AAS Bulletin(English) - meteorological centre, bengaluru

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COMPOSITE BULLETIN OF AGROMETEOROLOGICAL ADVISORY
KARNATAKA STATE
ISSUED BY METEOROLOGICAL CENTRE, BENGALURU (IMD)
IN COLLABORATION WITH
STATE AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT &
AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITIES OF KARNATAKA
FOR THE PERIOD 07TH TO 11TH FEBRUARY 2015
ISSUED ON FRIDAY, THE 06TH FEBRUARY 2015
AGROCLIMATIC ZONES OF THE STATE
SL. AGROCLIMATIC ZONE
NO.
1.
2.
3
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
DISTRICTS
North East Transition Zone Bidar
Northeastern Dry Zone
Kalaburgi, Raichur, Ballari, Yadgiri,
Koppal
Northern Dry Zone
Vijayapura, Gadag, Bagalkot
Central Dry Zone
Tumkuru, Chitradurga, Davangere
Eastern Dry Zone
Bengaluru Rural, Bengaluru Urban,
Kolar, Ramanagara , Chikballapura
Southern Dry Zone
Mysuru, Mandya, Chamarajanagar,
Kodagu
Southern Transition Zone Hassan, Shivamogga, Chikkamagaluru
North Transition Zone
Dharwad, Belagavi, Haveri
Hill Zone
Uttara Kannada
Coastal Zone
Dakshina Kannada, Udupi
AGROMET
FIELD UNIT
(AMFU)
LOCATION
Bidar
Raichur
Bijapur
Hiriyur
Bengaluru
Naganhalli
Shimoga
Dharwad
Sirsi
Bramhavar
WEEKLY RAINFALL STATISTICS
SEASONAL RAINFALL STATISTICS
Summary for the past 3 days over the State
On 03th, dry weather prevailed over the State.
Minimum temperatures were normal over the State.
On 04th, dry weather prevailed over the State.
Minimum temperatures were appreciably below normal at many places being markedly so at
isolated places over North Interior Karnataka; however they were appreciably above normal at a few
places over Coastal Karnataka and remained normal over South Interior Karnataka.
On 05th, dry weather prevailed over the State.
Minimum temperatures were below normal at many places being markedly so at isolated places
over North Interior Karnataka and were normal over Coastal Karnataka & South Interior Karnataka.
Lowest Minimum Temperature: Vijayapura recorded 11.4oC on 04.02.2015.
State Rainfall forecast:
Day 1 February 07th :
Dry weather would prevail over the State.
Day 2 February 08th :
Dry weather would prevail over the State.
Day 3 February 09th:
Dry weather would prevail over the State.
Outlook: No significant change.
Rainfall forecast for the next five days
07.02.15 - 11.02.15
PART II
AGRICULTURAL ADVISORIES
VEGETABLES
Districts
Bidar
Kalaburgi
Yadgiri
Koppal
Ballari
Raichur
Vijayapura
Bagalkote
Gadag
Tumkuru
Chitradurga
Davangere
Bengaluru (R)
Bengaluru (U)
Chikballapura
Kolar
Ramanagar
Chamarajnagar
Kodagu
Mandya
Mysuru
Hassan
Shivamogga
Chikkamagaluru
VG
GN/TU CI
Fr
Fr
Fr
H
H
H
M
M
M
Belagavi
Dharwad
Haveri
Uttara Kannada
Dakshina Kannada
Udupi
F
F
F
H
H
H
HORTICULTURAL CROPS
Districts
Bidar
Kalaburgi
Yadgiri
Koppal
Ballari
Raichur
Vijayapura
Bagalkote
Gadag
Tumkuru
Chitradurga
Davangere
Bengaluru (R)
Bengaluru (U)
Chikballapura
Kolar
Ramanagar
Chamarajnagar
Kodagu
Mandya
Mysuru
MG
F
Fr
Fr
Fr
Fr
Fr
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
GR
CH
CO
BA
PG
WM
CW
Hassan
Shivamogga
