SI 2014/3263: Reported for defective drafting

House of Lords
House of Commons
Joint Committee on
Statutory Instruments
Twentieth Report
of Session 2014-15
Drawing special attention to:
Rent Officers (Housing Benefit and Universal Credit Functions) (Local
Housing Allowance Amendments) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/3126)
Export Control (Sudan, South Sudan and Central African Republic
Sanctions) Regulations 2014 (S.I. 2014/3258)
Common Agricultural Policy (Control and Enforcement, CrossCompliance, Scrutiny of Transactions and Appeals) Regulations 2014
(S.I. 2014/3263) (S.I. 2014/3263)
Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) (Amendment)
Regulations 2015 (Draft S.I.)
Ordered by the House of Lords to be printed
28 January 2015
Ordered by the House of Commons to be printed
28 January 2015
HL Paper 105
HC 332-xx
Published on 30 January 2015
by authority of the House of Lords
and the House of Commons
London: The Stationery Office Limited
£0.00
Joint Committee on Statutory Instruments
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House of Lords
Baroness Humphreys (Liberal Democrat)
Lord Kennedy (Labour)
Lord Lyell (Conservative)
Baroness Mallalieu (Labour)
Lord Selkirk (Conservative)
Baroness Stern (Crossbench)
Lord Walpole (Crossbench)
House of Commons
Mr George Mudie MP (Labour, Leeds East) (Chairman)
Michael Ellis MP (Conservative, Northampton North)
John Hemming MP (Liberal Democrat, Birmingham, Yardley)
Mr Ian Liddell-Grainger MP (Conservative, Bridgwater and West
Somerset)
Toby Perkins MP (Labour, Chesterfield)
Rt Hon Andrew Robathan MP (Conservative, South Leicestershire)
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Remit
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made in exercise of powers granted by Act of Parliament. Instruments not laid before Parliament are
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special attention of each House to any instrument on one or more of the following grounds:
i. that it imposes, or sets the amount of, a charge on public revenue or that it requires payment for
a licence, consent or service to be made to the Exchequer, a government department or a public
or local authority, or sets the amount of the payment;
ii. that its parent legislation says that it cannot be challenged in the courts;
iii. that it appears to have retrospective effect without the express authority of the parent
legislation;
iv. that there appears to have been unjustifiable delay in publishing it or laying it before
Parliament;
v. that there appears to have been unjustifiable delay in sending a notification under the proviso
to section 4(1) of the Statutory Instruments Act 1946, where the instrument has come into force
before it has been laid;
vi. that there appears to be doubt about whether there is power to make it or that it appears to
make an unusual or unexpected use of the power to make;
vii. that its form or meaning needs to be explained;
viii. that its drafting appears to be defective;
ix. any other ground which does not go to its merits or the policy behind it.
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Contents
Report
Instruments reported
1 S.I. 2014/3126: Reported for defective drafting
2 S.I. 2014/3258: Reported for defective drafting
3 S.I. 2014/3263: Reported for defective drafting
4 Draft S.I.: Reported for requiring elucidation
Page
2
2
3
3
4
Instruments not reported
7
Annex
7
Appendix 1
S.I. 2014/3126: memorandum from the Department for Work and Pensions
Appendix 2
10
10
11
S.I. 2014/3258: memorandum from the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills11
Appendix 3
12
S.I. 2014/3263: memorandum from the Department for Environment, Food and Rural
Affairs
12
Appendix 4
Draft S.I.: memorandum from the Department for Environment, Food and Rural
Affairs
12
12
2
Instruments reported
At its meeting on 28 January 2015 the Committee scrutinised a number of Instruments in
accordance with Standing Orders. It was agreed that the special attention of both Houses
should be drawn to four of those considered. The Instruments and the grounds for
reporting them, are given below. The relevant Departmental memoranda are published as
an appendices to this report.
