Lecture15

NPTEL- COMMUNICATION SKILLS
Communication Skills: Lecture No. 15
Module 5
Lecture 3
Curriculum Vitae
In the previous lecture of this module, you had learnt how to write a job-application letter, a
simple cover letter, and a bio-data.
In this third lecture of the module, you will learn exclusively about writing an effective CV,
that is, Curriculum Vitae.
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CV, short for Curriculum Vitae, from its Latin source means the course of life. The focus of the
course of life is career unlike the Bio-data where it is biographical. Hence, it is a long synoptic
account of candidate’s professional experience, qualifications, and some personal information.
In Bio-data, the personal information is very elaborately given. Also, the emphasis of the
information keeps changing, depending on the company and the position applied for. Before
you apply, you should keep in mind the 3Ks.
THE THREE KS
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Know yourself
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Know your Company
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Know the Job Market
First, you should know yourself, in the sense, you should be clear about your goals and inner
aspirations. You should honestly ask and introspect on questions like: What are your goals?
Why do you want to apply for this company? And what is your aspiration? What is the aim of
your life? What do you plan to do in the next five years? What will you do if you join this
organization? Will your goal suit this organization? How will it help you to enhance your
aspirations further? Arrive at clear-cut answers to these questions, and then, evaluate your
qualifications. Ascertain your assets—both educational and career wise. Apart from your
subject knowledge, take stock of your skills and assets in terms of computer, communication,
interpersonal, flexibility, adaptability, ability to work independently/in group. Cleary
demarcate five of your merits and limitations. By doing this exercise thoroughly, you will not
be caught unaware by your interviewers.
Secondly, do everything that is possible to know your company before you are going to attend
the interview. In the current technological world that we live in, it is not difficult to know your
company before you apply for a particular position in it. You can search all the information
that you need from so many resources on the web and libraries. You can even informally
interview a person who is working in the company, and perhaps the one who has been fired off
from that company. Read the company advertisements and annual reports carefully. Be
thoroughly informed about the company before you step into the interview room. Identifying
the goals, objectives, and targets of the company will help you check how you fit in.
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Thirdly, knowing the company will also help you to assess the job market. Gather knowledge
about the competitive environment, market and trade dynamics, products/services and
technological trends, innovations and patterns of customer behavior. It will help tackle
unexpected questions asked in the interview such as: What do you know about our product?
Who do you think are our competitors? Do you have any strategies for tackling the competition
that we have in the outside market? So, gather some knowledge about the competitive
environment; it’s not sufficient to know when a product will be introduced but it is important
to perceive whether that product will withstand stiff competition.
WRITING A CURRICULUM VITAE
Before you start writing your CV, make your aim in life, career plans, and goals clear.
Research on the company and the position that you want to apply for. Then, have a basic
flexible CV written first. Later, you can modify it to suit the need of new companies and new
positions that come up. The ideal length of a CV is about four pages. Whereas, an ideal
Résumé is just a single page—a one page document that gives just the most important points
like previous jobs and accomplishments and sufficient information for getting an interview.
Nonetheless, a CV can be several pages and includes details about all sorts of memberships
and side projects. Thus, CV gives more of a sense of overall life time accomplishments in the
field. Once you have decided to write a CV, you can make use of the following pro forma.
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Before I conclude, I should remind you that the above pro forma contains all that is desirable in
a complete CV. However, use your discretion to add or omit appropriate information. Modify
according to the company and position you apply for.
Now-a-days, companies and various organizations invariably look for the short and
summarized version of CV in the form of Résumé. We will look at the chief features of a
Résumé and learn how to write an effective one in the next lecture.
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REFERENCES
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