School Assistant Physical Sciences - AP DSC

DSC – 2014
Category of Post: School Assistant - Physical Sciences
Syllabus
Part – I
GENERAL KNOWLEDGE AND CURRENT AFFAIRS (Marks: 10)
Part - II
CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND PEDAGOGY (Marks: 30)
1. DEVELOPMENT OF CHILD
- Development, Growth & Maturation – Concept & Nature
- Principles of development
- Factors influencing Development – Biological, Psychological, Sociological
- Dimensions of Development and their interrelationships – Physical & Motor, Cognitive, Emotional,
Social, Moral, Language relating to Infancy, early Childhood, late Child hood, Adolescence.
- Understanding Development – Piaget, Kohlberg, Chomsky, Carl Rogers
- Individual differences – Intra & Inter Individual differences in the areas of Attitudes, Aptitude,
Interest, Habits, Intelligence and their Assessment
- Development of Personality – Concept, Factors effecting development of Personality
- Adjustment, Behavioural problems, Mental Health
- Methods and Approaches of Child Development – Observation, Interview, Case study,
Experimental, Cross sectional and Longitudinal
- Developmental tasks and Hazards
2. UNDERSTANDING LEARNING
- Concept, Nature of Learning – input – process – outcome
- Factors of Learning – Personal and Environmental
- Approaches to Learning and their applicability–Behaviourism (Skinner, Pavlov, Thorndike),
Constructivism (Piaget, Vygotsky), Gestalt(Kohler, Koffka) and Observational (Bandura)
- Dimensions of Learning – Cognitive, Affective and Performance
- Motivation and Sustenance –its role in learning.
- Memory & Forgetting
- Transfer of Learning
3. PEDAGOGICAL CONCERNS
- Teaching and its relationship with learning and learner
- Learners in Contexts: Situating learner in the socio-political and cultural context
- Children from diverse contexts–Children With Special Needs (CWSN), Inclusive
Education
- Understanding of pedagogic methods – Enquiry based learning, Project based learning, Survey,
Observation and Activity based learning
- Individual and Group learning: Issues and concerns with respect to organizing learning
in class room like Study habits, Self learning and Learning to learn skills
- Organizing learning in heterogeneous class room groups – Socio-economic background, Abilities
and Interest
- Paradigms of organizing Learning-Teacher centric, Subject centric and Learner centric
- Teaching as Planned activity – Elements of Planning
- Phases of Teaching – Pre active, Interactive and Post active
- General and Subject related skills, competencies required in teaching and attributes of good
facilitator
- Learning resources – Self, Home, School, Community, Technology
- Class room Management: Role of student, teacher, Leadership style of teacher, Creation of nonthreatening learning environment, Managing behaviour problems, Guidance & Counselling,
Punishment and its legal implications, Rights of a child, Time Management.
- Distinction between Assessment for Learning & Assessment of Learning, School based
Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation : Perspective & Practice
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1. - Understanding teaching & learning in the context of NCF, 2005 & Right To Education Act,
2009.
Part – III
Language – I Content and Methodology) (Marks: 30)
Optional by the Candidate: Telugu/Urdu/Hindi/Tamil/Kannada/Oriya/Sanskrit
III (a) Language – I Telugu (Content and Methodology) (Marks: 30)
Content
Comprehension)
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III (b) Language – I Urdu (Content and Methodology) (Marks: 30)
Content
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Methodology
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III (c) Language – I Hindi (Content and Methodology) (Marks: 30)
Content
(Comprehension)
1.
1.