1 S.I. 2014/3126: Reported for defective drafting
Rent Officers (Housing Benefit and Universal Credit Functions) (Local Housing Allowance
Amendments) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/3126)
1.1 The Committee draws the special attention of both Houses to this Order on the
ground that it is defectively drafted in one respect.
1.2 Article 4 of this Order amends the Rent Officers (Universal Credit Functions) Order
2013. Paragraph (4) of that article substitutes a new paragraph (3) in article 4 of the 2013
Order.
1.3 The new paragraph reads as follows:
(3)
Any local housing allowance determination made in accordance with
paragraph (1) is to take effect –
(a)
(b)
on the next 6th April following the day on which the
determination is made; or
in the case of existing claims –
(i)
(ii)
on the next 6th April following the day on which the
determination is made where that is the first day of the
claimant’s assessment period; or
where the next 6th April following the day on which the
determination is made is not the first day of the claimant’s
assessment period, on the first day of the next assessment
period following that.
1.4 The expression “existing claims” is not explained either in this Order or in the 2013
Order, so the Committee asked to Department for Work and Pensions to explain its
meaning and why it is not explained in the 2013 Order as amended.
1.5 In a memorandum printed at Appendix 1, the Department state that it is intended to
mean any entitlement to Universal Credit that exists immediately before 6th April 2015
and that there is limited scope for different interpretation. It considers that the drafting of
paragraph (3)(b) links entitlement to the first day of the claimant’s assessment period
whether this is on or after 6th April. If the claimant does not have an existing entitlement
3
immediately before 6th April they cannot have an assessment period on which the change
to local housing determination can take effect. The Department acknowledges, however,
that the drafting could be clearer and will remedy this as soon as it is reasonably possible to
do so.
1.6 The Committee welcomes the plan to remedy as it does not consider the drafting
acceptable. Expressions such as “existing claims” commonly feature in transitional
provisions but are also defined. In this case the obscurity of the expression is exacerbated
by the fact that the provision is inserted as an amendment to the 2013 Order, given that it is
routine that legislation once amended can be read as a whole. The 2013 Order came into
force on 29 April 2013 and this Order comes into force on 8 January 2015. The question
arises: existing on what date? There is nothing in either instrument to trigger a 6 April 2015
date as opposed to 6 April in a different year.
1.7 The Committee accordingly reports article 4(4) for defective drafting,
acknowledged in principle by the Department.
2 S.I. 2014/3258: Reported for defective drafting
Export Control (Sudan, South Sudan and Central African Republic Sanctions) Regulations
2014 (S.I. 2014/3258)
2.1 The Committee draws the special attention of both Houses to these Regulations on
the ground that they are defectively drafted in one respect.
2.2 Regulations 4, 5 and 6 purport to create offences in relation to provisions in the Sudan
Regulation, the South Sudan Regulation and the Central African Republic Regulation (all
of which are defined) respectively. Regulation 5, however, refers to Article 2 of the Sudan
Regulation and so materially replicates regulation 4.
2.3 In a memorandum printed at Appendix 2, the Department for Business, Innovation
and Skills acknowledges that it should have referred to the South Sudan Regulation, and
undertakes to make the necessary correction as soon as possible. The Committee’s view is
that an amending instrument rather than a correction slip is the correct way forward:
although the error and correction are obvious and small scale in textual terms, the express
widening of criminal liability is not small scale in essence. The Committee accordingly
reports regulation 5 for defective drafting, acknowledged by the Department.
3 S.I. 2014/3263: Reported for defective drafting
Common Agricultural Policy (Control and Enforcement, Cross-Compliance, Scrutiny of
Transactions and Appeals) Regulations 2014 (S.I. 2014/3263)
3.1 The Committee draws the special attention of both Houses to these Regulations on
the ground that they are defectively drafted in two identical respects.
4
3.2 Regulation 21(1)(b) confers a power of entry for an authorised officer for the purpose
of ascertaining whether certain offences have been or are being committed. Regulation 28
provides a defence of due diligence in any proceedings for certain offences. In each case the
offences specified include an offence under regulation 25(4). Regulation 25(4) prescribes
the penalty on conviction for an offence under regulation 25(3), which is also identified in
the two provisions in question, but does not create any offence.
