Species - Discovery Publication

Species
ANALYSIS
International Daily Journal for Species
ISSN 2319 – 5746
EISSN 2319 – 5754
Botanicals Sold By Herbal Vendors Employed For Skin
Diseases in North Maharashtra, India
Ahirrao YA1҉, Patil MV2, Patil DA3
1. S.S.V.P.Sanstha’s Arts, Commerce and Science College, Shindkheda District, Dhule-425406, (M.S.) India, E-mail: yaabotany@gmail.com
2. S.S.V.P.Sanstha’s Arts, Commerce and Science College, Shindkheda District, Dhule-425406, (M.S.) India, E-mail: mvp16may@rediffmail.com
3. P.G. Department of Botany S.S.V.P. Sanstha’s L.K. P.R. Ghogrey Science College, Dhule-424005, (M.S.) India, E-mail: dapatil10aug@yahoo.com
҉
Corresponding Author: S.S.V.P.Sanstha’s Arts, Commerce and Science College, Shindkheda District, Dhule-425406, (M.S.) India, E-mail:
yaabotany@gmail.com
Publication History
Received: 20 November 2014
Accepted: 11 January 2015
Published: 4 March 2015
Citation
Ahirrao YA, Patil MV, Patil DA. Botanicals Sold By Herbal Vendors Employed For Skin Diseases In North Maharashtra, India. Species, 2015,
13(37), 1-5
ABSTRACT
Ethnomedicinal Plants traditionally occupy an important position in socio-cultural and socio-economic arena of rural and tribal societies. The
present authors surveyed Nasik, Nandurbar, Dhule, Jalgaon and Buldhana districts of North Maharashtra for the traditional knowledge of
herbal vendors since July 2009. This paper particularly reports drugs sold by vendors to combat various skin diseases such as mouth sores,
itching, boils-with pus, pimples, ringworms, black spots, leucoderma, eczema, scabies, herpes, burns, hair blisters etc. Total 26 species
belonging 25 genera and 23 angiospermic families are included. They employ various plants parts like rhizome, stem bark, leaves, flowers,
fruits, seeds or entire plants and some domestic substances. The paper informs correct botanical names, local names, parts used, type of
medicinal recipes and doses prescribed by the herbal vendors. These drugs, if studied on scientific lines, may yield valuable lead molecules and
serve as additional sources of medicine.
Key words: Herbal Vendors, Ethnomedicine, North Mahrashtra.
Ahirrao et al.
Botanicals Sold By Herbal Vendors Employed For Skin Diseases In North Maharashtra, India,
Species, 2015, 13(37), 1-5,
http://www.discovery.org.in/s.htm
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© 2015 Discovery Publication. All Rights Reserved
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Medicinal plants have been crucial in sustaining the health and well-being of mankind. It is generally agreed that major section of population
especially in developing and underdeveloped countries seek healthcare from sources other than conventional medicines. They also seek help of
1
1. INTRODUCTION
some organized systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha etc. Apart from these every community or village has a wealth of herbal
folklore. Our ancestors possessed a profound understanding of healing powers of plants. They used to try and test local plants for a range of
common health problems. These ancient healing practices are still vogue in a period when differentwell-thought and organized systems of
medicine are in practice all over the world. Their knowledge has been passed orally generation-to-generation since long past. India is one such
country having the oldest system of healing in the world. Moreover, tribal and rural societies in India still have their choices of indigenous drug
selection and application. A review of literature indicates the Herbal Vendors called (Jadibutiwalas) and their traditional knowledge about plant
drugs has remained untapped. They have been always ignored in our country. In India, Sinha (1998) has attempted on this line and studied
Delhi and surrounding areas. The present authors investigated some districts of north-western part of Maharashtea. viz. Dhule, Nandurbar,
Nashik, Jalgaon and Buldhana districts. Information of 26 plants species used for various human ailments are being communicated in this
paper.
2. METHODOLOGY
Herbal vendors wandering in north Maharashtra are tapped and enquiries w.r.t. plant drug, recipe, administration plant names, precautionary
tips and diseases treated are noted. Plants samples or products are purchased/collected and presented scientifically. They are identified by
using various regional, state and national floras in India. (Cooke, 1958; Hookar,1872-1897; Naik, 1998; Sharma et al., 1996 Singh et al., 2000;
Patil 2003 and 2003; and Kshirsagar and Patil2008) Repeated surveys were conducted in different villages, towns and cities of North
Maharashtra. Information regarding remedies related especially to the human diseases was recorded. The data adduced is based on personal
interviews, observations and experiences of vendors in the region. The data is compared with the classical literature (Anonymous 1948-1976;
Ambasta 1986; Jain 1991; Watt 1889-1893; etc.). Asterisk to the plant species indicate reports in classical literature.
3. OBSERVATIONS
Table 1
Enumeration of identified botanicals and utilities
Sr.
No
Botanical Name and Family
*Ailanthus excelsaRoxb.
