January/February/March 2015 - yellowstone county master gardener

Yellowstone Master Gardeners
P.O. Box 35021
Billings, MT 59107
We want hear from you !
-Send your submissions for
newsletter to
[email protected] by
March 15th for the next issue.
Ann Guthals
Donna Canino
Elaine Allard
Sheri Kisch
Tracy L. Livingston
Mary McLane
Bob Short
Amy Grandpre
Elaine Allard
Sheri Kisch
Toby Day
Inside this issue:
MG Interviews
Philadelphia Flower 2
MG Interviews
Winter Gardening
Master Gardener
January—February—March 2015
Volume 4, Issue 1
Anne Hillman ~ Master Gardeners ~ Tracy L. Livingston
Born in beautiful Pasadena, California, Anne
Hillman lived there until she was 15. Her family
then moved to Carson City, Nevada, stayed till
she was 18 and then
moved back to Escondido, California.
Somehow in 1986
Anne made her way
to Montana, just
knew that she had
found “home” and
has been here ever
Anne is married
to Roger Hillman
who works at St. Vincent Healthcare as an
emergency room nurse. They live on a halfacre in Lockwood with their five four-footed
children, four cats and one very smart dog.
After watching Anne dig carrots, the dog figured that she could dig and eat carrots all by
herself, and did.
Being a team member, helping, caring and
sharing is how Anne describes her job at the
Lockwood Veterinary Service which she has
held for the last 24 years.
Spare time is very limited for Anne, but she
does like to bead, making necklaces and ear-
Born and raised in Sheridan, Wyoming I’ve
been familiar with the Billings, Montana area
since the late 1960s. I moved in 2002, from
Cody, WY where I was working for the Buffalo
Bill Center of the West.
I didn’t get a chance
to take the Master
Gardener program until
2006, due to various
time constraints, but
have loved being involved with the group
ever since!
I am working as the
Social Media Director for The Extreme History
Project and maintaining two of their Facebook
pages (Fort Parker: The First Crow Agency and
The Extreme History Project’s pages) and as an
Archivist for the Western Heritage Center.
I am also documenting a 3,700+ artifact collection for a local that will be used as a teaching
collection by the Billings Curation Office at the
Bureau of Land Management’s state office. Love
getting to look at, photograph and document
artifacts that can date back as far as 10,000
I really have no memory of any relatives gardening, though that would have been a significant
Newsletter Editors Wanted!!
The Yellowstone Master Gardener Newsletter Editors would love to have at
least three (3) new folks join us as Editors!
There is always room for more input!
Here’s the Dirt
Turkey Recipe
Seed Germination
Master Gardeners
Program, cont.
Winter is a time of promise because there is so little to do — or because you can now and
then permit yourself the luxury of thinking so. ~Stanley Crawford, A Garlic Testament: Seasons
on a Small New Mexico Farm, 1992
Book Review
One kind word can warm three winter months. ~Japanese Proverb
Winter Bees
Page 2
Philadelphia Flower Show
Master Gardener Travel Package
Brought to you by the Montana State University Extension
Master Gardener Program
Philadelphia Flower Show
Celebrate the Movies-Lights, Camera, Bloom
$495.00* Double Occupancy/per person
$695.00* Single Occupancy/per person
*Airfare, transportation to and from the hotel and additional meals/tips
are the responsibility of the individual.
DEADLINE to secure reservation: FEBRUARY 1, 2015
Price includes:
3 nights’ accommodation at the Holiday Inn Express-Midtown
Buffet breakfast daily at hotel
Meet and Greet dinner Friday evening
2 day admittance to the Philadelphia Flower Show
Saturday transportation to Longwood Gardens
Saturday admission to Longwood Gardens
As you might know, the Montana Master Gardener Program offers an opportunity for Master Gardeners, Agents, specialists, and garden club members to experience an opportunity to see gardening
talks, meet gardening writers, see great gardening presentations from world renown gardeners, and
be inspired by gardening ideas from around the country. In prior years we have visited the Northwest
Flower and Garden Show in Seattle which was well received and a real blast! This year we decided to
change things up a bit and invite you to the largest flower and garden show in the country – The Philadelphia Flower and Garden Show!
We have set up the trip with hotel room packages, a fancy dinner, tickets to the show, and as an added bonus, a trip to Longwood Gardens!
These trips have been a great success in the past – this one will be equally fantastic!
For more information please contact either Toby Day or Dara Palmer with any questions.
