Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering Volume(Year)No, StartPage-EndPage UDC xxx.yyy.z Paper received: 00.00.200x Paper accepted: 00.00.200x Deterministic Mathematical Modeling of Platform Performance Degradation in Cyclic Operation Regimes 1 Nenad Kapor 1 - Momcilo Milinovic1-Olivera Jeremic1-Dalibor Petrovic2, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Belgrade Serbia 2 University of Defense, Military Academy, Serbia Abstract The manuscript considers the modeling of extreme-capability working platforms that are operated in periodic cycles, each cycle having a pre-defined number of operations that affect working surfaces. A novel hypothesis is introduced about the platform-degrading effects that cause an equivalent decrease of the successful operations after repeated cycles. Deterministic modeling, based on the basic equations by Lanchester and Dinner, is generalized here to include coupling between parameters. The newly developed mathematical model of performance degradation is in good agreement with both experimental measurements and numerical simulations. It is assumed that the new variables and their correlations link Gaussian distribution and the observed performances of the testing platforms. Relative probability dispersions of affected surface are derived, as a new indirect referencing figure of merit, to describe simulations and compare them to experimental test data. The model proves a hypothesis that the degrading effects are a function of the platform capacity, frequency of operations and the number of available cycles. Degradation effects are taken into account through an equivalent decrease of effective operation capacities, reflected on the properties of the affected operating surfaces. The obtained estimations of degradation could be used in planning of platform capacity as well as in the selection of real affected surfaces in various machining systems and for a wide range of different materials. Key words: cycles, operations, extreme machine platforms, probabilities, deterministic modeling 0 NOMENCLATURE M p (t ) - current number of operations m p (t ) - current number of degraded operations Mp mp - operation consumptions rate - rate the fictive changes of non-effective M po operations(rate of equivalent operations) - capacity of particular operations m po - initial degraded number of operations mp(i-1) - initial degraded number from the previous cycle - number of cyclic operations m p (t) - current number of operations during i N S *0 Sp Sc i -1 degradation - remaining un-degraded surface - affected surface - remaining un-degraded surface after the (i–1)th cycle S i (t ) - current un-degraded surface t - cycle period PD * - probability dispersion of un-degraded operations on the platform PD - probability dispersion of working surface in degraded platform s operations U i - designed capability, of the platform, p p - attrition rate of operations (consumption rate of operation numbers) – probability of each operation t - current relative degradation in the pi i cycle ( t ) relative efficiency of the current ci process N p (t ) - operation frequency for a given t cycle N p (t ) - number of operations per cycle p - elementary efficiency on the surface * Corr. Author's Address: Name of institution, Address, City, Country, xxx.yyy@xxxxxx.yyy 1 p (t ) - current relative capacity degradation *ci - relative efficiency of the current c i -1 - process without degradation relative efficiency of the current i c - cumulative relative efficiency of all finished processes *ci - cumulative relative efficiency of all finished processes without degradation process, after i-1 cycles with degradation effect 1 INTRODUCTION Machines operating in cycles and their properties are not studied in depth in literature, and as such are not well described by integral mathematical models. If the effects of their operation are actions on the given working surfaces under given constraints, then the quality of the affected surfaces can be described by reliability functions. In this way the operating capabilities of the platform can be determined. A majority of the published papers use standard aproach to the measured performances that depend on the machine's designed purposes. Such processes are described in [1] – [3] for the Abrasive Flow Machines (AFM) where material is hardened by randomly treating the working surface with abrasive particles with polymeric fillers and dispersed within the flow media. The authors of [1] classified the work piece parameters into three groups based, among others, on the number of cycles (operations), and the machining time. Some of these parameters were determined experimentally in [2], where the authors recognized that the parameters denoted as the creeping time and the cycles frequency have impact on the quality of the machining process. In [3] the authors experimentally prove that the mentioned parameters influence the process. Common for all three papers is that they do not include hidden random effects caused by particles affecting the surfaces in cyclic operations, although such effects significantly influence the quality of surface treatment. In all three papers the mathematical modelling of the process is missing. Another similar type of machines with cyclic operation affecting working surfaces are those described in [4] as the shot peening (SP) platforms. They bombard a surface with spherical beads to increase the material fatigue strength. The physical modeling of the influence of the bead shapes on the performance of the surface hardening processs is presented in [5]. Random surface effects due to bombing cycles are a result 2 of the quallity of the machine