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Zootaxa 3946 (1): 104–112 /zootaxa /
Copyright © 2015 Magnolia Press
ISSN 1175-5326 (print edition)
ISSN 1175-5334 (online edition)
A new species of Troglocharinus Reitter, 1908 (Coleoptera, Leiodidae,
Cholevinae, Leptodirini) from southern Catalonia, with a molecular
phylogeny of the related species group
Institut de Biologia Evolutiva (IBE, CSIC-Universitat Pompeu Fabra), Passeig Maritim de la Barceloneta 37, E-08003 Barcelona,
Spain. E-mail: [email protected]
Museu de Ciencies Naturals (Zoologia), Passeig Picassso, E-08003 Barcelona, Spain. E-mail: [email protected]
In this paper we describe T. pallisei sp. n., a new representative of the genus Troglocharinus Reitter, 1908 (Coleoptera,
Leiodidae, Leptodirini), a strictly subterranean genus restricted to the Eastern Pyrenees and some coastal areas in Catalonia. All known specimens of T. pallisei sp. n. were collected in a cave next to the town of La Riba, in the province of
Tarragona (Spain), situated between the distribution areas of the species of the T. orcinus complex and T. espanoli Jeannel,
1930. It can be separated from the other members of the T. orcinus complex by the presence of penicillus in the apex of
the parameres of the aedeagus and from T. espanoli by the presence of a mesoventral keel; it also differs from both by its
long and erect pubescence. A Bayesian molecular phylogeny including representatives of the main lineages within the genus Troglocharinus, based on ca. 5211 Kb of 5 mitochondrial and 4 nuclear genes, placed T. pallisei sp. n. as sister to T.
orcinus Jeannel, 1910, and both sister to T. espanoli, in perfect agreement with their geographic distributions and the inferred geographic expansion of the genus to the south, with an estimated divergence of ca. 1.3 Ma. In agreement with the
results of a previous phylogenetic study, the subgenus Antrocharidius Jeannel, 1910 is synonymised with Troglocharinus
Key words: Coleoptera, Leiodidae, Leptodirini, taxonomy, phylogeny, new species, new synonymy, hypogean fauna,
Catalonia, Spain
The genus Troglocharinus Reitter, 1908 (Coleoptera, Leiodidae, Cholevinae, Leptodirini) includes 18 species and
19 subspecies (Salgado et al. 2008). The current concept of the genus was only recently established by Fresneda
(1998) based on the structure of the male aedeagus, and includes species previously considered to belong to
different genera (Troglocharinus, Speophilus Jeannel, 1911, Antrocharidius Jeannel, 1910 and Speonomus Jeannel,
1908); they are all considered to be highly adapted to the subterranean environment (i.e. anophtalmous,
depigmented, long antennae, modified life cycle), living exclusively in the deepest part of caves with total darkness
and very constant temperature and humidity (Salgado et al. 2008). The genus as currently understood is distributed
in two disjunct areas: some mountain systems south of the central area of the Pyrenees, and the coastal karstic
formations between Tarragona and Barcelona (Salgado et al. 2008; Rizzo et al. 2013).
In a recent molecular phylogeny (Rizzo et al. 2013) the age of the stem lineage of Troglocharinus was
estimated at ca. 10 Ma, while the last common ancestor of the Pyrenean and coastal clades was estimated to have
occurred ca. 4 Ma, at the beginning of the Pliocene. The ancestor of the extant coastal Troglocharinus expanded its
range from the central Pyrenees to the coastal area of Catalonia in the Early Pliocene, while the three main
recognised clades within the coastal lineage diversified at the end of the Pliocene or the beginning of the
Pleistocene (Rizzo et al. 2013).
During an exploration in the southern distribution area of the coastal clade in summer 2013 a new species was
discovered, and the study of the collections of the Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona (MCNB) revealed
104 Accepted by W. Hall: 6 Mar. 2015; published: 8 Apr. 2015
We thank our friends Ramón Sendra and Joan Pallisé, collectors of the material here studied. We also thank Rocio
Alonso for laboratory work, Javier Fresneda, Ignacio Ribera and Pier Mauro Giachino for comments to the
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