TAYLOR ON GOLF IMPRESSIONS, COMMENTS AND HINTS WITH ALMOllT ENTIRBl.Y FORTY·EllllHT FROM ILLURTRATIONS PHOTOGRAPHS SPECIAl.l.Y TAKEN FOR THl! WORK WITH NBW CLUB DIRECTORY, LISTS LATEST REVISED OF CHAMPIONSHIPS LONDON HUTCHINSON PATERNOSTER 19 I I & CO. RO'v\' RUl.ES AND T HE vast extent and continual growth of the game must be my apology for Taylor on Golf. I trust that it may prove of benefit to players, young and old, and also to those who may be considering the possibility of becoming identified with the game. I have dealt with the subject as concisely as possible, and my hope is that the path to success may, by what I have written, be rendered easier to my readers. The point of view from which I have approached the Royal and Ancient game has been that of the professional, and I have attempted--I trust not altogether unsuccessfully-to represent the views of the class of which I am proud to be a member. I must especially thank Mr. Fred W. Ward for the assistance he has rendered me in the production of this book, Mr. M. A. Nixon and Golf Illustrated for the use of photographs, and Mr. G. W. Beldam for his masterly snapshot photographs, which, with those taken for me by Messrs. Gunn and Stuart. illustrate the strokes I use in actually playing the CHAPTER PAGB I. The Rise, Progress. and Prospect of the Game II. Irish and Welsh Links. Caddies as coming Champions III. Golf outside the United Kingdom. Artisan Golf and Golfers IV. University and Public School Golf. V. Championships I have Played in VI. A Memorable Championship. The Success of Braid VII. Championship Courses, and what they are like. VII I. Courses where the Championship might be Played IX. The Physical Strain of a Professional's Life X. Professional Remuneration XI. Prize Money and Expenses XII. Tournaments and Invitations XIII. County Golf and Club Games XIV. General Hints on Learning the Game XV. The Most Common Fault. XVI. The Most Useful Strokes and Finishing Touche, XVI1. Golf for Ladies . XVIII. What is Required in Ladies' Golf XIX. The Art of Medal Play XX. A Method of Play XXI. The Art'of Match Play XXII. The Acceptance of Risks. XXII 1. The Best Hole . iv 7 12 17 21 27 38 44 48 56 60 66 71 77 89 91 99 106 113 1I8 125 131 138 Cl<APTIlR rAGIl XXIV. XXV. XXVI. 143 147 Lengthening the Courses Inland and Seaside Courses Private Courses-their Utility and their Advantage XXVII. Golf in America XXVIII. Golf-clubs and their Manufacture XXIX. Machine and Hand-made Clubs XXX. Driving: the Grip XXXI. Driving: the One Thing Necessary XXXII. The Approach Generally XXXIII. The Approach with the Mashie. XXXIV. The Use of the Cleek. XXXV. The Iron and the Short Approach XXXVI. The Art of Putting XXXVII.. Getting out of Difficulties XXXVIII. Mistakes and their Cures-Hazards, and holY to get out of them XXXIX. The Baffy XL. The Golf Ball XLI. The Upkeep of Golf Links - An Expert Opinion Winners of the Amateur 'Winners of the Opell Golf Clubs Rules of the of Golf Championships Championships United Kingdom 1;4 158 169 176 187 202 209 217 227 233 240 252 261 269 272 275 SUPPOSE the act of topping his drive is by far the commonest fault with an inexperienced player. Many causes tend to make this mistake of more frequent occurrence than any other blunder witnessed upon the course, but I think the primary cause, in the majority of instances, is the involuntary action of straightening the knees when making the swing before the actual stroke is played. A golfer should guard against playing with his legs perfectly straight and as rigid as a bar of steel. On the contrary, the knees should be bent, the head kept at the same level throughout the playing of the stroke, and the swing must come from the hips alone, and not below that point. Freedom of action must be carefully cultivated, and the feet must not be allowed to alter their position. If these instructions are not carried out to the strict letter, it is more than possible that the ball may fly anywhere except in the intended direction. Too much attention cannot be paid to these matters of detail, for it is on small I 89 90 TAYLOR but important ON GOLF things that the whole fabric of success is by degrees built up. When a ball is sliced it will be generally that the fault lies in the manner are used, their being instance. These in which the arms pulled in toward slices found are generally the body, for effected from the heel of thp- club head, but it is a fact that they may be played exact centre. equally as well (or badly) from the arms, for the club should in every instance to follow the stroke If the through club happens line, the drive straight in the intended to be deflected will be found the ball itself will trend to the right right two-much hand out of its more powerful the left-and to use it. the