Electronic Supplementary Material (ESI) for Journal of Materials Chemistry A. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2014 Supplementary Information Temperature dependence of hole conductor free formamidinium lead iodide perovskite based solar cells Sigalit Aharon, Alexander Dymshits, Amit Rotem and Lioz Etgar* The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Chemistry, Casali Center for Applied Chemistry, Jerusalem 91904, Israel The FormAmidinium Iodide (FAI) was prepared by reacting FormAmidine Acetate (FAAc) with hydroidic acid (HI) (more details can be found in the experimental section). Figure S1A shows the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectra of the synthesized FAI and FAAc, for the whole measured range while figure S1B shows a magnification of the scale between 7.77-7.88ppm. The molecular structures of FAAc and FAI are shown in figure 1B. Figure S1: (A) NMR measurements of FormAmidine Acetate - FAAc (black) and FormAmidinium Iodide - FAI (red). (B) magnification of the ppm scale in the range of 7.78-7.88ppm, and the chemical structure of FAAc (black) and FAI (red). The green numbers (1-8) identify the different hydrogens in each of the two molecules. It can be seen that the peak of FAAc (black line) at ~1.95ppm (figure S1A), representing H1, doesn’t appear in the FAI measurement (red line), as expected. The peak at ~4.80ppm, which corresponds to H2O traces (D2O is used as a solvent), is present in both samples, in the exact same chemical shift. The chemical shift of H5 is located ~0.04ppm lower than that of H8. The reason for this difference is that H8 has a more electronegative close neighbor (i.e. I-) than H5 (i.e. OH). The iodide anion shields the magnetic field of the hydrogens more strongly than the OH group does, thus “pushes” the peak of H8 towards higher ppm values. The peaks of H3,4 and H6,7 do not appear, probably due to their deprotonation by the D2O molecule (the replacement of H3,4 and H6,7 by deuterium). The NMR spectra provide confirmation for the high quality synthesized FAI. FAPbI3 (*h*v)2 5x1011 (*h*v)2 4x1011 Eg(FAPbI3)=1.46eV 1.40 1.45 1.50 1.55 1.60 Energy (eV) 1.65 1.70 11 3x10 MAPbI3 2x1011 1x1011 1.4 MAPbI3:FAPbI3=1:1 FAPbI3 1.5 1.6 Energy (eV) 1.7 1.8 Figure S2: Tauc Plot of the different perovskite layers. Inset: Demonstration of Eg extraction for the FAPbI3 sample. Figure S3: Absorption spectra of the studied samples.
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