BAHASA INGGERIS

KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN MALAYSIA
HURAIAN SUKATAN PELAJARAN
KURIKULUM BERSEPADU SEKOLAH MENENGAH
CURRICULUM SPECIFICATIONS
BAHASA INGGERIS
ENGLISH LANGUAGE
TINGKATAN 4
FORM 4
2003
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
RUKUN NEGARA
BAHAWASANYA negara kita Malaysia mendukung cita-cita hendak
mencapai perpaduan yang lebih erat di kalangan seluruh masyarakatnya;
memelihara satu cara hidup demokratik; mencipta masyarakat yang adil di
mana kemakmuran negara akan dapat dinikmati bersama secara adil dan
saksama; menjamin satu cara yang liberal terhadap tradisi-tradisi
kebudayaan yang kaya dan berbagai-bagai corak; membina satu masyarakat
progresif yang akan menggunakan sains dan teknologi moden;
MAKA KAMI, rakyat Malaysia, berikrar akan menumpukan seluruh tenaga
dan usaha kami untuk mencapai cita-cita tersebut berdasarkan prinsipprinsip berikut:
KEPERCAYAAN KEPADA TUHAN
KESETIAAN KEPADA RAJA DAN NEGARA
KELUHURAN PERLEMBAGAAN
KEDAULATAN UNDANG-UNDANG
KESOPANAN DAN KESUSILAANS
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Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 1
FALSAFAH PENDIDIKAN KEBANGSAAN
Pendidikan di Malaysia adalah suatu usaha berterusan ke arah
memperkembangkan lagi potensi individu secara menyeluruh dan
bersepadu untuk mewujudkan insan yang seimbang dan harmonis dari
segi intelek, rohani, emosi dan jasmani berdasarkan kepercayaan kepada
Tuhan. Usaha ini adalah bagi melahirkan rakyat Malaysia yang berilmu
pengetahuan, berketrampilan, berakhlak mulia, bertanggungjawab dan
berkeupayaan mencapai kesejahteraan diri serta memberi sumbangan
terhadap keharmonian dan kemakmuran masyarakat dan negara.
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Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
Kata Pengantar
Huraian Sukatan Pelajaran ialah dokumen yang memperincikan
Sukatan Pelajaran yang bertujuan untuk memenuhi cita-cita murni
dan semangat Falsafah Pendidikan Kebangsaan, dan menyediakan
murid menghadapi arus globalisasi serta ekonomi berasaskan
pengetahuan pada abad ke-21.
Dokumen ini menyarankan strategi pengajaran dan pembelajaran
yang merangkumi pelbagai aktiviti dan penggunaan sumber. Guru
digalakkan menggunakan kreativiti untuk memilih, menyusun dan
mengolah aktiviti mengikut kesesuaian murid.
Huraian ini
diharapkan dapat membantu guru merancang dan melaksanakan
pengajaran dan pembelajaran secara berkesan.
Dalam melakukan aktiviti pengajaran dan pembelajaran, guru
diharapkan dapat memberikan penekanan pada unsur bernilai
tambah, iaitu kemahiran berfikir, kemahiran teknologi maklumat dan
komunikasi, kemahiran belajar cara belajar, kajian masa depan,
kecerdasan pelbagai, pembelajaran kontekstual, dan pembelajaran
konstruktivisme. Di samping itu, nilai murni dan semangat patriotik
dan kewarganegaraan tetap diutamakan.
Semua elemen ini
diharapkan dapat memberikan keyakinan kepada murid dan boleh
diaplikasikan dalam kehidupan harian dan dunia pekerjaan.
Huraian Sukatan Pelajaran ini menjelaskan hasil pembelajaran
yang perlu dikuasai oleh murid berasaskan pendekatan masteri.
Hasil pembelajaran tersebut dinyatakan secara eksplisit mengikut
tahap kesukaran isi kandungan dan tahap keupayaan murid. Hasil
pembelajaran diperingkatkan kepada tiga aras, iaitu Aras 1 (aras
asas), Aras 2 (aras sederhana), dan Aras 3 (aras cemerlang).
Kandungan Huraian Sukatan Pelajaran Tahun Satu menggariskan
hasil pembelajaran yang perlu dikuasai oleh murid. Pernyataan
dalam Huraian Hasil Pembelajaran memberikan cabaran yang
sesuai dengan murid pada tahap tertinggi dalam pendidikan
sekolah rendah. Huraian ini seharusnya dapat membantu guru
merancang dan melaksanakan pengajaran dan pembelajaran yang
berkesan.
Dalam menyediakan Huraian Sukatan Pelajaran yang disemak
semula ini banyak pihak yang terlibat terutama guru, pensyarah
maktab dan universiti, pegawai Kementerian Pendidikan, dan
individu yang mewakili badan-badan tertentu.
Kepada semua pihak yang telah memberikan sumbangan
kepakaran, masa, dan tenaga sehingga terhasilnya Huraian
Sukatan Pelajaran ini, Kementerian Pendidikan merakamkan
setinggi-tinggi penghargaan dan ucapan terima kasih.
(Dr. SHARIFAH MAIMUNAH BT. SYED ZIN)
Pengarah
Pusat Perkembangan Kurikulum
Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia.
iii
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
INTRODUCTION
iii.
listen to, view, read and respond to different texts,
and express ideas, opinions, thoughts and feelings
imaginatively and creatively in spoken and written
form; and
iv.
show an awareness and appreciation of moral
values and love towards the nation.
English is taught as a second language in all Malaysian
primary and secondary schools in line with its status as a
second language.
Learners are taught the English language to enable them to
use the language in everyday life, to further their studies and
for work purposes. With globalization, all Malaysians will need
to be proficient in English as a medium for communicating with
people from other countries. The use of English in ICT has
been included to enable learners to access knowledge on the
Internet and to network with people both locally and overseas.
AIMS
The English language syllabus aims to extend learners’
English language proficiency in order to meet their needs for
English in everyday life, for knowledge acquisition, and for
future workplace needs.
OBJECTIVES
The English language curriculum enables learners to:
i.
form and maintain relationships through
conversation and correspondence; take part in
social interactions; and obtain goods and services;
ii.
obtain, process and use information from various
audio-visual and print sources; and present the
information in spoken and written form;
THE SYLLABUS
The English syllabus at the secondary level specifies the
content to be taught from Form 1 through to Form 5.
