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NOV. 19, 19,35. I
G_ g‘ FROST
2,021,597
MACHINE FOR TRIMMING PIES
Filed July 19, 1934
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2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Nov. 19, 1935.
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G4 5, F‘ROST
2,021,597
MACHINE FOR TRIMMING PIES
Filed July 19, 1934
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2 Sheets-Sheet 2
ATTORNEY
2,021,597
Patented Nov. 19, 1935
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,021,597
MACHINE‘ FOR TRIMMING ‘PIES
George S. Frost, Baldwin, N. Y.
Application July 19, 1934, Serial No. 735,919
14 Claims.
My invention relates to a simple machine for
trimming pies, as it is called, which consists of
applying pressure to dough which forms the upper
or bottom, or both upper and bottom crusts,
5 against the edge of the plate in which the pie
is made, for the purpose of removing the excess
dough which extends out beyond the edge of the
plate.
Heretofore the machine made for trimming
10 pies has been large and cumbersome and has
cost between twoand three thousand dollars.
Aside from the fact that only larger bakeries
could afford such a machine, the machine itself
occupied considerable space and for these rea
15 sons only the very large bakeries could. afford
to employ such a machine for trimming pies.
The other method of trimming pies was to
stand the pie plate on a slightly raised support
on which the plate could be turned around easily,
20 an operator would bring the hands down against
the edge of the'plate to squeeze the dough and
thus trim it around the edge of the plate. The
plate was turned step by step by the operator
as it was necessary to move the hands down
25 against the dough and against the edge of the
plate several times to complete the trimming of
the dough around the whole plate.
The object of my present invention is to pro
vide a machine of very simple construction and
30 one which is very inexpensive to manufacture
(Cl. 107—-1)
holders for the individual plates has other ads
vantageous features.
.
In machines of the type referred to above which
are now on the market for trimming pies, there
is a long delay and considerable labor involved
in the change from operation on, say, ten-inch
pies to twelve-inch pies, or any other change from
one size pie to another, because the plate holders
5
on the belt or conveyor must be removed and
holders of another size applied, together with 10
corresponding changes in the trimming dies.
Thus it is necessary to shut down such a machine
for considerable periods whenever it is desired
to convert the machine from operation on one
15
size pie to another.
With the present invention the machine will
operate equally well for any size pie and as be
tween very small and very large pies only slight
adjustments have to be made and these are such
20
as can be made in a few minutes’ time.
To a certain extent the machine may be fed
pies of different sizes at the same time, but where
there are extreme differences in the size of the
pies it is preferable that the slight adjustments
referred to be made. Instead, however, of the 25
machine having to be shut down for a consider
able period while preparation is made to shift
from operation on one size pie to, another, ad
justment may be made in the present case almost
instantly. This makes it possible to shift from
and which will trim pies smoothly and regularly
at high speed.
The present machine, which is obviously very
one size pic to another as often as the demands
simple as will appear from the detailed descrip
stopped and adjusted for relatively large pies; 35
then again the machine may be changed‘ back
35 tion of its construction, costs but a fraction of
the amount that the above referred to machines
cost. It takes up but very little space and in
fact it may be attached adjacent an ordinary
travelling belt used in pie bakeries to convey the
40 pie plates along from one operator to another
while the variousparts of the pie are being ap
plied to the plate. The present machine may,
therefore, be incorporated in any pie bakery
where a conveying belt is used as described above,
45 Without the present machine taking up any space
other than that ordinarily taken up by the belt
conveyor.
>
Another advantage of the present invention is
that no holders are necessary to receive pie plates
50 therein as the plates may be regularly or irregu
larly fed onto the travelling belt in various po
sitions and notwithstanding the irregularity in
the position of the plates they will proceed with
the belt and be operated on by my present in
55 vention. The elimination of the necessity of
of the business may require. For instance, the
machine may be run for very small pies for an
hour or so and then it may be momentarily
to the small or any other size pie, so that in the
course of a day several sizes of pies may vbe
handled by the machine with practically a neg
ligible delay of a few minutes in making the 40
change. This is a decided advantage in a pie
bakery.
