Ambulance Victoria Research Publications

Research Publications
2014
Bernard SA, Smith K, Porter R, Jones C, Gailey A, Cresswell B, et al. Paramedic rapid sequence
intubation in patients with non-traumatic coma. Emerg Med J. 2014 January 28, 2014.
Bray JE, Bernard S, Cantwell K, Stephenson M, Smith K. The association between systolic blood
pressure on arrival at hospital and outcome in adults surviving from out-of-hospital cardiac
arrests of presumed cardiac aetiology. Resuscitation. 2014;85(4):509-15.
Bray JE, Coughlan K, Mosley I, Barger B, Bladin C. Are suspected stroke patients identified by
paramedics transported to appropriate stroke centres in Victoria, Australia? Intern Med J.
2014;44(5):515-8.
Cameron PA, Gabbe BJ, Smith K, Mitra B. Triaging the right patient to the right place in the
shortest time. Br J Anaesth. 2014;113(2):226-33.
Cantwell K, Burgess S, Patrick I, Niggemeyer L, Fitzgerald M, Cameron P, et al. Improvement in
the prehospital recognition of tension pneumothorax: The effect of a change to paramedic
guidelines and education. Injury. 2014;45(1):71-6.
Cantwell K, Morgans A, Smith K, Livingston M, Dietze P. Improving the coding and classification
of ambulance data through the application of International Classification of Disease 10th
revision. Aust Health Rev. 2014;38(1):70-9.
Cox S, Morrison C, Cameron P, Smith K. Advancing age and trauma: Triage destination
compliance and mortality in Victoria, Australia. Injury. 2014;45(9):1312-9.
Dyson K, Bray J, Smith K and Finn J. A systematic review of the effect of emergency medical
service practitioners' experience and exposure to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest on patient
survival and procedural performance. Resuscitation. In Press. 2014
Eastwood K, Morgans A, Smith K, Stoelwinder J. Secondary triage in prehospital emergency
ambulance services: a systematic review. Emerg Med J. 2014.
McLelland GE, Morgans AE, McKenna LG. Involvement of emergency medical services at
unplanned births before arrival to hospital: a structured review. Emerg Med J. 2014;31(4):34550.
Mitra B, Mazur S, Cameron PA, Bernard S, Burns B, Smith A, et al. Tranexamic acid for trauma:
Filling the ‘GAP’ in evidence. Emerg Med Australas. 2014;26(2):194-7.
Nehme Z, Andrew E, Bernard S, Smith K. The impact of partial resuscitation attempts on the
reported outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Victoria, Australia: Implications for
Utstein-style outcome reports. Resuscitation. 2014;85(9):1185-91.
Copies available from: [email protected]
August 2014 Page 1 of 6
Nehme Z, Andrew E, Cameron P, Bray JE, Meredith IT, Bernard S, et al. Direction of first
bystander call for help is associated with outcome from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.
Resuscitation. 2014;85(1):42-8.
Nehme Z, Andrew E, Cameron PA, Bray JE, Bernard SA, Meredith IT and Smith K. Population
density predicts outcome from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Victoria, Australia. Med J Aust.
2014;200(8):471-475
Nishiyama C, Brown SP, May S, Iwami T, Koster RW, Beesems SG, et al. Apples to apples or
apples to oranges? International variation in reporting of process and outcome of care for outof-hospital cardiac arrest. Resuscitation. In Press. 2014
Oteir A, Smith K, Jennings P and Stoelwinder J. The prehospital management of suspected SCI:
An update. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. In Press. 2014
Smith K, Bernard S. Quality of life after cardiac arrest: How and when to assess outcomes after
hospital discharge? Resuscitation. In Press. 2014
Stub D, Nehme Z, Bernard S, Lijovic M, Kaye DM, Smith K. Exploring which patients without
return of spontaneous circulation following ventricular fibrillation out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
should be transported to hospital? Resuscitation. 2014;85(3):326-31.
2013
Bray J, Stub D, Bernard S, Smith K. Exploring gender differences and the "oestrogen effect" in an
Australian out-of-hospital cardiac arrest population. Resuscitation. 2013;84(7):957-63.