The English language curriculum is organised in a manner that
reflects the way English is used in society in everyday life.
Three areas of language use have been delineated and
these are the Interpersonal, the Informational, and the
Aesthetic.
The Curriculum Content of the syllabus outlines three main
sections, namely, the Learning Outcomes to be achieved by
learners, the Language Content to be incorporated into the
lessons, and the Educational Emphases to be woven into
materials and activities.
The Learning Outcomes of the syllabus specify the skills to
be achieved by learners in the three areas of language use:
the Interpersonal, the Informational and the Aesthetic. These
areas incorporate the integration of the four language skills of
Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing. The Language
Content outlines the grammar, the sound system and the
word list to be taught, while the section on Educational
Emphases incorporates worldwide developments in education
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Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
by all learners. After having completed the specific tasks in
Level 1 successfully, learners then progress to Level 2,
and subsequently to Level 3.
such as thinking skills, ICT skills and the theory of Multiple
Intelligences.
CURRICULUM SPECIFICATIONS
x
The English Language Syllabus is detailed out in the
Curriculum Specifications. These have been prepared as
separate documents for each year of the secondary school
and are termed Huraian Sukatan Pelajaran. Each document
serves as a guide to teachers with regard to the skills to be
achieved, the topics or themes to be dealt with, and the
vocabulary, grammar items, and the sound system to be
learnt.
This document is the Curriculum Specifications for Form 4.
There are two sections to this document. Section 1 outlines
the Learning Outcomes and Specifications, and Section 11
outlines the Language Content.
Section 1: Learning Outcomes and Specifications
Section 1 forms the main focus of the document because it
contains the Learning Outcomes to be achieved by the end of
Form 1. The elaboration in the columns are as follows:
x the first column contains final Learning Outcomes related
to skills to be achieved by learners by the end of Form 5;
x
2
the second column sets out the skills to be achieved in
Form 4. This second column attempts to break down these
larger outcomes into more manageable skills and sub-skills
for teaching and learning. These have been set out at
three levels ranging from the more basic to the more
advanced. Level 1 outlines the basic skills to be achieved
the third column is entitled Examples /Activities /Notes.
These are directed at teachers and they include teaching
points, examples of activities and explanations for the
attainment of the Learning Outcomes. Teachers need to
use their initiative, imagination and creativity to extend the
experiences of their learners, to reinforce what has been
learnt and to create challenging language tasks.
In preparing the specifications, care has been taken to ensure
that this document is reader-friendly. As such, the use of
terminology has been omitted as far as was possible and a
simpler word substituted (e.g. unity in place of coherence).
Areas of Language Use
The curriculum is based on three areas of language use. They
are the Interpersonal, the Informational and the Aesthetic.
Language for interpersonal purposes enables learners to
establish and maintain friendships and to collaborate with
people in undertaking certain things. Language for
informational purposes enables learners to use the English
language to obtain, process and give information. Language
for aesthetic purposes enables learners to enjoy literary texts
at a level suited to their language proficiency and develops in
them the ability to express themselves creatively.
By the end of the year, learners should be able to use the
English language for these purposes.
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
Language Skills
The four language skills of Listening, Speaking, Reading and
Writing do not appear in their pure form as Learning Outcomes
but are integrated with the three areas of language use. Thus,
when learners use the language, say for interpersonal
purposes, they not only engage in conversation by talking and
listening to each other, but also engage in written work when
they write messages and letters. However, in the
Specifications column, the more specific skills and sub-skills
that appear in this column will build towards achieving the
Learning Outcomes for the year.
The Learning Content
In teaching learners to use the language for various purposes,
the content or topic of the lesson can be sourced from various
areas. Knowledge from subject disciplines such as science
and geography can be utilized, or alternatively, topics can be
drawn from current issues. Learners begin with issues and
concerns in their immediate surroundings, i.e. the school, town
and country and later progress to issues and concerns at a
more international level. Some themes and topics have been
suggested as examples to help teachers decide upon their
own themes and topics that are suitable for their class.
SECTION II: LANGUAGE CONTENT
Grammar
In this section, grammar items have been selected from the list
in the syllabus and these are to be taught within the context of
the three areas of language use. In addition, sentence patterns
have been listed to enable learners to master the structures of
the English language. Teachers are advised to limit the
number of structures used and to ensure that learners master
these structures well. Teaching too many complex structures
may be counter-productive when it involves weaker learners.
Word List
The list of words selected for teaching at the upper secondary
is based on a sample of the more common words and high
frequency words. However, this suggested word list is only the
minimum for the year. Teachers are encouraged to widen this
list if their learners show the ability to cope with more
advanced vocabulary.
Sound System
To help learners pronounce words correctly and speak with
correct stress, intonation and rhythm, specific sounds (e.g.
blends, diphthongs) have been identified for teaching. The
objective of this exercise is to aim for clear speech and
intelligibility.
EDUCATIONAL EMPHASES
Educational emphases given below outline current
developments in education that will help learners prepare for
the world of work and social life. In this respect, the
incorporation of moral education, citizenship education,
patriotism and thinking skills in the specifications will contribute
towards the building of a modern and progressive Malaysian
society.
Thinking Skills
Critical and creative thinking skills are incorporated in the
learning outcomes to enable learners to analyse information,
make decisions, solve problems, and express themselves
accurately and creatively in the target language.
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Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
Learning How to Learn Skills
Learning How to Learn skills are also integrated with the
learning outcomes and aim to enable learners to take
responsibility for their own learning. These skills incorporate
information skills, library skills and study skills to enable
learners to access sources of information more efficiently and
help them become independent life-long learners.
Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Skills
In line with globalization and the ICT Age, skills relating to ICT
are incorporated in the learning outcomes. These skills have
been added to cater for schools that have ICT facilities. These
skills include the use of multimedia resources such as TV
documentaries and Internet resources as well as the utilization
of computer-related activities such as e-mail activities,
networking and interacting with electronic courseware.
Values and Citizenship
The values contained in the secondary Moral Education
syllabus have been incorporated in the learning outcomes and
include patriotism and good citizenship.
Multiple Intelligences
The learning outcomes also reflect the incorporation of the
theory of Multiple Intelligences. This is illustrated, for example,
in the use of interpersonal skills in social interaction, the
application of kinaesthetic intelligence in the dramatisation of
texts, and the application of spatial intelligence in the
interpretation of maps.