,
'
Because of the compactness of the present ma
chine, its low cost and other features, it becomes
possible for smaller bakeries to use my machine 45
for trimming pies where otherwise small bakeries
had to depend on hand trimming operations.
In prior machines there was not only a consid
erable loss of time when shifting from one size
pie to another, but the bakery possessing such 50
a machine had to spend large sums of money in
order to have a set of plate holders for each dif
ferent size pie and also-a set of trimming dies
for each size pie plate, and this expense ran into
hundreds of‘ dollars over and above the bare cost 65
2
2,021,597
of the machine itself. These disadvantages are
all eliminated in my present machine.
Other advantages of the present invention will
be set forth in the following detailed description
-, of my invention.
While the machine as a whole
may be constructed entire to embody my inven
tion, it is possible to utilize the ordinary work
bench with travelling belt commonly used in bak
eries where pies are trimmed by hand.
In the drawings forming part of this applica
tion,
Figure l is a plan View of a machine embody
ing my invention,
Figure 2 is a side elevation thereof,
Figure 3 is a sectional View taken on the line
3-3 of Figure 2,
Figure 4 is a. sectional view taken on the line
4i—<i of Figure l but on an enlarged scale,
Figure 5 is a similar view showing the parts in
the condition when the trimming roller is op
erating on a pie,
Figure 6 is an enlarged plan view of a roller
device for trimming the pies,
Figure 7 is a sectional view taken on the line
1-7 of Figure 6,
Figure 8 is a sectional view taken on the line
t—8 of Figure 6,
Figure 9 is a detail sectional view showing the
mounting of one of the rollers in its bearing, and
Figure 16 is a sectional View taken on the line
55-48 of Figure 6.
My invention may be embodied in a machine
built especially for the purposes herein set forth,
but as already indicated, it is possible to utilize
the ordinary work bench with travelling belt,
such as is commonly used in bakeries to transport
the pies from one workman to another where the
pies are made by hand; and in the drawings I
have shown such a bench and belt utilized as
40 part of the combination.
The function of the
travelling belt is to convey the pie plates with
the dough placed thereon, past the trimming de
vice.
The operators who supply the dough for the
45 lower crust, and the operator for supplying the
?ller, and the operator for supplying the dough
for the top crust, may all work along side of the
bench and when the pie plates with the various
parts of the pie thereon travel beyond the last
operator, that is the one who applies the dough
for the top crust, the pie plates then travel un
der my automatic trimming device and the latter
trims the excess dough around the edge of the
plate, so that the plate with the unbaked pie
55 thereon is ready to be delivered into the baking
oven.
In the drawings I have shown an ordinary work
bench l supported on angle plates 2 which latter
are secured to the channel beams 3 which form
the longitudinal structural members of the bench.
These channel beams are connected with and are
supported by suitable legs 4 disposed at opposite
65
ends of the work bench and sometimes duplicated
at intervals between the ends of the bench.
At the receiving end of the work bench there
is a pulley 5 around which engages an endless
belt 6 and this belt also travels around the pulley
'5’ adjacent the delivery end of the bench. The
upper run of this belt rests upon and travels along
the top of the table ! and on this run of the
belt the pie plates are deposited at the left hand
end of the machine in Figure 2, so that the plates
travel from left to right in this View until the
pie materials have been supplied to the plates
and the dough has been trimmed in the manner
>
hereinafter described, so that by the time the pie
plates reach the right hand end of the machine
in Figure 2, they will be supplied with all the ma
terials necessary to constitute a pie and will be
ready to be inserted in an oven (not shown) 5
where the pie is to be baked.
If the bakery is not supplied with a work bench
having a travelling belt, as described herein, then
the machine may be built up to- include the work
bench and travelling belt, in which case it may 10
be constructed and arranged as shown in the.
drawings.