3.3 In a memorandum printed at Appendix 3, the Department for Environment, Food and
Rural Affairs acknowledges the errors and undertakes to amend the Regulations at the next
appropriate opportunity. The Committee accordingly reports regulations 21(1)(b) and
28 for defective drafting, acknowledged by the Department.
4 Draft S.I.: Reported for requiring elucidation
Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2015 (Draft
S.I.)
4.1 The Committee draws the special attention of both Houses to this draft instrument
on the grounds that it requires the elucidation provided in the Department’s
memorandum.
4.2 Regulation 6 of the draft Regulations would insert a new Schedule 8A into the
Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2010 (“the 2010
Regulations”) for the purpose of transposing Article 14(5) to (9) of Directive 2012/27/EU
of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy efficiency (“the Energy Efficiency
Directive”). This requires Member States to ensure that a cost-benefit analysis is carried
out to assess the installation of cogeneration or the utilisation of waste heat from energy
producing installations, with the aim to increase energy efficiency. The effect of the new
Schedule 8A would be to oblige operators of such installations in England and Wales to
undertake a cost benefit analysis as a part of the existing environmental permitting system.
4.3 The enabling powers recited in the preamble of the draft Regulations are section 2 of,
and Schedule 1 to, the Pollution Prevention and Control Act 1999 (“the 1999 Act”).
Section 2 allows the Secretary of State to make regulations for any of the purposes listed in
Part 1 of Schedule 1. Section 1 of the 1999 Act is also relevant. This says that section 2 is
to enable provision to be made for or in connection with—
(a) implementing Council Directive 96/61/EC concerning integrated
pollution prevention and control;
(b) regulating, otherwise than in pursuance of that Directive, activities which
are capable of any environmental pollution;
(c) otherwise preventing or controlling emissions capable of causing any
such pollution.
5
4.4 Part 1 of Schedule 1 specifies particular purposes for which provision may be made
under section 2. For example, paragraph 4 allows regulations to be made for the purpose
of prohibiting persons from operating any installation or plan of any specified description,
or otherwise carrying on any activities of any specified description, except under a permit
in force under the regulations, and in accordance with any conditions to which the permit
is subject.
4.5 Paragraph 20(1) of Schedule 1 is also significant. This allows provision to be made in
regulations which “corresponds or is similar to … any provision made, or capable of being
made, under section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972 in connection with one
of the relevant directives”. The term “relevant directive” is defined in paragraph 20(2) as
including Council Directive 96/61/EC concerning integrated pollution prevention and
control, and “any other directive of the Council of the European Union designated for the
purposes of this paragraph by order made by statutory instrument”.
4.6 The Pollution Prevention and Control (Designation of Directives) (England and
Wales) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/123) designates a number of Directives for the purposes of
paragraph 20 of Schedule 1 to the 1999 Act, but not the Energy Efficiency Directive.
4.7 The Committee asked the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs to
explain why it was thought that section 2 of and Schedule 1 to the 1999 Act authorise the
new Schedule 8A to be inserted into the 2010 Regulations given that (a) it is intended to
transpose provisions in a Directive which are about the promotion of energy efficiency
rather than the control of pollution, and (b) that Directive has not been designated by
order as “a relevant directive”.
4.8 In paragraph 2 of a memorandum printed at Appendix 4, the Department point to
section 1(2) of the 1999 Act which defines ‘’environmental pollution’’ as pollution of the
air, water or land which may give rise to any harm, and provides that “pollution” includes
pollution caused by heat or any other kind of release of energy. The Department submit
that the provisions of the 1999 Act may be used as the enabling power in these
circumstances. They assert that Article 14(5) to (9) of the Energy Efficiency Directive
provides for the recovery and use of waste heat from electricity power installations and
other industrial installations which could otherwise cause pollution.
