Choose the correct answer a , b or c (12 m) Match two of the

0993545366 ‫ نماذج الوحدة الثانية ( نموذج أول علمي ) المدرس حسان حربا‬www.eschoolsy.net ‫مدرسة سوريا اإللكترونية‬
I-Read the following text then do the tasks below
Read the following text and then do the tasks below
Desertification, which is the process in which productive
land changes into desert, is an increasingly serious problem
in over a hundred countries of the world. One billion
people, out of a total world population of six billion, suffer
from its effects. Desertification usually occurs in dry areas
where there is no rain and where the climate is harsh. In
these places, the top layer of soil is destroyed so that the
land can no longer be used for growing crops or grazing
animals. This means that people who depend on the land
for food have to move to 'greener' areas in order to survive.
A proportion of the population may survive by moving, but
others may die because of shortages of food and water.
Although natural changes in the climate often start the
process, the activities of human beings are often the
real cause of desertification. Because there are growing
numbers of people to feed, farmers tend to overcultivate
their land, with the result that the soil becomes poor and
unproductive. Other farmers overgraze their land and this
permanently kills off grass and other plants. In addition to
the effects of farming, deforestation – the cutting down of
trees – also erodes the soil. Trees are usually cut down to
make more agricultural land, but once there are no longer
trees and plants on an area of land, there is nothing to stop
the wind and rain from blowing or washing away the top
layer of soil. The dust which this produces can travel long
distances and affect the health of people living in cities
thousands of kilometres away.
The modern world is defined by IT, or Information
Technology. The term' Information Technology'
emerged in the 1970s, but it can in fact be traced back
to the World War II, when the military and early
computer specialists worked together to develop
electronics, computers and information theory.
Information Technology has a broad remit
encompassing the design, development, implementation
and management of computer –based information
systems particularly software applications and
computer hardware. In short, IT deals with the use of
electronic computers and computer software to convert,
store, process, transmit and retrieve information
securely. IT comprises various disciplines: data
management, computer networking, software and
computer engineering are all crucial components of IT.
In recent years the field has ballooned through advances
in computer applications and the internet, to include
mobile phones, computer games and video technology as
well as new ways of sharing, processing and storing
information electronically. The abbreviation ICTinformation and communication technology- which
refers explicitly to
electronic communication ,is thus an increasingly
familiar term. In a matter of decades, computer
have developed from large, bulky machines to highly
sophisticated devices that can fit in the palm of
your hand .Computers are evolving as rapidly as the
ways in which people use them
Answer the following questions(18 marks)
Choose the correct answer a , b or c (12 m)
1.Where does desertification usually happen?
2.Why can’t the land be used for growing crops after
desertifcation?
8. In a matter of years computers ……………………
a-have remained at the same size as they were earlier.
b-have advanced to the state they are as tiny as possible.
c-have changed into a little bit smaller than before.
3. What can deforestation lead to?
9. In recent years the field of information
Find words in the text which mean the
following(10 marks)
technology has ……
4. dry powder made of small pieces of earth
5. the act of putting animals in a field so that they can eat
grass.
Match two of the underlined words from the
text to the definitions below(12 m)
Rewrite these sentences about the text to
correct the information(12marks)
6. One fifth of the world's six million people suffer from
desertification.
7. Farmers overcultivate their lands because there are less
people to feed.
a- contracted
c-expanded
b-not changed
10. Information you put on computer.
11. get something back.
Complete the following sentences with
information from the text:(12 m)
12. Computers are evolving rapidly due to……….
13. The crucial components of IT are……….
III-Complete the following by filling in
gaps(18marks)
VII-Complete the following sentences using
clauses(14marks)
14. We’re really enjoying our holiday in Lattakia.
Yesterday we went swimming in ……. Mediterranean.
15. It was the first time I had swum in the sea and it
…….… really exciting!
16. We spotted some really colorful fish. We swam close to
them …………. took photos with our underwater camera.