2.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Methodology
(B)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
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III (d) Language – I Tamil (Content and Methodology) (Marks: 30)
Content
Methodology
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III (e) Language – I Kannada (Content and Methodology) (Marks: 30)
Content
Methodology
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III (f) Language – I Oriya (Content and Methodology) (Marks: 30)
Content
1. LaÞ, ÒmþML, LÐaÔ, eþQ_Ð
QeÞþ[ö, DÒ~hÔ,`ËaàÐ`eþ `õj=¼
B[Þaörþ, jtbàþ aÐLÔ, aÞÒhiÐÕh
2. `õL¯Þõ ÆÐ, mþlZ, aÞ]eþZ
B[ÞkþÐj, `ÊeþÐZ,`õau, LÐaÔ, D`_ÔÐj
`õªÆÐa_Ð, L\Ð, jÆÐ]LѯÆ, _Þau, `[öÒmþM_
SÑa_-QeÞþ[,A[ëL\Ð, _ÐVL ,jcÑlÐ
3. A^Ê_ÞL jÐkÞþ[Ôeþ aÞi¯ÆaªÊÆ
bþÐaLaÞ[Ð, @bÊþÔ]¯Æ LaÞ[Ð, jÐkÞþ[Ô Òl[öÒeþ LõЫÞÆ
±ÆÑ aÐ], ]fÞ[aÐ], jÕMÔÐmþOÊÒNк¤Ñ
4. JXÞA bþÐiÐ D`Òeþ @_Ô bþÐiÐeþ `õbþÐajÕ²ôÆ[, BÕeþÐSÑ, aÕNÐfÑ, Ò[mÊþNÊ, kÞþtÑ
5. bþÐiÐeËþ`-hÞfÐÒmþM bþÐiÐ, NõÐxÞL,aÔakþÐeÞþL, `õÐÒ]hÞL, A^Ê_ÞL, `õjÐeþ cÐ^Ôc bþÐiÐ
6. jÐkÞþ[Ô aÞchà
LaÞ, LÐaÔ, _ÞaÐà Q_, `õÒ¯ÆÐS_, ÒhßfÑ, @f*¼Ðeþ
7. bþÐiÐ-@Õh
DnÐeþZ, ^è_Þ, ^è_Þ-D`ùrÞþ, hv, @\à, _Ð_Ð\à `dàÔÐ¯Æ `], aÊÔ`ùrÞþ, hv-`eÞþZÐc,@\à-`eÞþZÐc [—c, [bþa,
Òjh, aÐLÔ, aÐLÔ Òbþ], _ÞcàÐZ, juÞ, jcÐj, Rt, aÔÐLeþZ-`eÞþbþÐiÐ
8. bþÐiÐ, jcÐS, jÕ²ôÆ[Þ, `Ðeþ¸¤eÞþL `õbþÐa
9. @_ÊaÐ] (BÕeþÐSÑ eÊþ JXÞA), AahÔL[Ð, eþÑ[Þ
10. [email protected]Ðkþ_ (Comprehension)
Methodology
1. bþÐiÐ-aÞaÞ^ bþÐa_Ð
2. bþÐiÐ ÒL×hf
3. ÒdÐS_Ð J `ÐWÔLõc
4. aÞ]ÔÐ [§Æ HaÕ jkþ`ÐWÔ LÐdàÔLõc
5. jÐkÞþ[Ô `õLõÞ¯ÆÐ : ÒaÐ^_ `w[Þ
6. cËmþÔÐ*¼_ J `eþÑlÐ
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III (g) Language – I Sanskrit (Content and Methodology) (Marks: 30)
Content
Methodology
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Part – IV
Language – II (English) (Content and Methodology) (Marks: 30)
Content
(1) Parts of Speech (2) Tenses (3) Active voice & Passive voice (4) Prepositions and Articles
(5) Degrees of comparison (6) Clauses (7) Verbs – Main Verbs – Auxiliary Verbs (8) Adverbs –
Types of Adverbs (9) Conjunction – coordinating conjunction – subordinating conjunction. (10)
Direct and Indirect speech (11) Questions and question tags (12) Types of sentences – simple,
compound and complex – synthesis of sentences (13) Phrases – uses of phrases. (14) Composition –
letter writing – précis writing (15) Comprehension (16) Vocabulary – Antonyms, Synonyms and
Spellings
Methodology
1. Aspects of English:- (a) English language – History, nature, importance, principles of
English as second language. (b) Problems of teaching / learning English.
2. Objectives of teaching English.
3. Phonetics / Transcription.
4. Development of Language skills:- (a) Listening, Speaking, Reading & Writing (LSRW). (b)
Communicative skills – Imparting values through Communication.
5. Approaches, Methods, Techniques of teaching English:- (a) Introduction, definition &
types of Approaches, Methods &Techniques of teaching English (b) Remedial teaching.
6. Teaching of structures and vocabulary.
7. Teaching learning materials in English.
8. Lesson Planning.
9. Curriculum & Textbooks – Importance and its need.
10. Evaluation in English language.
Part – V
Mathematics and Science (Content and Methodology) (Marks: 100)
V(a) Physical Science (Content and Methodology) (Marks: 70)
CONTENT
1.
