Artzer, quAkes, FroM a1 budget, FroM a1

For the record
A6
The Hays Daily News
Monday, Feb. 2, 2015
Watch for breaking news at
HDNews.net
Monday
Markets
Hays cash grains
Courtesy: Golden Belt Co-op
Local cash wheat . ..............................5.05
Local cash milo . .................................4.08
Oil
$ per barrel
Kansas Crude (Friday).................. $38.00
NY Spot Crude . ............................. $48.27
artzer,
“I check my inventory to
choose what I need the most
of,” Artzer said.
The teenager is also
involved in volleyball,
cheerleading, basketball and
track. She likes to make cupcakes, and “I make supper
a lot of times, too,” Artzer
said.
The experience has
changed her.
“The business has made
me think more,” she said.
“It’s made me learn a lot of
things.”
The teenager also donates
to a nonprofit, Pheasants
Forever.
She gifts 10 mixes and
a basket each year to the
organization.
“I like to donate back to
the people that donated to
me,” she said. “It gives back
to the people who gave to
me in the first place.”
Artzer won the gold
medal at the Family Career
and Consumer Science at
the national competition in
entrepreneurship for Made
by Jade. She has won other
awards, too.
She is the daughter of
Kim and Jason Artzer,
Goodland. She has a
brother, Koal.
Artzer does all of it
herself, her mother said.
That includes sales tax and
income tax.
“She pays for everything
herself. It’s 100 percent her
business,” her mother said.
Kim Artzer credits 4-H
for her daughter’s maturity.
“4-H is probably the
basis of where this all came
from,” she said.
“We’re very proud.”
“The business has
made me think
more. It’s made
me learn a lot of
things.”
quakes,
Theora Margaret
(Haage) Slone
Society in education. She was
a United Methodist Youth
Group Leader, a speech and
debate coach and school
Theora Margaret (Haage) sponsor “Extraordinaire.”
Slone, 76, died Tuesday, Jan.
She enjoyed gardening,
27, 2015.
decorating, antiquing, readShe earned her master’s
ing, shopping and traveling,
of library
family and friends, spending
science at
time with them, laughing,
University
sharing a meal or being on
of Missouri
the lake.
in ColumVisitation will be from 9
bia, Mo.,
to 11 a.m. Saturday at Tusand her
cumbia Christian Church,
bachelor
275 Highway HH, Tusof science
cumbia, MO. Following the
in education at Kansas
memorial service, family and
State College of Pittsburg,
friends are invited to lunch
Pittsburg.
at the church. Following
She was a retired librarian, lunch, inurnment in Boltz
debate/speech teacher and
Cemetery.
English educator, dedicating
Condolences can be sent
her life’s work to the written
to the family at www.Charletand spoken word.
FuneralHome.com.
Survivors include two
brothers, George Haage
and wife, Hanako Koyama,
Everett, Wash., and PhilKaren Ann Baczkowski,
lip Haage, wife, Sue, Paris,
61, Hays, died Saturday,
Texas; three sisters, Judy
Jan. 31, 2015, at Northcare
Rentschler and husband,
Hospice
Riley, Lake Ozark, Mo.,
and PalEleanor Haage and partner,
liative Care
Cheryl, Nevada, Mo., and
in North
Carol Deveney, St. Louis;
Kansas City,
two grandchildren, Gabriella Mo., after
Coco and Sawyer Coco; and a long and
a niece, Grace Blehm.
courageous
She was preceded in death battle with
by her parents, George and
lymphoma.
Dorothy Haage; a sister,
She was born Nov. 18,
Barbara Ruggels; a brother,
1953, in Hays to Alfred and
Charles Haage; a brotherRita Mae Jacobs. She grew
in-law, Jack Deveney; and a
up in Pfeifer, attended Holy
niece, Tamra Ruggels.
Cross School and was a 1971
She was a member of
graduate of Victoria High
the Kappa Delta Pi Honor
School.
Karen Ann Baczkowski
from A1
Jade Artzer
young entrepreneur
Obituaries
Nada Kay Hutchison, 93,
died Sunday, Jan. 4, 2015, in
Overland Park.
Services will be at 1 p.m.
Saturday at the Church of
the Resurrection in Firestone
Chapel, Leawood; inurnment
in Kansas Veterans Cemetery,
WaKeeney, at a later date.
Services will be at 2 p.m.
Friday at Park Place Christian Church, 2600 N. Adams,
Hutchinson. The family will
receive friends following the
service at Hutchinson Town
Club. Friends can sign the register book until Friday at Elliott
Mortuary, Hutchinson.