When the pie plates are deposited on the travel
ling belt at the left hand end of the machine as
viewed in Figure 2, one operator will place a 15
sheet of rolled dough a little larger than the
plate, upon the latter, and as the plate progresses
with the belt it‘ reaches another operator who
pours the ?lling material in on the bottom dough;
then as the plate progresses further with the 20
belt, another operator will place another sheet
of rolled dough, somewhat larger than the plate,
across the top of the plate and ?ller. This will
leave a double thickness of dough hanging over
the edge of the plate.
25
Another operator may be employed to mark the
top dough with a suitable die to indicate the
kind of pie. In some instances two operators
may be employed for placing the top dough on
the plates in order to keep up with the speed of 30
the machine, and in some cases more than one
operator will be employed to place the ?llers in
the plates, but this is all in accordance with pres
ent practice in making pies by hand. Regardless
of what steps may be employed in putting the 35"
parts of the pie in the plate, my present inven
tion is adapted to trim the excess dough from
the rim of the plate.
_ I have shown the trimming device assembled
upon a frame of rectangular shape composed of 40'
the end members 8 which are adapted to rest
upon the longitudinal channel beam 3 of the
frame of the machine and to be held in place
by means of bolts 9 extending downwardly from
the end members 8 and passing through aper- 45
tures in the channel beam to be secured by suit
able nuts applied to the ends of the bolts 9.
The frame of the trimming device also in
cludes cross members is attached at their ends
1
to the end members 8 by means of bolts H se- 50
curing the several frame members rigidly to
gether. This frame is preferably detachably
mounted on'the frame of the work bench in
the manner described, so that the rollers carried
by this frame will be over the path of the trav- 5"
elling belt on which the pies and pie plates are
conveyed.
I prefer to take the driving force for operat
ing the trimming rollers from the travelling belt
6 in order that the trimming device will be prop- 60'
erly synchronized with the belt and also be
cause of the simplicity of construction. There
is a pair of brackets l2 attached at the upper
ends to the channel beams 3 and depending
therefrom to form bearings for a cross shaft i3 65
on which is mounted a pulley M. The latter
engages the under surface of the lower run l5
of the travelling belt and by frictional contact
therewith this pulley is driven from the belt and ,_
the power for the trimming device is conveyed ‘0
from the shaft 13 to- the rollers of the trimming
device.
There is journaled in the end members of the
trimming frame a cross shaft IS on which sev
eral pulleys are disposed adjacent one end of 7-"
3
2,021,597
the shaft; One of these pulleys I1 is engaged by
a round belt l8 travelling in the groove of the
pulley and this belt is endless and it also trav
els around the grooved pulley I9 which is mount
ed on the shaft l3 which carries the pulley l4.
Through the parts just described the operating
force is transmitted from the belt E5 to the
shaft It of the trimming device.
There is a rocking frame mounted on the sta
10 tionary frame of the trimming device and it con
sists of a yoke shaped frame 28 having two par
allel arms 2i ; and this frame has apertures in
each of the arms 2i to receive the shaft Hi there
through so that the movable frame is adapted to
15 rock freely on the shaft It.
The outer or free ends of the frame members
2| have hearings in which the shaft 23 is jour
naled and this shaft carries the larger roller 24
which is the roller that actually trims the pies.
I have shown flanges 25 on each end of this
20
roller to prevent the pie plates from moving side
wise out of engagement with the trimming roll
e-r.
This trimming roller is driven at the same
surface speed as the conveying belt 6 prefer
ably in the following manner. There is jour
naled on the cross shaft it a pulley 26 which
is secured to the pulley H to travel in unison
therewith, and there is an endless belt 2'! en
gaging in the groove of the pulley 2B and also
80 engaging in the groove of a pulley 28 which is
fixed on one end of the shaft 23 which is the
shaft of the trimming roller. Through these con
nections the power derived from the conveyor belt
is transmitted to the trimming roller so that the
latter is revolved at about the same surface speed
as the conveying belt andthe adjacent surface
of the roller travels in the same direction as the
adjacent run of the conveyor belt. For instance,
viewing the parts as in Figure 4, the conveying
40 belt is moving to the right and the trimming roll
er is moving counter-clockwise.