Brown LH, Chaiechi T, Buettner PG, Canyon DV, Crawford JM, Judd J. Higher energy prices are
associated with diminished resources, performance and safety in Australian ambulance
systems. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2013;37(1):83-9.
Cantwell K, Dietze P, Morgans A, Smith K. Ambulance Demand: random events or predictable
patterns? Emergency Medicine Journal. 2013;30(11):883
Deasy C, Bray J, Smith K, Harriss L, Bernard S, Cameron P. Functional outcomes and quality of
life of young adults who survive out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Emerg Med J. 2013;30(7):532-7
Deasy C, Hall D, Bray J, Smith K, Bernard S, Cameron P, on behalf of the VACAR steering
committee. Paediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in Melbourne, Australia: improved
reporting by adding coronial data to a cardiac arrest registry. Emergency Medicine Journal.
2013;30(9):740
Dyson K, Morgans A, Bray J, Matthews B, Smith K. Drowning Related out of hospital cardiac
arrests: characteristics and outcomes. Resuscitation. 2013;84(8):1114-8.
Ihle JF, Bernard S, Bailey MJ, Pilcher DV, Smith K, Scheinkestel CD. Hyperoxia in the intensive
care unit and outcome after out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest. Critical care
and resuscitation: journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine.
2013;15(3):186.
Copies available from: researchevaluatio[email protected]
August 2014 Page 2 of 6
Lippmann J, Taylor DM, Slocombe R, McDonald CF, Walker T, Nolan G. Lateral versus anterior
thoracic thrusts in the generation of airway pressure in anaesthetised pigs. Resuscitation.
2013;84(4):515-9.
Nehme Z, Andrew E, Bernard SA, Smith K. Treatment of monitored out-of-hospital ventricular
fibrillation and pulseless ventricular tachycardia utilising the precordial thump. Resuscitation.
2013;84(12):1691-6.
Oteir AaO, Jennings PA, Smith K, Stoelwinder J. Should suspected cervical spinal cord injuries be
immobilised? A systematic review protocol. Injury Prevention. 2013;20.
Smith G, Kenneally J. Development and implementation of Victorian prehospital Clinical
Practice Guidelines: the supraventricular tachycardia example. Aust Journal of Paramedicine.
2013;10(4).
Smith G, Taylor DM, Morgans A, Cameron P. Prehospital Synchronized Electrical Cardioversion
of a Poorly Perfused SVT Patient by Paramedics. Prehospital Disaster Med. 2013;28(3):301-4.
Smith GD, Dyson K, Taylor D, Morgans A, Cantwell K. Effectiveness of the Valsalva Manoeuvre
for reversion of supraventricular tachycardia. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews.
2013;3: CD009502
2012
Brown L, Canyon DV, Buettner PG, Mac Crawford J, Judd J. The Carbon Footprint of Australian
Ambulance Operations. Emergency Medicine Australasia. 2012;24,657-662
Cox S, Currell A, Harriss L, Barger B, Cameron P, Smith K. Evaluation of the Victorian state adult
pre-hospital trauma triage criteria. Injury. 2012;43:pp. 573-581.
Cox, S., Martin, R., Somaia, P., Smith, K. The development of a data-matching algorithm to
define the 'case patient'. Australian Health Review. 2012;37(1):54-59
Deasy C, Bray J, Smith K, Hall D, Morrison C, Bernard SA, Cameron P. Paediatric Traumatic Out
of hospital cardiac arrests in Melbourne Australia. Resuscitation. 2012;83(4):471-475.
Deasy C, Bray J, Smith K, Harriss L, Morrison C, Bernard SA, Cameron P. Traumatic Out of
hospital cardiac arrests in Melbourne Australia. Resuscitation. 2012;83(4):465-470.
Deasy C, Bray JE, Smith K, Harriss LR, Bernard SA, Davidson PM, et al. Resuscitation of out-ofhospital cardiac arrests in residential aged care facilities in Melbourne, Australia. Resuscitation.
2012;83(1):58-62.
Heilbronn CE, Lloyd B, McElwee P, Eade A, Lubman DI. Quetiapine-related harms are on the
rise. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2012;46(3):279-80.