Chikkamagaluru
Belagavi
Dharwad
Haveri
Uttara Kannada
Dakshina Kannada
Udupi
F
F
F
F/M
F/M
F/M
F
CROPS
Districts
Bidar
Kalburgi
Yadgiri
Koppal
Raichur
Ballari
Vijayapura
Bagalkote
Gadag
Tumkuru
Chitradurga
Davangere
Bengaluru (R)
Bengaluru (U)
Chikballapura
Kolar
Ramanagar
Chamarajnagar
GN
V
V
SC
P
Ra
Ra
Ra
Ra
Ra
H
H
Rg
SOR
COT BG/GG/RG COP MZ SF PD
WH
HE/GF
M
GF
GF
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
M
GF
GF
GF
T
T
T
GF
HE
H
HE
H
HE
H
HE
H
HE
H
SB AN
S
Kodagu
S
Mandya
Mysuru
Hassan
Shivamogga
S
S
H
H
S
S
T
T
F
F
Chikkamagaluru
H
S
F
T
Belagavi
M/R/P
F/GD
P
F/GF
Dharwad
M/R/P
F/GD
P
F/GF
Haveri
M/R/P
F/GD
P
F/GF
Uttara Kannada
Udupi
Dakshina Kannada
Th
H
H
LEGEND
CROP/VEGETABLE NAMES: GN-Groundnut, M-Maize, AN-Areca nut, COP-Cowpea, BG-Black
Gram, GG-Green Gram, RG-Red Gram, SC-Sugarcane, CP-Chickpea, SOR-Sorghum, SB-Soya bean,
WM-Watermelon, VG-Vegetables, CI-Chili, SF-Safflower ;RI: Rice ;PD: Paddy; MG: Mango, CH:
Chico, CW: Cashew; GR: Grapes, COT: Cotton; BA: Banana; PG: Pomegranate; GN: Ginger;
TU:Turmeric
CROP STAGES
NP: Nursery Preparation; T: Transplanting, F: Flowering, GF: Grain filling, FM: Fruit maturity G:
Germination, EV: Early vegetative, VG: Vegetative growth, BF: Boll Formation: BM: Boll maturity, P:
Picking, FLI: Flag leaf initiation, PF: Pod formation, PD: Pod Development; PM: Pod Maturity, CRI:
Crown root initiation, B: Branching, FD: Fruit Development, H: Harvesting, LJI: Late jointing Stage.
M: Maturation, R: Ripening. CI: Cob initiation F& FS: Flowering to fruit setting, HE: Head emergence,
MS : Milking stage Pl: Planting, FI: Filling, GM: Grain Maturation, R: Ripening, FR: Fruiting, TI:
Tillering, ; Bf: Bud formation; PI: Panicle Initiation; S: Sowing; GG: Grand Growth; NUF & M: Nut
formation and Maturity; JU: Juvinile; LP: Land preparation; NM: Nut Maturity, NU: Nursery; KH: Knee
high ; Sd: Seedling stage; B: Branching; Sq: Square formation; Re: Reproductive; Pe: Pegging; PoI: Pod
Initiation; Ts: Tasselling; E: Establishment; PgI: Peg Initiation; PL:Ploughing; HD: Hard dough stage;
Ra: Ratoon;; Fr: Fruiting; SS: Seed Setting; IBI: Inflorescence Bud initiation
ADVISORIES
NORTH EAST TRANSITION ZONE, BIDAR
BIDAR
Crops
Stage
Sugarcane
Planting
Mango
Flowering
Safflower
Grain
filling
Bengal
gram
Maturity
Pigeon
pea
Wheat
Rabi
Sorghum
Maturity
Grain
filling
Ear head
emergence
/ Grain
filling
Agricultural Advisories
• For the planting of sugarcane land preparation has to be done by
deep ploughing, apply 25 t/ha FYM or 2.5 t/ha varmi compost or
12.5 t/ha pressmud and select recommended varieties such as
Co-86032, Co-94012
• Before planting treat the seed sets with Carbendazime 40 g +
Chlorpyriphos 40 ml + urea 40 g in 40 litres of water for about
10 minutes. Use 10,000 – 14,000 three budded setts for one acre.
• For effective control of Hoppers take up spraying of 4 gm
Carbaryl 50WP or 2 ml Malathion 50EC or 1.5 ml
Monocrotophos 36SL or 0.5 ml Phosphamidon 40EC in one litre
of water
• For the control of Helicoverpa insect spray 1 ml/ liter
monochrotophos 36 SL or 2ml/lter Quinalphos 25 EC.
