FAR 117 – Quick Reference Guide FAR 117 A Generic Interpretation Copyright © 2012-2014 – Understanding FAR 117 – All Rights Reserved Rest Requirements Flight Time Extensions (Reference Table A) Rule Requirement Daily 10 hours immediately before a FDP or RAP, with 8 hours of consecutive of sleep opportunity. Weekly 30 consecutive hours within the 168 consecutive hours preceding the start of a RAP or FDP. Notification 12 hours notice if LCR assigned to a FDP that starts before and continues into the WOCL. Acclimatization 36 consecutive hours rest for Re-Acclimatization to a new theater (meets the weekly rest rule). Long Trip 56 hours rest at home base with 3 Physiological Nights (Local Time) if travel exits home theater and is more than 168 hours away from base. DHD over FDP limits. Minimum 10 hours or Time in DHD Transportation when time from Report to arrival of DHD exceeds Table B. Rest must be given prior to the next RAP or FDP. Cumulative FDP Limits Cumulative Flight Time Limits Hours Time Period (Rolling) Hours Time Period (Rolling) 60 168 hours 100 672 hours 190 672 hours 1000 365 Days * Take-off is NOT Permitted if you will exceed these limits Condition Extension Known Prion to Take-off Occurs after Take-off NEVER ! • Due to Unforeseen circumstances • As necessary to safely land the aircraft at the next destination or alternate • Certificate Holder must file a report with the FAA within 10 days. Flight Duty Period Extensions (Reference Table B or C) Condition Extension (Due to Unforeseen Circumstances) • Known Prior to Take-off • • • Occurs after Take-off • With PIC Consent for any extension above the scheduled FDP limits by more than 30 minutes. Maximum of 2 hours Extensions > 30 minutes only once in any 168 hours without an intervening rest of 30 hours. Cumulative FDP limits may not be exceeded. As necessary to safely land the aircraft at the next destination or alternate Certificate holder must file a report with the FAA within 10 days for any FDP extension that exceeds the scheduled FDP limits by more than 30 minutes. FAR 117 A Generic Interpretation Flight Duty Period Start Time (Acclimated) 0:00 3:59 4:00 4:59 5:00 5:59 6:00 6:59 7:00 11:59 12:00 12:59 13:00 16:59 17:00 19:59 20:00 21:59 22:00 22:59 23:00 23:59 Permitted Flight Time (Table A) 8:00 8:00 9:00 9:00 9:00 9:00 9:00 9:00 8:00 8:00 8:00 1 9:00 10:00 12:00 13:00 14:00 13:00 12:00 12:00 12:00 11:00 10:00 FAR 117 – Quick Reference Guide Copyright © 2012-2014 – Understanding FAR 117 – All Rights Reserved Reference Table - Combined Tables A B and C 2-Pilot Flight Crew 3-Pilot Flight Crew * 4-Pilot Flight Crew * Segments Onboard Rest Facility Onboard Rest Facility Permitted Permitted (Table B) (Table C) (Table C) Flight Time Flight Time 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 1 2 3 9:00 9:00 9:00 9:00 9:00 9:00 13:00 15:00 14:00 13:00 17:00 17:00 15:30 13:30 10:00 10:00 10:00 9:00 9:00 9:00 13:00 15:00 14:00 13:00 17:00 17:00 15:30 13:30 12:00 12:00 12:00 11:30 11:00 10:30 13:00 15:00 14:00 13:00 17:00 17:00 15:30 13:30 13:00 12:00 12:00 11:30 11:00 10:30 13:00 16:00 15:00 14:00 17:00 18:30 16:30 14:30 14:00 13:00 13:00 12:30 12:00 11:30 13:00 17:00 16:30 15:00 17:00 19:00 18:00 15:30 13:00 13:00 13:00 12:30 12:00 11:30 13:00 17:00 16:30 15:00 17:00 19:00 18:00 15:30 12:00 12:00 12:00 11:30 11:00 10:30 13:00 16:00 15:00 14:00 17:00 18:30 16:30 14:30 12:00 11:00 11:00 10:00 9:00 9:00 13:00 15:00 14:00 13:00 17:00 17:00 15:30 13:30 12:00 11:00 11:00 10:00 9:00 9:00 13:00 15:00 14:00 13:00 17:00 17:00 15:30 13:30 11:00 10:00 10:00 9:00 9:00 9:00 13:00 15:00 14:00 13:00 17:00 17:00 15:30 13:30 10:00 10:00 9:00 9:00 9:00 9:00 13:00 15:00 14:00 13:00 17:00 17:00 15:30 13:30 Crewmembers that begin a FDP in an Un-Acclimated State apply a 30 minute reduction to the scheduled FDP limit in Table B or Table C Reserve Status Category Airport/Standby Reserve (ASB) Short-Call Reserve (SCR) Short-Call Reserve (SCR) • FDP extensions permitted with PIC Consent Rule • • FDP begins at ASB Report. Must adhere to Table B limits unless assigned to a Flight. (use Table B or C as appropriate). • A FCM may assigned a FDP /RAP scheduled begin with at least 10 hours rest after notification. 