Presented By Virginia Gun Safety, LLC Welcome to Our Training Academy Administrative Items No ammunition in the classroom Securing of firearms Restroom Emergency Exits Refreshments and snack policy Smoking policy Breaks and lunch Room temperature Cell Phone and Pager policy Virginia Gun Safety Established in 2007; Incorporated in 2009 Specialize in firearms training As of 2012, 697 students, 7885 man hours of instruction NRA Certified Instructors and Training Counselors Staff Introductions Course Goal To teach the fundamental knowledge, skills, and attitude essential for the safe, effective and responsible use of a handgun for selfdefense. What this Course is Not This course does not dispense legal advise. This course is not an advanced shooting course. This is not an NRA Course. Stages of Skill Development Conscious Incompetence Conscious Competence Unconscious Incompetence Unconscious Competence Why Are You Here? Student Introductions Who are you? Firearms experience Why are you seeking firearms training? What do you want, need, or expect to get out of this course? Course Lessons Lesson I Fundamentals of Self Defense Lesson 2 Pistol Fundamentals as They Apply to Carrying a Firearm Lesson 3 Handgun and Ammunition Selection Lesson 4 How to Carry a Firearm Lesson 5 Presenting a Firearm from a Holster Required Materials Personal Protection Outside the Home Handbook Gun Safety Rules Brochure Course Completion Certificate* Terminology Guns are firearms. Firearms are guns. They are handguns, pistols, revolvers, semi-automatic pistols, etc. They are NOT weapons! You may hear terms you may not be familiar with. If you do not understand something – ask us when it happens. Objectives This course is objectives based. We make sure you accomplish the learning objectives before we move on. A Gun Owner’s Responsibilities Americans enjoy a right that citizens of many other countries do not — the right to own firearms. But with this right comes responsibilities. It is the gun owner’s responsibility to store, operate and maintain his or her firearms safely. It is the gun owner’s responsibility to ensure that unauthorized or untrained individuals cannot gain access to his or her firearms. And it is the gun owner’s responsibility to learn and obey all applicable laws that pertain to the purchase, possession and use of a firearm in his or her locale. Guns are neither safe nor unsafe by themselves. When gun owners learn and practice responsible gun ownership, guns are safe. Hygiene Refrain from eating, drinking, smoking, applying makeup, or otherwise placing your hands and/or fingers near your face while on the range or while cleaning a gun. Always wash hands and face with cold water and soap, after shooting or cleaning and before eating. Change and wash clothes as soon as possible. Q&A Period Lesson 1 Ethical Responsibility A firearm is a tool of last resort. Used only when in imminent danger. Are you capable of using deadly force? Are you capable of exercising mature judgment? Safe Gun Handling Rules Always keep the gun pointed in a safe direction Always keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot Always keep the gun unloaded until ready to use How the 3 Rules Apply Always keep the gun pointed in a safe direction When the gun is in the holster. When the gun is being drawn. When the gun is at a ready position. When you are moving or getting behind cover. When the gun is fired to stop an assailant. When the gun is being cleared of a stoppage. When the gun is being reloaded. When the gun is being reholstered. How the 3 Rules Apply Always keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot When drawing the gun from the holster. When clearing a stoppage. When moving or getting behind cover. When reloading the pistol. When the gun is being reholstered. How the 3 Rules Apply Always keep the gun unloaded until ready to use When it is in the holster or holster purse. When it is in a drawer or glove compartment for immediate access. When it is in your hand. Additional Safety Rules Know the target and what is beyond. Know how to use the gun safely. Be sure the gun is safe to operate. Use only the correct ammunition for the gun. Never use alcohol or drugs before or while carrying a firearm. Store guns so that they are not accessible to unauthorized persons. Handgun Storage While Carrying Restricts access to unauthorized users. Still allows easy access to the gun when needed. Still provides a measure of concealment. Check State and local laws regarding storage of firearms while not in your home. Levels of Awareness Levels of Awareness Unaware Aware Alert Alarm It is our responsibility as gun owners and users to avoid the confrontation to begin with. Proper Mindset Are you willing to use lethal force in self-defense? Am I prepared to take the life of another human being? Does my religion permit the taking of a life in self-defense? Do my personal moral standards permit the taking of a life in self-defense? Am I prepared for the aftermath if I must defend myself or others with lethal force? Proper Mindset Never Give Up! Your determination to persevere and win is key That attitude may cause your assailant to back down Visualization Formation of a mental image of a situation or activity Mental ‘what-if’ games Develop a Plan Personal protection plans