Safety Directive SD-2014/003

Civil Aviation Authority
SAFETY DIRECTIVE
Number: SD–2014/003
Issued: 15 October 2014
Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) Operations at
Night in Accordance with a HEMS Approval
At Annex 1 to this Safety Directive is an Operational Directive mandating action that is
required to restore an acceptable level of safety. The Operational Directive is issued in
accordance with Article 15 of the Air Navigation Order 2009 and is made subject to and in
accordance with Article 14(1) of Regulation (EC) No. 216/2008.
Recipients must ensure that this Directive is copied to all members of their staff who need to take
appropriate action or who may have an interest in the information (including any ‘in-house’ or
contracted maintenance organisation and relevant outside contractors).
Applicability:
Aerodromes:
Not primarily affected
Air Traffic:
Not primarily affected
Airspace:
Not primarily affected
Airworthiness:
Not primarily affected
Flight Operations:
All Helicopter AOC Holders
Licensed Personnel:
Not primarily affected
1
Introduction
1.1
This Safety Directive promulgates the Operational Directive (see Annex 1) issued by the CAA
on 14 October 2014 and is applicable to operators conducting night Commercial Air Transport
(CAT) HEMS operations within the UK in accordance with a HEMS approval, to direct them to
comply with additional requirements.
1.2
This Safety Directive will supersede SD-2012/004 on 28 October 2014 and incorporates
several changes to reflect the applicability within the UK of Commission Regulation (EU)
No. 965/2012 (Air Operations Regulation).
2
Reason and Explanation
2.1
This Directive is issued to lay down minimum safe operating requirements to be met by
operators conducting night HEMS operations within the UK to HEMS operating sites as it is
considered that the requirements provided previously by JAR-OPS 3 and now by the Air
Operations Regulation SPA.HEMS.100 for such operations should be enhanced.
2.2
Following earlier notification to EASA of the contents of the previous SD, an ongoing Rule
Making Task (RMT.0325 & RMT.0326) into ‘HEMS performances and public interest sites’
was extended to cover ‘HEMS flights at night’. This RMT is developing changes to SPA.HEMS
to address UK concerns and will produce a Notice of Proposed Amendment in due course for
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Civil Aviation Authority Safety Directive
SD-2014/003
public consultation. Until any agreed change has been adopted and applied to remove the
perceived inadequacies of SPA.HEMS.100, the CAA intends that this SD will remain in force.
3
Queries
3.1
Any queries or requests for further guidance from AOC holders as a result of this
communication should be addressed to the assigned Flight Operations Inspector in the first
instance.
3.2
Otherwise, queries should be addressed to the FOD.Admin@caa.co.uk e-mail address.
4
Cancellation
4.1
This Safety Directive will come into force on 28 October 2014 and will remain in force until
revoked by the CAA.
4.2
Safety Directive SD-2012/004 is revoked with effect from 28 October 2014.
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Civil Aviation Authority Safety Directive
Annex 1
SD-2014/003
Operational Directive
1
The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), on behalf of the United Kingdom, in exercise of its powers
under article 15 of the Air Navigation Order 2009, directs the operator of any helicopter flying
in the United Kingdom on a commercial air transport operation at night in accordance with a
specific approval issued in accordance with the Air Operations Regulation (see Note 1),
Annex V, SPA.HEMS.100 (a HEMS approval) to comply with the requirements set out in
paragraph 5.
2
This Directive reacts to a safety problem and is made in the interests of safe operations.
3
This Directive is made in accordance with Article 14 of EU Regulation No. 216/2008 and will
be notified to the Commission, the European Aviation Safety Agency and the other Member
States.
4
This Directive lays down minimum safe operating requirements to be met by operators
conducting night HEMS operations within the UK to HEMS operating sites as it is considered
that the requirements provided by the Air Operations Regulation SPA.HEMS.100 for such
operations should be enhanced.
5
The operator must, in addition to complying with the terms of its HEMS approval:
a)
hold and operate under the terms of a Night Vision Imaging System (NVIS) approval
issued in accordance with the Air Operations Regulation, Annex V, SPA.NVIS.100;
b)
ensure that when operating with a single pilot and HEMS technical crewmember, the pilot
holds a valid instrument rating;
c)
provide a means for observing and recording local weather conditions including cloud
base and visibility (see Note 2) prior to take-off from the HEMS operating base;
d)
conduct and provide a risk assessment acceptable to the CAA for the intended
operations (see Note 3); and
e)
ensure that the helicopter is equipped with a suitable means of illumination (see Note 4)
acceptable to the CAA to enable the pilot:
i)
when landing, to identify the landing area in flight, to determine the landing direction
and to make a safe approach and landing; and
ii)
when taking off, to make a safe take-off.
6
This Directive comes into force on 28 October 2014 and remains in force until revoked by the
CAA.
7
The Operational Directive published through Safety Directive SD-2012/004, dated
29 October 2012, is revoked with effect from 28 October 2014.
Notes:
1)
The Air Operations Regulation is Commission Regulation (EU) No. 965/2012.
2)
A suitable means of provision would be a cloud base recorder or an automatic meteorology
station.
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Civil Aviation Authority Safety Directive
3)
4)
SD-2014/003
The risk assessment must include, but is not limited to, the following considerations:
a)
Terrain and obstacle awareness.
b)
Inadvertent entry into Instrument Meteorological Conditions (IMC) at low level.
c)
Pilot disorientation / loss of situational awareness.
d)
HEMS operating base and en-route weather information.
e)
Ground risks to personnel at the HEMS operating site.
f)
Pilot NVIS-related fatigue.
g)
Illumination of Final Approach and Take-Off area (FATO) for departure.
A suitable means of illumination would be a white light that is trainable and which enables the
pilot to locate and identify obstacles on the ground, on the approach and the departure route,
from a height of at least 500 feet.
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