performance. However, the connection between the effects and the particular operations is missing in [5]. Paper [6] utilizes a risk function to consider the example of sun-rays hitting a surface as a random process. In fact, the determination of the risk function dumping requires much more precise estimations of probabilities distribution of the effect occurance on the attacked surface. However, the mentioned paper is missing the mathematical model of random disturbances of these probabilities. Common for the description of the processes in both AFM and SP machines, as well as the processes described in [6], is that they lack the deterministic or probabilistic mathematical modeling of cycles and their parameters on the final process efficiency. Mechanical engineering of extreme machines in defence technologies have particular operations grouped in the cycle regimes. These operations affect the working surfaces or areas, with constrained machine capacities with regard to operation numbers. The modeling of efficiencies in such cases is usually done using the deterministic diferential theories of operational research. This approach is based on the so-called Lancester and/or Dinner equations of particular probabilities and their distribution laws, as presented in detail in [7], as well as in [8]. Their equations use variable attrition rates as the frequencies in operations probabilities, similar to [9], where surface point effects are taken with variable probabilities. Modeling of cycles efficiencies in these references is done by coupled equations, where two subjects simultaneously affect each other. Their actions are interdependent, but diferent. Their efficiencies also differently evolve with time. This approach is not fully useful to define a stand-alone efficiency estimation for a single subject. A mathematical model of the equipment with constrained capacities which generates identical repeated operations in a given order is presented in [10] for air platform equipment. The main contribution of that paper is the treatment of the action on the working surfaces as a random process, but the probability distribution laws on the affected surfaces are missing. The twodimensional Gaussian distribution laws, used for welding processes as referred in [11] could be useful in the estimation of random processes on surfaces. According to the state-of-the-art analysis as presented in the quoted papers, there is no comprehensive mathematical model, proven by experimental data, that would be capable of explaining relations between the machine's cyclic performances, its capacities and the quality of randomly affected surfaces, as well as the designed processing time. This is because the mentioned papers do not consider two repeating processes simultaneously acting on a single object, one as working and second as redundant or parasitic, which together changes the quality of the expected performances. The objective of this paper was to develop a general joint mathematical model that includes all pertinent factor that influence the final efficiency of procesing, thus enabling simulation and evaluation of these parallel processes. Based on the specific requirements for sequential processing of the surfaces, a mathematical model is developed using a deterministic approach treating the surface processes as random variables. The objective was to test the efficiency of cyclic operations affecting the working surfaces, basically by considering differences caused by the capacities and operation rates of the processing machine. This was shown using the experimental data on operation platforms with extreme performances. The novelty of the aproach presented in this manuscript is the redesign of coupled deterministic equations done in a new manner. In the mentioned literature these equations are employed to describe the mutual effects of objects as a function of the elapsed process time. This approach in literature makes the time functions dependent on the performances of two objects. In our approach one object executes two operations in parallel, one of them comprising the working process itself, and the other, parasitic, occuring as self-degradation dependent on the first one. Both happen on the same object -- the operation platform performing the same action. The new aproach composes deterministic equations to describe this and to measure changes of the platform efficiency. By our approach the quality of the working process is the convolution of both kinds of operations in one cycle, as well as their frequencies. The number of cycles influences the random arguments and reflects on probabilities of working surface coverage that obeys the twodimensional Gaussian distribution laws. This was taken as the measure of the changes of quality due to self degradation. 2 EXPLANATION OF THE GENERAL MODEL The model offers the possibility to evaluate the degradation of the platform performance, regarding the equipment and devices contained within the platform. The quality of the affected surface is regarded as the dimension of probability dispersion. This dimension appears during the execution as the consequence of cycle duration and the operations frequency, as well as of the capacities of the platform. The approach presented in [12] which developed operations frequency coupled with execution probabilities as the combined attrition parameter was used in developing our general model. Changes of probability dispersions of random values on the affected surface appear in the form of Gaussian distribution law. The degradation of the platform properties through the operation cycles is represented by changes in the Gaussian distribution. This is valid under