For more info contact:
Toby Day - [email protected] - 406.994.6523
Dara Palmer - [email protected] - 406.994.2120
To learn more about the Philadelphia Flower Show visit: http://theflowershow.com/
To learn more about Longwood Gardens please visit: http://longwoodgardens.org/
Page 3
Anne Hillman cont.
rings or doing counted crosstitch for indoor activities. If
they do get a chance to leave town, she likes to go camping and fishing. Anne has learned to tie her own flies. In
the past, Anne has had various jobs from bartending to
owning her own pet store.
Anne didn’t grow up with a family of gardeners. When
they moved to Lockwood and started work on their lawn
and garden space, she knew she would need help with
the “terrible soil” on their place. When she joined Master
Gardeners in 2004, Anne was looking for a learning experience and found that and more. She has enjoyed the
camaraderie and sharing of information. One way of dealing with not so terrific soil is to build raised beds and haul
in good soil products. A deer fence has also been necessary around the yard and next year there will be a separate “garden fence” to keep the kids out. Her plan is to
raise a lot of produce that she can preserve for the winter months.
Anne has kept her gardening talents honed by using an
AeroGarden. “The AeroGarden is an indoor garden
made by AeroGrow International. The AeroGarden can
be used to grow small amounts of vegetables, herbs, salad
plants, and flowers. The seeds for these plants come in
special seed pods, or consumers can use their own seeds
with a custom kit. The plants get artificial sunlight from
CFL or LED lights. The AeroGarden comes in several
different sizes, accommodating 3, 6, or 7 seed pods at
one time. Most AeroGardens have an adjustable light
hood that can be used to grow plants that need to grow
taller, such as tomatoes. All of the AeroGardens make
use of liquid fertilizer that is mixed into the water reservoir. The Garden makes use of hydroponics and uses no
soil. Roots soak in nutrient-rich water, which provides
plants with nutrients. The AeroGarden comes with plastic domes to put over seed pods to encourage germination; however, these can cause excessive humidity and
cause mold if kept on too long.”
Anne has helped with the Square Foot Garden at the
Metra, the info booths and helping Amy by sending out
the many notifications of upcoming meetings and social
events by postcard. Anne feels that since joining she now
looks at plants, etc. differently. You “see so much more”.
Submitted by Sheri Kisch
Yellowstone County Master Gardener Association
Bookmark This page: http://www.ycmgamt.com
The YCMGA Web Page is packed with information.
Calendar of upcoming events,
Information on Master Gardener projects and
volunteer activities,
Information on Yellowstone County Master
Gardener Association,
Minutes from past YCMGA Board meetings.
Like us on Facebook at:
Tracy L. Livingston cont.
undertaking for my Maternal Grandparents who homesteaded
outside of Liberal, Kansas. In fact that is how they met as their
homesteads were ‘next door’ to each other! My father’s people were railroaders and business people. My mother was
instrumental in getting Northern Wyoming Mental Health
Center started.
I have very distinct memories of my surrogate parents,
Clarence and Peggy Terry’s huge garden plot outside of Sheridan, mostly raiding it for pea pods and watching the various
plants go through their life cycle. In high school Byron Rawlings’ garden was another strong influence, educating me on
what would or could grow in Northern Wyoming!
Another woman whose garden so strongly influenced me
was my surrogate Grandmother Hazel (Higgie) Higgins’ flower
garden. She lived in a tiny house, on a miniscule city lot across
the street from my parents’ first house. What an amazing
magical world to wander in – all those beautiful flowers often
growing well over my head. The smells, textures and colors
were amazing!
Maybe this combination upbringing is why I am so fascinated with the Cottage Garden concept. I love trying to figure
out how to inter-plant fruits, vegetables, herbs, flowers and
smaller fruiting trees and bushes into a typical west side yard.
Since becoming involved with the Master Gardener program, my major emphasis has been the After School Program
and a cooperative program with the Billings Public Library,
Children’s Librarians and the Master Gardeners. This is cocoordinated with Elaine Allard. Several of our fellow Master
Gardeners have been fantastic volunteers on these units.
I am also an administrator for the Yellowstone County
Master Gardener Association’s Facebook page and an Editor
for the Master Gardener Newsletter. I help Amy Grandpre by
taking photos of the new folks who are attending the Master
Gardener program classes on Friday afternoons. Taking the
proverbial ‘mug shots’!
Currently, I’m looking at the various plant catalogs, dreaming of Spring and what ‘else’ can I possibly stuff into my gardening scheme!
Submitted by Tracy L. Livingston
Winter Gardening Tips
Time to start planning your garden and flower bed
Get seed ordered early
Check your trees and shrubs for any damage and
take action sooner than later. Are your trees wraps
still in place?
Check for dryness around trees. Do they need a
Start pruning your trees and shrubs while they are
still dormant.