29. I spilt tea on my homework, so………..
IV- Fill in the spaces with the words from the
list (24 marks)
without - fight - can - people –attacked
17. Certain living germs, called bacteria, ………..………the
silkworm Eggs.
18. ‘These same germs, or ones like them,.....................
attack food, animals and even people,
19. ’ Pasteur said. ‘We must learn how
to............................them.
20 . We must kill the germs ...................... killing the
animals or people.’
V- Complete the following dialogue by writing
suitable questions or answers(32marks)
21-A:………………………………………………………
B- The Eden Project is a living plant museum.
22- A………………………………………….……………
B- It is in the countryside in the south-west of England.
23- A:……………………………..………………………….
B- People come every year to see plants from all over the
world.
24-A: What can you learn from the Eden Project?
b-……………………………………………………………….
VI- Rewrite the following sentences as
required in brackets.(32marks)
25.Throughout
history people have hunted elephants for
their tusks.
(change into passive voice)
26.The phone is ringing – it’s probably your brother. He
usually rings at this time.
(express possibility using ” it might….”)
27.Someone’s ringing your doorbell. You’re sure it’s the
postman – he always comes at this time.
(express possibility using “it must……..”)
28. Camouflage protects sand gazelles from predators.
(change into passive voice)
30. Large areas of forest have been cut down with the
result that……………
VIII-Choose the correct words in
brackets(18marks)
31 . The children were very good .None of them
(misbehaved, misheard)in any way
32. Trees are usually cut down ( in order to, because)
make more agricultural land.
33. Visiting Eden Project makes you aware (of, on)the
importance of plants.
IX-Correct the following verbs in
brackets(18 marks)
34. A country where the sun always (shine) has a dry
climate.
35. Damascus (locate) in the south-west of Syria, near
the Anti-Lebanon Mountains.
36. In recent years many companies (build) their offices
in the new part of the city.
X-Translate the following sentence into
Arabic.(10 marks)
37. In space fluids can be mixed or combined regardless
of their relative weights.
XI-Translate the following sentence into
English( 8 marks).
‫يقطع الناس الغابات لكي يحصلوا على أرض إضافية لزراعة المحاصيل‬
Write a composition of no less 80 words on the
following topic(50marks)
Write your own letter to a friend, describing an
interesting place you have visited.
‫ حسان حسن حربا‬.‫أ‬
0993545366
0993545366 ‫ نماذج الوحدة الثانية ( نموذج ثاني علمي ) المدرس حسان حربا‬www.eschoolsy.net ‫مدرسة سوريا اإللكترونية‬
I-Read the following text then do the tasks below
Read the following text and then do the tasks below
Zoos exist all over the world because people want to see
animals that they cannot see in their own country. They
have always been popular, especially with children.
However, some people believe that they are unnatural
habitats and that keeping animals in zoos
is cruel. In this essay, I will discuss some of the arguments
for and against zoos.
I will start by considering two arguments in favour of zoos.
First of all, many people, including environmentalists,
believe that zoos help to protect animals which are
endangered. In zoos all around the world, rare animals are
bred so they increase in number and are saved from
extinction. In China, numbers of the endangered giant
panda have begun to increase following successful breeding
in zoos. Eventually animals can be set free to live in the
wild again. Secondly, zoos are educational. People who visit
zoos can observe unusual animals up close and learn about
their behaviour.
I will now move on to the arguments against zoos. The
main objection to zoos is that it is unnatural for wild
animals to be kept in captivity. They often have to live in
small cages where they cannot move about freely. Another
argument against zoos is that they may be located in places
where the climate is very different from the climate of the
animal’s country of origin.
One of the main goals of the ISS is to provide a place to
conduct experiments that require one or more of the
conditions found in space (such as microgravity).
So far, most research has only been on the effects of
microgravity on humans. Astronauts study how long
periods in space affect the body by working on subjects
like bone loss and fluid shifts.