4
Knowledge Acquisition
Learning outcomes utilise subject matter disciplines such as
science and geography, and incorporate educational
emphases such as environmental studies and consumerism to
provide contexts for language use.
Preparation for the Real World
The learning outcomes prepare learners to meet the
challenges of the real world by focusing on language use in
society. To some extent this is achieved through structuring
the curriculum in terms of the Interpersonal, Informational and
Aesthetic uses of language. It is also achieved by making use
of real-life issues for classroom activities and project work.
Whenever the opportunity presents itself, learners are
encouraged to meet with people outside of the classroom so
that they learn to operate in real-life situations.
IMPORTANT CONSIDERATIONS FOR TEACHING
The following considerations should be taken into account in
teaching the curriculum specifications.
Planning and Organisation of Lessons
The Learning Outcomes must be organised in a manageable
form for teaching, taking into account the time allocated for
English in the time-table. The three areas of language use,
taken singly or in combination, are usually planned around a
theme or topic.
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
Integration
The principle of integration can help teachers cover a cluster
of skills in several lessons. Once a topic is selected, teachers
can plan tasks and activities that seek to integrate the three
areas of language use.
Thus, for the theme of Conservation for example, a topic for
teaching may be Save Our Forests and Save Lives. Students
can first be asked to read articles from different newspapers
on how landslides in highland areas have destroyed homes
and lives as a result of land clearing for development.
Students then talk to each other recounting the different points
of view, namely that of the victims or the developers who
made the decision to clear the forest, etc. They then give their
own opinions of the incident, drawing their own conclusions
(interpersonal purpose). Students may then write letters
offering help to the families concerned. The teacher then
assigns groups of students to find more information from the
Internet or other sources on how clearing of forests can have a
disastrous impact on the environment resulting in soil erosion,
landslides, etc. (informational purpose). Students then write
group reports and present them to the class. Finally, students
can be asked to read and then discuss poems on the
environment, and then try their hand at composing haikus and
simple poems (aesthetic).
In all of these lessons, moral values should be infused. This
can be done through the appropriate selection of materials and
activities. Besides this, elements of patriotism, environmental
education, and health education are considered essential in
building a disciplined society.
Repetition, Reinforcement, Consolidation and Mastery
Language skills, vocabulary, grammar items and the sound
system must be repeated often to maximize learning and bring
about retention. To this end, teachers should set a variety of
tasks and activities that will enable learners to use the
language items repeatedly so that items are reinforced.
Repetition should be carried out using new material to avoid
boredom.
Teachers are advised not to go on to a new level of work or
new set of skills until learners master the skills being taught.
Teaching-Learning Activities
In order to bring about effective learning, learners must be
given every opportunity to engage in real or simulated
activities that require them to use the language i.e. lessons
should be activity-based and learner-centred and revolve
around real-life tasks to ensure relevance. Learners must be
able to cope with the task that is set and care should be taken
to ensure that they are not operating at a frustration level.
Teachers may need to control structures and vocabulary to
ensure successful completion of a task or activity.
Classroom Evaluation
Evaluation is par5t and parcel of the teaching-learning
process. Continuous feedback is essential if learners are to
keep track of their progress. After every lesson teachers are
encouraged to assess their set of learners through simple
questioning techniques or other tasks so that they can pace
their lessons in accordance with learners’ progress. Ideally,
teachers should ensure mastery before moving on to the next
set of skills.
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Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
Centralised Assessment
The Syllabus Specifications is a document to guide teaching.
Teachers should understand its potential to be stretched or
reduced according to the ability level of learners in a particular
class. Not all Learning Outcomes are suitable to be tested at
the central level where levels of proficiency vary widely among
learners. Use of the Syllabus Specifications for examination
purposes therefore takes into account other considerations
such as the national norm and the need to set realistic and
realizable standards for the majority of test-takers.
Other Considerations
As far as possible, teachers should use the Malaysian setting
as a base to teach the language skills and language contents.
Teachers should also use materials that emphasise Malaysian
values and the Malaysian way of life. Learners are to be
nurtured to be proud to be Malaysians.
This document only lists a number of essential activities for the
attainment of the English language. Teachers need to use
their initiative, imagination and creativity to extend the
experiences of their learners, to reinforce what has been learnt
and to create challenging language tasks.
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Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
OBJECTIVES FOR FORM 4
By the end of Form 4, students should be able to:
x Make conversations and talk on various topics with friends
and with people whom they meet for the first time;
x Interact with people and develop skills in forming and maintaining friendships
by expressing care and concern and willingness to help, and creating a sense of togetherness;
x Give feedback on products and services and respond appropriately to feedback given;
x Obtain information from various sources including factual material and present
the information clearly and accurately to others both orally and in writing;
x Read and respond to poems and stories;
x Have a positive outlook and act appropriately in social situations; and
x Show an awareness and appreciation of moral values and love towards the nation.
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Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
CONTEXTS FOR TEACHING
The themes and topics stipulated for Form 4 are listed below. Some of these have been delineated into further
areas to enable learners to talk, read, and write about them. Learners are not expected to have a
comprehensive academic knowledge of these topics. Rather, these topics serve as the subject matter through
which the three areas of language use are taught and meaningful tasks and activities are set. Since values
are embedded in these themes and topics, teachers should take every opportunity to discuss socio-cultural
and moral values related to them as well as in the functions and activities that are set. Words related to these
themes and topics are found in the accompanying word list.
8
People
:
Intercultural understanding at national and international levels
e.g. customs, lifestyles
Relationship with parents and friends
Environment
:
Conservation e.g. water
Pollution (e.g. air, water, sea, greenhouse effect)
Social Issues
:
Care of the old folk and disabled children
Consumerism – misleading advertisements, defective products,
complaints, rights of the consumer
Drug Abuse – causes, damage, prevention
Values
:
Patriotism and citizenship ( understanding debtable national issues
e.g. building dams in areas that may endanger Orang Asli settlements
Love for world peace and harminy, cooperation and respect
Health
:
Diseases and illnesses (e.g. AIDS, virus outbreaks)
Impact on society, preventive measures
Science
&
Technology
:
Malaysian industries
(e.g. the making of fertilizers, silicon chips)
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
SECTION 1: LEARNING OUTCOMES AND SPECIFICATIONS
The Learning Outcomes in the first column have been extracted
from the syllabus in its original form. They represent skills to be
achieved by the end of Form 5. Teachers, however, should be
LEARNING OUTCOMES
1.0 LANGUAGE FOR INTERPERSONAL USE
guided by the second column when planning lessons. The second
column spells out the skills specifications that are specific to the
Form 4 programme.