4.9 The Committee points out that Article 14(5) to (9) of that Directive provides not for
the recovery and use of waste heat, but instead requires Member States to ensure that a cost
benefit analysis is carried out to assess the installation of cogeneration or the utilisation of
waste heat from energy producing installations. It was looking to the Department to
identify particular provisions in section 2 of, and Schedule 1 to, the 1999 Act which
authorise regulations to be made imposing a cost benefit analysis requirement on operators
of energy producing installations.
4.10 Nonetheless, subject to the question of the designation order discussed below, the
Committee is prepared to accept that the powers in 1999 Act are wide enough to allow for
this imposition of this requirement by amending the environmental permitting scheme
established by the 2010 Regulations. Section 1(1)(b) specifies as one of the purposes of the
section 2 powers is to make provision regulating activities capable of causing any
environmental pollution, which (as the Department observe) is defined to include
6
pollution caused by the release of heat. Paragraph 4 of Schedule 1 would appear to allow
the issue of a permit to be made subject to the supply of a cost benefit analysis.
4.11 The Committee was also concerned that it would be inappropriate to implement the
Energy Efficiency Directive in reliance on the powers conferred by the 1999 Act as it is not
designated as “a relevant directive” under paragraph 20 of Schedule 1 to the Act. However,
the Department now say in paragraph 3 of their memorandum that an order designating
the Energy Efficiency Directive under paragraph 20(2)(c) of Schedule 1 to the 1999 Act will
be made and will come into force before the draft Regulations are made. This important
information was omitted from the explanatory memorandum laid before Parliament along
with the draft Regulations. The Committee would also expect to see a footnote referring to
the order designating the Energy Efficiency Directive included in the Regulations when
made and published (assuming they are first approved in draft by each House).
4.12 The Committee therefore reports the draft Regulations on the ground that they
require the elucidation now provided in the Department’s memorandum.
7
Instruments not reported
At its meeting on 28 January 2015 the Committee considered the Instruments set out in the
Annex to this Report, none of which were required to be reported to both Houses.
○
denotes written evidence has been submitted but not printed
Annex
Instrument requiring affirmative approval
Local Government (Transparency) (Descriptions of Information) (England) Order
2015
Draft Instruments requiring affirmative approval
Draft S.I.
Local Government (Transparency) (Descriptions of Information) (England) Order
2015
Draft S.I.
Draft Freedom of Information (Designation as Public Authorities) Order 2015
Draft S.I.
Representation of the People (Ballot Paper) Regulations 2015
Draft S.I.
Childcare Payments (Eligibility) Regulations 2015
Draft S.I.
Companies Act 2006 (Amendment of Part 18) Regulations 2015
Draft S.I.
European Union (Definition of Treaties) (Association Agreement) (Georgia) Order
2015
Draft S.I.
European Union (Definition of Treaties) (Association Agreement) (Moldova)
Order 2015
Draft S.I.
European Union (Definition of Treaties) (Association Agreement) (Ukraine) Order
2015
Draft S.I.
Anti-social Behaviour (Authorised Persons) Order 2015
Draft S.I.
Courts Reform (Scotland) Act 2014 (Consequential Provisions and Modifications)
Order 2015
Draft S.I.
Motor Vehicles (Wearing of Seat Belts) (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations 2015
Draft S.I.
Renewable Transport Fuel Obligations (Amendment) Order 2015
Draft S.I.
Mesothelioma Lump Sum Payments (Conditions and Amounts) (Amendment)
Regulations 2015
Draft S.I.
Pneumoconiosis etc. (Workers’ Compensation) (Payment of Claims) (Amendment)
Regulations 2015
Draft S.I.
Non-Domestic Rating (Levy and Safety Net) (Amendment) Regulations 2015
8
Draft S.I.
Community Right to Challenge (Business Improvement Districts) Regulations 2015
Draft S.I.
Tax Credits Up-rating Regulations 2015
Draft S.I.
Guardian’s Allowance Up-rating Order 2015
Draft S.I.