The effect of near weightlessness on evolution,
development and growth, and the internal processes of
plants and animals, are now also the subject of research.
The physics of fluids in microgravity is not completely
understood. In space, unlike on Earth, fluids can be
mixed or combined almost regardless of their relative
weights. Researchers also want to study the combination
of fluids that would not mix well on Earth. By
examining reactions that are slowed down by low
gravity and low temperatures, scientists also hope to
gain new insights into the way matter is made up.
Researchers also hope to examine combustion in an
environment with less gravity than on Earth.
Any information they can find involving the efficiency of
the actual burning, or the creation of by-products, could
improve the process of energy production, which would
be of economic and environmental interest
Answer the following questions(18 marks)
1. How are zoos considered educational?
2. Why are rare animals bred in zoos?
Choose the correct answer a , b or c (12 m)
8. Any information about the efficiency of the actual
burning would be useful for
a- economy
b- environment
c- both (a and b)
3. Give an argument in favor of zoos?
Find words in the text which mean the
following(10 marks)
4. examine and discuss
9. Because of the low gravity and low temperatures in
space, reactions ……….
a- take less time
b- take more time
c-are not possible
5. see, watch
Match two of the underlined words from the
text to the definitions below(12 m)
Rewrite these sentences about the text to
correct the information(12marks)
10. the force that makes things fall to ground
11. carry out; perform
6. Some people believe that keeping animals in zoos is
pleasant.
Complete the following sentences with
information from the text:(12 m)
7. Zoos may be situated in places where the climate is very
similar to the climate of the animal’s country of origin.
12. By working on subjects such as bone loss and fluid
shifts, astronauts……………
13. The thing which is not completely understood
is…………………………………
III-Complete the following by filling in
gaps(18marks)
VII-Complete the following sentences using
clauses(14marks)
14. Weather is what happens to the air and the atmosphere
outside. …….... may be cold or hot wet or dry. It can be
calm or stormy , clear or cloudy.
15. The atmosphere changes depending …….. whether it’s
rainy or sunny .
16. Thunder and lightning …………also part of weather.
29. Omar’s letter was so difficult to read because …..
IV- Fill in the spaces with the words from the
list (24 marks)
angry - bright - understand - behind - careful
17. Louis Pasteur was a.................... boy,
18. although his teachers said he was slow and always
......................... the rest of his class.
19. The reason for this was simple: Louis was very
........................ in everything he did.
20 . He wanted to.................................all that he studied and
he asked
many questions
V- Complete the following dialogue by writing
suitable questions or answers(32marks)
21-A:………………………………………………………
B- Al Ain is located 160 km east of the capital.
22- A………………………………………….……………
B- Al Ain’s International Airport was opened in 1994.
23- A:……………………………..………………………….
B- It takes about 90 minutes to drive to Al Ain.
24-A: Would you like to visit Al Ain?why?
b-……………………………………………………………….
VI- Rewrite the following sentences as
required in brackets.(32marks)
25. Many people hunt pandas for their skin.
(change into passive voice)
26. Your sister has worked very hard. You feel sure that
she has got good grades in her exams
(She must……..)
27. You know it isn’t your uncle’s car because it doesn’t
sound the same.
(It can’t ……..)
28. People have turned their natural habitats into farmland
or building land.
(change into passive voice)
30. If you misuse the equipment,………..
VIII-Choose the correct words in
brackets(18marks)
31 . The Eden Project is quite different (for, from) a
normal museum.
32. During the storm, three houses were destroyed and
had to be (rebuilt, misbuilt).
33. The Amazon rainforest has an important effect on
the climate (because– in order to ) it covers such a large
area.
IX-Correct the following verbs in
brackets(18 marks)
34. Since the 1950s, 9 million hectares of land in China
(turn) into desert.
35. many thousands of people (visit) Damascus to see
historical monuments.
36. Birds’ nests are often( build) at the top of trees
where the eggs will be safe.
