“The Minister’s Black Veil” by Nathaniel Hawthorne Vocabulary Warm-up Word Lists Study these words from the selection. Then, complete the activities. Word List A amiss [uh MIS] adv. in error; wrongly Please don’t take my comment amiss, but I think your tie is crooked. apprehensive [ap ree HEN siv] adj. worried; fearful about the future Because the teacher said the exam would be difficult, Sandra was apprehensive. averse [uh VERS] adj. opposed to Most cats are averse to getting wet. iniquity [in IK wuh tee] n. sin; corruption In the Bible, the Old Testament has many passages denouncing sin and iniquity. instinctive [in STINK tiv] adj. prompted by an inborn or natural feeling It is instinctive that birds find their way south in the fall. intellect [IN tuh lekt] n. mental capacity Terry’s intellect allowed her to read at an 8th-grade level in the 3rd grade. ostentatious [ahs ten TAY shuhs] adj. showy; flamboyant Although she is extremely wealthy, Irene is not flashy or ostentatious. refrain [ree FRAYN] n. repeated phrase At the end of each stanza of that poem, there was a stirring refrain. Word List B amiable [AY mee uh buhl] adj. friendly; congenial At Donna’s party, we enjoyed amiable conversations with lots of friends. attribute [AT ri byoot] n. characteristic; quality or trait Concern for students is a valuable attribute in a teacher. censure [SEN shuhr] n. criticism The congressman’s conduct was so shocking that it provoked official censure. energetic [en er JET ik] adj. active; vigorous The senator mounted an energetic campaign to ban smoking in public places. multitude [MUL ti tood] n. large crowd There was a multitude of spectators for the Fourth of July parade on Main Street. placid [PLAS id] adj. peaceful; calm The sailboat traveled on placid waters all day. retained [ree TAYND] v. held or kept in possession In the contract, the company retained the right to alter the terms of the pension fund. venerable [VEN uh ruh buhl] adj. worthy of respect because of age and experience In his old age, his colleagues regarded Alvin as a venerable and wise advisor. Unit 2 Resources: A Growing Nation © Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 47 Name Date “The Minister’s Black Veil” by Nathaniel Hawthorne Vocabulary Warm-up Exercises Exercise A Fill in the blanks, using each word from Word List A only once. As Kent thought about the math exam coming up the next day, he grew more worried and  . He was not  to math, but it was not his best subject. He felt that his  was more suited to English and his- tory. He had a(n)  feel for language, for characters, and eventful situations. Numbers, he felt, were comparatively abstract, and he found it hard to relate to them. Kent had also frittered away some of his precious study time by staying out at the movies. He did not feel guilty, as if he had been indulging in  , but he did consider that he had acted  He could try to fake illness with a(n)  . display of coughing and wheezing. He’d be ashamed to do that, though. Bleak as it seemed, he would have to make “CRAM!” his repeated  for the rest of the night. Exercise B Revise each sentence so that the underlined vocabulary word is logical. Be sure to keep the vocabulary word in your revision. Example: Because the work was so tedious, we greatly enjoyed it. Because the work was so tedious, we soon grew bored. 1. Meg was strongly repelled by Ben’s amiable behavior. 2. Mike’s greatest attribute was loyalty, which was foreign to his personality. 3. Before bestowing the prize, the principal made remarks in censure of Jay’s conduct. 4. Inez did an energetic workout, performing her routines slowly and without enthusiasm. 5. Through the telescope on a cloudy night, we could see a multitude of twinkling stars. 6. The dog had a placid disposition, barking loudly and threatening to bite. 7. Mr. Lindgren retained a large part of his fortune, giving most of his money to charity. 8. A venerable advisor has provided reliable counsel for only a short time. Unit 2 Resources: A Growing Nation © Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 48 Name Date “The Minister’s Black Veil” by Nathaniel Hawthorne Reading Warm-up A Read the following passage. Pay special attention to the underlined words. Then, read it again, and complete the activities. Use a separate sheet of paper for your written answers. Nathaniel Hawthorne often makes use of the supernatural in his stories. A good example is “Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment.” In this story, four elderly friends gather at the house of Dr. Heidegger, an old eccentric, who likes to perform scientific experiments. Old age has made the friends apprehensive and fearful. They have all led unhappy lives, wasting their energy and talents. One of them, for example, has indulged in sin and iniquity so much that he is tormented with pains in both body and soul. Another visitor has been a prosperous merchant, but he has behaved amiss and has lost all his money. A third character is a ruined politician, ostentatious for his corruption. Finally, there is the Widow Wycherly, whom scandalous stories have forced into a life of seclusion. Dr. Heidegger announces