The rocking frame, in addition to the parts
screwed against the end member 39 of the brack
et for the purpose of locking the screw after
it has been adjusted. There is a bearing block
for each end of the shaft 3! of the roller 30 and
as they are both alike and the means for ad
justing them are both alike, the description ap
plies to both.
'
It will be apparent from what has just been
described that the roller 38 may be adjusted to
ward and from the trimming roller 24 for a 10
purpose which will be set forth hereinafter.
It .
will be apparent that the trimming roller and
the guide roller 39 are both mounted on the
rocking frame but on opposite sides of the pivotal
line, which is the shaft l6 so that when the
trimming roller swings upwardly the guide roller
35 swings downwardly and vice versa, although
the guide roller in the position shown in Fig
ure 6, being nearer the axis, 1. e., center of the
shaft it, its movement will be relatively less than 20.
the movement of the trimming roller.
There is another guide roller dd disposed on
the opposite side of the trimming roller to that
of the roller 30 and it is also mounted to be ad-'
justable toward and from the trimming roller
but instead of being mounted on a movable
frame, this guide roller is mounted on the sta
tionary frame of the trimming device. The shaft
is of this roller is mounted at each end in an
adjustable device like that shown in Figure 8
and which has just been described in connec
tion with the roller 36. In other words, the ends
of the shaft 45 are each mounted in a slide block
32 as shown in Figure 8 and the positionof this
roller may be adjusted by turning the screws
38 in exactly the same manner as the roller 30
is adjustable. The difference, however, between
this roller 4d and the guide roller all is that the
brackets 116 in which the bearing blocks are
mounted are attached to the end members 8 of
the stationary frame of the device so that the
roller M may be adjusted toward and from the
trimming roller but it has no up and down mo
described above, also includes the arms 29 ex
tion
such as the trimming roller and the guiding
tending to the left of the shaft 16 in Figure :
roller 30 partake of.
6
and
on
these
arms
there
is
carried
a
roller
45
While the ?rst guide roller 3c is shown as an
3%} which lies parallel to the trimming roller
and which is preferably of smaller diameter than
the latter. The shaft 53! of this roller is mount
ed at opposite ends in bearing blocks,32 similar
50 to the one shown in Figure 8.
These bearing
blocks 32 are slidable between the opposing guide
members 33 which are formed as part of the
bracket 34% which is formed on the arms 29.
The sliding blocks have flanges 35 which fit
55 the corresponding grooves 36 in the members
so that the bearing blocks may slide along
these members but will not withdraw therefrom
unless the bearing blocks are moved into the
relatively large opening 31 at one end of the
60 bracket 3d. This is done only when the parts
are to be disassembled. When the bearing blocks
are in use they remain in some position along
the members 33.
There is a screw as threaded through the end
65 member as of the bracket 33 and this screw on
one end has a projecting flange or head 40 which
extends through an aperture 4| of the bearing
block so that the latter will travel or be slid
along by the screw 38. The opposite end of the
70 screw 38 is provided with a knurled head 42
adapted to be engaged by the ?ngers for the pur
pose of turning the screw to the right or left
in Figure 8 for the purpose of adjusting the po
sition of the bearing block 32. There is a lock
75 nut 133 on this screw'which is adapted to be
idler, I prefer to drive the second or after guide
roller M.
For this purpose I have mounted an
other pulley d‘! on the shaft is and connected
with the pulley H to move therewith. There is ;
an endless belt 48 travelling in the groove of the
pulley 41 and this belt also travels in the groove
of the pulley 49 on the shaft 45 of the roller 45.
Through the parts just described, the operating
force taken from the conveying belt 5 and trans- =7
mitted to the pulley l‘! is by means of the pulleys
41 and 49 and the belt‘ 48 transmitted to the
guide roller li? so that the latter will assist in
propelling the plates with the conveyor belt in
addition to performing the function hereinafter
described.