Vernacular Name
Part Used
Rukhado
1.
Leaves
Simaroubiaceae
Maharukh
Recipe and Administration
Leaf Juice is applied daily on body to treat
leucoderma. It is applied till cure.
Coll. No.
310 YAP
Two fistful of leaves are washed and Juice is
extracted. Peacocks feather is burnt and the ashe
AristolochiabracteolataLamk.
2.
Gidhad
Leaves
Aristolochiaceace
is mixed with extract along with one teaspoon of
280 YAP
coconut oil (Cocusnucifera L.) The mixture is
applied on eczema till it cures.
Seed powder is mixed in cow milk and applied on
*BuchananialanzanSpreng.
3.
ChironjiCharoliChar
Seeds
Anacardiaceae
251 YAP
skin soft and glowing.
Leaf juice and seeds powder of (Cuminumcyminum
**Cassia auriculata L.
4.
face at night toreduce pimples and to render the
AwaliTarwad
Leaves
Caesalpiniaceae
L.) and cow butter is mixed thoroughly and the
paste is applied daily for six nights to reduce black
105 YAP
spots on skin.
Cassia tora L.
5.
Raj tarota
Leaves
Ran-Alu
Fruit
Caesalpiniaceae
Colocasiaesculenta (L.)Schott.
6.
for four days relievering worm and eczema.
Fruit paste is applied on face to remove black spots
on skin. It is advised for three days till it cures.
233 YAP
22 YAP
Ahirrao et al.
Botanicals Sold By Herbal Vendors Employed For Skin Diseases In North Maharashtra, India,
Species, 2015, 13(37), 1-5,
http://www.discovery.org.in/s.htm
Page
2
Palmae
1. Leaf paste is applied on affected parts at night
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1.Stem barkis rubbed on a stone with few drops of
water to prepare a paste. It is applied daily for
seven nights on infected part to cure boils with
*Crataevanurvala
pus.
7.
Buch.-Ham.
WayvarnaVaruna
Stem bark
162 YAP
2. A piece of bark is rubbed on stone with a few
Capparidaceae
drops of water and the slurry is applied every
morning for four days to cure watery boils on face
and scalp of babies.
*Cressacretica L.
8.
Convolvulaceae
Dried plants are burnt and the ash is mixed with
RanharbaraJangalichan
Entire dried
coconut oil (CocusnuciferaL.) and applied on
a
plants
affected skin against scabies once a day till it
271 YAP
cures.
1. Leaves are dried in theshade then kept in
sunlight for one day and fine powder is prepared. It
is applied on skin to cure scabies.
*Cullencorylifolia (L.) Medik.
9
BawanchiBapachi
Fabaceae
Leaves
Entire plant
2. Four to five plants are uprooted washed and
179 YAP
ground into a fine paste. Itis applied for ten to
fifteen days daily at night to remove white spots on
skin.
Paste of rhizome is mixed in cow dung at equal
**Curcuma domestica Valet.
Ran-haldi
Rhizome
Zingibereceae
Sisam
Leaves
Fabaceace
NirbisiJadwar
Entire plant
Ranunculaceae
Avala
Seeds
Euphorbiaceae
14
15.
**Euphorbia nerifolia L.
NivdungThuorSabarkan
Euphorbiaceae
d
*Fumariaparviflora Wight&Arn.
Fumariaceae
Leaves, latex
Pittapapada
Leaf
Mahu
Leaves
**Madhucalongifolia (Koen.)
16.
Macbr.var.latifolia(Roxb.)Cheval
18
Meliaazaderach L. Meliaceae
**Musa paradisiaca L.
Musaceae
is mixed with two to three drops of vinegar and is
applied on face for one month. It removes facial
350 YAP
Seed ash is mixed with coconut oil (Cocusnuecifera
L.) and applied on scabies for four days till it cures.
Latex of the plant is applied on the mole, wart and
boils for 3 nights till cure.
Leaf juice is applied on hand palm and foot sole to
get relief from burning sensation.
248 YAP
316 YAP
330 YAP
Jaggery is applied on three tender leaves at night.
ierSapotaceae
17.
152 YAP
wrinkles and white spots.
**EmblicaofficinalisGaertn.
13
days at night to a person suffering from pimples.
One leaf is chewed at morning, one at noon and
2 YAP
one at the evening. It helps to cure mouth sores.
Bakayan. Nim
Flowers
Kela
Fruit pulp
Flowers are ground and paste obtained is applied
on skin for 3 days to cure boils.
315 YAP
Pulp of raw fruit is applied daily on infected skin
Ahirrao et al.
Botanicals Sold By Herbal Vendors Employed For Skin Diseases In North Maharashtra, India,
Species, 2015, 13(37), 1-5,
http://www.discovery.org.in/s.htm
part and wrapped by cloth to treat eczema. It is
129 YAP
applied till cure.