learner But PEAKING S man the the best in the game what I mean stronger of the man than as naturally prone of golf he must keep understood, tance properly influence over the stroke. to admit. great Its difficulty, be grappled unnatural being unnatural with and overcome <;l.esires to play the game willing is the basis that of its must needs by any as it should aware of mastered man who be played.. from the fact that from the wrists. I may 'beans, the playing difficult for the beginner proper understand benefit point of the out that as it is generally of a stroke over any dis- yards. that any to an approach play shot properly, when utility The stroke is a difficult one, it is, or should There is the but a man will find its great and value immediately. I am perfectly but it is a difficulty shot a in, I think of all is the approach by this, but I am quite should fill the position of guide, and it must have the paying up to a hundred most That this is rather AND useful. strokes proficient of the game will readily or young an approach most himself most or to the l~ft, in front of him at all times the fact that the left hand predominating and A player in the average is just STROKES TOUCHES. now of the can make shot. inquirer is naturally USEFUL FINISHING to suffer, and as the case may be. The MOST be allowed line of flight. correct THE It is solely the fault of the use of the be, played is not a semblance solely of body swing about it; it is wrist work, and that alone, from which success is attained. Every atom of the work in a stroke such as I am now describing comes from the wrists-I am now speaking in a broad sense-and those players who are possessed of naturally flexible, yet strong, wrists hold a great advantage. But others should not be discouraged by any inability to do all that is required at their initial appearances and attempts. The art of playing any particular stroke cannot be learnt without the expenditure of time and trouble. It is continual brainy practice, bearing the advice of the tutor in mind, that has made our foremost players what they are at presellt. The most popular club, I think, is admitted to be the mashie. Up to the time of its "arrival," as they say in America, the niblick, with its short, heavy squat head, was used for the greater portion of the rougher work encountered while playing a round. But now it has, to a great extent, gone out of vogue, although on some courses you may still discover players who continue to include it amongst their impedimenta. Still, it is only during recent years that the mashie has been used as a club with which approach shots can best be played. Formerly the golfer, amateur or professional, in playing a shot of this description invariably used an iron; now the mashie has been found to be better adapted for the purpose, with its short, deep blade, than the long, narrow blade of the iron. to say that to learn late in life is an impossibility? Mr. Hutchings at the age of fifty-three is not only capable of holding his own in excellent company, but has actually become the winner of the amateur championship, and if one man is able to do this, why not another? A golfer who has taken up the pastime somewhat late is generally safe and sure, if not exactly brilliant in his methods of play. He wins his matches by the mistakes made by his opponents, and provided he devotes his attention to the cultivation of the steady game, he should do well. An oldster learns quite as readily as the youngster, and in the majority of instances proves himself to be a far more tractable pupil. The young man is apt to break out into open rebellion over the tedium and monotony of the slow game, safe though it may be, and, as a consequence, attempts to run before he is really capable of walking without assistance. But his senior is made of more solid material; he is quite content to plod along with the Anglo-Saxon determination that has pulled us out of so many tight corners in the past, and will do so again in the future. So, to my older readers, this is my advice: Don't despair and think it an impossibility for you to be capable of playing a good game, even should your muscles have lost some of the pliancy of youth. A good instructor, and a due observance of his experiments have been made, experience has been gained, and it has been at length discovered that the striking power can be concentrated. The sequel of this additional knowledge has been the making of various improvements, such as this shortening; indeed, the tendency has been to make the whole of the club lighter and not of so great a length, either in the head or in the shaft. In this respect, though, it is important to note that there is not really any fixed pattern, for players with different styles may favour