Name _______________________________________ Date __________________ Class __________________ LESSON 8-3 Problem Solving Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions Vicki and Lorena motor downstream at about 6 knots (nautical miles per hour) in their boat. The return trip is against the current, and they can motor at only about 3 knots. 1. Vicki wants to find the average speed for the entire trip. a. Write an expression for the time it takes to travel downstream plus the time it takes for the return trip if the distance in each direction is d. b. What is the total distance they travel downstream and upstream in terms of d? c. Write an expression for their average speed using the expressions for the total time and the total distance. d. Vicki says that the average speed is 4 knots. Lorena says that the average speed is 4.5 knots. Explain who is correct and why. 2. If they delay the return trip until the current changes direction, they can motor back at 4 knots. What is the average speed for the entire trip under these conditions? Name _______________________________________ Date __________________ Class __________________ Zak runs at an average speed of 7.0 miles per hour during the first half of a race and an average speed of 5.5 miles per hour during the second half of the race. Choose the letter for the best answer. 3. Which expression gives Zak’s average speed for the entire race? A C 7 5.5 2 38.5 d 7 5.5 B D 12.5 7 5.5 d 2 2 38.5 d 7 5.5 d 4. If Zak runs the race in 1.25 hours, what is the length of the race in miles? A 3.85 B 6.25 C 7.7 D 12.5 5. In a later race, Zak increased his average speed during the second half of the race to 6.0 miles per hour. What is his average speed for this race in miles per hour? A 6.42 B 6.46 C 6.52 D 6.56 6. It took Zak 1.6 hours to run this later race. What is the length of this race in miles? A 5.17 B 7.28 C 9.55 D 10.34

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