are specific to the individual or group Factors such as skills, capabilities, limits, habits, composition of the group, environment all play a role Prepare to be flexible Avoidance Be Aware! Environment, surroundings, people, animals, cover and concealment, escape routes Plan Ahead Who, what, where, when all factor into a flexible plan Don’t inadvertently put yourself into a potentially dangerous situation Think about where your firearm is going to be in your planning Avoidance Avoid Dangerous People Avoid Dangerous Situations Avoid Dangerous Places Don’t Make Yourself a Target Avoidance Avoid Antagonizing Situations Don’t antagonize others. Don’t respond to antagonizing people. We have a responsibility not to escalate a confrontational situation. Always Look for Escape Routes Part of visualization technique Use Cover and Concealment Cover Hard material that has a high likelihood of stopping incoming rounds ○ mailbox, dumpsters, some parts of vehicles, etc. Concealment Soft material that provides mainly visual cover but little protection ○ Walls, door jambs, furniture, some parts of vehicles, etc. Psychological Reactions When Confronted with a Threat: Freeze Submit Posture Flight Fight Physiological Reactions General body responses Increased heart rate and respiration, pupils dilate, muscles tense Adrenaline Rush Heightens senses, increases strength, increased heart rate/blood pressure Loss of Fine Motor Skills Stress, adrenaline, blood flows from extremities Perceptual Changes Tunnel Vision Auditory Exclusion Time Dilation Temporary Loss of Memory Using a Firearm in Self-Defense Only when in fear of imminent bodily injury or death. Goal is to stop the attack, not kill the attacker. Shoot to stop the threat. Never shoot at a retreating threat. Incapacitation may not be immediate. You may be injured (never give up). Once Your Attacker is Down Do not approach attacker Look for other threats Move to cover if possible Contact the police Wait for the police Be on guard for renewed threat Don’t leave the scene unless you are in continued risk of harm Emotional Aftermath Elation Revulsion Remorse Self-Doubt Acceptance Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Legal Aftermath Will vary depending on laws and situation. Be prepared to go to jail. Be prepared to have your firearm confiscated and your permit suspended. Be prepared to go to court. Don’t talk to the police without your attorney present. Social Aftermath Stigma of shooting someone. May become a media target. May become a political target. May be job related issues. May effect family relations (stress). It All Comes Back to This Are you willing to use lethal force in selfdefense? Willing does not mean you HAVE to shoot. If the threat is gone/retreating, it’s not a threat any more. Only shoot as a last resort, and ONLY when in fear of IMMINENT bodily harm or death to yourself or your family. Q&A Period Lesson 2 Basic Pistol Skills This course assumes you know how to shoot, and that you understand the fundamentals of shooting. This course is designed to take that basic knowledge and skill and apply it to drawing from a holster and shooting. Grip It is essential that you get a correct, positive grip on your firearm while it is in the holster. You may not get the chance to correct your grip once you draw the firearm. Holster selection will factor in how well you can grip your firearm. Shooting Position Two-Handed Standing Position (Isosceles) Consistency Balance Support Natural Point of Aim Comfortable Aiming Sight alignment and sight picture are the same as bulls-eye shooting. Focus on the front sight, not the threat. Exact alignment of sights is not as critical at shorter distances. Aim for Center of Exposed Mass. Defensive Accuracy (pg. 150). Breath Control Instead of the practiced breathing technique for precision shooting, simply stop breathing long enough to get the shot off. This will minimize your movement enough for defensive accuracy at shorter ranges. Hold Control Fundamentally the same for precision shooting, and just as important. Consistent shooting position and grip are the key to good hold control. This can be practiced at home using dry fire techniques. Trigger Control In a defensive shooting situation, you don’t have time for the ‘slow, steady trigger squeeze’ of precision shooting. Trigger control, along with sight alignment, is still critical. Dry fire practice will improve your trigger speed. Follow-Through Just as important in defensive shooting skills. You can reduce the time allocated to follow-through from precision shooting. Sets up follow-up shots. Q&A Period Lesson 3 What to Carry? We are not going to tell you what make/model to get – but we’ll help you decide. We could devote an entire class to firearm and ammunition selection… What is the self-defense purpose? Be sure that the pistol fits your hand properly. Select the largest caliber that you can shoot safely, reliably, and quickly. Action Types Single Action Lighter, consistent trigger pull Must be carried ‘cocked and locked’ Double Action Most common action type Two trigger pull weights Double Action Only Consistent trigger pull Pull weight usually between DA and SA Revolver? Pros Simple, reliable operation Less moving parts Variety of sizes and weights Cons Less ammunition capacity Slower to