It is not intended that the guide roller 30
should come into contact with the dough on the
pie plates unless the latter should be tilted or
tipped, as otherwise this roller would have a 65
tendency to trim the dough, whereas it is the
intention that the larger roller 24 shall-perform
this operation. I therefore provide means for
adjusting the lower position of the guide roller
30 and it consists of the following:
There is a bracket 50 secured by the screws 5|
to the top of the rocking frame. This bracket
is bent upwardly at 52 and thence backwardly
in a more or less horizontal direction, so that it
overlies the bracket 53 which is secured upon 75
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2,021,597
one of the cross members I 8 of the stationary
frame. There is a screw 54 threaded through the
bracket 50 and passing loosely through an aper
ture in the stationary bracket 53. The head of
this screw rests against the top of the bracket
50 and below the bracket 53 this screw is pro
vided with a wing nut 55 which is adapted to be
turned to different positions along the screw 54.
This nut is so adjusted that the rocking frame
trimming roller is driven in the direction neces
sary .to assist the pie plate in passing under it.
When the pie plate has traveled entirely under
the trimming roller and emerges at the right
hand side thereof in Figure 5, all the dough 5
10 can tilt so that the trimming roller 24 will rest
which the pie is to be baked.
10
The pieces of dough which are trimmed from
the pie and which fall on the travelling belt may
be removed by hand or automatically scraped off
by suitable scrapers (not shown).
It will be noted that when the pie plate starts
to move under the trimming roller it lifts the lat
ter slightly and causes the rocking frame to be
tilted a slight extent and this action causes the
guide roller 30 to be moved down near the top
edge of the pie plate, but it does not come into ac
tual contact with the plate unless at the time the
forward part of the plate starts under the trim
ming roller the plate is slightly rocked on the
belt, then, in that case, the guide roller 38 will
down on the upper edge of any given size plate
which is being supplied to the machine, but the
wing nut will prevent, when properly adjusted,
the trimming roller from moving so near to the
travelling belt as to abut the ends of the pie
plates and thereby arrest their movement. The
bracket 50 may swing downwardly when the trim
ming roller rises and the guide roller 30 moves
downwardly but this rocking action of the frame
20 is limited so that the guide roller 3!] will not
15
quite touch the top or“ the pie plates travelling
with the conveyor belt.
It is necessary, in the operation of my machine,
to use a pie plate having a vertical or upstanding
25 outer edge.
'
For this purpose I have shown a pie plate hav
ing a bottom wall 58 surrounded by inclined
walls 51 and at the upper edge of the latter there
is a horizontal extension 58 followed by a vertical
30 ?ange 53 so that the extreme top edge of this
?ange forms an upwardly directed edge with
which the trimming roller is adapted to co-oper
ate. If the plates are of rectangular shape, they
may be placed on the belt so that they approach
35 the trimming roller in a diagonal position.
Operation
It may be assumed that the machine is set to
trim very small pies. The rollers 33 and till- will
40 both be adjusted to their nearest positions to the
trimming roller 2d. Before the pie plate travels
under the trimming roller the parts will be in the
position indicated in Figure 4, that is to say, the
rocking frame will be in such position that the
45 distance between the travelling belt 6 and the
bottom of the trimming roller 24 will be slightly
less than the height of a pie plate with the parts
of a pie thereon, but the distance between the
guide roller 30 and the travelling belt will be
50 greater than the height of the pie plate and the
parts of the pie thereon.
This initial position
of the two rollers will be determined by the ad
justment of the wing nut 55. If the trimming
roller is allowed to go down much below this
position it might ‘block the travelling pie plates.
Assuming the pie plate with the parts of the
pie therein travel:- along on the belt 6, as shown
Figure ll, it will move into engagement with
the trimming roller and as the latter is ?oating,
60 that is, it is connected with the swinging frame,
the trimming roller will be slightly raised as the
pie plate begins to pass under it, whereupon the
weight of the trimming roller will cause it to press
down on the top of the pie plate and particu
larly against the top edge of the ?ange 59 so
that as the pie plate progresses under this roller,
is shown in Figure 5, all of the dough which
projects over the edge 53 of the pie plate will be
trimmed off by reason of the action of the trim
ming roller resting on this edge of the plate.