JoAnn Marie Franke, 82,
Hutchinson, died Friday, Jan.
23, 2015, at Hester Care Center, Wesley Towers.
Dale L. Shearer, 90, died
Thursday, Jan. 29, 2015,
at Norton County Hospital,
Norton.
budget,
She was a registered nurse.
She specialized in psychiatric
nursing, working many years
in facilities in Kansas and
California. She returned to
Kansas in 2012 to be closer
to her family, completing her
nursing career as a clinical
supervisor at Senior Focused
Care at Hays Medical Center.
She enjoyed reading,
gardening and most importantly, spending time with
her family, especially her
grandchildren.
Survivors include two sons,
Jeff Baczkowski and wife,
Kayla, and Nathan Baczkowski and wife, Erin, all of
Hays; her father and stepmother, Alfred and Virginia
Jacobs, Kansas City, Mo.;
two brothers, Fred Jacobs
and wife, Jane, Louisville,
Ky., and Tim Jacobs and
wife, Joyce, Olathe; a sister,
Stacy Miller and husband,
John, Kansas City, Mo.; four
stepsisters, Cheryl Alexander and Nancy Wetig and
husband, John, all of Great
Bend, Debra Moss and
husband, Ed, Coats, and Lisa
Crain, Larned; two stepbrothers, Mark Crain, Great
Bend, and Mike Crain and
wife, Renay, Eades, Colo.;
two grandsons, Brooks and
Brody Baczkowski, both of
Hays; her niece, nephews,
great-nieces and greatnephew.
She was preceded in death
by her mother.
Service will be at 10:30
a.m. Wednesday at St. Joseph
Catholic Church, 13th and
Ash, Hays.
Additional services
Services will be at 10:30 a.m.
Wednesday at First Church of
God, Norton; burial in Norton
Cemetery. Visitation will be
from 5 to 7 p.m. Tuesday at
Enfield Funeral Home, Norton.
Visitation will be from 4
to 8 p.m. Tuesday and from
9:30 to 10 a.m. Wednesday,
both at Brock’s-Keithley
Funeral Chapel, 2509 Vine,
Hays, KS 67601.
A vigil will be at 6:30 p.m.
Tuesday at the funeral home.
Memorials are suggested
to Leukemia & Lymphoma
Society, Northcare Hospice
& Palliative Care (www.
northcarehospice.org) or to
an educational fund for her
grandchildren in care of the
funeral home.
Condolences can be left by
guestbook at www.keithleyfuneralchapels.com or emailed
to [email protected]
Frank Bretz Jr.
Frank Bretz Jr., 90, Hoxie,
died Friday, Jan. 30, 2015,
at his home.
He was born
Oct. 8, 1924, in
Lane County
near Shields to
Frank Sr. and Inez (Thomas)
Bretz.
He married Evelyn (Eitel)
Bretz on
Jan. 2,
1947, in
Dighton.
He was a
farmer and
manager
of Nichols
Hardware
and Mickey
Hardware. He was a U.S.
Navy veteran, serving during
World War II.
Survivors include his
wife, of the home; a son,
Jan and wife, Teresa, Studley; a daughter-in-law, Joy
Bretz, Studley; 12 grandchildren; and 18 greatgrandchildren.
He was preceded in death
by a son, Dennis Bretz.
Services will be at 10:30
a.m. Thursday at Hoxie
United Methodist Church;
burial in Studley Cemetery,
with Navy military guard.
Visitation will be from 1
to 8 p.m. Wednesday, with
family receiving friends
from 6 to 7 p.m. at MickeyLeopold Funeral Home,
Hoxie.
Memorials are suggested
to Hoxie United Methodist
Church, Studley Cemetery
or Sheridan County Health
Complex in care of the
funeral home.
Condolences can be sent
to the family at www.mickeyleopoldfuneral.com.
Robert E. Balderston
Robert E. Balderston, 82,
Stockton, died Sunday, Feb.
1, 2015, in Stockton.
Arrangements are pending
at Plumer-Overlease Funeral
Home, Stockton.
Sybilla Schmidt
Sybilla Schmidt, 95, Hays,
died Monday, Feb. 2, 2015,
at Good Samaritan Society
of Hays Card Center.
Arrangements are pending
at Cline’s Mortuary of Hays,
1919 E. 22nd, Hays, KS
67601.
Services to be at 11 a.m.
Feb. 21 at Yorgensen-MeloanLondeen Funeral Chapel,
Manhattan; cremation is
planned.
and Oakley VFW Post No.