reload Limited caliber selection Heavy DA trigger pull weight Semi-Autos? Pros Increased ammunition capacity More grip [angle] options Slimmer Wider caliber selection Variety of sizes and weights Cons More moving parts Requires more maintenance Slide can be hard to operate (smaller calibers) Big vs. Small Gun Big Less concealable More ammunition Larger calibers Slides easier to operate Heavier Less felt recoil More trigger actions available Longer sight radius More customizable Small More concealable Less ammunition Smaller calibers Slides harder to operate Lighter More felt recoil Tend to have heavier triggers Shorter sight radius Less customizable Practice Once you make your selection, practice, practice, practice! Live fire Dry fire Drawing from holster Magazine Reloads If you change equipment, more practice! Ammunition Selection Premium self-defense ammunition (generally hollow point). Commercial manufacture; no reloads. Heaviest weight projectile you can shoot safely and reliably. Test your selection with your firearm (200 rounds minimum). Ammunition Selection Penetration Clothes, construction materials, car doors, windows, etc. Over Penetration Home construction Shot placement more important than bullet type/weight www.buckeyefirearms.org/ printable/node/7866 Ammunition Malfunctions Hangfire Don’t wait for the 30 count, cycle another round Misfire Cycle another round Squib Load Still a dangerous situation! Ammunition Considerations Watch for bullet setback in the case Check with manufacturers when using new ammo in older firearms Handgun Transportation In most states, handguns may be legally transported while unloaded and in locked cases. Concealed Handgun Permit required for concealed carry in VA. In VA, open carry permitted in most places. Check the State Police web site of your state, and any State transporting to/from, including States traveling through, for current laws of those States. Q&A Period Lesson 4 Principals of Concealment Select the appropriate holster for the gun and the activity. ‘Dress to the gun.’ Larger guns are harder to conceal. Smaller guns are harder to access. Holster type and gun size effect draw. The more concealed, the slower the draw. Carry Modes Open Carry Concealed Carry Check local laws Where can you carry? Private property Commercial property Holsters Holster must cover the trigger. Provides adequate level of retention. Holster needs to retain its shape when the gun is drawn. Inspect your holster for wear at least as often as you clean your gun. Use a gun belt. Holsters Materials Leather, Kydex, Nylon Strong side hip holster Outside the Waistband (OWB) Inside the Waistband (IWB) Holster Cant (angle) Vertical, FBI Other Modes of Carry Cross-Draw Small-of-the-Back Shoulder Holsters Holster Purse/Fanny Pack Briefcase Carry Vehicle Carry Concealment Garments Loose clothing Heavier materials Avoid light-colored materials Avoid regular patterns Wear appropriate clothing Grip material can ‘snag’ on clothing Don’t look like you are carrying (vests, fanny packs, etc.) Carrying Ammunition Support side magazine carrier Single or Dual Strong side speed loader carrier Should you carry extra ammunition? Q&A Period Lesson 5 Safe Gun Handling Rules Always keep the gun pointed in a safe direction Always keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot Always keep the gun unloaded until ready to use The Draw Slow is smooth, smooth is fast. Safety is the primary concern. Each step must be executed properly and efficiently. Support hand starts on your chest. Continue to assess the threat while drawing. Presentation Steps - The Draw Access Grip Pull Rotate Join Extend Fire Presentation Steps – After the Shot Scan and Assess Safety, Chest, Reholster SLOW AND DELIBERATE Range Exercises Target Distance 7 yards (21 feet) 50 rounds minimum – only HITS count (defensive accuracy) Warm-up (10 rounds) Step-by-step presentation and fire one shot (5 rounds) Present and fire one shot (5 rounds) Present and fire two shots (10 rounds) Present and fire one shot from concealment (10 rounds) Present and fire two shots from concealment (10 rounds) Dry Fire Draw and Reholster from Strong Side Hip Holster Range Exercise Sharpshooter's Small Arms Range 8194-M Terminal Rd. Lorton, VA 22079 703-550-8005 HOURS: Mon – Sat 10am - 10pm Sunday 10am - 8pm Q&A Period Course Review Course Goal To teach the fundamental knowledge, skills, and attitude essential for the safe, effective and responsible use of a handgun for selfdefense. Did we meet your needs and/or goals? Do you have ANY other questions? Don’t Forget… Are you willing to use lethal force in selfdefense? Willing does not mean you HAVE to shoot. If the threat is gone/retreating, it’s not a threat any more. Only shoot as a last resort, and ONLY when in fear of IMMINENT bodily harm or death to yourself or your family. Practice Live Fire; Dry Fire; seek additional [advanced] training. Increasing Your Skills Continued Training Opportunities Concealed Carry Intermediate Personal Protection Inside the Home Personal Protection Outside the Home. Legal Seminar Cleaning and Maintenance Individual Range Instruction Course Evaluation Please fill out the student course evaluation form. See you at the range. Thank you for your patronage!
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