SPECIFICATIONS
Level 1
i. Talking about oneself to others, sharing
information about each other that is of
interest to both parties.
EXAMPLES / ACTIVITIES / NOTES
x E.g. Talking about oneself such as past
experiences & preferences in clothes,
sports, music, movies, and idols.
1.1 Make friends and keep friendships by
a. taking part in conversations and
discussions;
ii. Responding to questions politely by
giving the required information.
iii. Relating personal experiences.
x E.g. Talking about experiences such as
helping to look after a sick
grandparent or a disabled sibling.
iv. Keeping a journal of daily activities.
x E.g. Writing down significant happenings
from time to time:
e.g. 13 June: Met a new friend.
v. Listening to and discriminating between
consonants, vowels, diphthongs,
consonant clusters, homophones,
homographs, contractions.
x See Sound System at the back of the book.
b. introducing oneself;
c. talking about self, family and friends,
interests, part events, feelings, personal
experiences and understanding when
others talk about themselves;
d. exchanging ideas, information and
opinions on topics of interest.
Level 2
vi. Pronouncing words clearly and correctly
and asking questions and making
statements with the correct intonation,
word stress and sentence rhythm.
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Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
LEARNING OUTCOMES
SPECIFICATIONS
vii. Reading topics of current interest and
exchange ideas.
EXAMPLES / ACTIVITIES / NOTES
x Example of suitable topics: “ Promoting
international understanding through sports”
– e.g. Thomas Cup, Formula 1 Grand Prix”.
Level 3
viii. Reading articles and giving opinions in x E.g. Treatment of the old and the
the following ways:
disabled by family and society.
- agreeing with the writer
x Where there are facilities, articles from
- disagreeing with the writer and giving
the Internet can be downloaded.
reasons.
Level 1
i. Disagreeing politely in simple language.
x This sections lends itself well to
emotional intelligence in relationships
with people (e.g. disagreeing with
people)
a. carrying out a variety of language
functions; and
ii. Offering advice in simple language.
x E.g. Giving advice to a student about
remaining calm in relation to another
student who annoys him / her.
b. discussing plans and arrangements,
solving problems, and making decisions;
iii. Expressing concern in simple language.
x E.g. With regard to health or a difficult
time someone is going through.
1.2 Take part in social interaction by
iv. Persuading someone to do something in x E.g. Getting one’s friend to undertake
simple language.
some social or community work such as
helping at an old folks home.
Level 2
v. Carrying on a conversation with people one x E.g. Talking to visitors in school;
meets for the first time.
meeting a new friend at a gathering.
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Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
LEARNING OUTCOMES
SPECIFICATIONS
vi. Making a decision regarding an action to
be taken based on agreement of all
members of a group.
Level 3
vii. Suggesting ways to solve a problem
viii. Initiating and keeping a conversation
going.
1.3 Obtain goods and services by
a. making enquiries and ordering goods and
services;
b. making complaints and responding to
complaints.
Level 1
i. Making enquiries about a product in simple
language.
EXAMPLES / ACTIVITIES / NOTES
x E.g. Deciding on a camp-site, or
entertainment for the weekend.
x E.g. Solving a problem – e.g. lack of safe
drinking water, outbreak of an epidemic.
x Demonstrate the skills of initiating,
maintaining a conversation & taking
leave.
x E.g. Encourage role-playing of buyers
and sellers in various situations involving
various products.
Level 2
ii. Making enquiries about a product (orally
and in writing) of different brand names,
making comparisons, and choosing the
one that gives value for money and giving
reasons.
iii. Placing an order for a product orally and in
writing.
x E.g. Placing an order by filling out a form
or writing a short note stating clearly
what is wanted.
iv. Giving feedback about a product or service
as a consumer.
x Where there are facilities, simulate
ordering of goods.
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Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
LEARNING OUTCOMES
12
SPECIFICATIONS
EXAMPLES / ACTIVITIES / NOTES
Level 3
v. Making a complaint about services and
products orally and in writing.
x
vi. Respond to a complaint orally and in
writing.
x Role-playing a Head Waiter dealing with
a customer’s complaint.
Role-playing appropriate ways of
expressing dissatisfaction e.g. informing
the Head Waiter about poor service in a
restaurant.
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
LEARNING OUTCOMES
SPECIFICATIONS
2.0 LANGUAGE FOR INFORMATIONAL USE
Obtaining information by:
2.1 Obtain information for different purposes
by
Levels 1, 2 & 3
i. Listening to and understanding a
variety of texts.
a. listening to spoken texts such as talks,
speeches and viewing television
documentaries and multimedia;
b. interviewing and using questionnaires; and
c. reading materials in print such as reports
and articles and using other electronic
media such as the Internet.
ii. Reading silently and aloud with
understanding a variety of texts.
EXAMPLES / ACTIVITIES / NOTES
x This area lends itself well to the area of
knowledge acquisition.
x
Examples include messages,
descriptions, reports, fact sheets,
speeches.
x Examples include notices, passages,
articles from newspapers and
magazines, reports, speeches,
brochures.
Note: authentic articles should be used as
far as possible. Also include diagrams,
pictures to cater to students’ visual and
spatial intelligences.
x When reading aloud, learners need to
observe: correct pronunciation, pauses,
intonation patterns, stress, correct
phrasing, emphases, fluency and
rhythm.
x Where there are facilities, students can
look for information on the Internet.
x This helps to develop learning-how-tolearn skills and good study habits.
x Get students to brainstorm on the types
of questions they will ask. Also get
students to interact with people outside
school concerning real-life issues.
e.g. visiting children with Down’s
Syndrome in the community.
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Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
LEARNING OUTCOMES
2.2 Process information by:
a. skimming and scanning for specific
information and ideas;
SPECIFICATIONS
A. Processing texts listened to by:
Level 1
i. Stating what the text is about.
b. extracting main ideas and details;
c. discerning sequence of ideas;
ii. Noting important details
(e.g. place, time, date).
d. getting the explicit and implicit meaning of
the text;
iii. Asking and answering questions.
e. predicting outcomes;
f. drawing conclusions;
g. identifying different points of view;
EXAMPLES / ACTIVITIES / NOTES
x To hone students’ listening skills,
teachers can set pre-listening, whilelistening and post-listening tasks.