Guardian’s Allowance Up-rating (Northern Ireland) Order 2015
Draft S.I.
Road Safety Act 2006 (Consequential Amendments) Order 2015
Draft S.I.
Social Security Benefits Up-rating Order 2015
Draft S.I.
Guaranteed Minimum Pensions Increase Order 2015
Draft S.I.
Automatic Enrolment (Earnings Trigger and Qualifying Earnings Band) Order
2015
Draft S.I.
Civil Proceedings and Family Proceedings Fees (Amendment) Order 2015
Draft S.I.
Electricity Supplier Obligations (Amendment & Excluded Electricity) Regulations
2015
Draft S.I.
Electricity Capacity (Amendment) Regulations 2015
Draft S.I.
Electricity Market Reform (General) (Amendment) Regulations 2015
Draft S.I.
Immigration (Biometric Registration) (Amendment) Regulations 2015
Draft S.I.
Immigration (Leave to Enter and Remain) (Amendment) Order 2015
Draft S.I.
Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment)
Order 2015
Draft S.I.
Scotland Act 1998 (Modification of Schedules 4 and 5 and Transfer of Functions
to the Scottish Ministers etc.) Order 2015
Draft S.I.
Insolvency Act 1986 (Amendment) Order 2015
Instruments subject to annulment
○
S.I.
2014/3255
Shared Parental Leave and Statutory Shared Parental Pay (Consequential
Amendments to Subordinate Legislation) Order 2014
S.I. 2014/3344
Building Societies (Bail-in) Order 2014
S.I. 2014/3348
Bank Recovery and Resolution (No. 2) Order 2014
S.I. 2015/1
Landlord and Tenant (Notices) (Revocations) (England) Regulations 2015
S.I. 2015/6
Housing Benefit and Housing Benefit (Persons who have attained the
qualifying age for state pension credit) (Income from earnings) (Amendment)
Regulations 2015
S.I. 2015/7
Public Lending Right Scheme 1982 (Commencement of Variation) Order 2015
9
S.I. 2015/8
M6 Motorway (Junctions 10a to 13)(Variable Speed Limits) Regulations 2015
S.I. 2015/9
Criminal Justice (Specified Class B Drugs) Order 2015
S.I. 2015/11
Money Laundering (Amendment) Regulations 2015
S.I. 2015/12
Costs in Criminal Cases (General) (Amendment) Regulations 2015
S.I. 2015/13
Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Rules 2015
10
Appendix 1
S.I. 2014/3126: memorandum from the Department for Work and
Pensions
Rent Officers (Housing Benefit and Universal Credit Functions) (Local Housing Allowance
Amendments) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/3126)
1.
In its letter to the Department of 14th January 2015, the Committee requested a
memorandum on the following point:
“In article 4(4), the opening of which appears to need brackets around the
identified paragraph number (as does the opening of substitute paragraph (3)
inserted into article 4 of S.I. 2013/382), explain the meaning of “existing claims” in
sub-paragraph (b) of that substitute paragraph, and why this is not explained in
the 2013 Order as amended.”.
2.
The Department’s response to the Committee’s point is outlined below.
3.
The Rent Officers (Housing Benefit and Universal Credit Functions) (Local
Housing Allowance Amendments) Order 2014 is referred to in this
memorandum as “the Order”.
4.
Firstly, the Department is grateful to the Committee for drawing its attention to
the omission of brackets in the opening of article 4(4) and the corresponding
provision in S.I. 2013/382. The Department will take steps to remedy this error.
5.
In regards to the use of “existing claim” in article 4(4) of the Order, the
Department intends this to mean any entitlement to Universal Credit that exists
immediately before 6th April 2015. The intended effect is that, for claimants
who are entitled to the Housing Costs Element of the Universal Credit at this
time, the new local housing allowance rate will be used to calculate their
entitlement as from either: the 6th April 2015 where that is the first date of their
assessment period; or, where it is not, the first day of their next assessment
period following 6th April 2015.