In Figure 5 the plate has progressed partly
under the roller so that part of the overhanging
dough has been cut or trimmed. The plate pro
gresses with the travelling belt, its progress be
ing facilitated by reason of the fact that the
projecting beyond the edge of the plate will have
been trimmed off and the plate, together with
the parts of the pie will then be ready to be
removed from the belt and placed in an oven in
limit the tilting of the plate so that the trim- h
ming roller will lie on the top edge of the plate
and the plate will not be turned over. However,
it is not intended that the roller 39 perform the
trimming operation.
As the pie plate emerges at the right hand side .‘-:
of the trimming roller in Figures 4 and 5 there
may be a tendency for the trimming roller, be
cause of its ?oating action and its downward
pressure on the pie plate, to tip the latter about
the time the trimming roller reaches the back Li
edge or corner of the pie plate.
However, by this time the forward edge of the
pie plate will have begun to travel under the
guide roller Elli so that if the plate is tilted or
rocked upwardly at its forward end the plate will 40
be prevented from tipping over or tipping at a
high angle by the guide roller 44. This roller
is normally above the top edge of the pie plate
when the latter is flat on the travelling belt so
that it does not make contact with the pie plate 45
unless the latter tilts as it is about to leave the
trimming roller.
After the entire plate has passed under the
trimming ‘roller, all of the dough projecting over
all portions of the edge of the plate will have 60
been trimmed around the edge of the ?ange 59,
thus separating this dough from the part which
lies on the plate and which is to be part of the
?nished pie.
It is preferable that the distance between the
horizontal portion 58 of the pie plate and the
top edge of the ?ange 59 be about the combined
thickness of the upper and lower sheets of dough.
After the pie plate has passed beyond the trim
ming roller the latter will drop slightly into the 60
position shown in Figure 4 and the pie plate with
the parts of the pie thereon will continue to move
to the right on the travelling belt 6 and it may
be removed from the latter by hand or by any
automatic scraper (not shown). When one pie 65
plate has passed under the trimming roller and
the latter rocks back into the position shown in
Figure 4, it remains in this position until another
pie plate approaches it on the travelling belt,
whereupon the operations described above will be
repeated. It is possible for two or more plates
of a small size, lying side by side, to pass under
the trimming roller at the'same time, in which
case the trimming roller will operate simultane
ously to trim the dough from both plates.
2,021,597
on the top edges of the plates to trim the dough.
If larger plates than those shown in the draw
ings and containing larger pies are to be fed to
the machine, it is preferable to operate the sev
3. A pie trimming machine including a travel
ling conveyor belt for conveying pie plates there
on having pie material on said plates, means ad
jacent the path of the plates on said conveyor in- 5
eluding a cylindrical roller and means for mount
ing the same so that said roller has a floating
up and down movement from and toward the
eral heads 42 of the several adjusting screws for
the purpose of moving the guide roller 30 further
away or to the left of the trimming roller than
the position shown in the drawings, and it is
also preferable to move the guide roller 44 to
the right and further away from the trimming
10 roller for the larger size plates. This is done in
order that the rear portion only of the pie plate
path of plates, said roller being mounted parallel
to the plane of movement of the plates and with 10
its axis at right angles to the direction of travel
of the plates, said roller adapted to act on the
top edges of the plates to trim the dough.
4. A pie trimming apparatus including means
will be under the roller 30 when the forward part
of the plate makes contact with the trimming
roller. The new position of the roller 44 causes
15 this roller to be in position to engage the plate
only if the plate is tilted or rocked when the last
for conveying pie plates having piev material 15
portion of it is moving under the trimming roller.
The adjustment of the two rollers 38 and 44 is
the only change to be made in the machine when
20 changing from one size of pie to another, except
that the wing nut 55 may require adjustment
when shifting from pie plates of one height to
pie plates of another height, in order to have
the lower position of the roller 30 just above the
'25
pie plate and the dough.
From the above it will be apparent that the
pies are automatically trimmed by the floating
trimming roller as they are propelled along on
the top run of the belt ii. The machine does even
30 better work than can be accomplished by hand
trimming, but the operation is much faster. No
matter how many operators are employed in a
crew for applying two sheets of dough and ?ller
to the plates, the trimming device is capable of
trimming the pies of any crew operating in con
nection with a single conveyor belt.