- Pre-listening tasks include guessing the
answers to several questions.
- While-listening tasks include completing
the information, detecting errors,
sequencing.
- Post-listening tasks include checking
rue/False statements, sequencing, filling
in details.
Level 2
iv. Identifying main ideas and jotting down key x Guide weaker students by giving them an
words and phrases.
outline in which they underline key words
and main ideas.
h. using print and electronic dictionaries;
i. interpreting non-linear texts such as maps,
charts, diagrams, tables, graphs; and
j. making short notes and mapping out ideas
14
Level 3
v. Taking notes of the text heard
x To teach higher-order skills, texts must be
chosen at a level that is manageable.
Teachers must strike a balance between
the need for students to be stretched and
the need that the task given is
manageable. Use simple texts to teach
higher-order listening skills.
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
LEARNING OUTCOMES
SPECIFICATIONS
B. Processing texts read by:
Level 1
i. Identifying simple texts.
EXAMPLES / ACTIVITIES / NOTES
x A good strategy would be to get
Learners to bring to class a number of
different text-types and to find out and
discuss with the teacher the
characteristics of each text-type.
x E.g. Reports, speeches, announcements.
ii. Skimming for gist and stating what the text
is about.
iii. Scanning for details.
x Time this activity to train learners/ eye
movements to rapidly look for the
required information without getting the
meaning of the text.
iv. Following sequence of ideas.
v. Taking note of main ideas.
vi. Using the dictionary to find the meanings
of words.
x One strategy for weak students is to get
them to underline the key words in a
sentence, and then a paragraph. Then
teach them to set out the points in a mind
map.
Level 2
vii. Identifying main ideas in a simple text.
viii. Identifying supporting details in a simple
text.
ix. Reading and interpreting non-linear texts
such as diagrams, tables, graphs.
15
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
x. Acquiring the meaning of words by
xUnderstanding word formation through the
use of prefixes and suffixes;
xUnderstanding contextual clues such as
synonyms, antonyms and word
equivalents.
xi. Identifying and writing down in full
abbreviations and vice versa.
Level 3
xii. Predicting outcomes that are obvious
in a text, giving reasons.
16
x Prefix: ex- anti- uni- superx Suffix: -ment -tion -sion
x E.g. The monster…. The beast….
The evil creature….
x Use texts containing abbreviated words
such as in telegrams, advertisements,
classifieds.
x Encourage students to give outcomes
based on evidence in the text at a level
suitable to students’ ability.
xiii. Identifying simple cause and effect.
x Futures Studies skills can also be
employed. For Example, getting students
to forecast what may happen to the world
in 20 years’ time if forests continue to be
cut down.
xiv. Drawing conclusions that are obvious from
the facts given.
x E.g. The hill slope was cleared for
development. After a year, new houses
were ready for occupancy. The owners
moved in quickly. But it was difficult to
rent out the houses.
(Q: Why was it difficult to rent out the
houses?)
xv. Identifying points of view in simple texts.
x E.g. Getting to know different eye-witness
accounts to an incident.
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
LEARNING OUTCOMES
2.3 Present information to different
audiences by:
SPECIFICATIONS
EXAMPLES / ACTIVITIES / NOTES
A. Presenting information by:
a. writing recounts, descriptions, explanations,
speeches, reports, and articles;
Level 1
i. Drawing tables, graphs, charts, diagrams,
etc.
b. instructing, describing, narrating, explaining,
and reporting orally;
ii. Converting information into tables, graphs,
diagrams, etc.
c. responding to questions orally and
in writing;
Level 2
iii. Responding to questions and comments
spontaneously (oral).
d. presenting information in non- linear forms
including tables, graphs, diagrams, charts,
and vice-versa;
iv. Expanding notes and outlines.
x Extension of 2.2 A (v) and 2.2 B (v).
v. Summarizing and paraphrasing the main
ideas in a simple text.
x Extension of 2.2 B (v) and 2.2 B (v).
x Relate to topics under study.
(e.g. water consumption, using available
data)
e. expanding notes and outlines;
f. composing, revising and editing drafts; and
checking accuracy of spelling, punctuation
and grammar;
g. summarising information;
h. reading aloud written materials such as
reports clearly and fluently;
i. using appropriate format, conventions and
grammar when presenting information.
Level 3
vi. Presenting reports with the aid of diagrams,
graphs:
x on specific topics researched
x from interviews (field work)
and responding appropriately to questions
and comments from the floor.
x In making oral presentations, students
need to use appropriate non-verbal
signal. This includes looking at the
audience, making use of facial
expressions and gestures, controlling
tone of voice, etc.
x Get students to structure the
presentation: For example:
- Beginning a presentation:
e.g. Greeting the audience:
Good morning friends…”
17
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
LEARNING OUTCOMES
SPECIFICATIONS
-
EXAMPLES / ACTIVITIES / NOTES
Introducing the topic:
“Today I’m going to talk about……”
- Giving an overview:
“First, I will talk out …..Then…..
And finally…..
- Ending it:
“ And finally….. Thank you.”
vii. Writing brief reports, descriptions.
x E.g. “How my family saved water during
the dry season” or “Characteristics of
children with Down’s Syndrome”.
viii. Applying process writing skills.
x Process writing skills include:
- making an outline
- jotting down ideas on the topic.
- writing out 1st draft
- revising and editing the draft by
¾focusing on the topic
¾ensuring sufficient length
¾ensuring sentences are linked
¾ensuring paragraphs are linked
¾rearranging sentences
¾combining ideas
¾removing/substituting ineffective
words.
- rewriting 2nd draft
- proof-reading draft and checking for
grammar, punctuation, spelling
- writing out the final draft.