X-Translate the following sentence into
Arabic.(10 marks)
37. The Internet has transformed the way people
communicate with each other and access information.
Translate the following sentence into
English( 8 marks).
‫يجب أن ووقف حرق الفحم والىفط لكي ال وسبب احتباس حراري‬
XI- Write a composition of no less 80 words on the
following topic(50marks)
Write an email ,suggesting ways in which Syrians can
consume less water in their day-to-day life .
‫ حسان حسن حربا‬.‫أ‬
0993545366
0993545366 ‫ نماذج الوحدة الثانية ( نموذج ثالث علمي ) المدرس حسان حربا‬www.eschoolsy.net ‫مدرسة سوريا اإللكترونية‬
I-Read the following text then do the tasks below
Read the following text and then do the tasks below
We usually think that greenhouse gases are harmful, but
without these gases the climate of the Earth would be like
the climate of Mars: too cold for human beings to survive.
Greenhouse gases, which include carbon dioxide and
methane, keep the heat of the sun in and prevent our planet
from freezing.
However, for the last 200 years people have been using
enormous quantities of fossil fuels like coal, gas and oil.
When these fuels are burnt, they produce large amounts of
carbon dioxide and this keeps more of the sun‘s heat
in. The result is that the temperature of the Earth is rising
year by year. This is leading to more extreme weather:
high winds and heavy rain, which produce storms and
floods.
The problem is made worse by the fact that we are
destroying the world‘s rainforests. Trees naturally
consume carbon dioxide, but because there are fewer trees,
more carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere.
Because of the increase in the Earth‘s temperature, the ice
at the north and south poles is melting, and this is causing
sea levels to rise. Eventually, many areas of land which are
now on the coast will be flooded. Leading scientists are
warning that if the authorities don‘t introduce new laws to
reduce greenhouse gas increases now, the results could
be disastrous for life on Earth.
At the start of the 1960s, when Yuri Gagarin first went
into space, the food was bite-sized and kept in small
aluminum tubes.
Food was designed this way so that it wouldn’t take up
too much room and could be eaten in a single mouthful
before it floated away. Now, however, astronauts enjoy
food from plastic containers that just need to have hot
or cold water added. Fruit and nuts can also be eaten in
space. When drinking liquids, a straw is used to suck the
liquid out of a sealed package. It mustn’t spill or float
out of the cup, or it could damage some of the
computers. Another, equally important, issue to address
is the toilet. In space this is largely similar to one on
Earth, with the difference being that astronauts have to
strap themselves onto it. In place of running water to
flush it, there is a vacuum-cleaner-like system to suck up
the waste, which is then dried and disposed of on Earth.
People need to keep clean in space to stay healthy and
avoid spreading germs. They do this by washing
themselves with ethanol cloths or wet towels, and they
use special shampoo that does not need water or
produce foam. Each astronaut in the crew has a specific
assigned role and receives intensive training for it. The
crew medical officer is in charge of the sick and is
trained in first aid and in stitching up wounds and
giving injections.
The medical kit on board will treat minor injuries and
illnesses in space and can be used to stabilise the
patient’s condition during the flight back to Earth. All
the crew are trained in emergency resuscitation after a
heart attack.
Answer the following questions(18 marks)
1.Why is the ice at the North and South poles melting?
2. What happens when fossil fuels are burnt?
3. How long have human beings been using large amounts
of fossil fuels?
Find words in the text which mean the
following(10 marks)
4. to stay alive.
5. typical weather in a region over a period of time .
Rewrite these sentences about the text to
correct the information(12marks)
6. Flooding is an example of extreme weather.
7. Trees and forests produce greenhouse gases like carbon
monoxide.
Choose the correct answer a , b or c (12 m)
8. Small –sized food doesn't need ……………….
a- aluminum tubes
b- much space
c- plastic containers.