MEASUREMENT, UNITS AND DIMENSIONS: Systems of Measurement,
Units of Measurements, Measurement of Length, Triangulation Method,
Measuring Instruments, Vernier calipers, Screw Gauge Measurement of
Area, Volume, Time, Measurement of Mass and Density, Measuring
instruments. Units and Dimensions Fundamental and derived physical
quantities, Systems of units, Multiples and submultiples of SI units.
Dimensions Dimensional formulae and dimensional equations, dimensional
constants and dimensionless quantities, principle of homogeneity of
dimensions. Application of dimensional method of analysis. Conversion of
one system of units into another, derivation of relationship between different
physical quantities.
2.
NATURAL RESOURCES AIR AND WATER: Air, Composition of air,
Measurement of Atmospheric Pressure,
Air Pollution, Volumetric
Composition of Water, Hardness of Water, Drinking Water and Supply Water
Pollution, Cyclone, Pascal’s Law, Archimedes’ Principle, Boyle’s Law,
Bernoulli’s Principle, Wind, Rainfall.
3.
OUR UNIVERSE: Constellations, Zodiac, Solar System, Stars, Meteors and
Comets, Light year, Life on the Planet – Earth.
4.
NATURAL PHENOMENA
A.
Light - Sources & Nature of Light, Propagation of Light, Reflection,
Refraction, Laws of Reflection, Image formed by Plane Mirror, Reflection on
Spherical Mirrors, Refraction of Light through Prism and lenses (convex,
concave), camera and the human eye, Refractive index of material of prism,
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5.
critical angle, Total Internal Reflection – Relation between Critical angle and
Refractive Index, application of total internal reflection to Optical fibers.
visual photometry, LASERS. Newton’s Corpuscular Theory, Huygens’ Wave
Theory, Electromagnetic spectrum. Huygens’ Explanation of Reflection,
Refraction, interference and diffraction of plane waves at a plane surface,
Optical Instruments-Microscope, Telescope, Formula for magnification of
microscope, Astronomical and Terrestrial Telescopes.
B. Sound-Wave motion :Wave Motion, Longitudinal and transverse waves,
Equation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves,
reflection of waves, Formation of waves on stretched string. Sound Propagation of sound, Musical Instruments, Velocity of Sound in Gases,
Solids & Liquids, Progressive & stationary waves, Characteristics of sound.
Forced Vibrations, Natural Vibrations – Resonance with examples, standing
waves in Organ Pipes, Open Pipes, Closed Pipes. Sound Reflection, Echoes,
Absorption of sound waves, Reverberation – Reverberation Time.
Fundamentals of building Acoustics, Sound Pollution.
C. Heat - Sources of Heat, Transmission of Heat, Heat and Temperature its
Units, Measurement of Temperature, Fahrenheit and Centigrade scales,
Different types of thermometers, Effects of Heat Expansion of solids, liquids,
gaseus, Change of state, Calorimetry – specific heat of solids and liquids,
calorific values of fuels, latent heat of fusion and latent heat of vaporization,
Change of density with temperature, Examples in daily life. Expansion of
liquids-coefficients of real and apparent expansion of liquids. Determination
of coefficient of apparent expansion of liquid by specific gravity bottle
method. Anomalous expansion of water, its significance in nature.
Expansion of Gases-Volume and pressure coefficients of gases. Kelvin scale
of temperature, Boyle’s and Charle’s laws. Ideal gas equation. Heat capacity,
specific heat, experimental determination of specific heat by method of
mixtures. Specific heat of gas (Cp and Cv), External work done by a gas
during its expansion. Relation between Cp and Cv (derivation) Latent heat,
Determination of latent heat of vaporization of water.
