Savings‐led microﬁnance as a pla3orm for training and investment in agricultural technologies among Cambodian smallholders Neda Youseﬁan, Frederik Sagemuller, Thort Chuong, Borarin Buntong, : Royal University of Agriculture, Phnom Penh David Miller: University of California, Davis Abstract: This project uses savings groups as a pla>orm to deliver training on agricultural technologies. Furthermore, it measures farmer investment in such technologies and gathers data on how the technologies are evaluated, used and altered by farmers. Savings‐led Microﬁnance Savings for Change (SfC) Model A savings group is an autonomous mechanism for saving money among a group of trusted individuals who can then borrow the money at a low interest rate (usually 2% per 28 days) for personal and business investments. • Group formaIon steps: household survey in village, promoIon meeIng, 7 group training meeIngs, 1 year of follow‐up by SfC facilitator. • No seed money, all funds are leveraged by group. Group also purchases record book and money box. • Groups meet weekly and take or repay loans every 4th meeIng. Key economic indicators and savings portfolio 15,798 USD Average per group 1,317 USD 434 USD 36 USD 3,748 USD 312 USD 84% ‐ Total Total value of savings Cash in social fund Value of cash in box Members with outstanding loans Number of outstanding loans Value of outstanding loans Average loan amount Number of loans for farming acJviJes Total value of loans taken for farming 124 10.3 13,370 USD 1,114 USD Proﬁle of savings groups Total Average Per Group Registered members 148 12 115 9.6 108 USD ‐ Members who are farmers 101 8 Female members 125 10 20,705 USD 1,725 USD Male members 23 2 Savings Groups as an ideal Pla3orm for Agricultural Extension and Training Savings groups develop strong trust and self‐conﬁdence among members, especially as resilience and household food security are improved. The weekly meeIngs create new informaIon channels and members increase their knowledge on accounIng and proﬁtability of investments. The commitment mechanism not only serves to strengthen the group but works to improves savings and willingness to invest. Workshops on HorJculture InnovaJon Lab technologies Campus and on—farm demonstraJon and tesJng of technologies ConnecJng farmers and high value vegetable marketers In November RUA hosted a workshop that brought farmers from savings groups and high value vegetable marketers together to learn about agricultural technologies and market opportuniIes in Phnom Penh. A farmer and savings group member tested the nets on his ﬁeld using his preferred design of the net covering 4 rows of Chinese kale. Results were compared with the same crop grown outside of nets that received 4 pesIcide applicaIons. We bring farmers and marketers together in workshops, focus group discussions and ﬁeld visits to foster relaIonships where informaIon on crop producIon, market demands and prices can be shared among value chain actors. Results: Farmers selected the protecIve nets among their top 3 picks of technologies. Following the workshop 1 farmer gave land to test the protecIve nets on his farm. The other technologies selected were soil solarizaIon and compost. Preliminary results: Yield with net: 160 kg Yield control: 100 kg Market price with net: 0.25 USD /kg Market price control: 0.15 USD/kg Farmers and high value vegetable marketers aNend a ﬁeld visit to see the nets and learn from the farmer about his experience. Marketers gave feedback and advice for crops, varieIes and product quality that consumers demand. Next AcJviJes Bookkeeping training for literate and illiterate farmers Improved net house for high value vegetables PracIcal guide for ﬁeld facilitators was created and 11 lessons will be taught to each savings group. Based on feedback from farmers the new net house will cover 2 rows which will allows for weeding and pest control with minimal opening of the net. Based on feedback from marketers, high value crops including cherry tomatoes, carrots, heading cabbage and other vegetables will be tested inside the net house to reach high quality and niche markets. Royal University of Agriculture This poster is made possible by the generous support of the American people through the United States Agency for InternaIonal Development (USAID). The contents are the responsibility of the HorIculture InnovaIon Lab [Safe Vegetable ProducIon in Cambodia and Vietnam: Developing the HARE‐Network to Enhance Farmer Income, Health, and the Local Environment] and do not necessarily reﬂect the views of USAID or the United States Government.
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