9. The shampoo used in space ...............
a- needs water
b- has foam
c- neither (a) nor (b)
Match two of the underlined words from the
text to the definitions below(12 m)
10. fasten or tie firmly
11. reviving someone from unconsciousness.
Complete the following sentences with
information from the text:(12 m)
12. Food in plastic containers needs only…….
13. The crew medical officer is responsible for……
III-Complete the following by filling in
gaps(18marks)
VII-Complete the following sentences using
clauses(14marks)
14. We arrived on Tuesday evening and ……….. first thing
we did was set up our camp.
15. The sky …………. very clear and we could see millions
of stars.
16. The next morning we visited the Roman city. There
were enormous columns ………… high walls which I
thought were amazing.
29. You will have to make a special effort if…………....
IV- Fill in the spaces with the words from the
list (24 marks)
help - germs - chickens - sadness – spreading
17. Even in his....................... he believed that other
children’s lives
18 . could be saved if he could stop germs
from...........................
19. Next he helped farmers to fight……………… that were
20 . killing their........................ . He also went one step
further.
V- Complete the following dialogue by writing
suitable questions or answers(32marks)
21-A:………………………………………………………
B- Apamea is located on the bank of the Orontes River.
22- A………………………………………….……………
B- We arrived in Apamea on Tuesday morning.
23- A:……………………………..………………………….
B- There are enormous columns and high walls in it.
24-A: Whom did you go with?
b-……………………………………………………………….
VI- Rewrite the following sentences as
required in brackets.(32marks)
25.
They opened Al Ain’s International Airport in 1994.
(change into passive voice)
26. I know it’s true that the world is getting warmer,
because the polar ice is melting.
(The world must…………..)
27. These people are very thin, that’s why I’m certain they
haven’t eaten much food lately.
(they can’t…..)
28. Some organizations have created special wildlife areas
(change into passive voice)
30. Farmers tend to overcultivate their land, with the
result that………………………………………………...
VIII-Choose the correct words in
brackets(18marks)
31. I’ve never been keen ( in – on ) museums.
32. Loggers cut down trees ( in order to –because) sell
the wood.
33. As we have some new employees, we will have to
( reorganise – rewind ) our office.
IX-Correct the following verbs in
brackets(18 marks)
34. The famous Hejaz train station (transport)
passengers to Amman, Jordan.
35. Throughout history elephants have been (hunt) for
their tusks.
36. Water (play) a central role in agricultural
production.
X-Translate the following sentence into
Arabic.(10 marks)
37. Astronauts sleep in small compartments using
sleeping bags.
Translate the following sentence into
English( 8 marks).
.‫يستمع المزارعون إلى النشرة الجوية ليقرروا متى يجنون محاصيلهم‬
XI-Write a composition of no less 80 words on the
following topic(50marks)
Write a description of a building you know well.
‫ حسان حسن حربا‬.‫أ‬
0993545366
0993545366 ‫ نماذج الوحدة الثانية ( نموذج رابع علمي ) المدرس حسان حربا‬www.eschoolsy.net ‫مدرسة سوريا اإللكترونية‬
I-Read the following text then do the tasks below
Animals live everywhere on Earth, in every terrain and
in all climates. The place where an animal lives is called
its habitat and most animals can only survive in one or
two different habitats. For example, whales are sea
creatures and cannot live in fresh water; lizards live in
hot climates and would die if they were moved to the
Arctic. Some animals migrate between two habitats at
different times of the year. In this article, you‘ll find
about two animals which can live in different habitats,
and one which has adapted to a particular environment.
There are seventeen different species of penguins,
including the famous Emperor penguins and the
common Chinstrap penguins. All of these live in the
southern hemisphere – many in Antarctica around the
South Pole. But some live in warmer places, for example
on the coasts of South America, Africa, Australia, and
the Galapagos Islands. Many of the 13 million Chinstrap
penguins live on large icebergs in the open ocean.
Kangaroos and their close relatives, wallabies, are only
found naturally in Australia and Papua New Guinea.