KINEMATICS AND DYNAMICS
Kinematics: Motion-Types of Motion, Speed, Velocity, Velocity-time and
position-time graphs, Scalars and Vectors, laws of addition of vectors,
subtraction of vectors. Acceleration, Newton’s
law’s of Motion, Newtons
Universal Gravitation, Centre of Gravity, Stability, Applications, Equations of
Motion, Motion of a body under gravity – Acceleration due to Gravity “g”,
Equations of Motion for a Freely falling body, Equations of Motion for a body
thrown upwards. Equations, applications and problems. DYNAMICS - Work,
Power, Energy, Conservation of Energy and Transformation of Energy,
Renewable and Non-Renewable sources of Energy, Impulse, Law of
conservation of linear momentum, Potential Energy (PE), Kinetic Energy
(KE). Relation between KE and Linear momentum. Circular Motion, uniform
circular motion, angular displacement, angular velocity, and angular
acceleration, relationship between linear velocity and angular velocity,
centripetal and centrifugal force, torque, couple, vector representation of
torques, Banking of Roads & Rail Tracks, Simple Harmonic Motion, Simple
Pendulum, Law of conservation of energy in case of a simple pendulum.
Elasticity - Elasticity and plasticity, stress and strain, Hooke’s law, Moduli of
elasticity. Fluid Mechanics Laws of Floatation, Principle of Buoyancy,
pressure in a fluid. Stream line flow Bernoulli’s theorem and its
applications. Simple Machines and Moments Moment of a Force, Wheel and
Axle, Screw Jack, Gears, Friction, Causes of friction, advantages of friction,
disadvantages of friction, methods of reducing friction.
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6.
7.
9.
10.
MAGNETISM - Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of Magnets,
Magnetic Induction. Terrestrial magnetism, Magnetic field around a magnet,
elements of terrestrial magnetism, Theory of Magnetism, Inverse square of
magnetism, Magnetic field due to a bar magnet, Mapping of magnetic lines of
force due to a bar magnet : neutral points, magnetic properties of materials.
Coulomb’s Inverse Square Law, Definition of Magnetic Field, Magnetic Lines
of Force, Uniform and Non-Uniform Magnetic Fields. Couple acting on a bar
magnet placed in a uniform magnetic field, Definition of magnetic moment of
magnet. Magnetic Induction due to a bar magnet on axial and equatorial
lines. Types of magnetic material, Para, Dia, and Ferro magnetism,
Definition and properties.
ELECTRICITY
Electrostatics - Electrification by friction, Charges, Coulomb’s Law:
Permittivity of Free Space and Medium, Electric Field – Electric lines of force,
their properties – Electric intensity, Electrostatic Potential, Relation between
electrostatic potential and electric intensity. Capacitance and capacitors,
Dielectric constant, Condenser, its uses –Dielectric Strength – Effect of
dielectric on capacitance of capacitors. Current electricity - Primary CellsSeries and Parallel connection-Electric circuits, Electrical Resistance, Ohm’s
Law and its verification, Ohmic and Non Ohmic elements, ResistanceResistances in Series and Parallel, Heating Effects of Electric CurrentJoule’s Law, Faraday’s Laws of Electrolysis, Magnetic Effects of Electric
Current, Principle and Working of an Electric Motor, Electro – Magnetic
Induction. Electric current – Flow of Electric charges in a metallic conductor
– Drift velocity and mobility – Relation between electric current and drift
velocity, Conductance, Electrical Energy – Power.
8.ELECTROMAGNETISM - Electromagnetic Waves, Spectrum Oersted’s
Experiment, Ampere’s Law, Magnetic field near a long straight wire and
magnetic field at the Center of a circular coil carrying current, Field on the
axis of circular coil carrying current, Force on a moving charge in a
magnetic field – Force on a current carrying conductor placed in a magnetic
field. Force between two long straight parallel conductors carrying current,
Definition of Ampere. Fleming’s Left Hand Rule. Current loop as magnetic
dipole, force and Torque on Current loop in an uniform magnetic field,
magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Electromagnetic induction,
Magnetic Flux, Induced EMF, Faraday’s and Lenz’s Law. Fleming’s Right
Hand Rule, Self Inductance, Mutual Inductance, Principle of Transformer.
MODERN PHYSICS :
Atomic physics - Discharge of Electricity through gases, X-rays. atomic
structure, atomic number, atomic mass and mass defect, radioactivity,
artificial transmutation. Discovery of electron – E/M of electron by
Thomson’s method. X-Rays- Production of X-Rays – Coolidge tube.
Nuclear physics - Composition and size of nucleus, mass defect and binding
energy and their relation.
Radio Activity- Artificial Transmutation of
elements, Nuclear Radiation Hazards, Protective shielding. Nuclear Fusion –
Energy of sun and stars.
