LECB Research Note[1]

Dilaksanakan oleh:
Didukung oleh:
Lesson Learned in Developing
NAMAs/MRV in Greater Jakarta
Area (Jabodetabek)
Retno Gumilang Dewi and Ucok W.R. Siagian
LECB Indonesia Research Note 01
Lesson Learned in Developing
NAMAs/MRV in Greater Jakarta
Area (Jabodetabek)
Retno Gumilang Dewi
Ucok W.R. Siagian
LECB Indonesia Research Note 01
© 2014 Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB)
All rights reserved
Suggested citation:
Dewi, R.G., and Siagian, U.W.R. 2014. Lesson learned in developing NAMAs /MRV in Greater Jakarta Area (Jabodetabek). LECB Indonesia Research Note 01. Low Emission Capacity Building Program, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Cover photo credit: Ayunda Swacita M.
UNDP Indonesia
Menara Thamrin 8-9th floor
Jl. M.H. Thamrin Kav. 3
Jakarta 10250
This research note is intended to communicate initial findings or methods used in projects related to LECB Program
in Indonesia to promote further policy discussions. Any views expressed in this research note are those of the authors.
They do not necessarily represent the views of LECB, the institutions of author or the sponsors of this publication.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction1
2. LECB NAMAs/MRV project activities2
3. NAMA Requirement / Criteria2
4. Methodology2
5. The Proposed NAMAs4
6. Lesson Learned5
Annexure 1 – NAMAs Requirements 5
Annexure 2 – List of Mitigation Actions 6
1. Introduction
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) was
introduced seven years ago in the Bali Action Plan. Currently there is no internationally agreed definition of NAMA.
The Cancun Agreements (2011) refer to NAMAs in the following:
Since 2013, UNDP through its LECB program which is implemented by BAPPENAS and UKP4 has been assisting Indonesia government in capacity building activities related to low
emission development. One of the capacity building activities
is assisting regional government of JABODETABEK to develop NAMA project/program in their respective region (city/
kabupaten or provincial level). The regional governments that
1/CP.16-48. Agrees that developing country
participated in the LECB program are: DKI Jakarta Province,
Parties will take nationally appropriate mitiga-
Kota Tangerang, Kota Bogor, Kabupaten Bogor, Kota Depok,
tion actions in the context of sustainable de-
and Kota Bekasi.
velopment, supported and enabled by technology, financing and capacity-building, aimed at
The NAMA projects are expected to be in support to the ful-
achieving a deviation in emissions relative to
filment of Indonesian non-binding commitment to reduce its
‘business as usual’ emissions in 2020;
emissions 26% lower than Indonesian baseline (BAU) emis-
1/CP.16-61. Also decides that internationally supported mitigation actions will be measured, reported and verified domestically and
will be subject to international measurement,
reporting and verification in accordance with
guidelines to be developed under the Convention;
As there is no internationally agreed procedure for NAMAs
development, developing countries have been attempting to
develop NAMAs project/program according to their own interpretation of NAMAs broad definition. The general guiding principles that are used in developing mitigation actions
that can be regarded as NAMAs are that the actions have
to be nationally appropriate (in line with the national development agenda), in support to sustainable development
concept, and that the reported mitigation achievement must
be credible which means they must be measurable, reportable and verifiable.
In terms of financing, basically there
are three types of NAMAs namely domestically funded (unilateral NAMAs), supported NAMAs (international support,
bilateral, multilateral) and credited NAMAs (international
carbon market). In terms of the type of actions there are two
types of NAMAs namely Project NAMAs and Policy NAMAs.
sions in 2020. In addition to the NAMA development, the
LECB program also includes capacity building for the development of MRV for the NAMA project. The mitigation action
sectors covered in the LECB program are energy use in transport and industry. The target of the LECB program is to develop at least one NAMA in transport sector and one NAMA
in industry sector. The type of NAMA covered in LECB is not
predetermined; it can be unilateral or supported NAMAs and
it might be project NAMAs or policy NAMAs.