various types of clubs. A tall and a short man, again, will scarcely find the same length of shaft suit both, but although the tendency of the day is to shorten the shaft and to make it lighter and stiffer, finality of design has yet to be reached. One player may feel disposed to favour something out of the usual pattern, but such a thing as this will aiways occur in every branch of sport, and finally the club manufacturer will discover that it is impossible for him to improve upon his productions. So, with but one word of advice, I bring my hints to a close, trusting they may encourage more than a few to follow up the game in the manner it deserves. This advice is-purchase the best goods of a good maker; it is a method that repays a thousandfold the slight additional expense incurred. N OT so many years ago golf as a game was but a dead letter as far as ladies were concerned. Now, however, the case is vastly different, for a big boom occurred about six years ago, and since that date ladies' clubs and sections have sprung into existence throughout the whole of the kingdom. Going as far back as some twenty-two years, if my memory serves me aright, there was a ladies' club in existence at Westward Ho, although, no doubt, the course over which they played in tho~e days would provoke a smile were it to be seen now. It was in reality a series of putting holes, just these and nothing more, and with not the slightest inducement held out for the playing of anything approaching a violent game, Under these circumstances i.t is not surprising to learn that interest in the pastime languished and declined, the members did not follow the idea up with any degree of zest, and at length the club died a natural death. But 99 it has risen again, phcenix-like, and in 1900 the Ladies' Championship of the world was decided on the Westward Ho links. It is a difficult matter to €lssign any particular reason for this sudden accession of interest. Of course, the gentler sex has become more and more athletic year by year, and the bread-and-butter miss so dear to the average novelist of the last generation has passed away, probably for ever. But I fancy the real reason of the ladies taking up the game with so much keenness must be attributed to the fact that their husbands and brothers were playing day by day, and naturally they did not wish to be left completely out in the cold. In this decided favouritism for golf the ladies, I think, have displayed excellent judgment. It is not exercise of a too violent description, it is far superior to cycling, and it is not an expensive recreation. While in the act of playing every muscle of the body is brought into use, and should be under control, and if fatigue is felt, what is easier than to rest? The pedestrian exercise involved in following the ball from hole to hole. is calculated to improve the general stamina of the person engaged, so that golf works for the good of the player in every way. That there are grievances attaching to the game as played by ladies may be taken for granted; never yet has anything been invented or suggested that will suit one and all. Ladies' courses are usually shorter and do not present so many difficulties as a course laid down for the use of men. Here possibly is a more or less real grievance. I have frequently heard lady players complain that their links partook too much of the toy variety. In this respect the general complaint is that the extent of the course is far too short. It cannot be denied that there is some little justification for this, though after all, a woman is not generally physically capable of playing over such a long and tiring course as is laid out for the use of men. But despite the differences in strength and stamina, I would certainly suggest that the courses set apart for the use of ladies might with advantage be made longer, while the hazards to be overcome might be rendered of a more difficult character. The aim of the designer of the alterations I have suggested must be to strike the happy medium in respect of the severity of the tests upon the course; but as the Ladies' Championship is decided over a course that has been laid out for men, it is manifestly unfair to any competitor to be asked to come off a short course and be set such a big task as playing in the principal event of the year upon a long one. Ladies are considerably handicapped in this way, and although I would not advocate the making of GOLF FOR LA DIES 1°3 a rule, is most prone to make a mistake. their courses too difficult, ever possible to secure "whenever ground possible" sufficient and it would of 9 holes 18. in extent when- never attempt of 18 holes. I say other club. for in some cases properly could be far better than to a course endeavour advisedly, not