Emil Kaufmann (1891

From an exhibit of drawings and prints
in the galleries, eleven purchases were
made for the newly established collection.
The purchases ranged from Tintoretto to
Grosz, Beckmann, Marini, and Matisse.
purchased a print by Wendell Black of
the University of Colorado, for its F.
M. Hall collection. Additional purchases
are to be announced presently.
EMIL KAUFMANN (1891-1953)
Dr. Emil Kaufmann was born in
Vienna on March28, 1891. He studied
the history of art at the universitiesof
Innsbruck and Vienna, receiving his
doctor's degree from Vienna in 1920.
Among his teachers were Strzygowski
and Dvohik; the latter,especially,helped
to form his thinking about art and was
very dear to him. Unable to obtain a
teachingposition,Dr. Kaufmannbecame
a bankemployee,devotinghimselfto his
studiesin his leisurehours.As a resultof
the Nazi occupationof Austria,he lost
his position and left the country. He
cameto the UnitedStatesin 1940. Without regularemployment,he lived in exbut dedicated
tremelypoor circumstances,
himself with an extraordinarysinglemindednessand scrupleto researchesof
which the only rewardwas his satisfaction in revealing hidden aspects of the
history of architectureand in scholarly
workwell done. He enjoyedthe appreciation of colleaguesin his field and the aid
of grantsfrom the AmericanPhilosophical Societyand the FulbrightCommittee.
He died on July 3, 1953 in Cheyenne,
Wyoming,while en routeto Los Angeles.
Dr. Kaufmannwas attractedearly in
his careerto the architectureand architecturaltheoryof the eighteenthcentury
in France. It was in the course of his
researchesin this field that he made the
capital discoverywith which his name
will be associated-the architectClaudeNicolas Ledoux. Ledoux's work had
been ignoredby previousstudentsandits
amazing originality and importancefor
modern architecturewere unappreciated
before the publication of Kaufmann's
studies. In the light of Ledoux'sbuildings and theoreticalwritings,Kaufmann
was led to reformulatein a new and
strikingway the characterof baroqueand
modern architecture. In connection with
his study of Ledoux, he published also
the works of other little-known architects
of related tendency. A long monograph
on Boul6e, Ledoux and Lequeu appeared
in the Transactions of The American
Philosophical Society, N.S. 42, part 3,
1952, pp. 431-564. A more comprehensive work on the architecture of the
eighteenth century-Architecture in the
Age of Reason-will be published by the
Harvard University Press in 1954. At the
time of his death, Dr. Kaufmann had
nearly completed an edition of Filarete's
Besides the works mentioned above,
the following are of interest to students
of architecture:
Die Kunst der Stadt Baden, Vienna 1925
Architekturtheorie der Klassik und des
Klassizismus, Repertorium fiir Kunstwissenschaft, Berlin 1924
C. N. Ledoux, in Kiinstlerlexikon
Thieme Becker, 1928
Architektonische Entwiirfe der franz6sischen Revolution, Zeitschrift fiir
bildende Kunst, 1929
Klassizismus als Tendenz und Epoche,
Kritische Berichte, 1931
Von Ledoux bis Le Corbusier, Vienna
Die Stadt des Architekten Ledoux, Kunstwissenschaftliche Forschungen, II,
Strdmungen in deutscher Baukunst seit
1800, Kritische Berichte, 1938
Etienne-Louis Boulbe, Art Bulletin, 1939
C. N. Ledoux, Journal of the American
Society of Architectural Historians,
July 1943
At an 18th century crossroads: Algarotti
vs. Lodoli, ibid., April 1944
Columbia University