2.LECB NAMAs/MRV project
As the name imply, the main activities of LECB NAMAs/
MRV is to build the capacity of officers of regional government of JABODETABEK in developing NAMAs/
MRV projects. The format of capacity building activities include project meetings, in class training/courses,
visits to regional government offices to introduce NAMAs/MRV, facilitate stakeholder discussions, guide data
collection, and assist the development of NAMAs. The
participants of the capacity building activities are officers
of regional government of JABODETABEK. Communication between LECB project team with regional gov-
Lesson Learned in Developing NAMAs/MRV in Greater Jakarta Area (Jabodetabek)
ernment is facilitated through regional government of-
tance of different NAMA criteria, a decision tool “Ana-
ficers that function as liaison officers of the LECB. Each
lytic Hierarchy Process” (AHP) was used involving
regional government has one liaison officer. The focal
climate change experts. The AHP result in the follow-
points of the regional governments are either Regional
ing list of importance (in decreasing order): mitiga-
Planning Agency (Bappeda) or Regional Environmental
tion potential, readiness of implementation, readiness
Agency (BLH). The stakeholder of each regional govern-
of funding, cost of mitigation, co-benefits, supporting
ment are relevant regional offices (Dinas) such as Office
policy and the potential for replication.
of Transportation, Office of Industry, Office of Cooperatives, etc.
NAMA Development Process
3.NAMA Requirement/Criteria
The LECB NAMAs/MRV program began with invitation to regional government of JABODETABEK to at-
Currently there is no agreed criteria/requirement for
tend socialization meeting to announce the existence
NAMA projects. Therefore, the LECB project developed
of capacity building programs for the development of
the NAMA requirement using the broad definition of
NAMAs/MRV projects. Regional governments are
NAMA as guiding principles and also using NAMAs
invited to prepare lists of mitigation actions that are
Framework developed by BAPPENAS as reference.
to be regarded as NAMA candidates and to be developed further become NAMA projects. Mitigation ac-
Since the LECB NAMA is considered as pilot project, it
tion plans that are to be included in NAMA project are
is preferable that the selected regional NAMA project
those related to energy use in transport and industry.
can be replicated in other regions. Other requirement
The LECB project meeting also discuss the capacity
that should be satisfied in accordance to the Indonesian
building needs of the regional government for NA-
NAMAs framework is that the proposed NAMA has
MAs/MRV development. From the discussion it was
to be one of the RAN or RAD. To determine whether
found that except for DKI Jakarta, the knowledge of
an identified mitigation action plan is in line with the
the regional governments in NAMAs/MRV is still very
region’s development agenda, the plan is check against
limited. The regional government officers expect that
the region’s development plan document (RPJMD). This
the capacity building program start with the very basic
check is also meant to determine the level of possibility
of climate change issues, GHG emission estimations,
of a plan to be actually implemented; the possibility of a
inventory of GHG and mitigation actions for NAMAs.
plan implementation is higher if the plan is stated in the
Meanwhile, the consultant develops the simplest step
regional development plan. In other words, the leader-
by step approach for NAMA development. Figure 1
ship of the regional government is assumed to be more
shows the step-by-step procedures of NAMA develop-
committed to implement the selected action plan if it is
stated in the regional development plan.
During all NAMA development process UKP4 and the
To obtain the weighting factor (priority) of the impor-
LECB Indonesia Research Note 01
consultants provided guidance and assistance to the
NAMA team of each regional government. As shown
in Figure 1, the process begins with identification of
mitigation actions in transport and industry sector.
