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Zootaxa 3948 (1): 024–040 /zootaxa /
Copyright © 2015 Magnolia Press
ISSN 1175-5326 (print edition)
ISSN 1175-5334 (online edition)
Description of six new species of Anomalini from Costa Rica
(Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Rutelinae)
Centro Iberoamericano de la Biodiversidad (CIBIO), Universidad de Alicante, Carretera San Vicente del Raspeig s/n 03690 San
Vicente del Raspeig, Spain
Corresponding author. E-mail: [email protected]
Four new species of Anomala Samouelle and two new species of Callistethus Blanchard (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae:
Rutelinae: Anomalini) from Costa Rica are described: A. aglaos new species, A. estrella new species, A. inbio new species,
A. pincelada new species, C. ruteloides new species, and C. yalizo new species. A distribution map of each species is given
and the male genitalia (aedeagus and endophallus) of the species described and similar species are illustrated.
Key words: aedeagus, Costa Rica, endophallus, new species, species distribution
The subfamily Rutelinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) is recognized as an useful tool for biodiversity and ecology
studies in the Neotropics (Morón 1997; García-López et al. 2010), and especially the tribe Anomalini for its
abundance and diversity (Morón 1997).
However, the lack of taxonomical studies and identification tools makes it difficult to implement this group at
its full potential, and the presence of undetermined species in diversity studies is common, especially in the genera
Anomala and Callistethus, (see for example Deloya et al. 1995; García-López et al. 2013). The diversity of
Anomalini in Costa Rica is high, with more than 100 species of Anomala and more than 20 of Callistethus
(Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad 2001, Callistethus species are classified under Anomala). We studied the type
material and the scientific literature and discovered that most of the previously undetermined species were
undescribed. In this paper we describe four new species of Anomala and two new species of Callistethus. This
work is meant to be part of a general taxonomical work on Anomalini in Costa Rica, which will facilitate the use of
this group in future diversity studies (see Filippini et al. 2013, 2014; more descriptions will be published soon).
Material and methods
The type specimens for 183 Neotropical species (about 80% of species described) were studied (listed in Table 1),
and available literature has been consulted for the rest, to exclude cases of synonymy.
The material cited in this publication is deposited in the following collections:
Colección Entomológica de la Universidad Alicante, Alicante, Spain
Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, Santo Domingo de Heredia, Costa Rica
Martin-Luther-Universität, Halle, Germany
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France
Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Museo de insectos, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Pedro, Costa Rica
24 Accepted by A.B.T. Smith: 12 Mar. 2015; published: 20 Apr. 2015
We thank Mr. Ángel Solís, from the Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, Costa Rica for the loan of specimens.
Johannes Frisch and J. Willers from the Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität, Berlin; Karla
Schneider from the Institut für Zoologie der Martin-Luther-Universität, Halle; Antoine Mantilleri and Olivier
Montreuil, from the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris are thanked for assistance with type material
consultation. We also thank Dr. Miguel A. Alonso Zarazaga for his tips on nomenclature. We thank the Convenio
INBio-MINAE (Ministerio de Ambiente y Energía, Costa Rica) for carrying out the National Biodiversity
Inventory of Costa Rica. Financial support was provided by the Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional
para el Desarrollo (AECID) projects A/4426/05, A/6788/06, A/019887/08, A/023060/09, and a PhD grant to V.
Filippini from the Spanish Ministry of Education.
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