12 Hours notice required before starting a FDP that begins before and infringes upon the WOCL.. • • • • Max Time on RAP 14 hours. Un-Augmented OPS: Combined RAP/FDP limit = lesser of 16:00 or Table B + 4:00 Augmented OPS: Combined RAP/FDP limit = Table C + 4:00 Split Duty Time spent in Mid-Duty Break is not considered FDP if: • Minimum 3 hours in Ground Rest Facility (Mid-Duty Break) • Mid-Duty Break Between 22:00 and 05:00 Local • Mid-Duty Break Scheduled in Advance Condition Max of 3 Consecutive FDPs that touch any part of the WOCL • Mid-Duty Break may not be reduced • Mid-Duty Break after First flight segment • Combined FDP and Mid-Duty Break may not exceed 14:00 Split Duty is only applied to 2-pilot crews 3 and 4 Pilot Flight Crew * Requires at least 1 FCM qualified under 121.543(b)(3)(i) must be at the Flight Controls. 4 or 5 Consecutive FDPs that touch any part of the WOCL Inflight Rest 3 or 4 Pilot Flightcrews Class 1,2 or 3 Rest Facility Pilot Landing last segment – 2 hours in 2nd half of FDP Pilot Monitoring – 90 minutes inflight rest Max of 3 scheduled flight segments Consecutive Night OPS Restriction No Restrictions Minimum 2 hours in Ground Rest Facility (Mid-Duty Break) for each FDP Mid-Duty Break Between 22:00 and 05:00 Local Mid-Duty Break Scheduled in Advance Mid-Duty Break may not be reduced Mid-Duty Break after First flight segment Mid-Duty Break less than 3 hours count as part of the FDP. Includes FDP and ASB, touch any portion of the period from 0200 to 0559. Includes 2,3 and 4 pilot operations. FAR 117 FAR 117 – Quick Reference Guide A Generic Interpretation Copyright © 2012-2014 – Understanding FAR 117 – All Rights Reserved Combined RAP / FDP Worksheet Initial Values Notes FS FDP Start Time Use Acclimated time BC Table B / C Limit Reduce by 30 minutes if not Acclimated RS RAP Start time Use Acclimated time FDP Scheduled Expiration Time (2 Pilot Crew) Use the earliest of the following. FDP Scheduled Expiration Time (Augmented Crew) Use the earliest of the following. FS + BC FDP Start Time + Table B FS + BC FDP Start Time + Table C RS + BC + 4 RAP Start + Table B + 4 RS + BC + 4 RAP Start + Table C + 4 RS + 16 RAP Start + 16 Hours The Scheduled Block IN time must be less than or equal to the Scheduled FDP Expiration Time FAR 117 A Generic Interpretation FAR 117 – Quick Reference Guide Copyright © 2012-2014 – Understanding FAR 117 – All Rights Reserved Definitions Term Acclimated Airport/standby reserve (ASB) Calendar day Duty Duty period Definition means a condition in which a crewmember has been in a theater for 72 hours or has been given at least 36 consecutive hours free from duty. means a defined duty period during which a crewmember is required by a certificate holder to be at, or in close proximity to, an airport for a possible assignment. means a 24-hour period from 0000 through 2359 using Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) or local time. means any task that a flightcrew member performs as required by the certificate holder, including but not limited to flight duty period, flight duty, pre- and post-flight duties, administrative work, training, deadhead transportation, aircraft positioning on the ground, aircraft loading, and aircraft servicing means a period that begins when a certificate holder requires a crewmember to report for duty and ends when that crew member is free from all duties. Fatigue means a physiological state of reduced mental or physical performance capability resulting from lack of sleep or increased physical activity that can reduce a crewmember’s alertness and ability to safely operate an aircraft or perform safety-related duties. Fatigue risk management system (FRMS) means a management system for an operator to use to mitigate the effects of fatigue in its particular operations. It is a data driven process and a systematic method used to continuously monitor and manage safety risks associated with fatigue-related error. Fit for duty Flight duty period (FDP) Home base Long-call reserve (LCR) Night Duty means physiologically and mentally prepared and capable of performing assigned duties in flight with the highest degree of safety. means a period that begins when a flightcrew member is required to report for duty with the intention of conducting a flight, a series of flights, or positioning or ferrying flights, and ends when the aircraft is parked after the last flight and there is no intention for further aircraft movement by the same flightcrew member. A flight duty period includes the duties performed by the flightcrew member on behalf of