162. Nakamura Hajime, Indian Buddhism: A Survey of Buddhism with Bibliographical Notes. Hiraoka: Kansai University of Foreign Studies, 1980), 212­215. Nobukuni, Seiichi 信国精一. "'Shin' kan goinyō no Nehan gyō no shinshi: Ajase ō no goshin to gendai 信巻ご引用の涅槃経の深旨 阿闍世王の獲信と現代." Ryūkoku kyōgaku 龍谷教学 10 (1975): 74­83. Okuno, Mitsuyoshi 奥野光賢. "Nehan gyō wo keguru saikin no kenkyū ni tsuite: Icchantei wo chūshin toshite 『涅槃経』をめぐる最近の研究について 一闡提論を中心として ["Recent Studies on the Mahāparinirvā a­sūtra: Focused on the Icchantika Theory"]. Komazawa tankidaigaku Bukkyō ronshū 5 (1991): 163­174. Satō, Ken 佐藤健. "Dōtaku Jōdokyō ni okeru Nehan gyō no eikyō: Ki no jikaku o chūshin to shite 道綽浄土教における涅槃経の影響 機の自覚を中心として." Jinbungaku ronshū 人文学論集 13 (1979): 21­36. Schopen, Gregory. "Monks and the relic cult in the Mahāpari­nibbānasutta: an old misunderstanding in regard to monastic Buddhism." FBB 187­202 Sekido, Gyōkai 関戸尭海. "Kamakura Bukkyō to Nehan gyō: Shinran shōnin, Dōgen zenji, Nichiren shōnin o chūshin ni shite 鎌倉仏教と『涅槃経』
親鸞聖人・道元禅師・日蓮聖人を中心にして." Shinran kyōgaku 親鸞教学 66 (1995): 85­103. Sekido, Gyōkai 関戸尭海. "Shinran, Dōgen, Nichiran no Nehan kyō no juyō 親鸞・道元・日蓮の涅槃経受容Reception of the Nirvana Sutra by Shinran, Dōgen and Nichiren." Shūkyō kenkyū 宗教研究 62, no. 3 (1988): 21­40. Shimoda Masahiro 下田正弘. "Chūshakusho toshite no 'Daijō Nehan gyō': Nyāya Attakatā to no icchi ni miru Nehan gyō no tenkai keitai." In Katō Junshō hakushi kanreki kinen ronshū: Abidaruma Bukkyō to Indo shisō, ed. Katō Junshō hakushi kanreki kinen ronshū kankōkai 加藤純章博士還暦記念論集刊行会, 327­340. Tokyo: Shunjusha, 2000. Shimoda Masahiro 下田正弘. "Daijō Nehan gyō no kyōdan wo meguru rekishiteki jōkyō: Daiichrui 'Kongōshin bon' wo chūshin toshite 大乗涅槃経の教団をめぐる歴史的状況 ­ 第一類「金剛身品」を中心として." In Sakurabe Hajime hakushi kiju kinen ronshū: Shoki bukkyō kara abudaruma e 桜部建博士喜寿記念論集:初期仏教からアビダルマへ, ed. Sakurabe Hajime hakushi kiju kinen ronshū kankōkai. Kyoto: Heirakuji shoten, 2002. Shimoda Masahiro 下田正弘. "'Daijō Nehan gyō' no shisō kōzō: Icchantei no mondai ni tsuite 『大乗涅槃経』の思想構造 ­ 一闡提の問題について ["The Structure of the Theory of the Mahāyāna­mahāparinirvā asūtra"]. Bukkyōgaku 27 (1989): 69­95. Shimoda Masahiro 下田正弘. "'Daijō Nehan gyō' to Hōseki kyō, Makakaya kai buttō shinkō no hitei 『大乗涅槃経』と『宝積経・摩訶迦葉会』 仏塔信仰の否定 ["Tathāgatagarbha and buddhadhātu used as synonyms for stūpa and śarīradhātu in the Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvā asūtra (MMPS)"]. Tōhōgaku 82 (1991): 129­118 (L). Shimoda Masahiro 下田正弘. "'Genshi Nehan gyō' no sonzai: Daijō nehan gyō no seiritsushiteki kenkyū sono ichi 「原始涅槃経」の存在 大乗涅槃経の成立史的研究その1 ["The Urtext of the Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvā a­sūtra (MPS)"]. Tōyō bunka kenkyūjo kiyō 113 (1991): 1­126 (L). Shimoda Masahiro 下田正弘. Nehangy no kenkyū: Daijōkyōten no kenkyū hōhō shiron 涅槃経の研究─大乗教典の研究方法試論. Tokyo: Shunjusha, 1997.