6.
The Department’s view is that the drafting of paragraph (3)(b) links entitlement
to the first day of the claimant’s assessment period whether this is on or after 6th
April. If the claimant does not have an existing entitlement immediately before
6th April then they cannot have an assessment period on which the change to
local housing determination can take effect. Given this context, the
11
Department’s view is that there is limited scope for this provision to be
interpreted in a way different to that intended.
7.
Despite this the Department recognises that the drafting could be clearer and
regrets that it is not. The Department will remedy this as soon as it is reasonably
practicable to do so.
Department for Work and Pensions
20 January 2015
Appendix 2
S.I. 2014/3258: memorandum from the Department for Business,
Innovation and Skills
Export Control (Sudan, South Sudan and Central African Republic Sanctions) Regulations
2014 (S.I. 2014/3258)
1. This memorandum is submitted in response to a question from the Joint
Committee on Statutory Instruments to the Department for Business,
Innovation and Skills on 14th January 2015.
2. The Committee asked:
Regulation 5 refers to Article 2 of the Sudan Regulation. Is this correct?
3. Regulation 4 creates offences in relation to the contravention of the Sudan
Regulation (747/2014/EU) and regulation 5 is intended to create offences in
relation to any contravention of the South Sudan Regulation (748/2014/EU).
4. Therefore, the reference in regulation 5 to Article 2 of “the Sudan Regulation” is
incorrect. Regulation 5 should refer to “the South Sudan Regulation”.
5. The Department thanks the Committee for bringing this error to its attention
and will make the necessary correction as soon as possible.
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills
20 January 2015
12
Appendix 3
S.I. 2014/3263: memorandum from the Department for Environment,
Food and Rural Affairs
Common Agricultural Policy (Control and Enforcement, Cross-Compliance, Scrutiny of
Transactions and Appeals) Regulations 2014 (S.I. 2014/3263)
1. The Committee has asked the Department for Environment, Food and Rural
Affairs for a memorandum on the following point:
Why do regulations 21(1)(b) and 28 refer to an offence under regulation 25(4)?
2. These are cross-referencing errors. In an earlier draft version of the SI,
regulation 25(4) set out an offence. That provision was subsequently omitted
from the draft but the cross-references in regulations 21(1)(b) and 28 were not
correctly amended in light of that omission.
3. The Department is grateful to the Committee for identifying these errors and
will, at the next appropriate opportunity, amend regulations 21(1)(b) and 28 so
that they do not refer to an offence under regulation 25(4).
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
15 January 2015
Appendix 4
Draft S.I.: memorandum from the Department for Environment,
Food and Rural Affairs
Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2015 (Draft
S.I.)
1. The Committee has asked the Department for Environment, Food and Rural
Affairs for a memorandum on the following points:
Explain why it is thought that section 2 of, and Schedule 1 to, the Pollution Prevention
and Control Act 1999 authorise the new Schedule 8A inserted by reg. 6 of the draft
Regulations given that—
13
(a) the new Schedule is intended to transpose provisions in Directive 2012/27/EU
which are about the promotion of energy efficiency rather than the control of
pollution; and
(b) that Directive has been not designated as a relevant directive for the purposes
of paragraph 20(2)(c) of Schedule 1 to the 1999 Act.
2. With regard to point (a) Section 1(2) of the 1999 Act defines ‘’environmental
pollution’’ as pollution of the air, water or land which may give rise to any harm,
and provides that “pollution” includes pollution caused by heat or any other
kind of release of energy. The Department submits that the provisions of the
1999 Act may be used as the enabling power in these circumstances. Article
14(5)-(9) of the Energy Efficiency Directive provides for the recovery and use of
waste heat from electricity power installations and other industrial installations
which could otherwise cause pollution.
3. With regard to point (b), an order designating the Energy Efficiency Directive
under paragraph 20(2)(c) of Schedule 1 to the 1999 Act will be made and will
come into force before the draft Regulations are made.
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
16 January 2015