Semi conductor devices - Band theory of solids, Intrinsic and Extrinsic
Semiconductors, Junction Diodes and Transistors, Properties and Uses,
Basic Principles of Working Intrinsic and Extrinsic semi conductors (n and p
type).Junction diode – p–n junction, depletion layer and barrier potential,
Forward and Reverse bias, Transistor Function of Emitter, base and
Collector, p-n-p and n-p-n Transistors.
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS: Computer-Parts of Computer-Uses of
Computer, Telephone, Wireless System-Radio Broad Casting, Recording and
Reproduction of Sound, Cine projector, Elements of communication systems
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(block diagrams only), Television, Bandwidth of signals (speech TV and digital
data) bandwidth of Transmission medium – Propagation of electromagnetic
waves in the atmosphere sky and apace wave propagation. Modulation – Need
for modulation.
11. States of Mater - Gases and Liquids: Measurable Properties of Gases, Gas
Laws, Graham’s law of diffusion – Daltons law of partial pressures,
Avagadro’s law, Ideal behavior, empirical derivation of gas equation, ideal gas
equation, Kinetic molecular theory of gases, Kinetic gas equation (No
derivation) – deduction of gas laws.
12. Atomic Structure: Matter – Its Structure, Cathode Rays, Canal Rays,
Discovery of Neutron, Atomic Models – Arrangement of Sub Atomic Particles,
Rutherford’s model of atom and its drawbacks, Bohr’s model of atom and its
limitations, Sommerfeld’s elliptical model, Sub Energy Levels – Quantum
Numbers, Atomic Orbitals, Relative energies of the atomic orbitals, Electronic
configuration of Atoms, Some Physical Quantities of Atoms, Nature of
Electromagnetic Radiation, Planck’s Quantum theory. Explanation of Photo
electric effect. Features of Atomic Spectra. Characteristics of Hydrogen
Spectrum. Bohr’s explanation of Spectral Lines, Wave-particle nature of
electron, De Brogile’s hypothesis, Heisenberg’s uncertainity principle,
Important feature of the quantum mechanical model of an atom, Electronic
configurations of atoms – Explanation of stability of half filled and completely
filled orbitals.
13. Classification of Elements And Periodicity in Properties: Symbols and formulae,
Radicals and their formulae, Chemical equation, Meaning, Calculations based
on equations and relationship of reactants and products by weights,
Classification of Elements, The Periodic Law, Modern Periodic Table, The
significance of atomic number and electronic configuration, Classification of
elements into s, p, d, f blocks and their characteristics, Period trends in
physical and chemical properties of elements, Periodic trends of elements
with respect to atomic radii, ionic radii, inert gas radii, ionization energy,
electron gain energy, electro negativity, Valency, Variation of atomic radii in
inner transition elements.
Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals
Alkaline Earth Metals, Electronic configuration, occurrence, Trends in
properties of alkaline earth metals, Reactions of alkaline earth metals, General
methods of preparation of Alkaline Earth Metals, Anomalous properties of the
first element in each group, Diagonal relationship. Trends in properties like
ionization, enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii, reactivity with oxygen, hydrogen,
halogens and water, uses, Preparation and properties of some important
compounds by different methods: Sodium hydroxide, Salts of oxo acids,
Sodium carbonate and Sodium hydrogen carbonate, Sodium chloride,
Biological importance of sodium and potassium, Cao, CaCo3 and CaSo4
preparation and uses, Industrial uses of lime and lime stone, Biological
importance of Mg and Ca
P-Block Elements; Group 15 Elements (VA)
Occurrence – physical states of Nitrogen and Phosphorous, allotropy,
catenation, capacity, electronic configuration, oxidation states, General
Characteristics of Hydrides, Structure of hydrides, General Characteristics of
Oxides, General Characteristics of Halides, Oxoacids of Nitrogen, Oxoacids of
Phosphorous, Preparation and uses of Nitric acid and Ammonia ,
Superphosphate of lime. Group 16 Elements: Group (VI A) Elements) :
Extraction of Sulphur, Allotropic forms of Sulphur, Physical and Chemical
properties of Sulphur, Uses of Sulphur, Preparation of Sulphur dioxide,
Manufacture of Sulphuric acid, Properties of Sulphuric acid, Sulphuric acid as
oxidizing and dehydrating agent, Laboratory preparation of Hydrogen Sulphide,
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Properties of Hydrogen Sulphide, Occurrence, electronic configuration,
oxidation states, Physical states of oxygen and sulphur and their structure,
allotropy, General characteristics of hydrides, oxides and halides, Structural
aspects of oxy-acids of halogens, Ozone, uses of ozone. Sodium thiosulphate,
Sulphuric acid – industrial process of manufacture. Group 17 Elements :
(Group VII A Elements) : Occurrence, electronic configuration and oxidation
states, Physical states of halogens, I.P. Values, electro-negativity and electron
affinity, bond energies, chemicals reactivity, oxidizing power of chlorine,
Structural aspects of oxy acids of chlorine, Preparation, properties and uses of
chlorine and bleaching powder. Hydrogen and its Compounds - Volumetric
composition of water, Industrial and other uses of water, Laboratory
preparation, Properties and Uses of Hydrogen including as a fuel, Laboratory
preparation, Properties and Uses of Oxygen, Position of hydrogen in the
periodic table, Occurrence, isotopes of hydrogen, Reactions of Hydrogen with
different types of elements leading to ionic, molecular hydrides, Physical and
Chemical properties of water and heavy water.
14. Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Types of Bonds, Inter Molecular Attractions, Energy changes during a chemical
reaction, Exotherimic and Endothermic Relations, ionic bond, energy changes
in ionic bond formation, Properties of ionic Compounds, Covalent Bond,
Multiple Covalent Bonds, Shapes of some molecules. VSEPR theory, The
valence bond approach for the formation of covalent bonds, Directional nature
of covalent bond, Properties of covalent bond, Different types of hybridization
involving s, p and d orbitals and draw shapes of simple covalent molecules,
Definition of coordinate covalent bond with examples, Description of molecular
orbital theory of homo nuclear diatomic molecules, Bonding, antibonding
molecular orbitals, , bond orbitals, their symmetry.
15. Chemical Kinetics, Energitics, Chemical Calculations And Stoichiometry
Chemical combination, Chemical decomposition, Chemical displacement,
Chemical Double decomposition, Slow and Fast reactions, Rate of a Reaction,
Factors affecting the reaction rate, Reversible and Irreversible Reactions, Law
of conservation of mass, Law of definite proportions, Law of multiple
proportions, Rate law, units of rate constant, Collision theory of reaction rates
(elementary ideas), concepts of activation energy. Stoichiometry - Meaning of
Chemical Equations, Thermochemical Equations, Problems Based on
Equations, Laws of chemical combination, principles and examples, Molar
mass, concept of equivalent weight with examples, Percentage composition of
compounds and calculations of empirical and molecular formula of
compounds, Oxidation number concept, Balancing of redox reactions by ion
electron method and oxidation number method, Types of redox reactions,
Applications of redox reactions in titrimetric quantitative analysis and redox
reactions in electrode process, Numerical calculations based on equations.
Equilibrium - Differences between Physical and Chemical change, Equilibrium
in physical and chemical process, Dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass
action, Equilibrium Constant, Factors affecting equilibrium.
16. Solutions, Acids And Bases
Solutions, Types, Solubility and Factors affecting concentration of solutions,
Ionization of Substances in Water, Classification of solutions – Methods of
expressing concentration of solutions – Molarity, Normality, Molality, Mole
Fraction, Preparation of Acids and Bases, General properties of Acids an Bases,
Arrhenius Theory, The Strengths of Acids and Bases, Neutralisation and Heat
of Neutralisation, Ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes,
degree of ionization, ionic product of water, Concept of pH., pH of some
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common fluids, Common Salt, Electrolysis of brine, Chlorine, Properties of
Chlorine, Uses of Chlorine, Hydrogen Chloride
17. Chemistry of Carbon Compounds
Allotropic forms of Carbon, Oxides of Carbon, Uniqueness of Carbon and Source
of Carbon Compounds, Anomalous behavior of first element namely Carbon,
Carbon-catenation, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties and uses,
Fuel gases – producer gas and water gas manufacture and uses.
Hydrocarbons -Classification : Alkanes – Nomenclature, isomerism,
conformations, Methods of preparation of ethane, Physical properties, chemical
reactions including free radical mechanism of Halogenation, combustion and
Pyrolysis of Ethane, Cycloalkines, preparation and properties of cyclohexane.
