### Who are the two ladies in the group?

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K. M. Jaya Rao
Senior Faculty in
Reasoning,
Puzzle Test
tage of marks either in Reasoning of
Bank PO or Clerks exams. There are
various models of Puzzle test viz.
1. Simple distribution model: If
the identification and arrangement of various factors such as
gender, professions, institutions,
colours etc with respect to the
subject (persons) given.
2. Grading model: This kind of
puzzle demands the ranking or
comparison of the people based
on their height, weight, age,
salaries, marks etc.
3. Seating Arrangement: As the
title suggests, the proper seating
arrangement of the people should
be found out.
4. Series arrangement: In this
case, the puzzle revolves around
the sequential placing of the
given subject. The question may
be on the sequence of days,
dates, months and even the puzzle listing of the floors in an
apartment may be included in
this.
5. Combination model (Puzzle
with family relations): A simple
distribution model or a seating
arrangement model pertaining to
a family is given.
6. Selection model: The puzzle
focuses on selecting a group or a
team among the given members
by complying with the conditions mentioned there in.
Puzzle 1
Directions: Study the following
the questions given below:
Eight members A, B, C, D, E, F,
G and H belonging to three families
X, Y, Z go for weekend outing in
three different cars I, II, III. Four out
of the eight members are females.
Each car has at least one male and
one female member. Each family has
at least two members. No member of
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Who are the two ladies in the group?
Banks Special
Puzzle test carries a good weigh-
13
Reasoning
same family travel in same car.
A belongs to family Y and he
travels in car III. D is wife of E and
they travel in cars I and II respectively. H is son of B, who is wife of G
and they belong to family Z. C is
daughter of F, who is wife of A. C
travels in car II. G does not travel
with F.
1. Which of the following groups of
persons travels in car I?
1) D, F, G
2) D, E, G
3) D, G, H
4) D, F, H
5) None of these
2. Which car has only two members
travelling in it?
1) I
2) II
3) III
4) II or III
5) Cannot be determined
3. Which of the following members
of families Y and Z travel in different cars?
1) F, G
2) C, G
3) F, H
4) C, F
5) None of these
4. Which of the following groups of
persons is a group of all females?
1) B, D, G
2) A, B, C
3) B, E, F
4) D, E, F
5) None of these
5. Which of the following members
of families X and Y travel in the
same car?
1) C, F
2) D, F
3) C, D
4) F, E
5) None of these
Solution: This is a simple distribution model. The puzzle can be solved
by carefully considering all the factors while taking the persons in order.
Note:
Each car has at least one male
and one female member
No member of same family travel in same car.
G does not travel with F
1) 4 2) 3
3) 1
Competitive Exams Special
4) 5
5) 2
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Member
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
Gender
Male
Female
Female
Female
Male
Female
Male
Male
Family
Y
Z
Y
X
X
Y
Z
Z
Car
III
III
II
I
II
I
II
I
Puzzle 2
Directions: Study the following
the questions given below:
A group of friends having seven
members A, B, C, D, E, F and G contains four men and three ladies. Each
one of them has a different profession – Stockbroker, Lawyer, Doctor,
and Banker – and each one has
passed out of a different college – P,
S, V, W, X, Y and Z, not necessarily
in the same order. None of the ladies
is a Businessman or a Stockbroker. C
is a Doctor and she has passed out
from 'College X'. A is a 'College Y'
pass out. B is not a Professor. E is a
Banker and is a 'College S' pass out.
F is a Stockbroker and has not studied in 'College P'.
G is a Businessman and has studied in 'College V'. The Professor is a
'College Z' pass out. The Lawyer has
studied in 'College P'. None of the
ladies has studied in 'College Y' or
'College S'.
6. What is the profession of D?
1) Doctor
2) Stockbroker
3) Engineer
4) Professor
5) None of these
7. Who among the following is a
Lawyer?
1) A 2) B
3) E 4) G
5) None of these
8. Which of the following groups
represents ladies in the group of
friends?
1) A, B, C
2) E, F, G
3) B, C, D
4) B, E, G
5) None of these
9. From which of the following colleges has the Stockbroker passed
out?
1) W
2) Y
3) S 4) X
5) None of these
10. Which of the following combinations is correct?
1) B - Doctor - Female
2) C - W - Male
3) A - Businessman - Y
4) D - Professor - Male
5) None of these
Solution: This is a simple distribution model. The puzzle can be solved
by carefully considering all the factors while taking the persons in order.
Note:
CollegeY/ College S: Male
Steps may be followed while solving the puzzles
1. Read the puzzle and find out under which model it comes.
2. Adopt a suitable approach according to the model given.
3. Examine the entire data and identify those points that reflect definite
information.
4. Try to find out which of the points can be connected that help in solving the puzzle easily.
Marking
"-ve" data
Prof
X
P X
6) 4 7) 2
oldest.
Person
Gender
Profession
College
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
Male
Female
Female
Female
Male
Male
Male
Engineer
Lawyer
Doctor
Professor
Banker
Stockbroker
Y
P
X
Z
S
W
V
8) 3
9) 1
10) 5
Puzzle 3:
There are five friends, namely P,
Q, R, S and T of different heights and
different ages. There are two females
and three males. P is taller than only
Q. Only S is taller than T. Two
females are not immediately next to
each other, and also the persons who
are at extreme ends are not females
when they are arranged in ascending
order. The ascending order of these
friends on height automatically
places them in reverse order of their
ages. P was born in the year 1990. T
is exactly one year younger to P.
11. Who is the tallest person?
1) T 2) S 3) R 4) P 5) Q
12. Which year 'S' might have been
born?
1) 1992 2) 1990
3) 1989
4) 1988 5) 1987
13. Who is the shortest person as
well as the oldest person?
1) T 2) Q 3) P 4) S 5) None
14. Who are the two ladies in the
group?
1) S,T 2) T,R 3) R,S
4) T,P 5) Cannot be determined
Solution: This is grading model. The
persons can be related in the following way.
The given statements have to be
understood as follows;
'P is taller than only Q' means
that 'P' is taller than 'Q' but shorter than R, S and T.
'Only S is taller than T' indicates
that no body is taller than 'T'
other than 'S'. So, 'S' is the tallest
and 'T' is the second tallest.
As the order of height and that of
age are reverse to each other,
tallest person is the youngest person and the shortest person is the
Height
S(male)
Youngest
T(female)
1991
R(male)
P(female)
1990
Q(male)
11) 2 12) 1
Oldest
13) 2
14) 4
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