to layout a poor, or even Still, the latter attempt I would should prove why a good moderate be tried this be secured one for, and endeavour roun~ of I ~ill should be made. It is a very real fact that are those who have a man's course. ease, and anything cramped would probably upon a smaller ment is that learnt They at their there is a noticeable upon arisen had they and more confined a freer style would cautioned. upon which that solely were the full size and It is a great to get the fullest degree lady exercise her player clubs, herself must and see in the matter This, curious that a woman must and glorious of enjoyment care she there are needs be pastime, but out of it a in the selection does not of overburden of weight. to relate, is just one calculated case, but especially the able to play ugly and t I must in a woman is club a con- force is rendered instead style, that of being and the damage to surmise. an done The task whole of every anywhere of success is gone. feel that of the club he or she throughout stroke, except or the playing ball goes the green ing their own against the reason of thl5. off at a in the right direction. hovvever, is invariably and once upon is complete the in the play of any lady golfer. may be; where a \Vomal1 n.~ ~, a heavy harm her club is too great, and once perfect master Putting, considerable but idea, of physical is lost, the prospect tangent, a distance, being it is impossible of controlling A golfer that of every freely and at her ease, she evolves a laboured irreparably control result club an erroneous so where swinging the the additional in getting to work or being idea is that out, is quite expenditure advanced. a few things and every point the driver power to its it is the doubt weight is a great advantage I would of club, No player who makes this mistake this, physical instead the necessary, My argu- play is concerned, swings woman. siderable the class of game would likewi~e be As far as the actual the absence be secured to approach that swings She should a too heavy sufficient and style, more learnt area. woman it, When of with She lacks wield concerned. in their play, a disadvantage have that golfers to play the game are freer in their the links more nearly this means the best women to play the strongest In this they excel, they are capable all comers, no matter is, I suppose, point of holdwho they that every woman is possessed of a natural delicacy of touch. This delicacy is absolutely necessary when you are upon the green, or near the edge of the hole, so a lady player is in the proud position of being able, 111 one thing at least, to score over the majority of her male competitors. The weakest point of a woman's game, on the other hand, is generally in driving. Here it is that wrist play comes into operation, and the absence of this power in ladies militates against full and complete success. The stronger the wrist the longer the" carry" it is possible to get upon the ball; so with stronger wrists and forearms it is not at all a matter for surprise that men should prove themselves capable of driving a longer ball than their sisters or wives. Another fault to be guarded against, in the majority of instances, is the very decided tendency for a woman to overswing. They are far too apt to think that a long swing is an absolute necessity to secure a long drive. But here again they are wrong, for in so playing a stroke they simply, by excess of effort, defeat their object. As a matter of fact a short, concentrated swing is all that is required in order to apply the fullest possible power to the greatest advantage. The absence of sufficient wrist power is also noticeable in the playing of the iron and inter- mediate strokes, so that a woman, in order to make the best use of the power she possesses, cannot afford to throw any chances aside, and must be careful in watching that she does not unwittingly allow herself to develop any bad points, always difficult to. tone down or remove successfully. Top OF SWING, FULL OF DRIVE, HANDS FROM AND BEHIND; RIGHT ELBOW. SHOWING POSITION WHAT IS REQUIRED IN LADIES' GOLF G REATER muscular development is required in golf than in tennis or racquets, as far as the forearm is concerned, but it is beyond question that practice at these games develops the necessary muscles in a greater or a smaller degree, according to the extent to which they are played. A good tennis player, moreover, as a rule makes a good golfer. In support of this theory I may mention the name of Miss Lottie Dodd. This lady's connection with tennis is too well known to require more than a bare mention by me. All I need say is that she is also a very good golfer indeed. Ladies, however, I fear are not always absolutely obedient to the dictates of the