Checked your stored bulbs for mold and moisture.
Houseplants can be headed back or transplanted.
For a more complete list of gardening tips go to
Grapevine on Yellowstone County Master Gardener’s web site www.co.yellowstone.mt.gov/
Submitted by: Elaine Allard
Page 4
Master Gardener
— Billings,
— 2015cont.
The Master Gardener Program was started by the Washington State Extension Service in 1972, and is
now offered in all 50 states. It has become an enjoyable & useful volunteer activity, offering participants
a sense of community spirit, accomplishment and intellectual learning, while providing their community
with timely, up-to-date information.
How Does The Program Work?
Participants attend a series of classes, instructing them in the latest, research-based, home horticulture practices. There are 32 hours of class time over a sixteen week period. (For both Lev. 1 & 2)
Class instruction is recorded in DVD format from Bozeman; PowerPoint Presentations are available
to view electronically for note taking and review. Cost of the program is $125 for each Level, and includes a copy of the Montana Master Gardener handbook. Limited scholarships available upon approval.
Volunteer Commitment
In return for the training, participants agree to volunteer time in a horticulture-related community
activity. (Level 1 participants must volunteer 20 hours and Level 2 participants 30 hours during year of
class participation.) Renewing Master Gardeners in good standing (completing required hours), then
volunteer 20 hours yearly to maintain good standing. Placement is based on your knowledge, skills and
Level 1 Master Gardener Course
Spring 2015 - Feb. 2-Mar. 30
Mon. 6:30 ~ 8:30 pm, or Fri. 2:00-4:00 pm.
Classes held at MetraPark Yellowstone Room,
Located at base of grandstands.
Introduction to MSU Extension and the Master Gardener Program
Soils & Fertility
Plant Growth & Development 1
Growing Food From Your Garden
Trees, Shrubs, Vines and Pruning
Lawns and Irrigation
Yard & Garden Maintenance/Composting
Intro to IPM-Integrated Pest Management
*To request applications or for questions, please contact Amy at 256-2821
(Class site and timing may change!)
Here’s the Dirt
If your New Year’s resolution includes doing more gardening and eating better then you
should consider growing micro greens. These little greens are 1 to 3 inches in height, take
10 to 14 days to harvest, and can deliver up to 40 times more nutrients than that of a mature plant.
Red cabbage micro greens are one of the top micro greens with 6 times more vitamin
C and 40 times more vitamin E.
Red cabbage, garnet amaranth and green daikon radish micro greens are all high in
Vitamin C, K, and E.
Cilantro micro greens were found to be the richest in Lutein and Beta Carotene.
Micro green seeds are readily available and simple to grow in doors with natural light.
The Volunteer mileage Tax rate for 2014 is fourteen cents a mile for those of you that
itemize your taxes. Be sure to keep detailed records and store with your tax return.
Submitted by: Donna Canino
Page 5
Send your favorite
seasonal recipes
using garden
produce for
submission to the
newsletter to
[email protected]
gmail.com by the
15th of the month.
March 15, 2015!
Remember, the
Yellowstone County
Extension Service
has moved their
In a small saucepan, sauté the onion in butter. Stir in the ketchup, brown sugar, vinegar, Worcestershire sauce, mustard, salt and pepper. Bring to a boil; reduce
heat and fold in turkey. Cover and warm through, about 5-10 minutes. Serve on rolls.
Submitted by: Sheri Kisch
Seed Germination Database—The following data is provided by Thompson &
Morgan - Successful Seed Raising Guide. This guide is out of print.
A seed is an embryo plant and contains within itself virtually all the materials
and energy to start off a new plant. To get the most from one's seeds it is needful to
understand a little about their needs, so that just the right conditions can be given for
successful growth.
Nature looks dead in winter because her life is gathered into her heart. She withers the plant
down to the root that she may grow it up again fairer and stronger. She calls her family together
within her inmost home to prepare them for being scattered abroad upon the face of the earth.
~Hugh Macmillan, "Rejuvenescence,"The Ministry of Nature, 1871
office from the
County Courthouse
to the Old Chamber
Building. Do stop by
for a visit!
By using the portal below, and then typing in
Yellowstone County
Master Gardener Association, .5% of purchases
made through this portal will be donated to
the Association. You
can even have an app
link to connect you instantly to the sign in
So please use this link
when making Amazon
Level 2 Master Gardener Course
Spring 2015 - April 3~June 1
Mon. 6:30 ~ 8:30 pm, or Fri. 2:00-4:00 pm.
Classes held at MetraPark Yellowstone Room
Located at base of grandstands.