Jennings P, Harriss L, Bernard S, Bray J, Walker T, Spelman T, Smith K, Cameron, P. An
automated CPR device compared with standard chest compressions for out-of-hospital
resuscitation.BMC Emergency Medicine. 2012;12:8.
Copies available from: [email protected]
August 2014 Page 3 of 6
Jennings PA, Cameron P, Bernard S, Walker T, Jolley D, Fitzgerald M, et al. Morphine and
ketamine is superior to morphine alone for out-of-hospital trauma analgesia: A randomized
controlled trial. Ann Emerg Med. 2012;59(6):497-503.
Jennings PA, Cameron P, Bernard S. Determinants of clinically important pain severity reduction
in the prehospital setting. Emerg Med J. 2012;29(4):333-4.
Lloyd B, Matthews S, Livingston M, Jayasekara H, Smith K. Alcohol intoxication in the context of
major public holidays, sporting and social events: A time-series analysis in Melbourne,
Australia, 2000-2009. Addiction. 2012;108(4):701-9
Lord B, Recoche K, O'Connor M, Yates P, Service M. Paramedics perceptions of their role in
palliative care: Analysis of Focus Groups Transcripts. Journal of Palliative Care. 2012;28(1):36-40
Morgans A, Burgess S. Judging a patient's decision to seek emergency healthcare: Clues for
managing increasing patient demand. Aust Health Rev. 2012;36(1):110-4.
Smith G, Morgans A, Taylor DM, Cameron P. Use of the human dive reflex for the management
of supraventricular tachycardia: A review of the literature. Emerg Med J. 2012;29(8):611-6.
Stub D, Bernard S, Smith K, Bray J, Cameron P, Duffy S, Kaye D. Do we need cardiac arrest
centres in Australia?. Internal Medicine Journal. 2012;11:pp 1173-1179
Stub D, Smith K, Bernard S, Bray JE, Stephenson M, Cameron P, et al. A randomized controlled
trial of oxygen therapy in acute myocardial infarction Air Verses Oxygen In myocarDial
infarction study (AVOID Study). Am Heart J. 2012;163(3):339-45.
2011
Bray JE, Deasy C, Walsh J, Bacon A, Currell A, Smith K. Changing EMS dispatcher CPR
instructions to 400 compressions before mouth-to-mouth improved bystander CPR rates.
Resuscitation. 2011;82(11):1393-8.
Bray JE, Mosley I, Bailey M, Barger B, Bladin C. Stroke public awareness campaigns have
increased ambulance dispatches for stroke in Melbourne, Australia. Stroke. 2011;42(8):2154-7.
Cox S, Smith K, Currell A, Harriss L, Barger B, Cameron P. Differentiation of confirmed major
trauma patients and potential major trauma patients using pre-hospital trauma triage criteria.
Injury. 2011;42(9):889-95.
Deasy C, Bernard S, Cameron. P., Jacobs, I., Smith, K., Hein, C., Grantham, H., Finn et al. Design
of the RINSE Trial: The Rapid Infusion of cold Normal Saline by paramedics during CPR. BMC
Emergency Medicine. 2011;11(17)1-6.
Deasy C, Bray J, Smith K, Harriss L, Bernard S and Cameron P. Paediatric Hanging Associated
Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in Melbourne, Australia; Characteristics and Outcomes.
Emergency Medical Journal. 2011;28:411-415.
Deasy C, Bray J, Smith K, Harriss LR, Bernard SA, Cameron P on behalf of the VACAR Steering
Committee. Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in the older age groups in Melbourne, Australia.
Resuscitation. 2011;82:398-403.
Copies available from: [email protected]
August 2014 Page 4 of 6
Deasy C, Bray JE, Smith K, Harriss LR, Bernard SA, Cameron P. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in
young adults in Melbourne, Australia. Resuscitation. 2011;82(7):830-4.
Deasy C, Bray JE, Smith K, Wolfe R, Harriss LR, Bernard SA, et al. Cardiac arrest outcomes before
and after the 2005 resuscitation guidelines implementation: evidence of improvement?
Resuscitation. 2011;82(8):984-8.