2981. Visitation will be from
9 to 10:30 a.m. Wednesday
at Kennedy-Koster Funeral
Home, Oakley.
Richard Harland “Dick”
Russell, 88, rural Manhattan,
died Thursday, Jan. 29, 2015,
at Good Shepherd Hospice
House, Manhattan, as a result
of injuries he sustained in an
automobile accident.
Leighton Riley Goble, 90,
Oklahoma City, died Friday,
Jan. 30, 2015, at Integris Hospice House, Oklahoma City.
Graveside services will be at
11 a.m. Wednesday in Monument Township Cemetery, with
military honors by U.S. Army
The Hays Daily News will
publish an obituary free for
people with direct ties to the
area. More information can be
added for additional charges.
Contact us at (800) 657-6017.
While all but certain to die
in Congress, Obama’s budget
could provide Democrats
with a platform in the 2016
elections for the White House
and Congress. His proposals would help more than 44
million households with an
average benefit of $600 per
household, according to the
White House.
One proposal will be the
six-year, $478 billion infrastructure program focused
on roads, bridges and transit
systems.
About half, $238 billion,
would come from a one-time
14 percent tax on the roughly
$2 trillion U.S. companies
have offshore, senior administration officials said Sunday.
The other half of the
money — $240 billion —
would come from the federal
Highway Trust Fund, which
is financed with a gasoline
tax.
Finding money to pay for
the nation’s crumbling infrastructure has been debated
with little success for years.
Washington has occasionally
debated “tax holidays” for
companies to voluntarily repatriate offshore earnings at
lower tax rates than the current maximum corporate tax
Obituary policy
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“This budget shows what
we can do if we invest in
America’s future and commit
to an economy that rewards
hard work, generates rising
incomes, and allows everyone
to share in the prosperity
of a growing America,” the
budget will say. “It lays out
a strategy to strengthen our
middle class and help America’s hard-working families get
ahead in a time of relentless
economic and technological
change.”
The proposed budget
for the fiscal year that starts
Oct. 1 includes a long list of
spending and tax increases,
many of which have been offered in the past but rejected
by Congress. This year’s plan
is expected to be no different in a newly Republicancontrolled Congress, where
lawmakers will propose their
own budget this spring.
“It seems to be more of
the same policies that have
resulted in the lowest, slowest
economic recovery out of
an economic downturn in
the history of the country —
more taxes, more spending,
more borrowing,” House
Budget Committee Chairman Tom Price, R-Ga. said
on “Fox News Sunday.”
rate of 35 percent. Obama
opposes such programs, and
his plan would be mandatory.
“Republicans believe that
we should be building our
infrastructure. The question’s
how we should pay for it,”
Obama said in an interview
with NBC. “That’s a negotiation we should have.”
The Obama budget will
urge Congress to throw out
spending caps adopted in
2011, and allow a 7-percent
increase in spending that’s
not already on autopilot
such as Social Security and
Medicare.
from A1
As oil production has increased,
specifically in Harper and Sumner counties, so too has the use of
saltwater injection.
According to state data, Harper
County oil production climbed
from approximately 361,000 barrels in 2010 to 1.85 million barrels
through the first nine months of
2014.
The county also went from 44 injection wells in 2009 to 71 in 2013,
with an additional 18 applications
received in 2014. In addition, the
volume of water injected by those
wells increased from approximately
11.3 million barrels in 2009 to 51.8
million in 2013.
At the same time, the number
of earthquakes in Kansas has been
increasing. According to the Kansas
Geological Survey, 34 quakes with
magnitude 2.5 or larger occurred
in Kansas between 1977 and
2012. But since 2013, Kansas has
experienced 115 quakes of that size
or larger.
The acceleration is even greater
in Harper and Sumner counties.
Between 1977 and 2012, those
two counties experienced only two
quakes greater than 2.0. Since
2013, however, those counties have
had 138.
This past week, Kansas experienced three quakes greater than
3.0 during a 24-hour period. All
of them were in south-central
Kansas.
Rex Buchanan, the interim head
of the Kansas Geological Survey,
told lawmakers this past week
a correlation exists between the
earthquakes and the use of saltwater injection. He said there is a
“reasonable probability” a relation-
ship exists between the quakes and
injection.
Smith is no stranger to quakes.
He lived in California at one point
and has felt large ones before. The
first one he felt in Kansas came in
December 2013.
“It sounded like somebody tossed
a stick of dynamite out in our
yard,” Smith said.
People who have not felt tremors
regularly before get rattled, Smith
said. He calls it “psychological
damage.”
Physical damage exists as well.