to his guests that he has received a package from an acquaintance containing water from the legendary Fountain of Youth, which is located in Florida. He demonstrates the water’s powers by placing a crumbling, withered rose in it. When the flower revives to recover its original freshness, the visitors are convinced. Hardly averse to recovering their lost youth, they eagerly accept Dr. Heidegger’s invitation to taste the liquid. In a remarkable transformation, the visitors become young and vigorous. “Give us more!” is their refrain, uttered again and again. By the third drink, though, their instinctive rivalries get the better of them. The men scuffle over the Widow Wycherly. The vase is overturned and shatters, with all the water trickling away. Suddenly, the characters grow old again. The reader’s intellect may find this story hard to accept, because the Fountain of Youth is a product of myth, not science. On a symbolic level, however, Hawthorne’s story is an effective morality tale, underlining the dangers of greed. Unit 2 Resources: A Growing Nation © Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 49 1. Underline the word in this sentence that gives a clue to the meaning of apprehensive. Use a word meaning the opposite of apprehensive in an original sentence. 2. Circle the words in this sentence that give a clue to the meaning of iniquity. What is an antonym for iniquity? 3. Underline the words in this sentence that hint at the meaning of amiss. What is an antonym for amiss? 4. What are two synonyms for ostentatious? Use the word ostentatious in an original sentence. 5. Circle the words in this sentence that hint at the meaning of averse. What is a synonym for averse? 6. Underline the words in this sentence that give a clue to the meaning of refrain. Is a refrain uttered only once, or is it repeated? 7. Circle the words in this sentence that offer a clue to the meaning of the word instinctive. What is a noun related to this adjective? 8. Underline the words that give a clue to the meaning of intellect. What is a synonym for intellect? Name Date “The Minister’s Black Veil” by Nathaniel Hawthorne Reading Warm-up B Read the following passage. Pay special attention to the underlined words. Then, read it again, and complete the activities. Use a separate sheet of paper for your written answers. Like everybody else, Marcy had grown up hearing the old saying that you can’t judge a book by its cover. The saying had a venerable status, one of those ancient bits of wisdom that everyone accepted. Ever since her earliest childhood, though, Marcy had retained a strong doubt about the saying’s actual truth. Walk into any high school, she would argue, and you would find just the opposite: people judging each other by their appearance, particularly by their clothes. Like a face, clothes often became an attribute of a person’s identity. In her English class one afternoon, Marcy made a mental survey of how people’s clothes revealed their personalities. Tina, the head cheerleader, a peppy, energetic girl, wore a pink mini-dress and big hoop earrings, while a boy named Max, on the other hand, wore black clothes to proclaim his seriousness. In a way, Max’s black clothes issued a challenge to Tina’s bright attire, inviting disapproval, even censure, as if clothes could pose a threat to other people. But as Marcy looked around, she found that most people chose to wear ordinary clothes— jeans, baseball caps, T-shirts. She guessed that most people wanted to blend in with the multitude of the crowd, appearing not too much like Tina, not too much like Max. Marcy found it particularly intriguing to look at her English teacher, Mr. Bryant, to see if he too made an effort to express himself through his clothes. She realized that Mr. Bryant arrived at school each day in a tweed jacket and tie, the uniform of a placid man who valued quiet thoughtfulness. She noticed that his encouraging smile became all the more amiable through his wardrobe. The more Marcy thought about it, the more she considered the old saying: The clothes make the man. Unit 2 Resources: A Growing Nation © Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 50 1. Underline the words in this sentence that hint at the meaning of the word venerable. What is a synonym for venerable? 2. Circle the words in this sentence that hint at the meaning of retained. Use the word retained in an original sentence. 3. Underline the words in this sentence that hint at the meaning of attribute. What are two synonyms for the word attribute? 4. Underline the words in this sentence that hint at the meaning of energetic. What are two antonyms for energetic? 5. Circle the word in this sentence that hints at the meaning of censure. What is an antonym for censure? 6. Circle the words in this sentence that give a good clue to the meaning of multitude. Use this word in an original sentence. 7. Underline the words in this sentence that hint at the meaning of placid. What are two synonyms for placid? 8. Underline the words in this sentence that hint at the meaning of amiable. Use a word meaning the opposite of amiable in a sentence of your own.
© Copyright 2019 ExploreDoc