tutor. They have probably spent more or less time upon the links watching other players, and so have formed opinions of their own as to how this or that particular stroke should be played. Then, g'enerally speaking, the 106 107 Idea of a novice is altogether wrong, and it becomes necessary to explain it away. This is always a difficult task for an instructor, but it has to be done, and once this feat is accomplished, the pupil becomes terribly keen upon improving her game by the regulation methods. Once a lady can be induced to think out what will be the results of a certain method of playing a stroke, it is quite certain she is more open to conviction than a man, and she should improve quite as rapidly in her play. There are, of course, those who would never learn, both ladies and men, but a capable lady need never despair of being able to play a fair game after a twelvemonth of good instruction and intelligent practice. The best of the lady golfers are naturally to be found in the ranks of those who were fortunate enough to be able to learn the game during the days of their childhood; and as I said in respect of a man, the earlier in life you can commence playing golf, so much the better chance do you possess of coming to the front. Ladies whose homes are in Scotland have this great advantage over all other competitors. Golf has been played over the Border to a far greater extent than here in England, and at the present time it 'vvould be possible, perhaps, to select a team of lady golfers, members of the various Scottish clubs, who would defeat any other similar team in the world. But with the rapid advance of the game in the south of England the standard of play must necessarily become higher, until, in a few years, our English ladies should reach a similar pitch of excellence. In the matter of county golf the ladies are also developing an intense and ever-increasing interest. Club matches, too, find prominent places upon their fixture lists, and as they are taking up and supporting the idea from a purely golf standpoint and not from a social point of view, it will work very decidedly for the good of the game. This, however, has taken me slightly off the line as regards golf and how it is generally played by ladies. In a previous paragraph I spoke of the physical effort necessary in the act of driving. Many lady players are discontented with the length of their drives, thinking they should be capable of "carrying" as far as a man. But it may be taken as a good average if a lady succeeds in driving a ball for a distance of from 130 to 150 yards. On this achievement she should feel fully satisfied. There are many ladies who are capable of doing that, and it is equally as true that there are ladies who can accomplish more, but the latter are exceptions to the general rule. During the progress of the Ladies' Championship WHAT IS REQUJrrED IN LADIES' GOLF 109 at Westward Ho in 1900, for instance, Miss Mollie Whigham drove a ball from the tee to a distance of 235 yards. That was a really remarkable performance-so remarkable inde~d that it was carefully measured, so no possible doubt can be expressed over the accuracy or otherwise of the figures I have quoted. Then at the eighteenth hole the same lady overdrove the hole in two strokes by some 30 yards. Speaking from memory, I should say this hole represents quite 400 yards. In this connection, though, it must not be lost sight of that Miss Whigham is quite an exceptional player. She learnt the game at Prestwick, and has played from her childhood. But admitting this, the performances just alluded to prove that a woman may be capable of driving a ball quite as far as a man, provided she has sufficient muscular power located in the wrist and forearm, and, equally as important a factor in her success, the knack of applying this power to the best advantage. This knack and power combined come absolutely from the muscles I have mentioned, and it provides the very strongest argument against the, in some cases, supposed utility of a long swing. It is unquestionably more difficult to apply the best wrist power when you use a long swing in place of a shorter one. In the latter case you hold yourself WHAT more under where club control round very than the back likely to if the club-head of the twist neck and is some- and curl the whole it comes as round. Provided shorter be much times they swing, could be the whole more accurate the case now; it must necessity, would woman A short swing is a but in all other points of the game a woman be taught Finally, upon exactly the same method and pliability of a wrist combining she will develop speaking of myself possessor in my earlier this days of such now have in my wrist and forearm. and properly q. woman extra Artificial