Like wombats and koala bears, kangaroos are
marsupials, which means that when young are born they
are carried by their mothers in a pouch. There are fortyfive species of kangaroos and wallabies and they live in
every kind of habitat, from open plains to forests and
rocky deserts. Tree kangaroos live in remote and
mountainous forest regions and have adapted to life in
trees. Unlike other kangaroos, they cannot move very
fast on the ground.
Answer the following questions(18 marks)
1. What do all penguins have in common?
2. How are kangaroos different from many other animals?
3. Where do tree kangaroos live?
Find words in the text which mean the
following(10 marks)
4. a bag or pocket of skin
5. far from civilisation or populated areas
Rewrite these sentences about the text to
correct the information(12marks)
6. Lizards have adapted to life in cold places and would
survive in the Arctic.
7. Tree kangaroos can run very quickly like all other
kangaroos.
Read the following text and then do the tasks below
Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) was a Swedish chemist,
engineer, innovator, armaments manufacturer and the
inventor of dynamite.
Nobel was born on 21 October, 1833, in Stockholm,
Sweden. He was educated in Russia, France and the
United States. He was fluent in five languages and had a
great interest in literature. Nobel was also very
interested in social and peace-related issues, and
held views that were considered radical for his time.
Nobel travelled widely, then returned to work in his
father’s factory in St Petersburg, Russia. Later, in
Sweden, Nobel began to experiment with explosions. In
1867, he received a patent for dynamite. About 1875 he
produced an even more powerful explosive called
blasting gelatin. In all, Nobel held more than 100
patents. Nobel died in 1896 and was buried in
Stockholm. The incorrect publication in 1888 of a
premature obituary of Nobel by a French newspaper,
condemning him for his invention of dynamite, is said to
have brought about his decision to leave a better legacy
after his death. On November 27, 1895, Alfred Nobel
made his last will in Paris. When it was opened and read
after his death, the will caused a lot of controversy both
in Sweden and internationally, as Nobel had left
much of his wealth for the establishment of a prize! His
family opposed the establishment of the Nobel Prize,
and the people he asked to award the prize refused to do
what he had requested in his will. Thus, it was five years
before the first Nobel Prize could be awarded in 1901.
Choose the correct answer a , b or c (12 m)
8. It is said that what was behind Nobel's last will was....
a- the Sweden government
b- his family and close friends
c- The incorrect publication of his death
9. Nobel's family ................................................to award
the prize.
a- welcomed b- didn't accept
c-accepted
Match two of the underlined words from the
text to the definitions below(12 m)
10. disagreement on a contentious topic
11. a notice of the death of someone, often in a
newspaper.
Complete the following sentences with
information from the text:(12 m)
12. Noble's will caused a lot of controversy both in
Sweden and internationally when it ..........
13. In his time, Nobel’s opinions were looked at as…..
III-Complete the following by filling in
gaps(18marks)
VII-Complete the following sentences using
clauses(14marks)
14 . Water preservation ……….. a major global challenge.
15. Greater development and a perpetually increasing
population have led to unprecedented demands ……. all of
our
16. resources ,which has in turn led to …………. increased
water shortage.
29. People write things in their diaries because……..
30. You’ll be more successful if …………..
IV- Fill in the spaces with the words from the
list (24 marks)
success - safe - fed - vaccinations – against
17. Pasteur made the germs weak and..................... the
chickens with the weak germs.
18 They did not become ill; their own bodies went to work
........................ the germ.
19 Then they were....................... from any more
attacks from the same germ.
20 . Thus began Pasteur’s plan of.......................
to stop illness.
V- Complete the following dialogue by writing
suitable questions or answers(32marks)
21-A:………………………………………………………
B- The sand gazelle is a horned animal.
22- A………………………………………….……………
B- It lives across the Arabian Gulf and North Africa.
23- A:……………………………..………………………….
B- It is in danger of extinction because of habitat loss and
hunting.