assumption that for each cycle in the working regime one particular Gaussian distribution function is valid. In our approach this function is distributed in successive cycles in the form of extended probability dispersions of both random arguments in the two surface directions. Consequently, this means that the changing of efficiencies over time is measured by the resulting effects on the new randomly affected surfaces. The decrease of the efficiency with each new cycle reflects on the new less affected surfaces. This also means the degradation of the working platforms capabilities caused by less effective particular operations in the cycles. The cause of this degradation could be a consequence of rapid high energy operations realized in short-time sequences (high mechanical power values) in successive, orderly repeated cycles, similar to those described in paper [13]. But, in the mentioned paper, the affected points on 3 the surfaces do not obey any probabilistic law, and thus there is no error distribution as a modeling parameter. In our research we use the changes of the probability dispersion (PD) after each cycle due to all errors in the cycle as a measure of the platform efficiency. These changes are caused by the generator of the cycles and by its selfdegradation and are reflected in the decreased number of declared operations. This makes the designed operational capacities of the platforms less efective with the number of cycles. In order to estimate the degraded platform performances by means of time-based simulation, new relative parameters have been accepted in the modeling. The deterministic modeling of the estimations of the so-called vulnerability performances is presented in [14] and [15]. The performances considered there are similar to our degrading platforms performances. The models presented in [16], called PEXPOT, LEVPOT, DYNPOT, were also developed as vulnerability considerations based on attrition rate function and thus indirectly describe the kind of expected degradation capabilities. An esssential diferrence of our model is that the degradation of the system appears as a direct consequence of selfdegradation caused by the effects of the repeated cycles. The designed frequencies and functional probabilities, contained in each operation, is reflected through the full platform capacity on the affected surfaces. This effect makes the proposed model more useful in planning the redesigning of platform capacities for required affected surfaces. 3 MATHEMATICAL MODELS In the presented model the platform has the capacity of M p0 particular operations oriented toward the working surface. These operations occur in dynamic regimes with successive frequencies and probability of surface action of about p = 0.997. This is provided using the maximum technical dimensions of the surface, which correspond to the 64 PDav2.Width and depth of the surface used eight same average probability dispersions PDav, in both surface directions. Average probability dispersions PDav is taken as an equal of the expected Gaussian distribution of two-dimensional random arguments. The probability variations are represented as functions of the cycle number and 4 of the full capacity of operations. The designed properties of these processes are consequently the function of probability changes. The adopted hypothesis is that the degradation of the platform performances is an imaginary effect, able to be explained by the values of effective and ineffective number of operations. This ensures a possibility to consider the ineffective number as a value increasing with the number of cycles during the exploitation time. In that sense the increasing number of ineffective operations corresponds to the increase of cycle probabilities dispersions. Operative consumption is realized in cycles with the same sequential probabilities of operations, p, like in [10]. In that case, the frequency of executions of real operations, as the real rate of operation is dM p p p . dt (1) This determines the remaining number of operations as the M p M p (t ) in each moment of time t in the cycle duration interval. It is expected that probability would not have a fixed value but will vary over exploitation time. The changes of probability function p could mean random changeable performances which disturb the rate of real operations on the working surfaces. The probabilities changes affect the rate of real operations M p in Eq. (1). This is not really possible because the frequency of operation executions is a designed property of the platform hardware. The present hypothesis has only an imaginary effect. The acceptable solution could be to recalculate the influence of the number of ineffective operations on the new probable dispersion PD reflected in a new Gaussian distribution but for the unchanged execution operations probabilities. The consequence is that the model has to consider the extended working surfaces, with new dimensions 64 PD2 engaged in operations after each cycle. The platform degradation, as an imaginary effect, is a process in the real cycle time and simultaneously parasitic in real operations. A new value of the modified equivalent number of operations m p (t ) is diminished by this imaginary effect. This is generated as a current and recalculated capability of working platform. The new value is lower than the real number of the remaining operations M p (t ) . At the very beginning it is equal to the real available capacity m p0 M p0 . The reason is underpinned by the fact that the model of self-degradation is viewed as a new, fictive rate of equivalent non-effective operations changes m p , which is not equal to the rate of real operation M p . This orients the mathematical model to consider the share of degraded value on each of the real operations, and by that effect, redesign the remaining number of operations available on the platform. Such transformation implies that the degrading rate of m p and the real rate M p during each cycle are proportional to the number remaining of equivalent dimensionless 1 operations . The correction mp equal time intervals for each cycle of t , and the rate of operations in the cycle is the same, then using (3), any of i cycles (where i = 1,2,……n) is used at the beginning of a new, redesigned equivalent number of operations from the previous cycle. The current relative degrading in cycle, is defined as a new differential equation dp 1 i , i = 1,2,3. p dt p m2p i i -1 (4) The solution of (4) is p t 1i capacity, the platform performances are degraded continually with each cycle. This means always a new valid number of operations with regard to the remaining capacity. It is inappropriate to use the approach as constant and fixed for any platform capacity since it is dependent on the available number of operations. The relative degradation of the platform capacity is taken as more acceptable in modeling with the functional ratio p (t ) m p (t ) / m p where p (t 0) 1 , as the 0 current relative capacity degradation of the platform. General differential equation (2) of new functional p , by methodology given in [7,], is: dp dt p 1 p M 2p 0 (3) If the platform, under the same conditions, executes repeating working cycles n times, in 2 t. mp (i-1) (5) The function of the current relative capacity degradation of the platform full capacity after (i–1), and during the i–th cycle at an instant i -1 t t i t , similarly to [10], is i-1 p t p t p i coefficient is the portion of one operation within the actual remaining equivalent number m p . Based on the previous concept, the differential equation for the degradation rates, Eq. (1), becomes dm p 1 p dt mp (2) Since the model of equivalent numbers is a function of time and the current equivalent number m p , as the instantaneous remaining 2 p j1 j (6) i-1 with the condition p 1 for the i 1 . The j 1 j estimation of the relative efficiency of the current process is the function of the affected and the initial working surface. This functional is determined for the unaffected, remaining surface at each cycle and the final working surface the from previous cycle, taken as initial in the current one. It is given in the form S i (t ) ci (t ) 1- c . S i -1 (7) Differential equation of the relative efficiency of the current process, as the remained relative surface within operation cycle considered as the degraded ones, according to a similar differential equation in [7,10], is d ci 0 t t -U i pi ci , (8) dt If the platform operates in cycles without 1 , the functional degradation effect, its pi p does not affect Eq. (8) and the coupling of i Eq. (4) and Eq. (8) is lost. Consequently, the relative efficiency of the current process, denoted 5 by *ci , during the un-degrading surface processing in the cycles is described by d *ci -U i *ci . (9) dt In both (8) and (9), the operation number in one cycle is the designed capability, and could be variable. This depends of the designed cartridge capacity used for continual operations in the short impulse regimes. The well balanced example between the number of operations and the covered affected surface in one cycle is the referent platform given in [10]. It uses cartridges of maximum N p ( t ) 8, and its cycle expires in 4.4 seconds. The accepted functional designed capability, of the platform, redesigned for the considered example is: 1.82 Ui p So (10) Appropriate values need to be calculated for each platform cartridge with their declared performances regarding the expected affected surface. The solution of Eq. (8) is: ci t ci U im2 p i -1 3 p 0e 3 pi -1 , (11) while for the ideal, un-degraded effect, from Eq (9), it takes the form: *ci t *ci 0 e U it . (12) The next appropriate assumptions for the initial conditions are used: A. Model with initial conditions for the relative efficiency of the current process at the very S (0) beginning ci (0) 1- ic 1. S i -1 B. Model with variable relative efficiency of the current process at the very beginning 0 1 taken in the next cycle ci t ci i -1 from the end of the previous one. In both cases, the designed cycle capability of the platform 1.82 U i max p const and is constant in all So cycles as a declared value. Cumulative relative efficiency of all finished processes is 6 n c c i 1 i (13) For the experimental verification of the correlation between the platform capacities and the affected surfaces for the degraded as well as for the un-degraded (available) number of operations, the new expressions were required. If all available cycles on the platform expired, the full affected surface Sp and the working surface S0 can be correlated. The correlation could be expressed by a relation analogous to (7), using degradation effects on the surface given by cumulative relative efficiency of all finished processes in (13). This yields the relation S0 Sp 1 c . (14) The same logic, analogous to expression (14), could be used for the un-degraded working surface S*0 and the affected surface S*p equations. They also have to be related with the cumulative relative efficiency of all finished processes without degradation of *c , which is a product similar to (13), with * determined from (12), in the c(i) same form as (14). For the ideal designed number of operations, as well as for the degraded number, the particular affected surfaces are equal (S*p Sp). This is because no operation in the cycle is missed, but is only disposed somewhere on the larger area. The working surfaces So and S*o could be determined as the squares of the appropriate Gaussian linear values of average probability dispersion PDav for both cases. Since the degraded and the un-degraded cumulative relative efficiency of all finished processes are the functional correlated to the surfaces given by (14), the dispersion values, in both cases, also satisfy these correlations. Since the surfaces are taken as 8PDav x 8PDav, using basic Eq. (14) and their analogues, the ratio of PD* in un-degraded and PD of degraded cases is expressed by PD * PD 1 c 1 *c . (15) This new approach provides the method for comparison of degraded and un-degraded surfaces of accepted dimensions, or to treat expected degrading by constraining the allowable ratio. 