The Role of Master Gardener in Extension
Binomial Nomenclature
Fertility, Plant Nutrients
Plant Growth and Development 2
Entomology, Plant Diseases and Abiotic Disorders
Vegetable and Fruit IPM
Trees, Shrubs, and Lawn IPM
Advanced Pruning and Woody Ornamental Care
Water Conservation
*To request applications or for questions, please contact Amy at 256-2821
Level 3 Master Gardener Course
This is a 3 day, intensive training held at MSU-Bozeman, for renewing Master Gardeners, showing committed dedication to the program. For course cost and tentative schedule
details contact Toby Day, Extension Horticulture Associate, in Bozeman at 406.334.6523.
Certification and Testing
Participants that complete either the Level 1 or Level 2 Master Gardener course will
receive a certificate of participation. (Must attend 6 of 8 course classes. Makeup classes are
Those wishing to obtain State Certification as a Master Gardener must take both Level
1 and Level 2 state developed exams and obtain a passing score. The State will mail the certification to the successful tester after participant has returned required volunteer hours for
the year.
Starts Wednesday, January 7, 2015
Contact: Mary McLane at 669-3329 for more information or to sign up to volunteer!
“It is the life of the crystal, the architect of the flake, the fire of the frost, the soul of the sunbeam. This crisp
winter air is full of it. ~John Burroughs, "Winter Sunshine"
“Winter bites with its teeth or lashes with its tail. ~Montenegrin Proverb
Garden Insects: of North America
If you have ever wondered what has been eating on your garden besides yourself, the deer and the rabbits, you could likely find the answer in The Ultimate Guide to Backyard Bugs,
Garden Insects of North America. This comprehensive and
user-friendly guide was written by Whitney Cranshaw, a professor and extension specialist for Colorado State University,
who is very well known and respected for his knowledge of
insects. Cranshaw’s book is full of close-up colored photos
and clearly written descriptions of insects as they go through
their distinct and different stages of metamorphosis, which
are very helpful in identification. Cranshaw stresses that correct identification of the insect is the required first step in
diagnoses and control.
Additionally, the book includes information on the life history and habit of
these pests which is critical to understanding their potential to cause injury and to identify
where in their life cycle we can apply management principles to help get them under control. Cranshaw believes in using Integrated Pest Management (Cultural, Physical, Biological and Chemical) to control insect pests; and before using chemical control making sure
the chemical is intended for the specific use and is used correctly. Cranshaw’s book also
brings awareness to the fact that the overwhelming majority of insects are not harmful to
our gardens and yards and many are even beneficial.
(This book is available for check out at the Billings Public Library)
Other books written by Cranshaw: Pests of the West
Bagging Big Bugs
Guide to Colorado Insects
Bugs Rule
Book Review by Elaine Allard
In seed-time learn, in harvest teach, in winter enjoy. ~William Blake
Yellowstone Master Gardeners
Winter Bees
Amy Grandpre,
Yellowstone County Urban
Horticulture Asst.
County Courthouse
217 N 27th Street, Room
P.O. Box 35021, Billings,
MT 59107
Phone: 406.256.2821
Fax: 406.256.2825
[email protected]
Toby Day, Extension
Horticulture Specialist
Montana State University,
Dept. of Plant Sciences &
Plant Pathology
P.O. Box 173140,
312 Leon Johnson Hall
Bozeman, Montana 597173140
Phone: 406.994.6523
Fax: 406.994.1848
[email protected]
Montana State University
Extension - Yard and
Honeybees work together at all times, but especially in winter. They are
one of the few insects in the Northern Hemisphere that remain active in freezing
weather, and they do it in typical bee fashion: by gathering, sharing, and communicating.
All summer they collect nectar, which they transform into honey in waxcovered cells. As the air turns colder, bees begin to cluster around their queen,
who represents the future of the hive. The colder it gets, the tighter they huddle,
shrinking to a football-sized mass that slowly eats its way through the carefully
stored honey. The bees “shiver” (flex their flight muscles) to generate heat and
take turns moving in and out of the warm center cluster to the outer rim, while the
queen remains at the heart, ready to resume her egg-laying at the first sign of
We are an ancient tribe,
a hardy scrum.
Born with eyelash legs
and tinsel wings,
we are nothing on our own.
Together, we are One.
We scaled a million blooms
to reap the summer's glow.
Now, in the merciless cold
we share each morsel of heat,
each honeyed crumb.
We cram to a sizzling ball
to warm our queen, our heart,
our home.
Alone, we would falter and
a dot on the canvas of snow.
Together, we boil, we teem,
we hum.
Deep in the winter hive,
we burn like a golden sun.
Poem by Joyce Sidman – Illustrated by Rick Allen