Smith said there are hairline
cracks on his walls, which he called
cosmetic. But he added the quakes
could cause unseen damage to
building foundations.
The cumulative effect of regular
quakes can begin to take a toll, said
Joe Spease, the fracking chairman
for the Sierra Club of Kansas.
“Cracked walls, windows,
foundations, hospital technical
equipment rooms and church
steeples — this all adds up. When
it’s happening to thousands of
homes, it’s not going to take a lot to
get to millions of dollars of damage
here,” Spease said.
If it can be proved the quakes are
caused by oil and gas companies,
those who have had property damaged by the quakes could be in a
position to take legal action against
producers. And lawsuits have already been filed in other states.
In January, the Oklahoma
Supreme Court decided to hear a
lawsuit brought by a woman from
Prague, a small town east of Oklahoma City. Sandra Larda alleges
two companies are liable for injuries
she suffered from an earthquake in
2011, according to the Associated
Press.
The earthquake at issue in
Larda’s suit is a November 2011
tremor that measured a 5.6 magnitude. A study published in 2013
in the journal Geology linked the
2011 quake to saltwater injection.
The earthquake was the most
severe in Oklahoma history. For
comparison, Kansas’ largest quake
came this past November and was a
4.4 magnitude.
Smith does not have much interest in suing. He said he’s more interested in stopping the situation.
“My position is: I want them to
stop pumping now until they can
prove — and I don’t think it’s possible — that they’re not inducing
seismicity,” Smith said.
Oil production might be
curtailed in the future, however,
because of market forces. The price
of oil has fallen dramatically in the
past few months. With a barrel of
oil now selling for less than $50,
producers have begun to scale back
output.
Ed Cross, president of the Kansas Independent Oil and Gas Association, said companies in Kansas
have also begun cutting back.
“There are several companies
that have reduced their drilling
plans already for this year,” Cross
said.
Challenges to suing
Anyone who wanted to sue
would face practical challenges.
With multiple companies operating
in Kansas, it would be difficult to
show any one company caused an
earthquake. And showing a single
quake was caused by saltwater
injection might be an even higher
bar to meet.
“It’s difficult to prove that in a
court, and I don’t know if the company would treat them as nuisance
suits to get them out of their hair
or fight them to the death,” Smith
said.
Spease called an individual suing
an oil company “completely futile.”
Instead, the Sierra Club wants to
see the establishment of a financial
risk pool.
Under the idea, oil and gas
companies would pay into a pool.
Individuals who experience damage
because of quakes would be able
to petition to be compensated from
the pool.
The oil industry has had prior
experience with compensation
funds. A fund was set-up to pay
victims of the Deepwater Horizon
disaster in 2010, in which a BP rig
exploded off the Gulf of Mexico
coast. The $20 billion fund was
administered by Kenneth Feinberg,
an attorney who gained notoriety
after running a victim’s compensation fund after the 9/11 attacks.
In the case of an earthquake risk
pool, a judge or a commission could
decide whether to award cash from
the fund and the amount, Spease
suggested.
The creation of the fund would
likely require legislative action,
however.
“The only recourse they have at
this point is with the Legislature to
create what we call a financial risk
pool, paid into by the oil and gas
companies so people have a fund
to draw from to cover the costs of
the damages they’re seeing,” Spease
said.
That’s unlikely to happen. Rep.
Dennis Hedke, R-Wichita, serves as
the chairman of the House Energy
and Environment Committee.
Hedke, a consulting geophysicist
with ties to the oil and gas industry,
said this past week after a presentation from the Kansas Geological
Survey on seismic activity in the
state, he sees no need for additional
legislation.
But beyond having no desire to
see additional legislative action,
Hedke also remains skeptical of a
link between quakes and human
activity — a position also taken by
the oil and gas industry itself.
Cross declined to draw a link
between saltwater injection and
earthquakes, even after being asked
about United States Geological
Survey and Kansas Geological
Survey findings.
“I think in Kansas we’re still
gathering information to try to find
out what is going on. I don’t think
they know here in Kansas what
exactly is causing (the earthquakes)
exactly,” Cross said.
Cross said he understands the
concerns of Kansas residents who
feel the quakes, but added the correlation between the quakes and
injection does not mean injection
causes the shaking. He supports additional seismic monitoring, which
a state task force studying seismic
activity in Kansas called for late last
year.
Cross did not want to discuss the
possibility the oil industry would
be open to legal action because of
damage from quakes.
“I think it’s premature to say,
‘That’s the culprit, now what are we
going to do about it?’ ” Cross said.