the certificate holder that occur before a flight segment or between flight segments without a required intervening rest period. Examples of tasks that are part of the flight duty period include deadhead transportation, training conducted in an aircraft or flight simulator, and airport/standby reserve, if the above tasks occur before a flight segment or between flight segments without an intervening required rest period. means the location designated by a certificate holder where a crew member normally begins and ends his or her duty periods. means a reserve period in which a crewmember receives a required rest period following notification by the certificate holder to report for duty. means any part of a FDP that falls within the period 0200 to 0459 hours local time. FAR 117 A Generic Interpretation FAR 117 – Quick Reference Guide Copyright © 2012-2014 – Understanding FAR 117 – All Rights Reserved Definitions Term Physiological night’s rest Report time Reserve availability period (RAP) Reserve duty period (RDP) Reserve flightcrew member Rest facility Class 1 rest facility Class 2 rest facility Class 3 rest facility Rest period Rest opportunity Scheduled Short-call reserve (SCR) Split duty Suitable accommodation Theater Unforeseen operational circumstance Window of circadian low (WOCL) Definition means the rest that encompasses the hours of 0100 and 0700 at the crewmember’s home base, unless the individual has Acclimated to a different theater. If the crewmember has Acclimated, the rest must encompass the hours of 0100 and 0700 at the Acclimated location. means the time that the certificate holder requires a crewmember to report for a duty period. means a duty period during which a certificate holder requires a reserve crewmember on short call reserve to be available to receive an assignment for a flight duty period. means the time from the beginning of the reserve availability period to the end of an assigned flight duty period, and is applicable only to short call reserve. means a flightcrew member who a certificate holder requires to be available to receive an assignment for duty. means a bunk, seat, room, or other accommodation that provides a crewmember with a sleep opportunity onboard the aircraft. means a bunk or other surface that allows for a flat sleeping position and is located separate from both the flight deck and passenger cabin in an area that is temperature-controlled, allows the crewmember to control light, and provides isolation from noise and disturbance. means a seat in an aircraft cabin that allows for a flat or near flat sleeping position; is separated from passengers by a minimum of a curtain to provide darkness and some sound mitigation; and is reasonably free from disturbance by passengers or crewmembers. means a seat in an aircraft cabin or flight deck that reclines at least 40 degrees and provides leg and foot support. means a continuous period determined prospectively during which the crewmember is free from all restraint by the certificate holder, including freedom from present responsibility for work should the occasion arise. means a period of time when a crewmember is provided a suitable accommodation. means to appoint, assign, or designate for a fixed time. means a period of time in which a crewmember does not receive a required rest period following notification by the certificate holder to report for a flight duty period. means a flight duty period that has a scheduled break in duty that is less than a required rest period. means a temperature-controlled facility with sound mitigation and the ability to control light that provides a flightcrew member with the ability to sleep either in a bed, bunk or in a chair that allows for flat or near flat sleeping position. Suitable accommodation only applies to ground facilities and does not apply to aircraft onboard rest facilities. means a geographical area in which the distance between the flightcrew member’s flight duty period departure point and arrival point differs by no more than 60 degrees longitude. means an unplanned event of insufficient duration to allow for adjustments to schedules, including unforecast weather, equipment malfunction, or air traffic delay that is not reasonably expected. means a period of maximum sleepiness that occurs between 0200 and 0559 during a physiological night.
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