4 SIMULATION DATA AND RESULTS decreasing number of equivalent operations after each real execution rate. The most rapid decrease of the current relative capacity degrading has been observed for the platform with 8 designed operations within one cycle. 1 [o] 0,98 0,96 0,94 8 Mp 16 Mp 32 Mp 40 Mp 24 Mp 0,92 pi Simulation tests are realized using MATLAB software package and compared with experimental research. The basic assumptions in the simulations were - Platform capacities and cycles performances presented in Tab. T.1., are used for simulation testing, as well as in experimental modeling. These data are used in the platform degradation modeling - Numerical test is provided for the 8, 16, 24, 32, and 40 operations capacity of the platform. As it was accepted in the mathematical model, one cycle had 8 operations and expired in a nominal time of 4.4 seconds. Figure.1 represents the simulation results of the current relative degradation of successive ordering operations in the sequential cycles. The degraded values are positive and decreasing, bounded with value 1 from the upper side. The simulation shows that at the end of each cycle, the current relative degradation final value is decreasing, regardless of the number of operations remaining constant. 0,9 0,88 0,86 0,84 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 [s] t Fig. 1. Functions of current relative degradation of successive ordering operations in the sequential cycles Lower degradation occures on platforms that have 16, 24, 32 and 40 operations in each cycle. Platforms with higher initial capacities, like e.g the number of operations, have smaller gradients and lower degradation at the end of the cycle. 40 35 30 Table 1. Simulated platforms performances Capacity variant Number of operations in one tool set The number of tool-sets Available Number of platform s operations Rate of operation [1/s] Working surface [m2] Effective tool radii Rc [m] Elementary surface effciency [m2] Number of designed affected operations in one cycle mp 25 1 2 3 4 5 4 4 4 4 5 2 4 6 8 8 8 16 24 32 40 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 0.126 0.126 0.126 0.126 0.126 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 8 8 8 8 8 20 15 The consequence of the model is that platform capability degrades more rapidly in each subsequent cycle, regardless of the same number of operations. It is the consequence of the 8 Mp 16 Mp 32 Mp 40 Mp 24 Mp 10 5 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 t 60 70 80 90 [s] 100 Fig. 2. Real initial and degraded equivalent number of operations on the platforms with different operation capacities Figure 2. represents the equivalent number of degraded operations starting with a different real number of platform capacities. It is visible that the gradient disperses with time. This process shows the minimum gradient for the platforms tested with 40 or more real operations compared to platforms with less capacities used in the simulation model. 7 c 0,7 0,6 0,5 0,4 0,3 0 5 10 15 20 [s] t o [] 1 INITIAL CONDITIONS B model degrade 40 operation capacity B model un-degraded 40 operation capacity B model degrade 32 operation capacity B model un-degraded 32 operation capacity B model degrade 24 operation capacity B model un-degraded 24 operation capacity B model degrade 16 operation capacity B model un-degraded 16 operation capacity B model degrade 8 operation capacity B model un-degraded 8 operation capacity 0,9 0,8 0,7 c 0,6 0,5 0,4 0,3 0,2 0,1 0 0 5 10 15 t 20 [s] Fig.3 Current relative efficiency of affected surface with variable operation designed capacities and number of cycles a) model A and b) model B Also paper [1] reported significant changes in the first 20 operations (so-called cycles in [1] and [2]) and reaching of a saturated level gradually. The result shown in Fig 1. also shows saturation performance of relative degrading , but with at least 40 operations. It could be seen that those values are of the same order of magnitude. Experiments in [1], developed for the surface roughness, have shown that after 50 operating cycles the roughness decreased slightly. Comparative considerations about similarities of surfaces affecting processes, shown in fig 3 regardless that they have been tested on the 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 PDav 7.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.5 5.5 36 10 10 10 10 0 12.67 5.0 5.