24-A: Which animal do you prefer? Why?
b-……………………………………………………………….
VI- Rewrite the following sentences as
required in brackets.(32marks)
25. They sell a huge variety of items in the souks of
Damascus
(change into passive voice)
26. I’m sure that bats aren’t birds – they don’t have
feathers.
(they can’t……)
27. A new building is going up in our neighbourhood. I
think it is probably a school.
(they must……..)
28. Human activities have destroyed their natural
habitat.
(change into passive voice)
VIII-Choose the correct words in
brackets(18marks)
31. Farmers find more land ( in order to – so that) they
can grow more soya beans.
32. We thought the restaurant bill was too high. The
waiter had ( undercharged – overcharged) us.
33. It’s expensive to get into the Eden project, but we
were very satisfied ( in – with) our visit.
IX-Correct the following verbs in
brackets(18 marks)
34. During the storm, three houses were destroyed and
(have to) be rebuilt.
35. He always (come) at this time.
36. Sea levels (rise) if the ice at poles melts.
X-Translate the following sentence into
Arabic.(10 marks)
37. In space there is no gravity so the bones and muscles
weaken very quickly.
Translate the following sentence into
English( 8 marks).
‫ينتقل الناس إلى مناطق أكثر خضرة لكي يبقوا على قيد الحياة‬
XI-Write a composition of no less 80 words on the
following topic(50marks)
write your essay including arguments for and against
protecting wild animals.
recommendations about where to build houses.
‫ حسان حسن حربا‬.‫أ‬
0993545366
Hassan.harba212@outlook.com
0993545366 ‫ نماذج الوحدة الثانية ( نموذج خامس علمي ) المدرس حسان حربا‬www.eschoolsy.net ‫مدرسة سوريا اإللكترونية‬
I-Read the following text then do the tasks below
Read the following text and then do the tasks below
It may seem very strange, but plants are always in danger
from animals which want to feed on them. If this
happens, the plant can be damaged or even killed. So,
because their roots, trunks, leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds
are under constant attack from mammals, insects or birds,
plants have developed ways of protecting themselves
from these enemies. Here are some of the ways plants stop
animals from attacking and eating them.
Sharp thorns and stings: Some plants which grow in dry
climates, for example cactuses, store large quantities of
water in their stems. To protect themselves, they have
sharp thorns. Animals will hurt themselves if they try to get
to the water from these plants. Other plants, like stinging
nettles, can ‗inject‘ painful or irritating substances into
their enemies by means of the sharp hairs on their leaves.
Poison : There are many plants which protect themselves
by poisoning their enemies. In some cases the poison they
contain is so powerful that it can kill any living thing which
touches or eats them. The poison can be in the leaves,
the seeds or berries, or in other parts of the plant.
Insects: Some acacia trees in hot African countries are
protected by ants which live permanently on their
branches.
If an animal starts to eat the tree‘s leaves, the ants attack it.
Sticky gum: Some plants, such as horse chestnut trees, are
covered with a sticky substance, like wet paint, which can
prevent insects from eating them. Sometimes this substance
is so strong that insects‘ feet or wings get stuck and
they cannot escape.
Since 1901, the Nobel Prize has been honouring men
and women from all corners of the globe for outstanding
achievements in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or
Medicine, Literature and Peace.
Who selects the Nobel Laureates? In his last will and
testament, Alfred Nobel specifically designated the
institutions responsible for the prizes he wished to be
established: The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for
the Nobel Prize in Physics and Chemistry, the
Karolinska Institute for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or
Medicine,
the Swedish Academy for the Nobel Prize in Literature,
and a committee of five persons to be elected by the
Norwegian Parliament (Storting) for the Nobel Peace
Prize.
In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank established the Sveriges
Riksbank Prize in Economics in memory of Alfred
Nobel. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences was
given the task of selecting the Economics Prize
Laureates starting in 1969.
