### 2013/14

```MAS332
SCHOOL OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS
Complex Analysis
four
Autumn Semester
2013-2014
2 hours 30 minutes
questions. If you answer more than four questions, only your best four will
be counted.
MAS332
1
Turn Over
MAS332
1
(i)
Express both of the following in the form x + iy :
13 − i
;
1 − 2i
(ii)
Express
(1 − i)11 .
(4 marks)
(1 − i)13
√
( 3 − i)11
in the form reiθ with r > 0 and −π < θ ≤ π .
(4 marks)
(iii) State, without proof, the triangle inequalities for | z + w| and | z − w| .
Show that, if | z| ≤ 1 , then
3z − 4 1
≤ 7.
≤ 5
2z + 3 (4 marks)
(iv) Write down the denitions of cosh z and sinh z .
Find all the solutions of the following equation:
2 cosh z + sinh z = i.
(v)
(5 marks)
The path γ is the arc of the circle | z + 1| = 1 from 0 to −2 given by
z = −1 + e (0 ≤ t ≤ π). Evaluate
it
Z
Z
z¯ dz ,
γ
z 3 cos (z 4 ) dz .
(4 marks)
γ
(vi) Find all the sixth roots of −1. Hence express x6 + 1 as the product of three
(4 marks)
MAS332
2
Continued
MAS332
2
(i)
function.
State, without proof, the Cauchy-Riemann equations for a dierentiable
(1 mark)
(a) Let g(z) = 4z − 3z for all z ∈ C. Prove that g is nowhere dierentiable.
(3 marks)
(b) The function h is analytic in the complex plane and
Im(h(z)) + Re(h(z)) = 2 for all z ∈ C .
Show that h is constant.
(5 marks)
(ii) In each of the following cases, determine whether there is a function k
analytic on C with Re (k(x + iy)) = u(x, y), giving reasons for your answers:
(a)
(b)
u(x, y) = cosh x cosh y ,
u(x, y) = x3 − 3xy 2 − 2y + 1 .
When k exists, nd an explicit expression for k(z) in terms of z and show that
you have found all functions the satisfying the conditions.
(8 marks)
(iii) Let the path α from 1 to −3 , consist of the straight line segment from 1
to 1 + 3i , followed by the straight line segment from 1 + 3i to −3 + 3i , followed by the
straight line segment from −3 + 3i to −3 . Sketch α. Use the ML estimate to show
that
Z
MAS332
α
ez sin z
dz
z2
≤ 10 e cosh 3.
3
(8 marks)
Turn Over
MAS332
3
State, without proof, Cauchy's Theorem and Cauchy's Integral Formulae for a
function and for its derivatives. Your statement should include conditions under which
the results are valid.
(7 marks)
Let γ be the square contour with vertices 2, 2i, −2, −2i described in the
anti-clockwise direction. Without using the Residue Theorem, evaluate
(i)
Z
γ
(iii)
Z
γ
sin (πz)
dz ,
3z − 1
(ii)
Z
γ
ez
dz ,
z 2 (z + 3)
(iv)
Z
γ
ez + 1
dz ,
z2 + 9
ez
dz .
z(z + 1)
(14 marks)
Let the contour α be the circle |z − 1| = 2 described in the positive direction.
Evaluate
Z
(z 2 + z¯) dz .
α
(4 marks)
MAS332
4
Continued
MAS332
4
(i) Let f have a pole of order k at α. Prove that the residue of f at the point
α is given by
Res {f ; α} =
1
dk−1
lim
[(z − α)k f (z)].
k−1
z→α
(k − 1)!
dz
(5 marks)
(ii) For each of the following functions, nd all the singularities in C. Classify
these singularities giving reasons for your answers and evaluate the residue at each of
them:
(a)
cos (πz)
,
(z − 1)2
(b) z exp
MAS332
(4 marks)
ez
1
,
z−1
(4 marks)
(c)
eπz
,
eπz + 1
(5 marks)
(d)
1 + cos (πz)
,
(z − 1) 2
(3 marks)
(e)
1 + cos (πz)
.
(z − 1) 5
(4 marks)
5
Turn Over
MAS332
5
(i) State, without proof, Cauchy's Residue Theorem. Your statement should
include conditions under which the result is valid.
(4 marks)
Let γ be the triangular contour with vertices 2, 2i, −2i described in the anticlockwise direction. Evaluate
Z
γ
sin πz
dz ,
(2z + 1) cos πz
(ii)
Z
(z + 1) cos
γ
1
z−1
(11 marks)
Prove that
Z
∞
−∞
(x2
x sin x
dx =
+ 1)(x2 + 4)
π(e − 1)
.
3e2
End of Question Paper
MAS332
dz .
6
(10 marks)
```