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 7.5 7.4 Dispersion error [%], model A 0,8 Model A Experimental of PDav data [m] INITIAL CONDITIONS A model degrade 40 operations capacity A model un-degraded 40 operations capacity A model degrade 32 operations capacity A model degrade 24 operations capacity A model degrade 16 operations capacity A model degrade 8 operations capacity 0,9 Dispersion error [%], model B 1 ModelB Experimental test of PDav data [m] [o] different machines with different purposes, showed the same sort of behavior. Two models of surfaces with different initial conditions marked as A) and B) shown in figure 3 are tested in simulation. The first tested case ,for the both models, is degraded platform performance and the second one is the undegraded performance. Both curves of the cases, for both models, are shown in figs 3a and 3b. The platforms with lower operation capacities, 8 and 16, in simulations have greater differences for degraded and un-degraded tests for the model A. This is also valid in the model B. At higher operation capacities, 24, 32, 40 have diminishing differences except in the model B where their differences disappear more rapidly than in the model A. The curves from figure 3 present relative efficiency of the current process, concerning cycle time as a continuously varying value. Differences between relative values of affected surfaces in the degraded and un-degraded cases have been recalculated on their new extended working surfaces dimensions and transformed into their probability dispersions ratios. Average probability dispersion, PDav, as the measure of degraded surface is shown in experimental and simulation test data in table T.2.a and T.2.b from Eq. (15) for the platforms with different capacities and cycle numbers composed in the tool sets (table T.1). Repeated experimental tests have been realized in cycles with 8 operations in 6 realized experiments shown in T.2a. It is obvious for both experimental models, B and A, that they show strong degradation of the initial probability dispersions. The decrease is slowed down by the increasing number of operations in the new cycles. Saturation is achieved after 24 operations for the model A and after 16 operations for the model B. Table 2.a Experimental data for the probability dispersions Cycle No Figure 3 explains the model of cumulative relative efficiency of all finished processes. As it is shown in figures a and b, the unaffected surface decreases with the increasing number of operations. This decrease is more or less similar to the experimental results of surface roughness decrease, presented experimentally in [1]. This paper has shown similar surface effects as our model. 32 32 22 22 22 1 21.8 Simulation of the probability dispersions Degraded Total cycles time t [s] c 1 4.47 8.94 13.41 17.88 22.35 c 1 4.47 8.94 13.41 17.88 22.35 Un-degraded c [0] 1 c [0] * 0 c[ ] 1 * 0 c[ ] PDav * PDav M O D E L ''B'' 0.936 0.468141 0.117549 0.012616 0.000476 0.769 0.394497 0.100695936 0.010803896 0.000401542 0.064 0.531859 0.882451 0.987384 0.999524 0.231 0.605503 0.899304 0.989196 0.999598 0.526361 0.937217 0.990586 0.999084 0.999963 47.36 8.675 2.84 1.217 0.608 M O D E L ''A'' 0.936 0.572717 0.288294 0.120871 0.041622 0.769 0.482932 0.247261184 0.103355175 0.035244115 0.064 0.427283 0.711706 0.879129 0.958378 0.231 0.517068 0.752739 0.896645 0.964756 0.526361 0.909042 0.972362 0.990184 0.996689 47.36 10.67 4.36 2.4 1.556 In the table T.2.b dispersion in the model B is saturated after 24 operations from 47% to 2.84 % and further approaches 1%. In both models, after at least 40 operations, (in experiments after 48), the probability dispersion PD stopped decreasing and diminished. The percentage of the errors measured by the surface extension over PD, for the model in simulations and in experiments is about 4 % for the model B and about 29% for the model A. This is because, in the case B, the decreased unaffected surface from the previous cycle is taken repeatedly as an initial surface for each next cycle. Consequently, errors increase as the cumulative values from the previous cycles. Taking into account the unsteady-state random processes on the designed platforms, predictions of efficiency made by this indirect modeling are sufficiently good. 5 CONCLUSIONS In the present state of the art, in the field of surface affecting machines, there is no unified model theory that connects the variable machine Operation capacity TableT.2.b performances with effects on the affected surface determined in continuous working process. The operational research modeling offers some models of interaction of two interdependent objects. In our model one object, a surface affecting machine as a platform operating in cycles is self-degrading due to the effects of sequentially repeated cycles. In our hypothesis it was assumed that the rate of degradation is variable and proportional to the rate of real operations divided by the actual remaining % of surface extension It is obvious that model B where the relative efficiency of the current process at the very beginning of cycles is taken from the previous cycle, has smaller saturation decrease of PDav in both experimental and simulation cases. 8 16 24 32 40 8 16 24 32 40 capacity. This novel approach is proved indirectly for the effects occurring on the working surface. These effects are measured by determining the statistical variations of the surface parameters. The relevance of this model is that the real effects by the cyclic operations and also by the planned operation capacities could be predicted for the required surface effects. The model is also able to predict the extreme machines performances based on the expected quality for the surfaces treatment. The presented simulation results are consistent with the experimental data and coincide with other researches referred. Further research in this area could be the extension of the experimental data base in order to improve the simulation model according to the type of special extreme machines and their affected surfaces. The model can be readily applied to additional processes and effects. 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