Quiz for Essay “In Your Face”
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1pt x 6 = 6pts
Why is this man so angry? We don’t know the reason, but we can see the emotion in his face.
Whatever culture you come from, you can understand the feeling that he is expressing.
Forty years ago, psychologist Paul Ekman of the University of California, San Francisco,
2.波線部★について,Ekman の研究で支持(サポート)した仮説の理論とはどんなものか。
3 pts
became interested in how people’s faces show their feelings. He took photographs of Americans
expressing (ア)various emotions. Then he showed them to the Fore people, who live in the jungle
in New Guinea. Most of the Fore had never seen foreign faces, but they easily understood
0.5pt x 6 = 3pts
Americans’ expressions of anger, happiness, sadness, disgust, fear, and surprise.
Then Ekman did the same experiment (イ)in reverse. He showed pictures of Fore faces to
Americans, and the results were similar. Americans had no problems reading the emotions on the
Fore people’s faces. Ekman’s research ★ gave powerful support to the theory that facial
expressions for basic emotions are the same everywhere. He did more research in Japan, Brazil, and
Argentina, and got the same results. According to Ekman, ☆these six emotions are universal
because they are built into our brains. They developed to help us deal with things quickly that might
hurt us. Some (ウ)emotional triggers are (エ)universal as well. ①When something suddenly
comes into sight, people feel fear, because it might be dangerous. But most emotional triggers are
learned. For example, two people might smell newly cut grass. One person spent wonderful
summers in the country as a child, so the smell makes him happy. ②The other person remembers
working very hard on a farm and being hungry, so he feels sad.
Once we make an emotional (オ)association in our brain, it is difficult, and sometimes
impossible, to change it. ③“Emotion is the least changeable part of the brain,” says Ekman. But we
can learn to manage our emotions better. For instance, ④we can be more aware of things that make
us angry, and we can think before we react.
There are many differences between cultures, in their languages and (カ)customs. But a
smile is exactly the same everywhere.
1pt x 4 = 4pts