• For control of Helicoverpa insect spray insecticides like
Profenophos or Chlorpyriphos 2ml/liter or Indoxacarb @ 0.3
ml/l or Spinosad @ 0.2ml per liter of water
• Harvest the early sown crop as early as possible
• Spray 0.25 g Thiomethaxam per liter of water to avoid the pod
fly damage which was noticed throught out the district
• Harvest the crops as early as possible
• Apply irrigation to wheat crop as there is no rainfall
• For control of ear head fly take up spraying of Carbaryl 2 gm or
Malathion 2 ml per liter of water. Take up spraying when there
is 50% ear head emergence
NORTHEASTERN DRY ZONE, RAICHUR
KALABURGI
crops
Stage
Agricultural Advisories
Wheat/
Bengalgram/
As there will be no rainfall forecast harvesting can be taken up as
Rabi
Maturity
early as possible
Sorghum/
Safflower
Mango
Fruiting Provide irrigation as the fruit setting is at mustard stage
High incidence of shoot and fruit borer is observed. Spray
Brinjal
Fruiting
Malathion 2 ml or rynaxpir 0.3 ml per litre of water.
• Apply 40 kg nitrogen and 24 kg potash per acre after
irrigation.
Sugarcane
Ratoon
• In iron and zinc deficient soils take up spraying of 0.25%
ferrous sulphate + 0.5% zinc sulphate + 1% urea. Spray 56 times with 10 days interval
YADGIRI
Crops
Stage
Agricultural Advisories
Summer
Transplanting of paddy to the main field can be taken up
Transplanting
Paddy
under irrigation
Wheat/
Bengalgram/
As there will be no rainfall forecast harvesting can be taken
Rabi
Maturity
up as early as possible
Sorghum/
Safflower
Mango
Fruiting
Provide irrigation as the fruit setting is at mustard stage
High incidence of shoot and fruit borer is observed. Spray
Brinjal
Fruiting
Malathion 2 ml or rynaxpir 0.3 ml per litre of water.
• Apply 40 kg nitrogen and 24 kg potash per acre after
irrigation.
Sugarcane
Ratoon
• In iron and zinc deficient soils take up spraying of
0.25% ferrous sulphate + 0.5% zinc sulphate + 1%
urea. Spray 5-6 times with 10 days interval
RAICHUR
crops
Stage
Agricultural Advisories
Summer
Transplanting of paddy to the main field can be taken up
Transplanting
Paddy
under irrigation
Wheat/
Bengalgram/
As there will be no rainfall forecast harvesting can be taken
Rabi
Maturity
up as early as possible
Sorghum/
Safflower
Mango
Fruiting
Provide irrigation as the fruit setting is at mustard stage
Wheat/
Bengalgram
Maturity
Brinjal
Fruiting
Sugarcane
Ratoon
As there will be no rainfall forecast harvesting can be taken
up as early as possible
High incidence of shoot and fruit borer is observed. Spray
Malathion 2 ml or rynaxpir 0.3 ml per litre of water.
• Apply 40 kg nitrogen and 24 kg potash per acre after
irrigation.
• In iron and zinc deficient soils take up spraying of
0.25% ferrous sulphate + 0.5% zinc sulphate + 1%
urea. Spray 5-6 times with 10 days interval
KOPPAL
Crops
Stage
Agricultural Advisories
Summer
Transplanting of paddy to the main field can be taken up
Transplanting
Paddy
under irrigation
Wheat/
Bengalgram/
As there will be no rainfall forecast harvesting can be taken
Rabi
Maturity
up as early as possible
Sorghum/
Safflower
Mango
Fruiting
Provide irrigation as the fruit setting is at mustard stage
Summer
Provide irrigation because of continuation of dry weather
Vegetative
Groundnut
followed by no rains.
• Apply 40 kg nitrogen and 24 kg potash per acre after
irrigation
Sugarcane
Ratoon
• In iron and zinc deficient soils take up spraying of
0.25% ferrous sulphate + 0.5% zinc sulphate + 1%
urea. Spray 5-6 times with 10 days interval
BALLARI
Crops
Stage
Agricultural Advisories
Wheat/
Bengalgram/
As there will be no rainfall forecast harvesting can be taken up
Rabi
Maturity
as early as possible
Sorghum/
Safflower
Mango
Fruiting Provide irrigation as the fruit setting is at mustard stage
Summer
Provide irrigation because of continuation of dry weather
Vegetative
Groundnut
followed by no rains.
