Homework 2 (pdf)

```CIS510 Homework Assignment #2
Fall 2014, Dr. Song Xing
Due on Monday, Oct 27
1. (a). Determine the power of each digital for five-digit numbers in base 6
(b). Use your results from part (a) to convert the base 6 number 24531 to decimal.
2. There are two Hexadecimal numbers 2AB3 and 35DC. Perform the following addition:
2AB3
+
35DC
3. Search the Internet for two types of computer sound cards with different specifications. Write
down their specifications for sampling frequency and the number of bits. Identify which sound
card would produce the lower quantization error. What other characteristics are important when
choosing a sound card?
4. The computer has an 8-bit A/D converter which has a full-scale input range of -2V to +4V of
analog signal. When a particular analog voice voltage is applied, the computer records the
digitized output as the hex number A2.
(1) What output voltage does this value correspond to?
(2) What is the maximum digitization (quantization) error in the voltage?
5. Normally quantization intervals are equispaced which results in uniformly quantized signals.
This is the case with most signals used. However, now you decide to venture out and design a
non–uniform quantizer which results in unequal quantization intervals. Explain the benefit of
such a design giving an example application where it would be of advantage.
6. Use the Web as a resource to list the audio compression codecs used in the voice over IP.
7. To transmit digital data using digital signal, there are six digital encoding schemes: NRZ-L,
NRZ-I, Manchester, differential Manchester, and bipolar-AMI. Use the Web as a resource to
study these schemes. Draw in chart form (as shown below) the voltage representation of the bit
pattern 10001011 for the digital encoding schemes NRZ-L, NRZ-I, Manchester, differential
Manchester, and bipolar-AMI.
1
NRZNRZI
Manc
h
Diff
Manch
Bipolar
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
```