Alkenes – Nomenclature, structure of double bond (Ethene), Geometrical
isomerism, physical properties, Methods of preparation of ethylene, Physical
properties, chemical reactions : Addition of hydrogen, halogen, Water, Hydrogen
halides (Markownikoff’s addition and Peroxide Effect), Ozonolysis, Oxidation,
Mechanism of Electrophilic addition. Alkynes – Nomenclature, Structure of
triple bond, Methods of preparation of acetylene, Physical properties, Chemical
reactions: Acidic character of acetylene, addition reaction of hydrogens,
halogens, hydrogen halides and water. Aromatic hydrocarbons - Introduction,
IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene; Resonance, Aromaticity, Chemical properties :
Mechanism of electrophilic substitution – Nitration, Sulphonation,
Halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation; directive influence of
functional group in mono-substituted benzenes; carcinogenicity and Toxicity.
18. Carbohydrates, Proteins, Vitamins & Lipids
Carbohydrates, Manufacture of Cane-sugar, Manufacture of Alcohol,
Classification (aldoses and ketoses), Monosaccharides (glucose and fructose),
Oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), Polysaccharides (starch Cellulose,
Glycogen – Preparation, properties and structure, Importance. Proteins Elementary idea of amino acids, peptide bond, Poly peptides, Proteins, Primary
Structure, secondary structure, Tertiary structure and quaternary structure
(qualitative ideas only), De-naturation of proteins, enzymes. Vitamins Classification, Functions in biosystems. Lipids - Classification, structural
features, Functions in biosystems.
19. Chemistry & Industry
Uses of Oils and Fats, Hydrogenation of Oils, Manufacture of Soap, Portland
Cement, Glass Industry, Plastics, Adhesives and Man-made Fibres, Cosmetics,
Dyes, Drugs and Pharmaceuticals, Petroleum Industry, Common Fertilizers,
Classification of polymers, Addition, condensation, copolymerization, Natural
rubber, vulcanization of rubber, synthetic rubber
Molecular weights of polymers – number average and weight average, molecular
weights – definitions only, Bio-Polymers, bio-degradable polymers
Some commercially important polymers like polythene, nylon, polyesters and
Bakelite
20. General Principles Of Metallurgy
Occurrence and Relative Abundance of metals in earth’s crust, The Metallurgy
of Iron &
Extraction, Protection of Metals and Prevention of Corrosion,
Principles and methods of extraction – concentration, reduction by chemical
and electrolytic methods and refining
21. Environmental Chemistry
Pollution : Air, Water and Soil Pollution, Oxides of Carbon, Carbon Monoxide,
Oxides of nitrogen and Sulphur, Chlorofluro carbons, Chemical reactions in
atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants, acid rain, Ozone and its
reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, Green house effect and global
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warming, Pollution due to industrial wastes, Green chemistry as an alternative
tool for reducing pollution with two examples.
Methodology
1. The Nature of Science: Nature and scope of science, Science, ideology and
Society, Structure of Science (a) Substantive structure – Empirical
knowledge, Theoretical Knowledge – (Facts, Concepts, hypothesis, theory,
Principle Law), (b)Syntactic Structure of Science – Scientific inquiry,
Processes of Science, Attitudes of inquiry
2. The History and Development of Science: A brief introduction to oriental and
western science, Contribution of the following Scientists in the Development
of Science: Aryabhatta, BhaskaraCharya, Aristotle, Copernicus, Newton,
Einstein, C.V.Raman, Various organizations working for the development of
science in India
3. Aims and Values of teaching Physical Sciences: Aims of teaching Physical
Sciences, Values of teaching Physical Science, Correlation of Physics and
Chemistry with other subjects
4. Objectives of teaching Physical Sciences: Meaning and importance of
objectives, Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational objectives, Specific /
Behavioral objectives / (Instructional objectives), Critique on Bloom’s
Taxonomy
5. Approaches and Methods of teaching Physical Sciences: Inductive and
Deductive Approaches, Micro Teaching, Team Teaching, Lecture Method,
Lecture cum Demonstration Method, Historical Method, Heuristic Method,
Project Method, Laboratory method, Problem Solving Method, Scientific
Method, Multimedia Approach in Teaching Learning process, Programmed
Learning, CAI and CAL
6. Planning for effective instruction in Science: Year Plan, Unit Plan, Lesson
Plan, Learning experience, characteristics, classification, source and
relevance.