18
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
LEARNING OUTCOMES
3.0
SPECIFICATIONS
EXAMPLES / ACTIVITIES / NOTES
LANGUAGE FOR AESTHETIC USE
3.1 Listen to, read, view and respond to
literary works by:
Level 1
i. Reciting poems with feeling and
expressions and with correct
pronunciation, intonation, stress, and
rhythm.
x Note: once students have understood the
full meaning of the poem, the poem can be
recited with meaning and expression.
ii. Finding out the meaning of unfamiliar
words by using contextual clues and the
dictionary.
x The use of sounds, music and movement
in recitation will be especially beneficial to
learners with a leaning towards musical
and kinaesthetic intelligence.
c. explaining the message the writer is trying to
convey and discussing how this relates to
one’s life;
iii. Retelling the story or poem in one’s own
words.
x Story telling can be done in groups.
d. understanding other people’s cultures,
traditions, customs and beliefs;
Level 2
iv. Narrating sequence of events.
e. reciting poems with feeling and
expression.
v. Describing the place and time the story
took place.
x Students can draw a time-line and mark
the various events taking place along the
line.
vi. Describing characters and writing simple
descriptions.
x E.g. describing the location, and the year
or century the story took place.
vii. Making predictions as to what might
happen next in the story.
x Activities include jotting down
characteristics of the main characters as
students read the text.
a. understanding and telling in one’s own
words the story and poem heard and read,
and giving one’s own opinion of the text;
b. recognizing elements in a story
such as characters and setting;
19
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
LEARNING OUTCOMES
Texts prescribed for study in Form 4
are as follows:
SHORT STORIES
x The Necklace by Guy de Maupassant
x The Lotus Eater by Somerset Maugham
x The Drover’s Wife by Henry Lawson
x The Sound Machine by Roald Dahl
x Looking for a Rain God by Bessie Head
POEMS
x If by Rudyard Kipling
x Sonnet 18 by William Shakespeare
x si tenggang’s homecoming by Muhd. Hj.
Salleh
x Monsoon Hiistory by Shirley Lim
x The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost
x There’s been a death in the opposite house
by Emily Dickinson
20
SPECIFICATIONS
EXAMPLES / ACTIVITIES / NOTES
viii. Talking about values in the text and
whether they are meaningful to one’s life
and writing out a simple paragraph on
this.
ix. Talking about how events, characters
and in the texts remind one of people
and events in real life.
x
Encourage learners to tell how a certain
character or event in the story reminds
them of a certain character or event in
real life. Get them to note the similarities
and differences.
xii. Saying orally what one thinks about the
text and writing a simple paragraph
stating one’s opinion.
x
Encourage learners to express their
views on the theme or message,
characters, events and values explored
in the text.
xiii. Understanding some of the figurative
language of the text.
x
Select the more significant similes,
metaphors and turns of phrase. Detailed
analysis of figurative language is not
required, only the more important words
and phrases are required for an
adequate understanding of the text.
Level 3
x. Talking about the theme in a story and
writing a simple paragraph on it.
xi. Talking about the message the poet is
trying to put across in his/her poem and
writing a simple paragraph on it.
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
LEARNING OUTCOMES
SPECIFICATIONS
3.2 Express themselves creatively and
imaginatively by
i.
a. Dramatizing texts and role-playing
characters;
Level 1
Writing short and simple dialogues and
staging it in class.
ii. Role playing characters.
b. Retelling a story form a different point of
view, and presenting it in another genre;
iii. Writing a short paragraph to recount an
event in the story.
EXAMPLES / ACTIVITIES / NOTES
x Different groups can act out different
dialogues.
x Get learners to look at events and
characters from the perspective of
another character’s point of view.
c. Composing simple poems, stories and
dialogues.
Level 2
iv. Retelling the story from another character’s
point of view.
Level 3
v. Writing the story in another genre.
vi. Composing simple poems, stories
and dialogues.
x E.g. rewriting a poem in prose form:
- looking at a cartoon strip and writing
a poem / story;
- writing a dialogue based on a story;
- representing a prose text in a series
of pictures.
x Use various stimuli to develop learners’
imagination and creativity and to start
writing.
21
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
(c) The Sound System
3.0
The Sound System forms part of the language contents in
the Form 4 Curriculum Specifications. The items listed
below are to be taught in Form 4. In each item, examples of
sounds to be taught are provided and teachers should
provide further examples of these sounds. Armed with the
knowledge of how letters and combination of letters are to be
sounded, students should then make an attempt to apply the
knowledge of these sounds in speech.
1.0
2.0
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
4.0
Consonants
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
w/w/
v/v/
q/k/
x / ks /
x/z/
rr / r l
-
wall; forward
veil; event
Queen; frequent
x-ray; waxing
xylophone; anxiety
sorrow; terrible
i/l/
l / l :/
e /e/
u/ /
-
it; fit; city
eat; meal; plea
elders; bed
umbrella; fun
5.0
/
/
/
/
-
bay, beige, glade
buy, die, style
boy, foil, groin
no, dough, told
bl / bl /
fl / fl /
sl / sl /
cl / kl /
cr / kr /
br / br /
ps / s /
sm / zm /
gn / n /
sp / sp /
lm / lm /
lm / m /
-
blue; able
flute; rifle
slay; tussle
clay; tentacle
crayon; hovercraft
bride; fabric
psychology
prism; chasm
gnaw; alignment (silent ‘g’)
spark; clasp
film; helm
calm; balm ( silent ‘l’)
Stress in four-syllable words
INvitation;
28
/
/
/
/
Consonant Clusters
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
4.11
4.12
Vowels
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
Diphthongs
deVElopment; CONfrontation
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
8.0
6.0
6.1
6.2
-
He won the first prize.
He won the first prize
He won the first prize.
Sentence stress in questions
Initial
Medial
Final
-
Did you watch the finals last night?
Did you watch the finals last night?
Did you watch the finals last night?
Homonyms
7.1
Homophones
e.g. rights, rites; tale, tail; ate, eight
7.2
‘d / aid / - l’d
‘m / aim / - l’m
Sentence stress in statements
Initial
Medial
Final
7.0
Contractions
Sentence Stress and Intonation
Homographs
e.g. refuse (rlfju:z), refuse (refju:s)
I refuse to pay more for this.
Please put the refuse in the rubbish bin
outside the house.
9.0
Words borrowed from other languages
French
cafe
chef
delicatessen
eau de cologne
croissant
restaurant
Italian
pizza
soprano
spaghetti
cappuccino
gratis
Malaysian
kampung
sampan
sarung
amok
halal
29
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
SECTION II: LANGUAGE CONTENT
(a) GRAMMATICAL ITEMS
Grammar forms part of the language contents in the Curriculum Specifications for Form 4. Grammar items are specified under the different
grammar categories. To illustrate what is meant by each category and at the same time to specify the scope and depth of the items to be
taught, examples are given. Teachers are encouraged to teach these grammatical items in the context of topics. Items to be focused on in
Form 4 are marked with an asterisk. If extra practice is required for better understanding or retention, items can be taught in isolation.
1. Nouns
i.