3
12
A cup of leaf decoction is administered for seven
Entire plant is dried and ground into powder. This
*Delphinium denudatum Wall.
ex. Hook. f.&Thomson.
79 YAP
herpes (Nagin) diseases.
DalbergiasissoRoxb. ex DC.
11
ratio. It is applied at evening for one month to cure
Page
10
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19.
*Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L.
Oleaceae
Parijat
Leaves
Leaf juice is applied a gainst itching and ringworms
till cure.
94 YAP
1. Seed powder is mixed with coconut
oil(Cocusnucifera L.) It is applied on suppurating
20
**Piper nigrum L. Piperaceae
Kali-miri
Seeds
tumours or boils.
83 YAP
2. Seeds are rubbed in water. The paste is applied
on pimples daily for three consecutivenights.
21.
**PhyllanthusamarusSchumach.
&Thonn. Euphorbiaceae
Bhuiawala
Leaves
Leaves are crushed with salt andthis paste is
applied for four night on scabies till it cures.
202 YAP
1. Stem bark is dried and powdered. It is mixed
with cow milk and the paste is applied on skin for
**Plumbagoindica L.
22
three days at night to cure white spots on skin.
LalcitraRaktacitra
Stem bark
Plumbaginaceae
289 YAP
2. Stem bark powder is mixed in cows milk and the
paste is applied on skin at night for two nights
against bile.
1. Decoction of fruits abouttwo teaspoonfull is
advised twice daily for fifteen days to treatitching
23
*SphaeranthussenagalensisDC.
Asteraceae
Gorakhmundi
Fruits
of skin.
50 YAP
2. Dried fruit powder is consumed with water at
night for one month toreduce bile.
24
25
**Terminaliabellirica (Gaertn.)
Roxb. Combretaceae
*Thevetiaperuviana (Pers.) K.
SchumachApocynaceae
Acup of decoction is Prepared from fruits and given
Beheda
Fruits
in morning and then swallowed. This is Prepared
195 YAP
for 2-3 days to cure sores in mouth
Leaves are boiled with olive oil (Oleaeuropaea L.)
KanerKaravi
Leaves
Bitti
and the paste is applied on skin at night for fifteen
49 YAP
days against skin itching.
1. Fruits are dried and ten seeds are crushed with
**Vitisvinifera L.
26
Fruits,
AngurDraksha
Vitaceae
Leaves
leaves of SyzigiumcuminiL. and the decoction is
gargled two to three time to cure sores in mouth.
157 YAP
2. Cow ghee is applied on leaves. Then it is applied
on hair blisters till cure.
Ahirrao et al.
Botanicals Sold By Herbal Vendors Employed For Skin Diseases In North Maharashtra, India,
Species, 2015, 13(37), 1-5,
http://www.discovery.org.in/s.htm
www.discovery.org.in
© 2015 Discovery Publication. All Rights Reserved
Page
The present authors came across some botanicals used by vendors to treat various human skin diseases in North Maharashtra. Presently,
botanicals belonging to 26 plant species of 25 genera belonging to 23 families are communicated. All are angiosperms. Of these, 06 plant
species are cultivated ones. Only 01 species is exotic and 08 species are used as supplementary source.These are administered in the form of
decoction (03),powder(06), juice(05), paste(09), pulp(01), ash(02), latex.(1) and slurry(1). Even they are used raw or sometimes simply warmed.
In many cases, they use them as a sole drug or occasionally supplemented by other botanicals or substances like jiggery, butter, cow-ghee,
cow-milk, pecock, feather, vinegar, etc. Comparative study of ethnomedicinal claims indicated that 21 species which on comparison with
classical literature, are bing reported useful for the first time from India. There are Eleven species viz. Cassia auriculata, Curcuma domestica,
Euphorbia nerifolia, Madhuca longifolia, Musa paradisiaca, Piper nigrum, Phyllanthus amar, Plumbago indica, Terminalia bellirica, and Vitis
vinifera.Which are reported earlier useful for the affliction under study but the parts use employed are different.They used these to combat
common diseases such as sores in mouth, skin itching, biles, boils with pus, pimples , ringworm , black spots, eczema , scabies, white
spots,lucoderma, burn,hair blister, etc. The herbal vendors carry on their business traditionally especially in publics places like, railway stations,
bus-stations, weekly bazaar, famous temples, pilgrims, special gatherings, courts, government. offices, main roads, etc. Even in modern period,
4
4. DISCUSSION
many people purchase medicines from them. It is not scientifically verified by the vendors and hence it is advisable to testify these bioresources
in laboratories. Such attempts will authenticate these claims and may add new or additional source of medicines
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Authors are thankful to the authorities of S.S.V.P.Sanstha Dhule for library and laboratory facilities.
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Ahirrao et al.
Botanicals Sold By Herbal Vendors Employed For Skin Diseases In North Maharashtra, India,
Species, 2015, 13(37), 1-5,
http://www.discovery.org.in/s.htm
Page
5
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