10 Shimoda, Masahiro. "The Relationship Between the Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvā asūtra and the Mahāsā ghika.", Indogaku bukkyōgaku kenkyu 42, no. 2 (1994): 22­27(L). Suwa Gijun 諏訪義純. Chūgoku nanchō Bukkyō no kenkyū 中国南朝仏教史の研究. Kyoto: Hōzōkan, 1997. BQ636 S967 C5 stackroom Suzuki, Takayasu. "The Recompilation of the Mahāparinirvā asūtra Under the Influence of the Mahāmeghasūtra.", Indogaku bukkyōgaku kenkyū 39, no. 2 (2001): 34­38. Takasaki Jikidō. “The Tathāgatagarbha Theory in the Mahāparinirvā asūtra.” Indogaku bukkyōgaku kenkyū 19, no. 2 (1971): 1024­1015 (1­10). Takasaki Jikidō. Nyoraizō shisō no keisei: Indo daijō bukkyō kenkyū. Tokyo: Shunjusha, 1974. See 127­186. Tang, Yong­tong. Han Wei liang Jin Nanbeichao fojiao shi. Tsukamoto Keish 塚本啓祥 and Isoda Terufumi 磯田煕文, ed. Dai hannehan gy (nanbon) 大般涅槃経(南本). Shinkokuyaku issaiky 6, Nehanbu 1. DETAILS INCOMPLETE Tsukamoto, Zenryu. A History of Early Chinese Buddhism: From Its Introduction to the Death of Hui­yuan. Translated by Leon Hurvitz. Tokyo: Kodansha International, 1985. Uemura Yoshimi 村上嘉実. Rikuchō shisōshi kenkyū 六朝思想史研究. Kyoto: Heirakuji shoten, 1974. Waldschmidt, Ernst. "Beiträge zur Textgeschichte des Mahāparinirvā asūtra", NGAW 1952, 48­ 91. Reprinted in Ernst Waldschmidt, Von Ceylon bis Turfan: Schrifte zur Geschichte, Literature, Religion und Kunst des indischen Kulturraumes, Festgabe zum 70 Geburtstag, 417­427. Göttingen, 1967. Waldschmidt, Ernst. Der Buddha preist die Verehrungswürdigkeit seiner Reliquien (Sondertext I des Mahāparinirvā asūtra). 3 vols. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1961. Waldschmidt, Ernst. Das Mahāparinirvā asūtra: Text in Sanskrit und Tibetisch, verglichen mit dem Pāli nebst einer Überstaung der chinesischen Entsprechung im Vinaya der Mūlasarvāstivādins auf Grund von Turfan­Handschriften. Berlin: Akademie­Verlag, 1950­1951. Waldschmidt, Ernst. Die U berlieferung vom Lebensende des Buddha: eine vergleichende Analyse des Maha parinirva ṇasu tra und seiner Textentsprechungen. Go ttingen, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1944­48. Waldschmidt, Ernst. "Wunderkräfte des Buddha ­ Eine Episode im Sanskrittext des Mahāparinirvā asūtra." NAWG 1948, pp. 48­91. Reprinted in Ernst Waldschmidt, Von Ceylon bis Turfan: Schrifte zur Geschichte, Literature, Religion und Kunst des indischen Kulturraumes, Festgabe zum 70 Geburtstag. Gottingen, 1967. Walshe, Maurice, trans. The Long Discourses of the Buddha: A Translation of the Dīgha Nikāya. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 1995. DN 16, Mahāparinibbāna sutta, pp. . Klaus Wille, "Fragments of the Mahāparinirvā asūtra", Manuscripts in the Schoyen Collection, ed. Jans Braarvig, 2, 17­24. Oslo, 2000. Wright, Arthur F. "Buddhism and Chinese Culture: Phases of Interaction." Journal of Asian Studies 17, no. 1 (1957): 17­42. Yamamoto, Kosho, trans. The Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra. Revised by Tony Page.,Yamamoto,Page,2007.pdf. Accessed 25 February 2009.
11 Yasui, Kōdo 安井広度. "Shinran shōnin to Nehan gyō 親鸞聖人と涅槃経." Ōtani daigaku kenkyū nenpō 大谷大学研究年報 2 (1943): 1­68. Yamamoto, Kosho. Mahāyānism. A Critical Exposition of the Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvā asūtra. Tokyo 1975. Yoshida, Muneo 吉田宗男. "Nehan gyō inyō no yōso: Sendai to Ajase o megutte 『涅槃経』引用の要素 闡提と阿闍世をめぐって." Ōtani taigaku daigakuyin kenkyū kiyō 大谷大学大学院研究紀要 10 (1993): 1­28. Yoshida, Yuzuru 吉田譲. "Shinran no Nehan gyō juyō no tokuisei 親鸞の『涅槃経』受容の特異性." IBK 47, no. 2 (1999): 171­173. Yuyama, Akira. Sanskrit Fragments of the Mahāyāna Mahāparinirvā asūtra. l.Koyosan Manuscripts (Tokyo 1981)
12 Essays and Assignments 1 Essays and assignments must be placed in the locked assignment box located near the administrator’s office and students must date and sign the essay register to indicate submission. No responsibility will be taken for assignments for which there is no record. Students should keep a copy of all their work until it is returned. 2 Due dates for first trimester: Friday April 24 Friday May 29 Friday June 19 Friday October 23 Research topic and draft bibliography Your best polished draft of the essay Final deadline for revisions based on feedback Final deadline for all Honours work programme­wide 3 Penalties for late essays / assignments: § 1 percent per 24 hours will be deducted for late essays. § essays submitted more than two weeks late will not be accepted for assessment unless prior written arrangement has been made with the lecturer. Essays submitted late due to medical reasons must be given to the programme administrator accompanied by a doctor's certificate. 5 For guidance in essay writing and presentation of bibliographies please refer to Religious Studies guidelines for essays, attached. Essay topics are to be discussed with the course coordinators.