Jan Larsson: Biomass Market North of 60

Biomass Market North of 60°
Canada’s North
About the Northwest Territories
Population: 43,000
Major industry: resource development
(mining – oil & gas)
70 million hectares of forest land
(172 million acres)
No significant forest industry
No local pellet production
33 communities, 17 without all weather road
Pellet delivery: Alberta, BC
by Truck or CN Railway, River Barges
mainly in Bulk, or Bags
+18,000 tons of pellets distributed a year
Pellet Industry: History
2006: First installation - Sales of BTUs by a private company
NWT Champions: Government and Industry
Pellet delivery: infrastructure created by industry & Government
2014 NWT Government Incentives for Installations:
$5,000 - Homeowners
$15,000 - Businesses
$50,000 - Communities
—  400 kW - 700 kW Government Buildings: 80% of the
installations are in the southern part of the NWT
—  150 kW - 350 kW Private business sector: garage, storage,
shops and hotels
25 kW - 75 kW Home owners
Pellet storage in a fly in only
Green Energy – Norman Wells
Containerized Boiler Rooms
– Yellowknife
NWT Produced Energy Box
Green Energy & Energy North – Norman Wells
Boiler Room
Green Energy & Energy North – Norman Wells
Maintenance Friendly Pellet Boilers
Energy North – MESYs Okofen Boilers installed in cascade
Lesson Learned
•  Heat needs: seasons (temperatures from 0° to -50°)
•  Installation running time: +4,500 hour/year
•  Market started with installations above 500 kW
•  Switch to cascade installations to better respond to
heat needs
•  Certifications: CSA, ASME, CRN
•  Boiler room: laminated wood, stick built, metal…
•  Quality of pellets
•  Maintenance and training of staff/installers
European Standards
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Next Steps
•  Creation of the NWT Biomass Energy Association
•  Release of a discussion paper: “Barriers to biomass energy
installations in the NWT”
Recommendation #1:
Develop Pellet Heating Guidelines for the NWT
—  Pellet boiler systems (makes & models) already approved for use
(in the NWT)
—  Process for obtaining certification for new pellet heating systems
—  Explanation / interpretation of CSA Code B365-10
—  Pellet storage and handling
—  Insurance company requirements re: residential and commercial
—  Pellet supply, quality (specifications) and testing protocols
—  Air quality and emissions concerns;
Recommendation #2:
Support the Development / Adoption of
National Standards for Biomass Fuel and
Heating Equipment
—  Engage with other jurisdictions in Canada and the Canadian
Standards Association, CSA
—  to support the development of national standards for “Solid
Biomass Fuel and Heating Equipment in Canada’’ and
—  take in to account the specific needs for the Northern
Recommendation #3:
Conduct Outreach and Education
—  Work collaboratively with the design community, the regulatory
authorities, heating and plumbing contractors, the insurance
companies and other stakeholders to:
—  address concerns and increase understanding of wood pellet
boiler and pellet storage systems
—  find ways to reduce “red tape”, delays and costs associated with
the installation of pellet heating systems.
Recommendation #4:
Develop and Implement a Pellet Testing
Protocol for NWT Pellet Supplies
—  Assuming that the CANplus pellet certification system becomes fully
implemented and pellet mills in BC and Alberta
—  become certified, to provide the basis for implementing a testing
protocol to ensure that quality pellets are being shipped to the
•  Innovations of pellet delivery: between bags and bulk
•  Bulk delivery to all Northern Communities
•  A Canadian regional product, no major $ fluctuation
•  Open for new financial service providers
NWT Pellet Market: a model for all communities
- Creation of a Strategic Biomass Policy
- Start with some major infrastructure project
- Mixture of private business and government
- Major storage facilities for off road communities
- Incentives to stimulate pellet boiler installations
Jan Larsson
(867) 446-0059
[email protected]