used, and are brought applied, has exactly development because the power In the course requisite as an example, power, for, I was not the muscles Practice, has produced the same chance into service, might one and all. Regarding contrast a little and playing is offered and provided ample will be secured the game, by a curious fa belle Americaine and the course of my visit. to I secured an opportunity States III During of the American of seeing Championship for Ladies, to watch a few of the best lady performing petition. On this showing during the run of the com- . . hesItatIon I have not the slightest in saying the American lady player is n.o~ at the present time in the same class as the Bnttsh, conthe best of the latter best of the former. ladies, however, as compared As an excuse with the for the American it is only common they have only taken fairness to say up the game very recently, in the course of a few years' time the country be capable of producing long of the Atlantic. . And there is one thing of so golfer She practical attacks golf takes a workman-like t~at on thIs sIde the lady up the game manner in her style. or blouse but should player~ to be said about displayed of her jersey in of of winning and business-like is no half-heartedness the sleeves a team a fair chance in America. thoroughly Still, the GOLF between sister. I was enabled players of them, where springs be useful. is practice, the her English the United IN LADIES' of the links, power would possess of this power may be I think the grip dumb-bells, required as I in this way. aids to the gaining thing use is made sidering of steel and whipcord. of time continued as in the case of a man. a player must not be discouraged she is not possessed securing At but the cause lies in I have indicated. would be pursued and is some- not be forgotten to say, the average is apt to be more or less erratic, the direction than a would that pays in the long run. time, I regret the present to patronise of the ladies and effective and that it is this accuracy induced play great IS REQUIRED rolled manner. in a j th~re WIth up, she This wonderful keenncss--l can describe it· in no other way-must have its effect upon the game, and in the natural sequence of events they will, beyond a doubt, come rapidly to the front. UPPOSING now that the golfer has been fairly started on his way, for I do not propose entering upon the technicalities of the pastime until a little later on, he is probably intent upon playing a good medal or match game. But it is a very real fact that the true art underlying the merits of medal play, which I now propose. to deal with, is probably the most difficult of any to be learnt. Indeed, I may say that it is somewhat of a rarity for one particular player to excel both in match and medal play. Taking the playing of an ordinary game as a test of ability, the golfer is simply set to defeat just his solitary opponent. He knows exactly what he has to do, what he has to cope with, and at every stage of the game he is aware exactly of how his rival stands. In medal play the case is vastly different. You are playing against the whole field, and though you S I 113 THE RISE, PROGRESS, archives. Golf, as far as 1 have known existed for twenty my recollection golf many which years or so; farther back than that refuses to go. hundreds I still think country. That learning stages, and it was not enough There were a the gaged first pushing the \i\Tinchester Still, there generally present being can played pitch home its way to Fernie, and Willie time I was en- there engaged at was a discussion recruit to the between us, Rolland, the David Brown, this match doubt that had and explained. the game not reached the cause There who were players is now were a few clubs of standing put London and in the immediate on vicinity the game had certainly, but full attention. played and at Blackheath. special on Wimbledon Now almost trains Common all the great offering facilities lines for golfers. In a small way this rapid advance as of golf from 1890 onward the sudden men. of Willie but since then ten years the hub of the universe, golf was principally and man too, even in 189 I, were not so very Even around its of this and as long as in cricket. of London, have Andrew the professionals in the first flight of players; not really attracted in Somersetshire. steadily. Park, jun. They were the leaders, Good courses, similarly time of excellence, Sayers, plentiful. was and home, and so may be readily Douglas Ben played match as a new be no Kirkcaldy, were men who were at the actual head of affairs, were probably drives, to win by 4 up and 3 to play. at that the style of play improved almost at Burnham, enough enthusiasts In 1891 the best professionals, Hugh pastimes, the clubs, the ball, and boom" a match was ratified contest, and with but signs of the" ranks. a 36-hole the greens, players contact 3 it had one of the all- popular additional into so extensively; courses merits I was fortunate as brought mighty the point it number at which and but become played of fair was then course, not really sense. at the present over my probable Eventually easy yet visible. 