Zootaxa 3878 (1): 001–018 www.mapress.com /zootaxa / Copyright © 2014 Magnolia Press Article ISSN 1175-5326 (print edition) ZOOTAXA ISSN 1175-5334 (online edition) http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3878.1.1 http://zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:FFAA0DB9-C6A4-4963-B60A-2BA9069951A8 Review of the genus Eotilla Schuster, 1949 (Hymenoptera: Bradynobaenidae: Typhoctinae: Eotillini) and description of new species from Argentina JAVIER TORRÉNS1,4, PATRICIO FIDALGO1, ARTURO ROIG-ALSINA2 & DENIS J. BROTHERS3 1 CRILAR-CONICET, Entre Ríos y Mendoza, 5301 Anillaco, La Rioja, Argentina. E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected] 2 Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales “Bernardino Rivadavia”, Av. Angel Gallardo 470, 1405 Buenos Aires, Argentina. E-mail: [email protected] 3 School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, Private Bag X01, Scottsville, 3209 South Africa. E-mail: [email protected] 4 Corresponding author Abstract Diagnoses for the genus Eotilla Schuster, 1949 based on males and females, new generic and specific characters, descriptions of two new Argentinian species (Eotilla schusteri Torréns, Fidalgo, Roig-Alsina & Brothers, sp. nov. and E. medanito Torréns, Fidalgo, Roig-Alsina & Brothers, sp. nov., based on both sexes), a description of the female of E. superba Brothers, 1974 and redescriptions of the males of E. mickeli Schuster, 1949 and E. superba are provided. A key to the species of Eotilla is presented. Key words: Eotilla, diagnosis, key to species Introduction Schuster (1949) described Eotilla and Prototilla and placed them in a new subfamily (Eotillinae) within the family Mutillidae, along with four other subfamilies (Typhoctinae, Apterogyninae, Sphaeropthalminae and Mutillinae) found in the Neotropical region. In phylogenetic studies of Hymenoptera Aculeata, Brothers (1975, 1999) and Brothers and Carpenter (1993) placed Eotillini and Typhoctini as tribes of Typhoctinae, but distant from Mutillidae and relocated within Bradynobaenidae (with Chyphotinae, Apterogyninae and Bradynobaeninae). Recent molecular phylogenetic studies of the superfamily Vespoidea by Pilgrim et al. (2008) indicate that the family Bradynobaenidae—according to the concept of Brothers (1975)—is paraphyletic; they placed Apterogyninae and Bradynobaeninae in Bradynobaenidae within a superfamily Scolioidea, and Chyphotinae and Typhoctinae in Chyphotidae within a superfamily Thynnoidea. This result was utilized by Debevec et al. (2012). Heraty et al. (2011) in their study of the phylogeny of Hymenoptera, confirmed the lack of a close relationship between Mutillidae and Chyphotes Blake, 1886, but showed a close relationship between Chyphotes and Colocistis Krombein, 1942 (their only representative of Tiphiidae). Since the positions of these groups remain in discussion, however, we retain the generally used classification. At present, the Typhoctinae contains two tribes: Typhoctini with Typhoctes Ashmead, 1899 (North and Central America) and Typhoctoides Brothers, 1974 (Chile and Argentina) and Eotillini with Eotilla (Chile and Argentina) and Prototilla (Argentina). The revision of Prototilla by Torréns et al. (2012) included a diagnosis of Eotillini and a comparative table between the two genera of the tribe; two new species based on males and two new species based on females were described and P. typhoctoides (Martinez & Fritz, 1974) (ex Eotilla typhoctoides) was proposed as a new combination. The authors did not include sex associations because of extreme sexual dimorphism, and collection data did not indicate particular associations. Currently, Eotilla comprises two species: the type species, E. mickeli Schuster, 1949 (Chile) and