Concrete nouns
x Words ending in -y
Common nouns – e.g. book, house, school
a.
e.g. toy - toys; lorry - lorries
Proper nouns – e.g. Ahmad, Malaysia
b.
b.
Irregular plurals
ii.
Abstract nouns
Indicated by a change of vowel
e.g. man - men; mouse - mice; tooth - teeth
x names of qualities, states, activities
e.g. health, poverty; laughter, arrival
vi.
Concord (subject-verb agreement)
a.
Singular subject takes singular verb
iii.
Countable nouns
e.g. girls, beakers, air conditioners
* e.g. Of the 3 friends, Mary has ….
iv.
Uncountable nouns
e.g. sand, sugar
v.
Number - Formation of the plural
a.
vii.
Adding suffix -s, -es
x For regular words
e.g. birds, trees
x Words ending in -s -sh -ch -x
e.g. glass - glasses, brush - brushes,
church - churches, box - boxes
22
b.
Gender – masculine, feminine
-er -or : traditionally used to mark male
a.
e.g. waiter, actor
b.
2.
Plural subject takes plural verb
* e.g. Peter, John and Paul are ….
-ess : traditionally used to mark female
e.g. waitress, heiress
Articles
i.
With singular countable nouns – a an the
e.g. a book
an oven
the house
Note : ‘an’ is usually used before vowels but
note ‘a university’ , ‘an hour’
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
ii.
3.
With plural countable nouns
e.g. test tubes
4.
Adjectives
i.
Adjectives in terms of colour, size and shape
e.g. big boy
blue sky
round eraser
ii.
Adjectives that show qualities
e.g. an honest mechanic, a kind by-stander
iii.
Formation of the negative of adjectives by adding
prefixes: un- disime.g. an unkind person, a dishonest mechanic
iv.
Possessive adjectives – my, your, his, her, our
e.g. This is my/your/his/her/ our book.
v.
Comparison adjectives – regular forms
e.g. big - bigger - biggest
* vi.
Adjectives functioning as nouns
e.g. The blind are taught special skills.
The wounded from the crash were sent home after
treatment.
*vii.
Nouns functioning as adjectives
e.g. a stone wall, a leather jacket, a gold card
5.
Pronouns
i.
Personal Pronouns:
- first person
I
- second person
You
He/She/It - third person
ii.
Possessive Pronouns :
mine, yours, his, hers, ours, hers
e.g. That book is mine / yours / his / hers.
iii.
Demonstrative Pronouns:
this, that, these, those
iv.
Interrogative Pronouns:
Who, Which, What, Whose
Verbs
i.
Regular and Irregular Verbs
e.g. walk – walked; sweep - swept
ii.
Negative Verbs
x adding the word not after the verb
e.g. He is not here.
They cannot go to the party.
x using the contracted form especially in conversation
e.g. He isn’t here.
They can’t go to the party.
23
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
iii.
Tenses – present, past, continuous, * perfect
a.
Simple Present Tense
x For habitual actions
e.g. Every day we play football.
* iv.
*b.
x For instructions and directions
e.g. First, mix the solutions.
x Describing feelings and senses
e.g. “I feel upset over what has happened.”
b.
Gerunds
*a.
v.
*d.
*e.
24
b.
Present Continuous Tense
The action is happening at the time of
speaking
e.g. I am …… verb + -ing;
Present Perfect Tense
has / have + past participle
e.g. She has walked 5 miles.
Past Perfect Tense
Had + past participle
e.g. They had changed the wheel
in 10 minutes.
Need - meaning ‘have to’
e.g. We need to drink at least eight
glasses of water a day.
Negative: need not
e.g. They need not fix the lights.
We’ll call the electrician.
x Using words that signal the past
tense
e.g. Yesterday, Last week
c.
Gerunds as objects of preposition
e.g. They are not interested in buying the
house.
Special Finites or Modals - * need to, * should
a.
Simple Past Tense – was were
x Regular verbs, Irregular verbs
e.g. walk-walked; sit-sat; go-went
Gerunds as complements of verb to be
e.g. My favourite hobby is reading.
Should - similar to ‘must’
e.g. People should wash their hands
after going to the toilet.
Negative: should not
e.g. They should not allow the school
building to run down.
* vi.
Infinitives
*a.
As object of verbs
e.g. We want to know the answer.
He must learn to save money.
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
*b.
* vii.
6.
7.
*vi.
Verb and preposition combination
(Phrasal verbs)
e.g. set out, put forward, put down, put through
*vii.
Adjective and preposition combination
(Phrasal verbs)
e.g. good at, made away with, make out, make up for
As complements of verb “to be”
e.g. This house is to let.
Jack and Jill are to be married soon.
Passive Construction – using * has, *had
e.g. The tickets had been sold out by
noon yesterday.
The robber has been seen in town.
8.
Adverbs
Adverb of manner, time, frequency, * degree
- To show how an action was done – using the suffix -ly.
- * thoroughly, *completely, * nearly
Prepositions
i.
Prepositions of place:
in, on, near, under, behind, in front of, by
e.g. The shop is next to the bank.
9.
ii.
Prepositions of time – at, on, by, before, after
* since, * during, *until, *within
iii.
Prepositions of direction - * across, * towards, out
iv.
Prepositions of purpose - *for, * so that,
*in order to
v.
Prepositions of association - * among, * between
Connectors
i.
Conjunctions :
* either …. or, *neither ….. nor, * although,
* however
ii.
Logical connectors:
* however
iii.
Sequence connectors:
* later
Sentences
i.
Simple sentence
e.g. They went to the exhibition early.
ii.
Compound sentence
e.g. They woke up early and went jogging.
iii.
Complex sentence
E.g. The volunteer, who is a retired engineer, comes to
school once a week to tutor some boys who are weak in
Mathematics.
25
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
10
26
iv.
Positive statements
e.g. My name is ….
He/ She/It/They were …..
v.
Negative statements
e.g. They are not ….
We were not …….
Punctuation
Capital letters – proper nouns, pronoun ‘I’, beginning
i.
of sentences
e.g. Yesterday, we went to the Experimental
Theatre.
ii.
Commas - to separate items in a list
e.g. Julia has a cat, a bird and a goldfish for pets.
iii.
Exclamation mark
e.g. For greetings - Hi! Hello!
iv.
Full Stop – for end of statement
v.
Question mark – to signal a question.
vi.