7. Teaching Learning Material (TLM): Characteristics and Importance of TLM,
Classification and Types of TLM, Hardware and Software in TLM, TLMPrinciples to be followed, Edgar Dale’s cone of learning experience.
8. Science laboratories: Importance of Practical work in science, Planning of
Science laboratories, Procurement, care and maintenance of laboratory
equipment, Registers, Management of safety and science kits, Development
of improvised Apparatus.
9. Physical Science Curriculum: Principles of Curriculum Construction, Defects
in the existing school science curriculum, Qualities of a good Science Text
Book.
10. Non-formal Science Education: Science Clubs, Science Fairs – purposes,
levels, organization, advantages, Science Library, Role of NGOs and State in
popularizing Science
11. Evaluation: Concept and Process of Evaluation, Tools of Evaluation,
Preparation of Scholastic Achievement Test (SAT), Analysis and
interpretation of Scores
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V(b). MATHEMATICS (Content and Methodology) (Marks: 15)
CONTENT
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Number system: Whole numbers, place value, comparison, fundamental
mathematical operations ; Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division,
Indian Currency, Prime and Composite numbers, Prime factors, Lowest Common
Multiple (LCM) and Greatest Common Multiple (GCM).
Fractions: Concept of fractions, proper fractions, improper fractions, mixed
fractions, decimal fractions, comparison, addition, subtraction, multiplication,
division of fractions and decimal fractions. Use of fractions in daily life. Rational
Numbers; definition, four fundamental operations; properties of numbers (N, W, Z
and Q), Square, Square root, Cube, Cube root, and factorization.
Arithmetic: Unitary method, Ratio & Proportion, percentages, average, profit –
loss.
Geometry: Rotation, Types of Angles, Construction and measurement of Angles,
line, axis, shapes, reflection and symmetry.
Measurements: Length, Weight, Capacity, Time, Perimeter and Area, their
standard units and relation between them.
Data Applications: Introduction to Data, data presentation, Bar graph.
Methodology
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Meaning, Nature and Definitions of Mathematics
Correlation with other school subjects and daily life.
Aims, values and instructional objectives of teaching Mathematics
.Child Centered and Activity Based Approaches in Teaching Mathematics
Methods of Teaching & Remedial measures in Mathematics
. Instructional Material, TLM and Resource Utilization in Mathematics
. Curriculum, Text Book & Instructional Planning
Evaluation, tools of evaluation and Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation
V (c) BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE (Content and Methodology) (Marks: 15)
CONTENT
1. Biology: Its importance in everyday life, contribution of scientists, different branches.
2. Living World – Characteristics: Classification of Plants and Animals and their characteristics.
a) Cell: Concept, Cell theory, differences between Plant cell and Animal cell, Cell division.
b) Tissues – Animal tissues.
3. Plant World – Types of plants: Parts of a plant – their functions
Reproduction – Asexual, Sexual, Vegetative propagation, Nutrition, Photosynthesis, Excretion,
Respiration
Economic importance of Plants, Agriculture, Crop diseases & pest control measure.
4. Animal World: Organ systems and their functions including man
Digestive system, Respiratory system, Circulatory system, Excretory system, Nervous system,
Reproductive system, Sense organs in man, Nutrition
Deficiency diseases in man, First Aid
Economic importance of Animals, Animal husbandry, Pisciculture, Sericulture.
5. Microbes: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, Protozoan
useful and harmful, microbial diseases in plants & animals
6. Our Environment: Biotic & Abiotic factors, Natural resources
7. Recent trends in Biology: -Hybridization, Genetic engineering, Gene banks, Gene therapy,Tissue
culture
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Methodoloyy
1. Definition, Nature, Structure and History of Science
2. Aims, Values and Instructional Objectives of teaching Science
3. Method of Teaching Science
4. Instructional Material in Teaching Science – TLM in Science.
5. Instructional Planning
6. Science Laboratory
7. Science Teacher - Changing Roles
8. Science Curriculum and its transaction
9. Science Textbook.
10. Evaluation – CCE - Designing, Administration, Analysis, Scholastic Achievement Test (SAT)
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