E. superba Brothers, 1974 (Argentina), both based on males. Mickel (1968), however, assigned a female from Argentina to E. Accepted by A. Lelej: 6 Oct. 2014; published: 22 Oct. 2014 1 pronotum lighter than the rest of the mesosoma and metasoma, and others with the mesosoma and T1 lighter than the rest of the metasoma; also, in some specimens the coloration of the head, femora, tibiae, pleura and propodeum is darker. One specimen from Neuquén (Las Lajas) has a particular coloration of the metasoma, with the vertical surface of T1, the anterior half of T2 and S2 and the last three terga of the metasoma dark brown and the rest lighter, but the morphological characters and disposition of setae correspond to this species. The pronotum has a few scale-like setae on the central area of the dorsum or none; otherwise the scale-like setae on the mesosoma and metasoma show variation in density but not in disposition. Discussion. As discussed above for E. superba, all females were collected at the same locality as males, so they are considered conspecific. Mickel (1968) described a female specimen from Argentina and attributed it to E. mickeli Schuster (from Chile); however, the notable differences between species from Argentina and Chile, and the remarkable similarity of that specimen with the description above, suggests that it was misidentified and is actually this species. Etymology. Named in honor of the describer of the genus Eotilla (and Prototilla), Rudolf M. Schuster. Distribution. Argentina: Catamarca, La Rioja, Neuquén (Fig. 38). Phenology. September, December–April. Material examined. Holotype ♂: ARGENTINA: La Rioja, Santa Teresita [28°35'57"S 66°33'32"W], 690 m, 8–28/IV/2006, Porter, Torréns y Fidalgo, MT (1♂, MACN). Paratypes, 9♂ and 8♀: Catamarca, Andalgalá [27°34'60"S 66°21'2"W], 12/XII/1973, JH Hunt #1495, det. as E. mickeli by Snelling (1♂, LACM); Andalgalá, Villavil [27°34'36"S 66°15'02"W], 30/XII/1973, FE Enders, JHHunt#1504 (2♀ LACM, 1♀ DJBC); same data but JHH#1502 (1♀ LACM); El Pucará empalme [27°42'17"S 66°00'36"W], 7/I/1974, FE Enders, #JHH1499 det. as E. mickeli by Snelling (1♀, LACM); La Rioja, Udpinango, 5 km S de Udpinango 28°43'16"S 66°47'34"W, 1011 m, 16–25/III/2005, P. Fidalgo, G. Fidalgo and J. Torréns, YPT (1♀, DJBC); same location, II/2006, Fidalgo, Diez and Torréns, YPT (1♀, MACN); same location, 8–28/IV/2006, pit-fall (1♀, IFML); same location, 26/I/2007, Torréns, Fidalgo and Diez, YPT (5♂, MACN); same location, I/2007, J. Torréns and C. Nieto, YPT (1♂, DJBC); same location, 26/II/2007, Fidalgo, Diez and Torréns, YPT (1♂, IFML); same location, 2–9/XI/2011, J. Torréns and P. Fidalgo, YPT (1♀, IFML); La Puerta, 28°50'13"S 66°39'29"W, 16–18/XI/09, A. Aranda, pit-fall (1♀, MACN); 7 km E de Anillaco [28°46'29"S 66°51'53"W], IX–X/2013, A. Aranda, pit-fall (1♂, IFML); Neuquén, Covunco [38°46'1"S 70°3'18"W], 18/I/1949 (Allotype, 1♀, IFML); 20 km Las Lajas, ANP Cuchillo Curá [38°36'40"S 70°23'54"W], 20/I/1992, J. Sganga (1♀, IFML) Acknowledgements This work was made possible by funds provided by Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica, PICT 2007-1238, Préstamo BID. The University of KwaZulu-Natal Research Office provided funding to DJB. Thanks also go to James Pitts and Emily Sadler for their contributions and suggestions to this manuscript, and to Mario Elgueta (MNHNS) and to the curators of other collections named above for access to specimens in their care. We thank two anonymous reviewers for the useful suggestions. References Ashmead, W.H. (1899) Superfamilies in the Hymenoptera and generic synopses of the families Thynnidae, Myrmosidae, and Mutillidae. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 7, 45–60. 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