Apostrophe - for contractions
e.g. Don’t allow the bacteria culture to grow
for more than 4 days.
vii.
Semi-colon (;) - indicates a relationship between
two pieces of information in the same sentence.
e.g. The lawn needs mowing; I will do it this
weekend.
viii.
Underlining – for emphasis
e.g. The closing date is on the 15th of May.
*ix.
Brackets ( ) – used to separate extra information
e.g. The crash (between two goods trains) occurred
at 7 o’clock in the evening yesterday.
*x.
Hyphen ( - )
x used to connect parts of a compound word
e.g. It’s not expensive because it’s a secondhand skate-board.
*xi.
Colon ( : )
x announces something (a fact or a list) that the
first part of the sentence has led us to believe.
e.g. There were so many flavours to choose from:
strawberry, chocolate, mint, vanilla, etc.
x
serves to introduce a quotation or a report.
e.g. The Minister began his speech as follows:
“Ladies and gentlemen, In the name of peace,
let’s reach a common understanding.”
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
b)
Suggested Sentence Patterns
In this section some suggested sentence patterns have been listed
for the language functions as stipulated in the Curriculum
Specifications. It is important that teachers teach these patterns
(including responses) in context and in a meaningful way. Words
underlined may be substituted.
4. Giving Feedback /Complaining
Excuse me. This fan is not working well. I bought it two weeks
ago. Will you please look at it?
5. Recommending
1. Offering advice
i.
Don’t you think that ….
ii.
It might be a god idea to …..
i.
I think we should go for ….because…….
ii.
We would like to recommend ……..
6. Disagreeing politely
2. Expressing concern
i.
I understand what you are trying to say but ……
ii.
That’s fine. But can I add another point of view …..
Are you all right? You look ………
3. Persuading someone to do something
7. Initiating discussion
i.
ii.
Do come to the Planetarium, Anne.
It’s very educational!
If you buy this card you will be donating
to the Spastic Children’s Home.
There was this article in the newspapers
8. Taking leave
Excuse me, I have to go now.
27
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
(d)
WORD LIST
This suggested word list comprises general words
in alphabetical order. These are base words and
teachers are encouraged to use them when
teaching the Learning outcomes.
Some of these words have several meanings and
the meanings are best made clear if they are
illustrated in different passages/contexts. For
example, boil can be taught as a verb (“to boil
water”) or as a noun (“The boil on my shoulder is
painful”).
Nouns are listed in their singular form. Their plural
forms need to be taught as well (e.g. kite - kites).
Teachers are also encouraged to add prefixes and
suffixes to words if the context so requires. For
example, to teach adverbs the learner is told that
the suffix -ly is added to the word sweet to get the
sentence, “The girls sang sweetly”. Similarly the
prefixes un- or dis- or im- can be added to words to
mean not e.g. unkind, disappointed, impossible.
Verbs are also given in their base word forms. To
these teachers are expected to teach the various
parts of speech if the context so requires. For
example, dig can be taught in its present tense
30
form (digs), in its past tense form (dug), and in its ing form (digging). As such, word endings such as
-ed, -ied, -s, -ies, -ing can be added to verbs.
However, derivatives from the base words should
be used prudently. For example, (deliver) should be
limited to delivered and delivers but the derivative
deliverance should be omitted.
The word list for upper secondary is given so that
teachers are aware of the range of words to be
covered. The number of base words used for
teaching in both Form 4 and Form 5 should not
exceed 1,600 words for Form 4 and 1,800 words
for Form 5. However, teachers can add other words
to ensure that the topic at hand is dealt with
meaningfully. Teachers should however, exercise
prudence when adding new words to the basic list
given. Students are however, free to extend their
vocabulary to the highest level they are capable of
through their own initiative.
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
absolutely
actual
advance
advantage
amuse
annoy
anxious
applaud
appoint
approve
arise
arrest
artificial
aside
association
astonish
autumn
avenue
average
awkward
baggage
bar
bare
barrel
beam
beast
berry
besides
beyond
bind
blade
bless
board
bold
bound
boundary
brass
breadth
calculate
canal
cape
carriage
cause
caution
chance
character
charge
charm
chemical
cheque
civilise
claim
cliff
colony
combine
comfort
command
commerce
committee
companion
complicated
compose
concern
condition
confess
confident
confuse
conquer
conscience
conscious
consider
content
control
convenient
conversation
co-operate
copper
cottage
council
course
cream
creature
creep
deal
debt
decay
deceive
declare
decrease
deed
delicate
delight
demand
department
depend
descend
desire
despair
destroy
detail
determine
different
discount
disease
disgust
dismiss
disappoint
distinguish
district
doubt
eager
earnest
earthquakes
effect
elder
else
employ
empire
enclose
encourage
entire
envy
essence
essential
except
excess
exchange
excite
expect
expense
experience
experiment
explain
explode
explore
express
extend
extort
extraordinary
extreme
faith
fake
familiar
fancy
fault
favour
feast
fellow
figure
fire
firm
fit
fix
flame
flash
fond
forbid
force
foreigner
formal
former
forth
freedom
frequent
funeral
gather
general
generous
glad
glory
31
Curriculum Specifications for English
Form 4
govern
gradual
grain
grateful
grave
grease
harbour
harvest
haze
heaven
highland
hollow
host
human
hunger
imagine
immediate
improve
include
increase
influence
inform
inquire
instead
intend
introduce
judge
keeper
kind
landslide
lead
legal
lift
liquid
32
list
literature
lone
mandatory
manufacture
master
mention
mere
minister
miserable
moderate
moment
motion
multiple
murder
nation
native
nature
neglect
noble
nonsense
nuisance
observe
occasion
offend
omit
oil
operate
opinion
opportunity
ordinary
organize
ornament
origin
ought
overcome
overdose
owe
opinion
patriot
peace
perform
permanent
pirate
plough
poet
poison
pollute
poverty
practise
price
pride
prison
private
procession
produce
profession
prompt
proof
property
purpose
public
recommend
reduce
reflect
refresh
relation
relieve
remain
remedy
remind
represent
reputation
request
rescue
resign
rise
rival
rule
sacrifice
sales
scratch
seize
share
slope
smoke
soil
sore
sow
spare
succeed
suggest
suit
supply
surface
surround
temper
terrible
threaten
tide
ward
Pusat Perkembangan Kurikulum
Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia
Curriculum Development Centre
Ministry of Education Malaysia