Figure 1. NAMA development process
Identification of mitigation actions
in Transport and Industry
Prioritizing and Selection
NAMA Proposal
NAMA Selection (in LECB)
• Internal of regional gov., stakeholders
• Use NAMAs requirement as guide for
Seek approval of regional government leadership and inquire financing
Include MRV
This is done by regional government NAMA team by
• Co-benefit or impact of mitigation action
conducting meeting with relevant stakeholder. In the
• Plan of Implementation
meeting the LECB NAMA consultant encourages the
• Proposal for MRV
regional government NAMA team to explore all plan
of actions and initiatives related to GHG emission reductions. Documents such RAN/RAD and RPJMD are
consulted. Difficulties in interpreting RAD sometime
arises as the Kota/Kabupaten were not involved in the
development of RAD, which was prepared by Provincial Government. The regional NAMA team and stakeholder then prioritized and selected some action plans
to be developed further into NAMA Concept Note. The
criteria for selection are primarily the readiness of the
action plans, which is indicated by the availability of a
feasibility study, and the availability of data for estimating GHG reduction.
The component of Concept Note includes:
• Description of mitigation action
• Baseline emission
The data needed for developing NAMA project includes:
• The emission reduction potential:
oCalculated based on baseline and mitigation scenarios
oMethodology of emission calculation
oAssumptions used in the emission calculation
(estimation of growth, activity data, emission factor etc.)
• Results of Feasibility Study:
oThe required investment fund
oPlan of investment
oTechno-economic assumptions
• Project organization including the stakeholder involved in the mitigation actions
• Description of impact (other than emission reduc-
• Emission reduction potential
• Feasibility study document
oJob creation
• Project organization
• Proposal for financing
• Supporting policy of mitigation actions
oPoverty eradication
• Description of risks including potential barriers to
be encountered by the project
Lesson Learned in Developing NAMAs/MRV in Greater Jakarta Area (Jabodetabek)
• Supporting policy and regulation
investments in DKI Jakarta, feeder bus investment in
• The beneficiary of the mitigation actions (parties
Kota Bogor and Tangerang. The building sector is se-
that will obtain the direct benefit of the project, such
lected to substitute the industry sector as the regional
as the number of persons that will receive CNG con-
governments do not have mitigation project in indus-
version kits, number of parties that will be involved
try. In this context it is assumed as the building sector
in the utilization of used cooking oil for biodiesel
is part of commercial sector which is considered as a
production, etc.)
branch of industrial sector.
Although the NAMA team have been introduced to
NAMAs Candidates
After exploring plan of actions in each regional governments (based on RAN/RAD or RPJMD), there are a
number of candidates to be considered for NAMAs. As
the capacity building of LECB is directed to regional government officers, the plan of actions considered are those
directly under control of the regional governments. The
candidates for each regional government can be shown
in Annex. 2
the existence and the possibility to develop NAMAs
under supported NAMAs scheme, all of the regional
government expect that the NAMA project is funded
domestically from national budget (unilateral NAMAs). Considering the size of the investment, BRT
NAMAs could probably further discussed for funding
in supported NAMAs or through Public Private Partnership (PPP).
The MRV of BRT NAMA is to be based on the annual
5.The Proposed NAMAs
After reviewing the list of NAMA candidates and checking the readiness for NAMA proposal, the regional governments have selected 4 NAMA candidates (Table 2).