• Apply 40 kg nitrogen and 24 kg potash per acre after
irrigation
Sugarcane
Ratoon
• In iron and zinc deficient soils take up spraying of
0.25% ferrous sulphate + 0.5% zinc sulphate + 1% urea.
Spray 5-6 times with 10 days interval
NORTHERN DRY ZONE, BIJAPUR
VIJAYAPURA /BAGALKOTE
•
Plant Protection : Since dry weather will prevail in the district during the next five days, plant protection measure may
be taken up.
Harvesting : Since dry weather will prevail in the district during the next five days, harvesting and threshing of crops
may be taken up.
Agro advisories
Field crops:
The crop is in grain filling stage. So if possible give irrigation.
Wheat
•
Chickpea
•
•
•
Sugarcane
•
•
Chilli
Brinjal
•
To manage, pod borer, take up spraying of 0.15 ml Rynaxiphyr 20 SC or 2 gram
Imamectin Benzoate 5 SG, dissolved in one liter of water.
Adopt drip irrigation system to save the water up 40%.
If there is shortage of water, irrigation can be given to alternate furrows and alternate
furrows alternatively.
Hand hoeing and weeding should be done immediately after the harvest of the crop.
If, broad leaved weeds are present, a post-emergent spray of 2,4-D @1kg a.i./ha.
To manage wooly aphids provide proper drainage and apply Phorate 10G @20kg/ha
or Spray the crop with 2 ml, 20 EC Chlorpyriphos or 2 ml , 36 EC, Monocrotophos,
dissolved in one liter of water.
After harvesting the crop, the trash should not be burnt. It should be used for
vermicompostinmg or should be allowed to decompose within the rows in the field
Matured fruits can be harvested and sundried before storing.
To manage stem borer, take up spraying of 2 garm Carbaryl 50 % WP + 2 garm
Wettable sulphur, 50 % WP, dissolved in one liter of water.
HORTICULTURE CROPS:
To manage Bacterial blight disease in pomegranate, spray the crop with
Streptomycin Sulphate 0.5 g. + Copper oxy-chloride 2 g. + 2 g. Blitox
dissolved in one liter water. Then take up spraying of micro nutrients viz., 1 g.
Pomegranate
Zinc Sulphate + 1 g. Magnessium Sulphate + 1 g. Barax + 1 g. Calcium
dissolved in one liter of water.
To manage sucking pests, take up spraying of 1.7 ml Dimethoate or 0.25 gram
Acetamaprid dissolved in one liter of water.
Remove the dried twigs and branches and then take up spraying of 1 % Bordo
Lime
mixture to manage Canker disease.
To manage leaf minor pest, spray the crop with 0.3 ml Imidachloprid dissolved
in one liter of water or spray with 3 per cent bio-digester solution.
To manage Mites, take up spraying of 2.5 ml Dicofal or 0.75 ml
Spiromeshiphane dissolved in one liter of water.
To manage Mites, take up spraying of 2.5 ml Dicofal or 0.75 ml
Spiromeshiphane dissolved in one liter of water.
To manage mealy bug, take up spraying of 2.5 ml Dichlorovas + 5 ml fish oil
dissolved in one liter of water.
To manage sucking pests, take up spraying of 2 ml Dimethoate dissolved in one
liter of water or 1 gram Acetamaprid dissolved in one liter of water.
Grape
Tomato/ladies
finger/Water
millon
GADAG
•
Plant Protection : Since dry weather is going to prevail, plant protection measure may be taken up.
Harvesting : Since dry weather is going to prevail, harvesting and threshing of crops and picking of chilli may be
taken up.
Agro advisories
Field crops:
The crop is grain filling stage. So if possible give irrigation.
Wheat
•
Chickpea
Chilli
•
•
To manage, pod borer, take up spraying of 0.15 ml Rynaxiphyr 20 SC or 2 gram
Imamectin Benzoate 5 SG, dissolved in one liter of water.
To manage, leaf spot disease, take up spraying of 2 gram Mencozeb 75 WP or 1
ml Hexaconazole dissolved in one liter of water.
• Matured fruits can be harvested and sundried before storing.
Vermicompost pit management :
Care should be taken that excess moisture is not there in the Vermin-compost pits.