Presentation ceremonies are held on December 10, the
anniversary of Nobel’s death. The Nobel Foundation in
Stockholm supervises the awarding of the prizes.
The peace prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway. The other
prizes are presented in Stockholm. Each Nobel Prize
winner receives a gold medal, a diploma and prize
money.
Answer the following questions(18 marks)
8. The Nobel prize has been honouring ………..
a- only men
b- poets and writers
c- men and women
1. How can cactuses protect themselves?
2. Why do plants need to protect themselves?
3. Where can the poison be found in plants?
Choose the correct answer a , b or c (12 m)
Find words in the text which mean the
following(10 marks)
9. Each Nobel prize winner receives.......
a- a gold medal
b- silver medal
c- A gold medal, diploma and prize money.
4. the main part of a large stem of a tree
Match two of the underlined words from the
text to the definitions below(12 m)
5. to get away from a dangerous or bad situation
10. Something that somebody has succeeded in doing,
usually with effort .
Rewrite these sentences about the text to
correct the information(12marks)
11. Annual celebration of past event.
6. Horse chestnut trees can't protect themselves because
they have thorns.
Complete the following sentences with
information from the text:(12 m)
12. Alfred Nobel specifically designated...........................
7. Stinging nettles have soft hairs on their stems.
13. The Royal Swedish Academy was given......................
III-Complete the following by filling in
gaps(18marks)
VII-Complete the following sentences using
clauses(14marks)
14. Ahmad and I have just got home from a two-day visit to
Apamea. It ……. only a short visit but I will remember it
forever.
15. Apamea is ………. ancient site on the bank of the
Orontes River.
16. There are extensive ruins ………. tourists can walk
around and where they can learn about many different
civilisations.
29. The top layer of soil is destroyed so that………
30. Ahmad went to the airport because…………..
IV- Fill in the spaces with the words from the
list (24 marks)
more - before - carried - same – careful
17. Doctors heard of Pasteur’s work. They began to be
more ……………………… .
18. They stopped putting people with different kinds of
illnesses in the …………..room.
19. Germs could be……………. from person to the other.
20 . They also took more time to clean their
hands, the beds and the rooms, to kill germs……….…. they
spread.
V- Complete the following dialogue by writing
suitable questions or answers(32marks)
21-A:………………………………………………………
B- My house is located in the village.
22- A………………………………………….……………
B- It was built in 1998.
23- A:……………………………..………………………….
B- It is painted blue.
24-A: What does it overlook?
b-……………………………………………………………….
VIII-Choose the correct words in
brackets(18marks)
31 . People write things in their diaries (because – in
order not to) forget important things.
32. I said 9.30, not 8.30. You must have ( reread –
misread) my e-mail.
33. The Syrian people are aware ( at – of ) the need to
protect their wildlife.
IX-Correct the following verbs in
brackets(18 marks)
34. Thunder and lightning ( be ) part of weather.
35. The children were very good. None of them
(misbehave) in any way.
36. Animals ( hurt) themselves if they try to get to the
water from cactuses.
X-Translate the following sentence into
Arabic.(10 marks)
37. Researchers hope to examine combustion in the
presence of less gravity than on Earth .
XI-Translate the following sentence into
English( 8 marks).
.‫كاوت السماء صافية وكان بمقدوروا رؤية مالييه الىجوم‬
VI- Rewrite the following sentences as
required in brackets.(32marks)
XI- Write a composition of no less 80 words on the
following topic(50marks)
25.In
Write a leaflet publicizing the problem of climate
change and suggesting two or three ways in which
ordinary people can reduce the amount of energy they
use.
some countries, law protects the nests of rare
birds. (change into passive voice)
26. I think some parts of the desert were covered in plants
and trees.
(Some parts of the desert might ….)
27. Ali has drunk 2 liters of water.
(He must…………....)
28. People directed water through man-made tunnels to
local farms.
(change into passive voice)
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0993545366