The BRT NAMAs include investment for gas fueled
buses, construction of corridors and CNG filling station
records of fuel consumption, number of passengers,
and kilometer and sample survey to determine the
fraction of passengers moving from personal transport
to BRT. The MRV for Solar PV NAMAs is to be based
on the amount of electricity consumption of the building sector of the NAMA project that is supplied from
the solar PV. The infrastructure for measuring the is
kWh meter installed at the PV system. The MRV for
Table 2. NAMA candidates of JABODETABEK
Bus Rapid Transport (BRT) Development in JABODETABEK
Energy Efficiency and Green Design of DPRD DKI
Jakarta Building
Utilization of Used Cooking Oil Biodiesel in Building Sector Toward Green Building – Kota Bogor
Installation of Solar PV in Building Sector Toward
Green Building – DKI Jakarta
LECB Indonesia Research Note 01
Emission reduction in
Cost of Investment
2020 (ton CO2e)
Rp. 3.9 trillions
Rp. 1.4 billion
Rp. 3.35 billion
Biodiesel NAMA is to be based on records of biodiesel
To motivate the regional government NAMA team in ex-
production and sales to the building sector. For DPRD
ploring mitigation initiatives, data collection and clarifi-
Green Building NAMAs, the indicator to be used to
cation, the consultant team has to frequently contact the
measure the emission reduction is the amount of elec-
NAMA team and conduct site visits for discussions in
tricity consumption of the DPRD DKI Jakarta building
regional government offices. Direct discussions through
when it is put in operation in 2015. The infrastructure
visits are carried out as hands-on training to the region-
for measuring the is kWh meter installed at the equip-
al government officers. Visits and discussion are often
ment related to the efficiency measures. The verifica-
times have to be rescheduled when the regional govern-
tion of the achievement of the mitigation actions is to
ment NAMAs team has to work on other matters. In fu-
be carried out by domestic institutions. The MRV pro-
ture programs, it is recommended that the leaderships
cesses for the four NAMAs will follow Permen MRV
of regional government to establish a more committed
(KLH Ministerial Regulation No.15/2013), the detail of
regional government NAMA team by assigning a more
which is still under development.
fixed team for the NAMA development.
6.Lesson Learned
There are a number of lessons learned from imple-
Annex. 1 – NAMAs Requirements
menting LECB NAMAs/MRV programs with NAMA
NAMA requirement using the broad definition of NAMA
team of JABODETABEK governments. The first im-
as guiding principles and also using NAMAs Framework
pression from the LECB is that in general the regional
developed by BAPPENAS as reference. The NAMAs re-
government officers have a limited capacity in the area
quirement includes:
of climate change. They expect that the in class training
it has to result in GHG emission reduction,
should encompass from GHG inventory to mitigation
it has to be in support to the region’s development
actions to NAMAs/MRV. As inventory is beyond the
scope of the LECB program, the in class training is lim-
ited to those closely related to NAMAs/MRV.
it has to be within the context of sustainable development,
it has to be finance-ready,
Several consecutive in class training have been car-
it has to be cost effective,
ried out to fulfill the needs of the regional govern-
it has to obtain commitment from the regional government that the NAMAs is to be implemented,
ment NAMA team. Since the NAMA team of regional
government is not a fixed assignment, the officers that
it has to be as much as possible to generate co-
follow the earlier training program often time are re-
benefit, the impact of mitigation actions could be
placed by other officers. Therefore, the training con-
tents have to be modified to accommodate the request
of new comers. The accumulation of knowledge that is
expected from a consecutive training therefore cannot
be fully achieved.
Lesson Learned in Developing NAMAs/MRV in Greater Jakarta Area (Jabodetabek)
Annex. 2 – Lists of Mitigation Actions
Kota Bogor
No. Mitigation actions
1 Biodiesel from used cooking oil
2 Management of working hours (Shift) of public transport
3 Public transport re-routing
4 Conversion to CNG
5 Terminal at city border
Kota Depok
1 One day no car and Car free day
2 Utilization of biogas from slaughter house Tapos
3 Construction of bicycle lane
4 Green Building
DKI Jakarta
Feeder busway
Freight Transport Operation Scheduling
Green Building for Non-Government Office
Smart Street Lighting Installation
Green Building for Government and Non-Government
9 Green Building for
10 Fuel Economics
11 Biofuel for Transport
Kota Tangerang
Mass Transport (to support trans Jabodetabek)
Local Mass Transport
Integrated Terminal for Public Transport
Terminal Development
Area traffic control system (ATCS)
Train for Batu Ceper to Cengkareng Airport
Car Free Day
Pedestrian for walk
Bicycle Lane
LECB Indonesia Research Note 01