CENTRAL DRY ZONE, HIRIYUR
CHITRADURGA
Since, no rainfall is expected after three days, plant protection measures may be taken up
Safflower
• To manage sucking pests, take up spraying of 0.25 Gram Thimathoxycam dissolved in one liter of water.
Chickpea
• To manage pod borer, take up spraying of 0.3 ml Indaxicarb or 4 gram Carbaryl or 0.5 ml Rynaxiphyr per liter of
water.
• Repeat the same spray at the time of flowering and pod development stage if the incidence of pod borer is noticed.
Animal husbandry
Maintain optimum room temperature in Sericulture and Poultry unit
DAVANGERE
Since, no rainfall is expected after three days, plant protection measures may be taken up.
Animal husbandry
Maintain optimum room temperature in Sericulture and Poultry unit
Safflower
• To manage sucking pests, take up spraying of 0.25 Gram Thimathoxycam dissolved in one liter of water.
Pomegranate
• To manage leaf and fruit spot disease, spray the crop with 2 ml Chlorothonil dissolved in one liter of water.
• To manage sucking pests, spray the crop with 0.3 ml Imidachloprid dissolved in one Liter of water.
Chickpea
• To manage pod borer take up spraying of 0.3 ml Indaxicarb or 4 gram Carbaryl or 0.5 ml Rynaxiphyr per liter of
water.
• Repeat the same spray at the time of flowering and pod development stage if the incidence of pod borer is noticed.
Banana
•
Drench with carbendazim @ 1.0 g/litre of water to control panama wilt.
TUMKURU
Since, no rainfall is expected after three days, plant protection measures may be taken up
Maize
• To control stem borer in maize put 2-3 carboryl granules (4%) to the voral of the plant
Safflower
• To manage sucking pests, take up spraying of 0.25 Gram Thimathoxycam dissolved in one liter of water.
Chickpea
• To manage pod borer, take up spraying of 0.3 ml Indaxicarb or 4 gram Carbaryl or 0.5 ml Rynaxiphyr per liter of
water.
• Repeat the same spray at the time of flowering and pod development stage if the incidence of pod borer is noticed.
Banana
Drench with carbendazim @ 1.0 g/litre of water to control panama wilt.
Animal husbandry
Maintain optimum room temperature in Sericulture and Poultry unit
EASTERN DRY ZONE, BENGALURU
BENGALURU URBAN/ BENGALURU RURAL / CHIKBALLAPURA/ KOLAR
Crop
Stage/
Condition
Pest and
Disease
Agro advisories
Bengal gram
Redgram
Ragi (Rabi
crop)
Mango
Potato
Grapes
Agriculture crops
Pod maturity to harvesting stage.
This is the right time for harvesting Bengal gram in the field
Red gram harvesting is completed. Threshing and cleaning, drying and storage is
going on.
Irrigation is required for ear head emergence stage of the crop
Horticulture crops
Due to low temperature in morning hours congenial condition for attaching powdery
mildew disease and leaf hopper pest on mango orchard, hence farmers are advised to
control measure taken to spray of Carbaryl [email protected] 4 g/ lt of water or Spray
Carbendazim @ 1 g/L or Confidor @ 0.5 ml/ lt of water
For the management of Late blight of potato
Control measure: Sectin 3gm/L or MelodyDuo-3gm/L
Due low temperature is observed in the morning hours. This is congenial condition
for the occurrence of powdery mildew.
Control measure: Spray Carbendazim @ 1 g/L or Tridemarf @ 0.5 ml/L.
In grape to control the sucking pest take spay of [email protected] 0.5ml/lt of water.
RAMANAGARA
Crop
Redgram
Ragi (Rabi
crop)
Mango
Stage/
Condition
Pest and
Agro advisories
Disease
Agriculture crops
Red gram harvesting is completed. Threshing and cleaning, drying and storage is
going on.
Irrigation is required for ear head emergence stage of the crop
Horticulture crops
Due to low temperature in morning hours congenial condition for attaching powdery
mildew disease and leaf hopper pest on mango orchard, hence farmers are advised to
control measure taken to spray of Carbaryl [email protected] 4 g/ lt of water or Spray
Carbendazim @ 1 g/L or Confidor @ 0.5 ml/ lt of water
SOUTHERN DRY ZONE, NAGANHALLI
MYSURU/MANDYA/CHAMARAJNAGARA / KODAGU
Crop
Stage/
Condition
Pest and
Disease
Agro advisories
Paddy
Grains
In the area where the paddy harvesting is
Paddy
completed, farmers are advised to take up the sowing
harvested
of pulses like Black gram, Green gram and also the
green manure crop sun hemp to utilize residue
moisture after harvest of the paddy in Paddy field.