Deasy C, Bray JE, Smith K, Wolfe R, Harriss LR, Bernard SA, et al. Cardiac arrest outcomes before
and after the 2005 resuscitation guidelines implementation: evidence of improvement?
Resuscitation. 2011;82(8):984-8.
Jennings P, Cameron P, Bernard S. Ketamine as an analgesic in the pre-hospital setting: A
systematic review. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. 2011;55(6):638-643
Jennings PA, Cameron P, Bernard S. Epidemiology of prehospital pain: an opportunity for
improvement. Emerg Med J. 2011;28(6):530.
Lim HS, Stub D, Ajani AE, Andrianopoulos N, Reid CM, Charter K, et al. Survival in patients with
myocardial infarction complicated by out-of-hospital cardiac arrest undergoing emergency
percutaneous coronary intervention. Int J Cardiol. 2013;166(2):425.
Lowthian JA, Cameron PA, Stoelwinder JU, Curtis A, Currell A, Cooke MW, et al. Increasing
utilisation of emergency ambulances. Aust Health Rev. 2011;35(1):63-9.
Lowthian JA, Jolley DJ, Curtis AJ, Currell A, Cameron PA, Stoelwinder JU, et al. The challenges of
population ageing: Accelerating demand for emergency ambulance services by older patients,
1995-2015. Med J Aust. 2011;194(11):574-8.
Morgans A, Burgess SJ. What is a health emergency? The difference in definition and
understanding between patients and health professionals. Aust Health Rev. 2011;35(3):284-9.
Stub D, Bernard S, Duffy SJ, Kaye DM. Post cardiac arrest syndrome: a review of therapeutic
strategies. Circulation. 2011;123(13):1428-35.
Stub D, Smith K, Bray JE, Bernard S, Duffy SJ, Kaye DM. Hospital characteristics are associated
with patient outcomes following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Heart. 2011;97(18):1489-94.
2010
Bernard SA, Nguyen V, Cameron P, Masci K, Fitzgerald M, Cooper DJ, et al. Prehospital Rapid
Sequence Intubation Improves Functional Outcome for Patients With Severe Traumatic Brain
Injury: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Ann Surg. 2010;252(6):895-900.
Bernard SA, Smith K, Cameron P, Masci K, Taylor DM, Cooper DJ, et al. Induction of therapeutic
hypothermia by paramedics after resuscitation from out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation
cardiac arrest: a randomized controlled trial. Circulation. 2010;122(7):737-42.
Bray JE, Coughlan K, Barger B and Bladin C. Paramedic Diagnosis of Stroke: Examining LongTerm Use of the Melbourne Ambulance Stroke Screen (MASS) in the Field. Stroke
2010;41;1363-1366
Copies available from: [email protected]
August 2014 Page 5 of 6
Chan E, Taylor S, Marriott J, Barger B. An intervention to encourage ambulance paramedics to
bring patients own medications to the ED: impact on medications brought in and prescribing
errors. Emergency Medicine Austr. 2010;22:151-158
Courtney JA, Francis AJP, & Paxton SJ. Caring for the carers: Fatigue, sleep, and mental health in
Australian paramedic shiftworkers. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Organisational
Psychology. 2010;3:32-43
Cox S, Smith K, Currell A, Harriss L, Barger B, Cameron P. Differentiation of confirmed major
trauma patients and potential major trauma patients using pre-hospital trauma triage criteria.
Injury. 2011;42(9):889-95.
Deasy C, Bernard SA, Cameron P, Jaison A, Smith K, Harriss L, et al. Epidemiology of paediatric
out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Melbourne, Australia. Resuscitation. 2010;81(9):1095-100.
Dennekamp M, Akram M, Abramson MJ, Tonkin A, Sim MR, Fridman M, et al. Outdoor air
pollution as a trigger for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests. Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass).
2010;21(4):494.
Zalstein S, Danne P, Taylor D, Cameron P, McLellan S, Fitzgerald M, Kossmann T, Patrick I,
Walker T, Crameri J, Bailey M and Magilton G. The Victorian Major Trauma Transfer Study.
Injury 2010;41:102-109
Copies available from: [email protected]
August 2014 Page 6 of 6