1891 season, Kirkcaldy I was Golf was not then PROSPECTS have passed, and the list of first-class professional as professional Andrew in the I actually in a professional to have gained the country, very Ho, when r891 -that until in the game were hardly during days had not nearly reached about My Westward by no means time was steadily the front,but!t moment. at by slow but upon the pastime is fortunate While a lad I played times was in the early Golf at that dotted of one of the finest courses the game embarked it, has only AND enthusiasm in a short time may be ascribed shown by in the popularity many by Mr. A. other partly to J. Balfour well- known Playing the correct kind of stroke when in a bunker is not a too easy matter for a beginner, for it differs considerably from the method pursued at the tee or through the green. Strictly speaking, the club is not swung at all, for the ball cannot be swept. Usually the niblick, but very frequently also the mashie is used, but whichever it may be, it is taken back almost upright, and brought down in the same way. Aim, however, must not be taken at the ball; were you to hit it directly, it would simply mean you still remained in the bunker. You must place your blow upon a spot behind the ball, using your judgment in case the sand is hard or soft. If the former, an inch may be sufficiently distant, but the softer it is the farther back must you hit. Plant your feet firmly in the sand and grip the club firmly, but not to such an extent as to cramp you. Keep your eye upon the exact spot where you intend your niblick or mashie to land, and then hit I Don't move your eye if you wish to earn success. Get your gaze upon one particular speck of sand. Ipage.~ I 333 Putting.green-co"ti,,,,ed. Out of turn tio~:tCh play compet~: Playing opponent's hall Pointing out line Practice before competition Pressing with club Resting against flag-stick Shielding ball from wind... Snow, removal of Standing at hole StrikiDg fellow-competitor's ball Striking flag-stick removed Striking flag-stick Stymie Rule Touching line of pull Wormcasts Pushing ball ... Putting, direction for Referee, duties of Removing loose impedi. ments Irregular surface ... Obstructions ... Rub of the green I 323 31 (z) 1 329 333 3~0 332 334 333 332 333 20 ll) 29 (1) ~ (2) 28 (z) 32 (1) 29 (z) 28 (z) 29 (z) 3~3 .334 8~2 336 333 332 325 333 335 13 (2) 32 (I) 18 (1) 1 29 (]) 28 (z) 5 29 (j) 35 12 (l) 10 11 17 10 22 5 2 11) (1) (2) (I) (1) I 1 (2) 3 Sin'gte J)laye~ I(z) Snow, removal of Scraping ball Spooning ball ... Stance, casual water interfering. in hazard. " taking ,Starting, order of Steps, removable Stopping ball, another competitor " opponent, etc. " player. etc .... Stopping ball in motion StrilUng Another competitor Ball twice Flag-stick " removed Opponent, etc. Player, etc. 28 (2) 5 5 Strolie, definition of ... " how made Stymie rule Tee. preparing after lifting ... Teeing, definition of. ... Teeing ground. definition of Ball moving off tee ... Ball out of bounds from Beginning match Honour Out of turn Playing outside limits used i~ game, definition of ... Three=ball matches Honour Lifting ball Moved ball Out of turn Striking opponent, etc. Threesomes, order of play Ties, how decided Through the green, definition of Touching ball For identification Opponent's in searching Removing sand Touching line of putt Touching long grass, etc.... ... Umpire, duties of Unplayable ball Vehicle, removal of ... Water Ball moving in Casnal interfering with stance Hazard Waiving penalties rules (4) (I) (3) (3) 10 (1) 18 19 17 (]) 10 (I) 14 13 (1) 32 (]) 18 19 5 1 11 (1) 321 324 330 324 324 324 324 325 2 (j) 23 (j) 2 (I) 2 (z) 2 (I) 2 (j) 7 Ter~s II 27 25 10 1 25 322 325 336 3~2 323 Wind Displacing ball Shielding ball from Winner . Honour . Stroke competitions ... . .. Worm casts, puttinggreen Wrong hall, opponent's outside match Wrong'hole, balllyi~g Wrong information opponent, etc .... in ... from 323 337 337 337 337 337 338 337 389 4 1 2 3 5 3 3 322 326 330 330 332 9 (I) 22 (3) 22 (2) 28 (3) 329 335 335 326 22 (I) 35 6 11 331 331 332 331 337 337 26 27 (2, 3) 27 (4) 27 (1, 5) 2 3 328 333 324 324 389 332 329 329 841 326 17 (3) 29 (2) 1 2 (2) 1 (1) 28 (2) 20 (j) 20 (2) 8 (2, 8) 11 329 20 (lb) LONDON: )~RINTED BY A. C. MOORFIELDS, AND FOWLER, E,C.j SHORF-DiTCH, E.
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