While sowing of pulse crops, seeds may be treated with appropriate
strain of rhizobium culture before sowing. 20gm/kg. of seeds.
The grains of the harvested crops should be
Storage
properly dried by retaining moisture percentage as
mentioned bellow for long storage & also minimize
the store pest damage Cereals 11-12 %, Pulses-9%,
Oilseeds-8 and Vegetable seeds 5-6%.
SOUTHERN TRANSITION ZONE, SHIMOGA
SHIVAMOGGA/HASSAN/CHIKKAMAGALURU
Crops/
Components
Stage /
Condition
Paddy
Transplanting
Maize
Sowing
Red
gram
Harvesting
Areca
nut
Flowering
Pest and
Disease
-
Agro advisories
Go for transplanting of paddy seedlings.
Apply Butachlor 50 EC. At 2 litre/ha. 2-3 days after transplanting
Go for intercultivation operations.
Harvest and thresh the matured pods.
Physical condition of the soil should be improved by deep digging
and adding sand/organic matter. In heavy sticky soils, gypsum @ 500
kg / ha may not be incorporated, once in two years prior to normal
fertilizer application. Adequate drainage should be provided,
Yellow leaf especially during monsoon season. Phyto-sanitary and plandisease
protection measures should be adopted to control Anabe, bud rot,
spindle bud and mite infestation. Sun-scorching of the stem should be
avoided by covering with arecanut leaves or painting with lime
slurry. Application of NPK fertilizers as per schedule along with lime
and zinc @ 8.5 g each per palm.
Pouring of 0.3% of Calixin in 15-20 litre of water at three month
Anabe roga
intervals or root feeding of 1.5% calixin solution or drench
(Ganoderma)
Hexaconozole (Contof) solution @ 1 ml/lit.
Mites
As a precautionary measure spray dicofol @ 2.5 ml / litre of water or
Sulphur @ 4g/litre of water.
Hidimundige Spray 225 gm/palm equal proportion of copper sulphate + lime twice
disease
in a year
Nut
Application of borax (2 g/litre of water) during early stages of the
Coconut
Ginger/
Turmeric
Flowering/
Maturity
Maturity
Banana
-
Vegetable
crops
-
Mango
Flowering
drop/splitting disease reduces splitting.
Improve drainage in ill drained gardens
Improving the drainage may help in minimizing its incidence.
Stem
Scooping out the affected portions and application of coal tar or
bleeding
Bordeaux paste @ 1% is effective to reduce the incidence.
Inflorescence Place the 10 g Phorate granules in small polythene bag and keep
bug
inside the inflorescence part of arecanut
Spray water soluble sulphur @ 5 g/liter of water or spray a mixture of
Mites
neem oil (20 ml) + garlic solution (20 g) + soap powder solution (5 g)
per liter of water to the coconut flower and fruit bunch.
Pouring of 0.3% of Calixin in 15-20 litre of water at three month
Anabe roga
intervals or root feeding of 1.5% calixin solution or drench
(Ganoderma)
Hexaconozole (Contof) solution @ 1 ml/lit.
Irrigation should be provide once in the week and cover the beds with
mulches.
As a precautionary measure spray carbendizim + mancozeb (SAAF)
Banana Leaf
@ 2.0 g / litre of water followed by (15 days after) [email protected]
spot/Sigatoka
2.0 g/ litre of water
Sucking
Advised to go for 2.5 ml Chlorpyriphos dissolved in one liter of
pests
water.
Spray 4 g Carbaryl 50 WP or 2 ml Melathion 50 EC or 0.25 ml
Hoppers
Imidacloprid per liter of water at before flowering and immediate
after fruit setting.
Spray 3 g sulphur or 1 g Trydimephan 50 WP or 1 g Carbondizim 50
Powdery
WP or 1 ml Hexaconozol 5 EC per liter of water at before flowering
mildew
and immediate after fruit setting.
NORTH TRANSITION ZONE, DHARWAD
BELAGAVI/DHARWAD/HAVERI
Farmers are advised to harvest the crops (Chilli, Cotton and Chickpea).