If at any time it is desired to- return to hand
trimming the frame of the trimming device and
the parts associated with it may be detached
40 from the frame of the bench device, whereupon
the conveyor belt may be used without the auto
matic trimming device.
Various changes in the construction and oper
ation of the device may be made without depart
45 ing from the broad features of my invention.
As far as I know I am the ?rst to eliminate
plate holders and dies in a machine for trimming
pies. Furthermore, as far as I know I am the
?rst to use a floating roller co-operating with the
edge of the pie plate to trim the dough around
the same.
Having
described
my
invention,
what
5
I
claim is:
1. A pie trimming machine including a travel
55 ling conveyor fcr conveying pie plates thereon
having pie material on said plates, including a
roller and means for mounting the same so'that
said'roller has a ?oating up and down movement
from and toward the path of the plates, said roll
60 er being mounted parallel to the plane of move
ment of the plates and with its axis at right
angles to the direction of travel of the plates, said
rcller adapted to act on the top edges of the
to trim the dough.
2. A pie trimming machine including a travel
65
ling conveyor for conveying pie plates thereon
having pie material on said plates and means
adjacent the path of the plates on said conveyor,
including a cylindrical roller and. means for
mounting the same so that said roller has a float
ing up and down movement from and toward the
thereon, and means adjacent the path of the
plates and including a floating roller adapted to
press on the top edges of the pie plates while they
are being conveyed past the same, for the pur
pose of trimmingexcess dough around the edges 20
of the plates, and restraining means so disposed
as to be normally out of contact with the plates
but so positioned that if the plate is tilted by said
trimming roller, said means will act on the rear
portion of the plate to limit the tilting of the 25
plate.
5. A pie trimming apparatus including means
for conveying pie plates having pie material
thereon, and means adjacent the path of the
plates and including a ?oating roller'adapted to 30
press on the top edges of the pie plates while they
are being conveyed past the same, for the pur‘
pose of trimming excess dough around the edges
of the plates, and restraining means including
a roller disposed to limit ‘the tilting of the rear 35
portion of the plate while the forward portion’
thereof is engaged by the trimming roller.
6. A pie trimming apparatus including means
for conveying pie plates having pie material
thereon, and means adjacent the path of the 40
plates and including a rocking frame, a trim
ming roller mounted thereon and adapted to press
on the top edges of the pie plates while they are
being conveyed past the same, for the purpose of
trimming excess dough around the edges of the 45
plates, and a restraining roller carried by said .
rocking frame and disposed to limit the upward
tilting of the rear portion of the plate while the
forward portion thereof is engaged by the trim
ming roller.
50
'7. A pie trimming apparatus including means
for conveying pie plates having pie material
thereon, and means adjacent the path of the'
plates and including a ?oating roller adapted to
press on the top edges of the pie plates while they 55
are being conveyed past the same, for the pur
pose of trimming excess dough around the edges
of the plates, and restraining means disposed in
advance of said trimming roller and positioned
to act directly over said plate to limit the upward 60
tilting of the forward portion of the plate while
the rear portion is engaged by the trimming
roller.
8. A pie trimming apparatus including means
for conveying pie plates having pie material 65
thereon, and means adjacent the path of the
plates and including a ?oating roller adapted to
press on the top edges of the pie plates while
they are being conveyed past the same, for the
purpose of trimming excess dough around the 70'
edges of the plates, and a restraining roller dis
path of the plates, said roller being mounted posed‘in advance of said trimming roller and
parallel with the plane of movement of the plates arranged to limit the upward tilting of the for
and with its axis at right angles to the direction > ward portion of the plate while the rearward
of travel of the plates, said roller adapted to act portion thereof is engaged by the trimming roller, 75
6
2,021,597
and means for revolving said trimming roller
and said restraining roller.