• To manage pod borer pest, take up spraying of 0.3 ml Indaxicarb or 4 gram Carbaryl or 0.5 ml Rynaxiphyr or 20
ml of Garlic and Chilli extract dissolved in one liter of water.
• New planting of Sugarcane: (January- February) apply Uriya: 480 kg, DAP: 163 Kg and MOP: 317 kg per ha.
Nitrogen should be applied in split dose: 10% at the time of planting: 20% at 6th week, 30% at 10th week and
remaining 40 % at 14th week after planting. Full dose of DAP & MOP is applies at time of planting.
• Incorporation of crop residues @ 5t./ha increase the crop yields after 2-3 years of incorporation & it also improves
the soil physical property, infiltration rate and soil water holding capacity.
•
Rabi Sorghum
• Early sown crop is at flowering to grain development stage. This phase, plants are
highly sensitive to any type of stress such as nutrient deficiencies or water deficits or
excess. It is advised to irrigate the crop immediately and top dressing with 1 bag (50 kg)
Wheat
Chickpea
Sugarcane
urea per ha.
• Earhead bug: They suck the sap from developing grains leads to choppy seeds.
• Control: Dust the earheads with 5% Melothion @20 kg or 10% Carbaryl @ 20kg per ha.
• Crop sown during the month of October 1st week is at flowering to grain filling stage,
these stages are sensitive for any kind of stress it may reduce kernels / head so it is
advised to give irrigation immediately.
• Wherever crusting is a problem it can be solved by timely irrigation.
• For control of rust Disease in Wheat (Flowering to grain filling stage) spray 1ml
Proficonezol 25EC per litre of water looking to severity repeat the same spray 15 days
after first spray.
• Early sown crop is at Harvesting stage, harvesting can be done in the early morning to
avoid shredding of the seeds.
• Crop sown during the month of October 1st week is at pod Development to maturity stage
(85 to
90 days of sowing)
• Crop sown during the month of November1st week is at flowering to pod
formation stages (55 to 60 days of sowing) irrigate the crop immediately.
• To manage pod borer pest, take up spraying of 0.3 ml Indaxicarb or 4 gram Carbaryl or
0.5 ml
Rynaxiphyr or 20 ml of Garlic and Chilli extract dissolved in one liter of water. Repeat
the same
Spray at the time of flowering and pod development stage if the incidence of pod borer
is notice
• If water scarcity is the there irrigate the crop in alternate row, to save the water. Drip
irrigation save the water up 40%.
• To reduce the wooly aphids provide proper drainage excess water and Soil application
of Phorate 10G @20kg/ha or Spray the crop with Chlorpyriphos 20EC @2ml or
monocrotophos 36 SL @ 1ml/litre of water.
• Maturation and Ripening - This phase lasts for about three months - Detrashing should
be taken up, it could be done at bi-monthly intervals depending upon the labour
availability.
Depending up on the maturity of standing crop complete the harvesting within 8-10
days,
Immediately after the completion of the harvest within a week remove the trash and use
it for compost making or allow the trash to decompose in between the rows.
• Shave the stubbles as close as possible to the ground level with sharf knives to allow
uniform establishment the ratoons.
• For New planting: it should be done in January – February month Use diseased free sets
from 8-10month old plantation.
• Dip the sets for 10 minutes in solution prepared form 100gm Carbendizim + 100 ml
Chlorpyriphos + 100 gm Urea in 100 litre of water. Use 25000 – 35000 three budded
sets/ha.
• Fertilizer: Nitrogen:250 kg (10% at the time of sowing, 20% at 6th week after planting,
30% at 10th week, remaining 40% at 14th week after planting.
• Fresh planting can be start, apply 10 kg Zinc sulphate + 10kg Ferrous sulphate + 4kg
Magnesium sulphate + 1kg boran per ha.
To make best use, always apply fertilizer in plough furrow on either side of crop roes
and cover at the time of Intercultivation.
• Application of sulphur in the form of Gypsum @ 500 kg /ha to sulphur deficient soils to
increase the cane yield and juice quality.
• In majority cotton growing areas the seed cotton is nearing completion. It is advised not
to irrigate the crop to get new growth and few flowers and bolls. It will lead to build up
of pest and diseases which will affect the forthcoming regular cotton crop in the next
season.