9. A pie trimming apparatus including means
for conveying pie plates having pie material
thereon, and means adjacent the path of the
plates and'including a ?oating roller adapted
to press on the top edges of the pie plates while
they are being conveyed past the same, for the
purpose of trimming excess dough around the
edges of the plates, and a restraining roller dis
posed in advance of the trimming roller and ar
ranged to be free of the plate while the latter
remains ?at on the conveying means, but sulfi
ciently close to the plate to limit the upward
15 tilting of the forward portion of the plate while
the trimming roller is resting on the rear por
tion of the plate.
10. A pie trimming apparatus including means
for conveying pie plates having pie material
thereon, and means adjacent the path of the
plates and including a ?oating roller adapted
to press on the top edges of the pie plates,
while they are being conveyed past the same,
for the purpose of trimming excess dough around
the edges of the plates, a roller arranged behind
said trimming roller and disposed in position to
limit the upward tilting of the rear portion of
the plate while the trimming roller is resting
on the forward portion of the plate, and an
30 other roller disposed in advance of the trim
ming roller and so positioned as to prevent ex‘
cessive upward tilting of the forward portion of
the plate while the trimming roller is resting
35
on the rearward portion of the plate.
11. A pie trimming apparatus including means
for conveying pie plates having pie material
rocking frame and arranged to limit the upward
tilting of the rear portion of the plate while the
trimming roller is resting on the forward por
tion of the plate, and adjustable means for
limiting the rocking of said rocking frame to
control the lowermost position of said trimming
roller.
13. A pie trimming apparatus including means
for conveying pie plates having pie material
thereon, and means adjacent the path of the
plates and including a ?oating roller adapted to
roll on the top edges of the pie plates while they
are being conveyed past the same for the purpose
of trimming excess dough around the edges of
the plates, a roller arranged behind and parallel
to said trimming roller and disposed in position
to limit the upward tilting of the rear por~
tion of the plate while the trimming roller is
resting on the forward portion of the plate,
another roller disposed in advance of the cut 20
ting roller and so positioned as to prevent ex
cessive upward tilting of the forward portion
of the plate while the trimming roller is resting
on the rearward portion of the plate, and means
for adjusting the positions of said second and:
third rollers toward and from the trimming roll
or to accommodate the device to different size
plates.
'
14. A pie trimming apparatus including means
for conveying pie plates having pie material
thereon, including a stationary frame disposed
adjacent the path of the plates, a shaft jour
naled in said stationary frame, a rocking frame
pivotally mounted on said shaft, a roller car
ried by said rocking frame and arranged to roi? 35
on the top edges of the plates While they are
thereon and means adjacent the path of the
being conveyed past the same to trim excess
plates including a stationary frame, a rocking
frame mounted thereon, a roller carried by said
rocking frame and adapted to press on the top
edges of the plates while they are being conveyed
dough around the edges of the plates, a second
roller journaled in said rocking frame on the op
posite side of said shaft to said trimming roller,
said second roller being positioned to limit the
tilting of the rear portion of the plate while the
past the same, for the purpose of trimming ex
cess dough around the edges of the plates, and
means for limiting the rocking motion of said
45 rocking frame to limit the downward motion of
said trimming roller to prevent the latter‘ from
blocking the travel of the plates on said con
veying means.
12. A pie trimming apparatus including means
50 for conveying pie plates having pie material
thereon and means adjacent the path of the
plates including a stationary frame, a rocking
frame mounted on said stationary frame, a roller
carried by said rocking frame and adapted to
roll on the top edges of the pie plates while they
are being conveyed past the same for the purpose
of trimming excess dough around the edges of
the plate, a restraining roller mounted on said
trimming roller is resting on the forward por
tion of the plate, a third roller disposed beyond
said trimming roller and positioned to prevent 45
excessive tilting of the forward portion of the
plate while the trimming roller is resting on the
rear portion of the plate, pulleys disposed on
said shaft and means for operating the same
from said conveying means, a pulley on the shaft
of said trimming roller and a belt engaging said
last mentioned pulleys to cause the operation of
said trimming roller, a pulley on the shaft of said
third mentioned roller and a belt engaging said
last mentioned pulley and one of the pulleys or; 55
said ?rst shaft, for causing the operation of said
third roller.
GEORGE S. FROST.