• Light irrigation in alternate furrows is advised in black soils wherever the crop is at boll
development stage. Avoid picking of kapas during early morning hours and kapas should
be sun dried for a day and to be sent to market pickingwise separately to get higher price.
• It is suggested not to irrigate the crop where kapas picking is completed to avoid new
growth. use cotton stalks for compost making instead of burning or using as fuel. Cotton
stalks can be rotoslashed in the field itself by tractor operated rotovator.
• Incorporation of crop residues @ 5t./ha increase the crop yields after 2-3 years of
incorporation & it also improves the soil physical property, infiltration rate and soil
water holding capacity.
Pest and Diseases management
• Shoot weevil incidence has been reported in few districts in 30-45 days old crop.
Advised spraying of Profenophos 50 EC @ 2 ml/lit + Dichlorovos 100 EC @ 2.0 ml/lit
of water
• If, Mirid bug incidence were noticed - Spraying of Acephate 75 SP @ 1 g/lit of water is
advised for effective control.
• Chilli crop which is sown in the month of June is at harvesting stage.
• Dry fruits can be harvested 70-80 days after trance planting
Pest and Diseases management in Tomato
• Tomato - If fruit borer is noticed- spray Thiodicarb 1gm 75WP per litre of water.
• At flowering stage spray NAA 50ppm @5ml in 100 litre of water to reduce flower
dropping.
• For control of Shoot & Fruit borer in brinjol Collcet and destroy the damaged tender
shoots, Fallen fruits and Spray Carbaryl 50% WP 2glitre + wettable Sulphur 50% WP
2g/litre of water.
•
Cotton
Chilli/Tomato/
Brinjol
Watermelon
Animals
• To control powdery mildew in watermelon spray Metalexyl @ 2g/litre of water
• For milch animals regularly follow schedule of 1 kg feed + 50 g mineral mixture per 2
litres of milk yield. Feed animals with a mixture of green grass + hay + minerals + dry
feed like a khichri
• Keep the cattle shed clean.
• Protect milch animals from cold weather.
• Proper ventilation should be maintained for free circulation of air in the sheds.
• Maintain optimum moisture of 50 to 60 per cent in vermin compost pits and drain out
the excess water from the vermipits.
HILL ZONE, SIRSI
UTTARA KANNADA
Paddy
•
•
•
Paddy threshing can be continued.
Farmers are advised to take up the sowing of pulses like Black gram, Green gram and also the green manure crop
sun hemp to utilize residue moisture after harvest of the paddy in Paddy field.
In paddy fields where there is no residue moisture, in such fields farmers can take up deep ploughing, so that the
soil pathogens will die and in turn it will help to reduce pest incidence for the next paddy crop.
Mango
•
It is at flowering stage.
•
For control of powdery mildew spray Carbendezim @1 gm / lit of water or Hexaconozole @1g / lit of water.
•
For control of Hoppers spray Melathion @ 2ml / lit of water or Monocrotophos @ 1.25ml / lit of water.
Arecanut
• The incidence of button dropping, inflorescence dieback will occur. For the control of these spraying of
Carbendezim @ 1 gm/lit or Mancozeb @ 2 gm/lit of water can be taken.
•
Root grub in arecanut: Pour 3 liters of Chloropyriphos solution (3 ml per liter of water) to base of arecanut.
Black Pepper
•
•
Harvest the completely ripened bunch (In a bunch one or two seed turned to red colour) and separate the seed from
the bunch. Dip those seeds in boiling water for a minute and remove and dry it.
To prepare the white pepper this is the right time. Harvest the completely ripened bunch and keep it in flowing
water for 9 days. After that wash it thourolly and dry it.
Cardamom
•
For control of Leaf spot and rot Spray with 1% Bordeaux mixture or 3 gm copper oxy chloride per lit of water.
Banana
•
For control of panama disease 1 gm Carbendezim /lit Drench 3-4 lit per plant.
Cashew
• For the control of Tea Mosquito Spray Monocrotophos @ 1ml / lit of water or Dimethoate @ 2ml Per lit of
water.
Irrigate the areca nut, coconut and black pepper gardens either furrow or drip irrigation. For each coconut
tree requires 60-70 lit of water per day.
COASTAL ZONE, BRAMHAVAR
UDUPI/DAKSHINA KANNADA
Bulletin yet to be received